Statistical information Solomon Islands 2001Solomon%20Islands

Map of Solomon Islands | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Solomon Islands in the World
Solomon Islands in the World


Solomon Islands - Introduction 2001
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Background: The UK established a protectorate over the Solomon Islands in the 1890s. Some of the bitterest fighting of World War II occurred on these islands. Self-government was achieved in 1976 and independence two years later. Current issues include government deficits deforestation and malaria control.

Solomon Islands - Geography 2001
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Location: Oceania group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean east of Papua New Guinea

Geographic coordinates: 8 00 S 159 00 E

Map referenceOceania

Total: 28,450 km²
Land: 27,540 km²
Water: 910 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 5,313 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: 200 NM
Exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: tropical monsoon; few extremes of temperature and weather

Terrain: mostly rugged mountains with some low coral atolls

Extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: Mount Makarakomburu 2,447 m

Natural resources: fish forests gold bauxite phosphates lead zinc nickel
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 1%
Permanent crops: 1%
Permanent pastures: 1%
Forests and woodland: 88%
Other: 9% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: typhoons but they are rarely destructive; geologically active region with frequent earth tremors; volcanic activity


Solomon Islands - People 2001
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Population: 480,442 (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: 2.98% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Noun: Solomon Islander
Adjective: Solomon Islander

Ethnic groups: Melanesian 93% Polynesian 4% Micronesian 1.5% European 0.8% Chinese 0.3% other 0.4%

Note: 120 indigenous languages

Religions: Anglican 34% Roman Catholic 19% Baptist 17% United (Methodist/Presbyterian) 11% Seventh-Day Adventist 10% other Protestant 5% indigenous beliefs 4%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 43.79% (male 107,229; female 103,162)
15-64 years: 53.15% (male 129,315; female 126,021)
65 years and over: 3.06% (male 7,190; female 7,525) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.98% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 34.05 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 4.27 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; much of the surrounding coral reefs are dead or dying
International agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling
International agreements signed but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.05 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.04 male/female
15-64 years: 1.03 male/female
65 years and over: 0.96 male/female
Total population: 1.03 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 24.47 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 71.55 years
Male: 69.12 years
Female: 74.1 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 4.65 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Adult prevalence rate: NA%
People living with hivaids: NA
Deaths: NA

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: NA
Total population: NA%
Male: NA%
Female: NA%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Solomon Islands - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Solomon Islands
Former: British Solomon Islands

Government type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Honiara

Administrative divisions: 7 provinces and 1 town*; Central Guadalcanal Honiara* Isabel Makira Malaita Temotu Western; note - there may be two new provinces of Choiseul (Lauru) and Rennell/Bellona and the administrative unit of Honiara may have been abolished

Dependent areas

Independence: 7 July 1978 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day 7 July (1978)

Constitution: 7 July 1978

Legal system: English common law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Father John LAPLI (since NA 1999)
Head of government: Prime Minister Mannaseh Damukana SOGAVARE (since 1 July 2000); Assistant Prime Minister Nathaniel WAENA (since 1 July 2000); Deputy Prime Minister Allan KEMAKEZA (since 1 July 2000); note - Prime Minister Bartholomew ULUFA'ALU was forced to resign his position in June 2000 following the armed takeover of the capital by elements supporting the opposition parties; Mannaseh Damukana SOGAVARE, who had been opposition leader, was then elected prime minister at a sitting of National Parliament on 30 June 2000
Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister from among the members of Parliament
Elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch on the advice of Parliament for up to five years; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of a majority coalition is usually elected prime minister by Parliament; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister from among the members of Parliament

Legislative branch
Elections: last held 6 August 1997 (next to be held by August 2001)
Election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - GNUR 21, PAP 7, NAPSI 5, SILP 4, UP 4, independents 6, other 3

