Statistical information Saint-Pierre and Miquelon 2001Saint-Pierre%20and%20Miquelon

Map of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Saint-Pierre and Miquelon in the World
Saint-Pierre and Miquelon in the World

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Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Introduction 2001
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Background: First settled by the French in the early 17th century the islands represent the sole remaining vestige of France's once vast North American possessions.


Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Geography 2001
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Location: Northern North America islands in the North Atlantic Ocean south of Newfoundland (Canada)

Geographic coordinates: 46 50 N 56 20 W

Map referenceNorth America

Area
Total: 242 km²
Land: 242 km²
Water: 0 km²
Note: includes eight small islands in the Saint Pierre and the Miquelon groups
Comparative: 1.5 times the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 120 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: cold and wet with much mist and fog; spring and autumn are windy

Terrain: mostly barren rock

Elevation
Extremes lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: Morne de la Grande Montagne 240 m

Natural resources: fish deepwater ports
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 13%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 0%
Forests and woodland: 4%
Other: 83% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: persistent fog throughout the year can be a maritime hazard

Geography
Note: vegetation scanty


Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - People 2001
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Population: 6,928 (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: 0.43% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Nationality
Noun: Frenchman(men), Frenchwoman(women)
Adjective: French

Ethnic groups: Basques and Bretons (French fishermen)

Languages: French

Religions: Roman Catholic 99%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 25.85% (male 917; female 874)
15-64 years: 64.22% (male 2,273; female 2,176)
65 years and over: 9.93% (male 291; female 397) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.43% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 15.88 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 6.64 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: -4.91 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.06 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.05 male/female
15-64 years: 1.04 male/female
65 years and over: 0.73 male/female
Total population: 1.01 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 8.39 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 77.77 years
Male: 75.51 years
Female: 80.13 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.12 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids
Adult prevalence rate: NA%
People living with hivaids: NA
Deaths: NA

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 99%
Male: 99%
Female: 99% (1982 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: Territorial Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Conventional short form: Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Local long form: Departement de Saint-Pierre et Miquelon
Local short form: Saint-Pierre et Miquelon

Government type: NA

Capital: Saint-Pierre

Administrative divisions: none (territorial collectivity of France); note - there are no first-order administrative divisions approved by the US Government but there are two communes - Saint Pierre Miquelon

Dependent areas

Independence: none (territorial collectivity of France; has been under French control since 1763)

National holiday: Bastille Day 14 July (1789)

Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)

Legal system: French law with special adaptations for local conditions such as housing and taxation

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Jacques CHIRAC of France (since 17 May 1995), represented by Prefect Remi THUAU (since NA)
Head of government: President of the General Council Bernard LE SOAVEC (since NA 1996)
Cabinet: NA
Elections: French president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term; election last held 7 May 1995 (next to be held NA May 2002); prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; president of the General Council is elected by the members of the council

Legislative branch
Elections: elections last held NA April 2000 (next to be held NA April 2006)
Election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA
Note: Saint Pierre and Miquelon elect 1 seat to the French Senate; elections last held NA September 1995 (next to be held NA September 2004); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - RPR 1; Saint Pierre and Miquelon also elects 1 seat to the French National Assembly; elections last held 25 May-1 June 1997 (next to be held NA 2002); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UDF 1

Judicial branch: Superior Tribunal of Appeals or Tribunal Superieur d'Appel

Political parties and leaders: Rassemblement pour la Republique or RPR [leader NA]; Socialist Party or PS [leader NA]; Union pour la Democratie Francaise or UDF [leader NA]

International organization participation: FZ WFTU

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (territorial collectivity of France)
From the us: none (territorial collectivity of France)

Flag descriptionflag of Saint-Pierre%20and%20Miquelon: a yellow sailing ship facing the hoist side rides on a dark blue background with a black wave line under the ship; on the hoist side a vertical band is divided into three parts: the top part is red with a green diagonal cross extending to the corners overlaid by a white cross dividing the square into four sections; the middle part has a white background with an ermine pattern; the third part has a red background with two stylized yellow lions outlined in black one on top of the other; the flag of France is used for official occasions

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: The inhabitants have traditionally earned their livelihood by fishing and by servicing fishing fleets operating off the coast of Newfoundland. The economy has been declining however because of disputes with Canada over fishing quotas and a steady decline in the number of ships stopping at Saint Pierre. In 1992 an arbitration panel awarded the islands an exclusive economic zone of 12,348 km² to settle a longstanding territorial dispute with Canada although it represents only 25% of what France had sought. The islands are heavily subsidized by France to the great betterment of living standards. The government hopes an expansion of tourism will boost economic prospects.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: NA%
Industry: NA%
Services: NA%

Agriculture products: vegetables; poultry cattle sheep pigs; fish

Industries: fish processing and supply base for fishing fleets; tourism

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 3,000 (1997)
By occupation fishing: 18%
By occupation industry (mainly fish-processing): 41%
By occupation services: 41% (1996 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 9.8% (1997)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $70 million
Expenditures: $60 million, including capital expenditures of $24 million (1996 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 2.1% (1991-96 average)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $12 million (f.o.b. 1999)
Commodities: fish and fish products soybeans animal feed mollusks and crustaceans fox and mink pelts
Partners: US 43% Egypt 14% Japan 11% Colombia 8% (1999)

Imports: $55 million (f.o.b. 1999)
Commodities: meat clothing fuel electrical equipment machinery building materials
Partners: France 44% Canada 40% (1999)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: euros per US dollar - 1.06594 (January 2001) 1.08540 (2000) 0.93863 (1999); French francs per US dollar - 5.8995 (1998) 5.8367 (1997) 5.1155 (1996)


Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 40 million kWh (1999)
By source fossil fuel: 100%
By source hydro: 0%
By source nuclear: 0%
By source other: 0% (1999)

Electricity consumption: 37.2 million kWh (1999)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 0 (1994)

Telephone system
General assessment: adequate
Domestic: NA
International: radiotelephone communication with most countries in the world; 1 earth station in French domestic satellite system

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .pm

Internet users: NA

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Military 2001
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 2 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 2
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 2
15-24 to 2437 m: 1
914 to 1523 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways: 0 km

Roadways

Waterways: none

Merchant marine: none (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals


Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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