Statistical information Samoa 2001Samoa

Map of Samoa | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Samoa in the World
Samoa in the World

Qatar Airways

Samoa - Introduction 2001
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Background: New Zealand occupied the German protectorate of Western Samoa at the outbreak of World War I in 1914. It continued to administer the islands as a mandate and then as a trust territory until 1962 when the islands became the first Polynesian nation to reestablish independence in the 20th century. The country dropped the 'Western' from its name in 1997.

Samoa - Geography 2001
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Location: Oceania group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean about one-half of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand

Geographic coordinates: 13 35 S 172 20 W

Map referenceOceania

Total: 2,860 km²
Land: 2,850 km²
Water: 10 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than Rhode Island

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 403 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: tropical; rainy season (October to March) dry season (May to October)

Terrain: narrow coastal plain with volcanic rocky rugged mountains in interior

Extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: Mauga Silisili 1,857 m

Natural resources: hardwood forests fish hydropower
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 19%
Permanent crops: 24%
Permanent pastures: 0%
Forests and woodland: 47%
Other: 10%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: occasional typhoons; active volcanism


Samoa - People 2001
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Population: 179,058 (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: -0.23% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Noun: Samoan
Adjective: Samoan

Ethnic groups: Samoan 92.6% Euronesians 7% (persons of European and Polynesian blood) Europeans 0.4%

Languages: Samoan (Polynesian) English

Religions: Christian 99.7% (about one-half of population associated with the London Missionary Society; includes Congregational Roman Catholic Methodist Latter-Day Saints Seventh-Day Adventist)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 31.88% (male 29,009; female 28,069)
15-64 years: 62.44% (male 70,491; female 41,304)
65 years and over: 5.68% (male 4,739; female 5,446) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: -0.23% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 15.59 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 6.29 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: -11.62 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: soil erosion
International agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
International agreements signed but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.05 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.03 male/female
15-64 years: 1.71 male/female
65 years and over: 0.87 male/female
Total population: 1.39 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 31.75 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 69.5 years
Male: 66.77 years
Female: 72.37 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 3.4 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Adult prevalence rate: NA%
People living with hivaids: NA
Deaths: NA

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 97%
Male: 97%
Female: 97% (1971 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Samoa - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: Independent State of Samoa
Conventional short form: Samoa
Former: Western Samoa

Government type: constitutional monarchy under native chief

Capital: Apia

Administrative divisions: 11 districts; A'ana Aiga-i-le-Tai Atua Fa'asaleleaga Gaga'emauga Gagaifomauga Palauli Satupa'itea Tuamasaga Va'a-o-Fonoti Vaisigano

Dependent areas

Independence: 1 January 1962 (from New Zealand-administered UN trusteeship)

National holiday: Independence Day Celebration 1 June (1962); note - 1 January 1962 is the date of independence from the New Zealand-administered UN trusteeship 1 June 1962 is the date that independence is celebrated

Constitution: 1 January 1962

Legal system: based on English common law and local customs; judicial review of legislative acts with respect to fundamental rights of the citizen; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Chief Susuga MALIETOA Tanumafili II (cochief of state from 1 January 1962 until becoming sole chief of state 5 April 1963)
Head of government: Prime Minister TUILA'EPA Sailele Malielegaoi (since 24 November 1998); note - TUILA'EPA served as deputy prime minister since 1992; he assumed the prime ministership in November 1998 when former Prime Minister TOFILAU Eti Alesana resigned in poor health; the post of deputy prime minister is currently vacant
Cabinet: Cabinet consists of 12 members, appointed by the chief of state with the prime minister's advice
Elections: upon the death of Chief Susuga MALIETOA Tanumafili II, a new chief of state will be elected by the Legislative Assembly to serve a five-year term; prime minister appointed by the chief of state with the approval of the Legislative Assembly

Legislative branch
Elections: last held 4 March 2001 (next to be held by March 2006)
Election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - HRPP 23, SNDP 13, independents 13