Judicial branch: Court of Appeal

Political parties and leaders: there are two main coalitions - Coalition for National Unity Reconciliation and Peace or CNURP and Alliance for Change; the CNURP took power on 30 June 2000 it comprises members of the Liberal Party People's Alliance Party and the United Party as well as a number of independents; the Alliance for Change represents the former government and now is the opposition; in general Solomon Islands politics is characterized by fluid coalitions; Group for National Unity and Reconciliation or GNUR [leader NA]; Liberal Party [Bartholomew ULUFA'ALU]; National Action Party of Solomon Islands or NAPSI [Francis SAEMALA]; People's Alliance Party or PAP [George LEPPING]; People's Progressive Party [Mannaseh Damukana SOGAVARE]; Solomon Islands Labor Party or SILP [Joses TUHANUKU]; United Party or UP [leader NA]

International organization participation: ACP AsDB C ESCAP FAO G-77 IBRD ICAO ICRM IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO Intelsat (nonsignatory user) IOC ITU Sparteca SPC SPF UN UNCTAD UNESCO UPU WFTU WHO WMO WTrO

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires ad interim Jeremiah MANELE
In the us chancery: 800 Second Avenue, Suite 400L, New York, NY 10,017
In the us telephone: [1] (212) 599-6,192, 6,193
In the us fax: [1] (212) 661-8,925
From the us: the US does not have an embassy in Solomon Islands (embassy closed July 1993); the ambassador to Papua New Guinea is accredited to the Solomon Islands

Flag descriptionflag of Solomon%20Islands: divided diagonally by a thin yellow stripe from the lower hoist-side corner; the upper triangle (hoist side) is blue with five white five-pointed stars arranged in an X pattern; the lower triangle is green

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Solomon Islands - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: The bulk of the population depends on agriculture fishing and forestry for at least part of their livelihood. Most manufactured goods and petroleum products must be imported. The islands are rich in undeveloped mineral resources such as lead zinc nickel and gold. However severe ethnic violence the closing of key business enterprises and an empty government treasury have led to a continuing economic downslide. Deliveries of crucial fuel supplies (including those for electrical generation) by tankers have become sporadic due to the government's inability to pay and attacks against ships. Telecommunications are threatened by the lack of technical and maintenance staff many of whom have left the country.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 1% (2000 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 50%
Industry: 3.5%
Services: 46.5% (1995)

Agriculture products: cocoa beans coconuts palm kernels rice potatoes vegetables fruit; cattle pigs; timber; fish

Industries: fish (tuna) mining timber

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 26,842
By occupation agriculture: NA%
By occupation industry: NA%
By occupation services: NA%
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $147 million
Expenditures: $168 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1997 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 10% (1999 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $165 million (f.o.b. 1999 est.)
Commodities: timber fish palm oil cocoa copra
Partners: Japan 35.5% other Asian countries 47.3% (1999)

Imports: $152 million (f.o.b. 1999 est.)
Commodities: plant and equipment manufactured goods food and live animals fuels chemicals
Partners: Australia 38.5% Singapore 15% Japan 10.6% NZ 6.2% (1999)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $152.4 million (1998)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Solomon Islands dollars per US dollar - 5.0968 (November 2000) 5.0864 (2000) 4.8381 (1999) 4.8156 (1998) 3.7169 (1997) 3.5664 (1996)

Solomon Islands - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 30 million kWh (1999)
By source fossil fuel: 100%
By source hydro: 0%
By source nuclear: 0%
By source other: 0% (1999)

Electricity consumption: 27.9 million kWh (1999)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Solomon Islands - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 658 (1997)

Telephone system
General assessment: NA
Domestic: NA
International: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .sb

Internet users: 3,000 (2000)

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Solomon Islands - Military 2001
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $NA
Percent of gdp: NA%

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Solomon Islands - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 31 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 2
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 1 (2000 est.)
With unpaved runways total: 29
With unpaved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 10
With unpaved runways under 914 m: 18 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 2
15-24 to 2437 m: 1
914 to 1523 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 29
15-24 to 2437 m: 1
914 to 1523 m: 10
Under 914 m: 18 (2000 est.)



Railways: 0 km


Waterways: none

Merchant marine: none (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals

Solomon Islands - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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