Statistical information Slovakia 2001Slovakia

Map of Slovakia | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Slovakia in the World
Slovakia in the World


Slovakia - Introduction 2001
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Background: In 1918 the Slovaks joined the closely related Czechs to form Czechoslovakia. Following the chaos of World War II Czechoslovakia became a communist nation within Soviet-ruled Eastern Europe. Soviet influence collapsed in 1989 and Czechoslovakia once more became free. The Slovaks and the Czechs agreed to separate peacefully on 1 January 1993. Historic political and geographic factors have caused Slovakia to experience more difficulty in developing a modern market economy than some of its Central European neighbors.

Slovakia - Geography 2001
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Location: Central Europe south of Poland

Geographic coordinates: 48 40 N 19 30 E

Map referenceEurope

Total: 48,845 km²
Land: 48,800 km²
Water: 45 km²
Comparative: about twice the size of New Hampshire

Land boundaries
Total: 1,355 km
Border countries: (5) Austria 91 km; , Czech Republic 215 km; , Hungary 515 km; , Poland 444 km; , Ukraine 90 km

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

Climate: temperate; cool summers; cold cloudy humid winters

Terrain: rugged mountains in the central and northern part and lowlands in the south

Extremes lowest point: Bodrok River 94 m
Extremes highest point: Gerlachovsky Stit 2,655 m

Natural resources: brown coal and lignite; small amounts of iron ore copper and manganese ore; salt; arable land
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 31%
Permanent crops: 3%
Permanent pastures: 17%
Forests and woodland: 41%
Other: 8% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: 800 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: NA

Note: landlocked

Slovakia - People 2001
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Population: 5,414,937 (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: 0.13% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Noun: Slovak
Adjective: Slovak

Ethnic groups: Slovak 85.7% Hungarian 10.6% Roma 1.6% (the 1992 census figures underreport the Gypsy/Romany community which is about 500,000) Czech Moravian Silesian 1.1% Ruthenian and Ukrainian 0.6% German 0.1% Polish 0.1% other 0.2% (1996)

Languages: Slovak (official) Hungarian

Religions: Roman Catholic 60.3% atheist 9.7% Protestant 8.4% Orthodox 4.1% other 17.5%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 18.86% (male 522,563; female 498,832)
15-64 years: 69.6% (male 1,872,496; female 1,896,249)
65 years and over: 11.54% (male 236,996; female 387,801) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.13% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 10.05 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 9.25 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: 0.53 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: air pollution from metallurgical plants presents human health risks; acid rain damaging forests
International agreements party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
International agreements signed but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.05 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.05 male/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male/female
65 years and over: 0.61 male/female
Total population: 0.95 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 8.97 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 73.97 years
Male: 69.95 years
Female: 78.2 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.25 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Adult prevalence rate: less than 0.01% (1999 est.)
People living with hivaids: 400 (1999 est.)
Deaths: less than 100 (1999 est.)

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: NA
Total population: NA%
Male: NA%
Female: NA%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Slovakia - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: Slovak Republic
Conventional short form: Slovakia
Local long form: Slovenska Republika
Local short form: Slovensko

Government type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Bratislava

Administrative divisions: 8 regions (kraje singular - kraj); Banskobystricky Bratislavsky Kosicky Nitriansky Presovsky Trenciansky Trnavsky Zilinsky

Dependent areas

Independence: 1 January 1993 (Czechoslovakia split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia)

National holiday: Constitution Day 1 September (1992)

Constitution: ratified 1 September 1992 fully effective 1 January 1993; changed in September 1998 to allow direct election of the president; amended February 2001 to allow Slovakia to apply for NATO and EU membership

Legal system: civil law system based on Austro-Hungarian codes; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction; legal code modified to comply with the obligations of Organization on Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and to expunge Marxist-Leninist legal theory

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Rudolf SCHUSTER (since 15 June 1999)
Head of government: Prime Minister Mikulas DZURINDA (since 30 October 1998)
Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
Elections: president elected by direct popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 29 May 1999 (next to be held NA May/June 2004); following National Council elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the president
Election results: Rudolf SCHUSTER elected president in the first direct, popular election; percent of vote - Rudolf SCHUSTER 57%
Note: government coalition - SDK, SDL, SMK, SOP, KDH

Legislative branch
Elections: last held 25-26 September 1998 (next to be held NA September 2002)
Election results: percent of vote by party - HZDS 27%, SDK 26.3%, SDL 14.7%, SMK 9.1%, SNS 9.1%, SOP 8%; seats by party - governing coalition 93 (SDK 42, SDL 23, SMK 15, SOP 13), opposition 57 (HZDS 43, SNS 14)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (judges are elected by the National Council); Constitutional Court (judges appointed by president from group of nominees approved by the National Council)

Political parties and leaders: Christian Democratic Movement or KDH [Pavol HRUSOVSKY]; Liberal Democratic Union or LDU [Jan BUDAJ]; Movement for a Democratic Slovakia or HZDS [Vladimir MECIAR]; Party of Civic Understanding or SOP [Pavol HAMZIK]; Party of the Democratic Left or SDL [Jozef MIGAS]; Party of the Hungarian Coalition or SMK [Bela BUGAR]; Slovak Democratic and Christian Union or SDKU [Mikulas DZURINDA]; note - this is DZURINDA's new party for 2002 elections; he remains chairman of a rump and splintering SDK; Slovak Democratic Coalition or SDK (loose parliamentary club grouping representing members of the smaller SSDS SZS and those committed to run under SDKU in 2002) [Mikulas DZURINDA]; Slovak National Party or SNS [Anna MALIKOVA]