Judicial branch: Supreme Court; Court of Appeal

Political parties and leaders: Human Rights Protection Party or HRPP [TUILA'EPA Sailele Malielegaoi chairman]; Samoa All People's Party or SAPP [Matatumua NAIMOAGA]; Samoan National Development Party or SNDP [TAPUA Tamasese Efi chairman] (opposition); Samoa National Party [FETU Tiatia party secretary]; Samoan Progressive Conservative Party [LEOTA Ituau Ale]

International organization participation: ACP AsDB C ESCAP FAO G-77 IBRD ICAO ICFTU ICRM IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS IMF IMO Intelsat (nonsignatory user) IOC ITU OPCW Sparteca SPC SPF UN UNCTAD UNESCO UPU WHO WIPO WMO WTrO (observer)

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Tuiloma Neroni SLADE
In the us chancery: 800 Second Avenue, Suite 400D, New York, NY 10,017
In the us telephone: [1] (212) 599-6,196, 6,197
In the us fax: [1] (212) 599-0797
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Carol MOSELEY BRAUN (Ambassador to New Zealand and Samoa, resides in Wellington, New Zealand)
From the us embassy: 5th floor, Beach Road, Apia
From the us mailing address: P. O. Box 3,430, Apia
From the us telephone: [685] 21,631
From the us fax: [685] 22,030

Flag descriptionflag of Samoa: red with a blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side quadrant bearing five white five-pointed stars representing the Southern Cross constellation

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Samoa - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: The economy of Samoa has traditionally been dependent on development aid family remittances from overseas and agricultural exports. The country is vulnerable to devastating storms. Agriculture employs two-thirds of the labor force and furnishes 90% of exports featuring coconut cream coconut oil and copra. The manufacturing sector mainly processes agricultural products. Tourism is an expanding sector accounting for 15% of GDP; about 85,000 tourists visited the islands in 2000. The Samoan Government has called for deregulation of the financial sector encouragement of investment and continued fiscal discipline. Observers point to the flexibility of the labor market as a basic strength for future economic advances. Foreign reserves are in a relatively healthy state the external debt is stable and inflation is low.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 6.8% (2000 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 15%
Industry: 24%
Services: 61% (2000 est.)

Agriculture products: coconuts bananas taro yams

Industries: food processing building materials auto parts

Industrial production growth rate: 10% (2000 est.)

Labor force: 90,000 (2000 est.)
By occupation agriculture: 65%
By occupation services: 30%
By occupation industry: 5% (1995 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%; note - substantial underemployment

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $74.8 million
Expenditures: $81.4 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1999 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 0.8% (2000 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $17 million (f.o.b. 2000)
Commodities: coconut oil and cream copra fish beer
Partners: American Samoa 59% US 18% Germany 9% New Zealand 8% (2000 est.)

Imports: $90 million (f.o.b. 2000)
Commodities: machinery and equipment industrial supplies foodstuffs
Partners: New Zealand 37% Australia 24% Fiji 14% US 14% (2000 est.)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $180 million (1998 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: tala per US dollar - 3.3400 (January 2001) 3.2712 (2000) 3.0120 (1999) 2.9429 (1998) 2.5562 (1997) 2.4618 (1996)

Samoa - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 100 million kWh (1999)
By source fossil fuel: 60%
By source hydro: 40%
By source nuclear: 0%
By source other: 0% (1999)

Electricity consumption: 93 million kWh (1999)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Samoa - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 1545 (February 1998)

Telephone system
General assessment: adequate
Domestic: NA
International: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .ws

Internet users: 500 (2000)

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Samoa - Military 2001
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $NA
Percent of gdp: NA%

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Samoa - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 3 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 1
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 1 (2000 est.)
With unpaved runways total: 2
With unpaved runways under 914 m: 2 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 1
2438 to 3047 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 2
Under 914 m: 2 (2000 est.)



Railways: 0 km


Waterways: none

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Samoa - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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