International organization participation: Australia Group BIS BSEC (observer) CCC CE CEI CERN EAPC EBRD ECE EU (applicant) FAO IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC ICFTU ICRM IDA IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO Inmarsat Intelsat (nonsignatory user) Interpol IOC IOM ISO ITU NAM (guest) NSG OECD OPCW OSCE PCA PFP UN UNCTAD UNDOF UNESCO UNIDO UNMEE UNTSO UPU WCL WEU (associate partner) WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WToO WTrO ZC

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Martin BUTORA
In the us chancery: Suite 250, 2,201 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,007; note - new chancery opening in June 2001 at International Court NW, Washington, DC
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 965-5,161
In the us fax: [1] (202) 965-5,166
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Carl SPIELVOGEL
From the us embassy: Hviezdoslavovo Namestie 4, 81,102 Bratislava
From the us mailing address: use embassy street address
From the us telephone: [421] (7) 5,443-3,338
From the us fax: [421] (7) 5,443-0096

Flag descriptionflag of Slovakia: three equal horizontal bands of white (top) blue and red superimposed with the Slovak cross in a shield centered on the hoist side; the cross is white centered on a background of red and blue

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Slovakia - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: Slovakia continues the difficult transition from a centrally planned economy to a modern market economy. The economic slowdown in 1999 stemmed from large budget and current account deficits fast-growing external debt and persistent corruption. Even though GDP growth reached only 2.2% in 2000 the year was marked by positive developments such as foreign direct investment of $1.5 billion strong export performance restructuring and privatization in the banking sector entry into the OECD and initial efforts to stem corruption. Strong challenges face the government in 2001 especially the maintenance of fiscal balance the further privatization of the economy and the reduction of unemployment.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 2.2% (2000 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 4.5%
Industry: 29.3%
Services: 66.2% (1999 est.)

Agriculture products: grains potatoes sugar beets hops fruit; pigs cattle poultry; forest products

Industries: metal and metal products; food and beverages; electricity gas coke oil nuclear fuel; chemicals and manmade fibers; machinery; paper and printing; earthenware and ceramics; transport vehicles; textiles; electrical and optical apparatus; rubber products

Industrial production growth rate: 9.3% (2000 est.)

Labor force: 3 million (1999)
By occupation industry: 29.3%
By occupation agriculture: 8.9%
By occupation construction: 8%
By occupation transport and communication: 8.2%
By occupation services: 45.6% (1994)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 17% (2000 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: 5.1%
Highest 10: 18.2% (1992)

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $5.2 billion
Expenditures: $5.6 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1999)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 12.2% (2000 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $12 billion (f.o.b. 2000 est.)
Commodities: machinery and transport equipment 39.4% intermediate manufactured goods 27.5% miscellaneous manufactured goods 13% chemicals 8% (1999)
Partners: EU 59.7% (Germany 27.8% Austria 8% Italy 8.9%) Czech Republic 18.1% (1999)

Imports: $12.8 billion (f.o.b. 2000 est.)
Commodities: machinery and transport equipment 37.7% intermediate manufactured goods 18% fuels 13% chemicals 11% miscellaneous manufactured goods 9.5% (1999)
Partners: EU 51.4% (Germany 26% Italy 7.1%) Czech Republic 16.6% Russia 11.9% (1999)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $10.3 billion (2000 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: koruny per US dollar - 48.09 (March 2001) 46.395 (2000) 41.363 (1999) 35.233 (1998) 33.616 (1997) 30.654 (1996)

Slovakia - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 22.582 billion kWh (1999)
By source fossil fuel: 37.56%
By source hydro: 18.27%
By source nuclear: 44.17%
By source other: 0% (1999)

Electricity consumption: 21.471 billion kWh (1999)

Electricity exports: 930 million kWh (1999)

Electricity imports: 1.4 billion kWh (1999)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Slovakia - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 736,662 (April 1999)

Telephone system
General assessment: a modernization and privatization program is increasing accessibility to telephone service, reducing the waiting time for new subscribers, and generally improving service quality
Domestic: predominantly an analog system that is now receiving digital equipment and is being enlarged with fiber-optic cable, especially in the larger cities; mobile cellular capability has been added
International: three international exchanges (one in Bratislava and two in Banska Bystrica) are available; Slovakia is participating in several international telecommunications projects that will increase the availability of external services

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .sk

Internet users: 700,000 (2000)

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Slovakia - Military 2001
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $380 million (FY00)
Percent of gdp: 1.71% (FY00)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Slovakia - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 35 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 18
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 3
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 3
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 3
With paved runways under 914 m: 8 (2000 est.)
With unpaved runways total: 17
With unpaved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 1
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 9
With unpaved runways under 914 m: 7 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 18
Over 3047 m: 1
2438 to 3047 m: 3
15-24 to 2437 m: 3
914 to 1523 m: 3
Under 914 m: 8 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 17
2438 to 3047 m: 1
914 to 1523 m: 9
Under 914 m: 7 (2000 est.)


Pipelines: petroleum products NA km; natural gas 2,700 km

Total: 3,660 km
Broad gauge: 102 km 1.520-m gauge
Standard gauge: 3,507 km 1.435-m gauge (1,505 km electrified; 1,011 km double track)
Narrow gauge: 51 km (46 km 1,000-m gauge; 5 km 0.750-m gauge) (1998)


Waterways: 172 km (all on the Danube)

Merchant marine
Total: 3 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 15,041 GRT/19,517 DWT
Ships by type: cargo 3 (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals

Slovakia - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international: Gabcikovo/Nagymaros Dam dispute with Hungary is before the ICJ

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

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