Statistical information Switzerland 2001Switzerland

Map of Switzerland | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Switzerland in the World
Switzerland in the World

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Switzerland - Introduction 2001
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Background: Switzerland's independence and neutrality have long been honored by the major European powers and Switzerland was not involved in either of the two World Wars. The political and economic integration of Europe over the past half century as well as Switzerland's role in many UN and international organizations may be rendering obsolete the country's concern for neutrality.


Switzerland - Geography 2001
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Location: Central Europe east of France north of Italy

Geographic coordinates: 47 00 N 8 00 E

Map referenceEurope

Area
Total: 41,290 km²
Land: 39,770 km²
Water: 1,520 km²
Comparative: slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey

Land boundaries
Total: 1,852 km
Border countries: (5) Austria 164 km; , France 573 km; , Italy 740 km; , Liechtenstein 41 km; , Germany 334 km

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

Climate: temperate but varies with altitude; cold cloudy rainy/snowy winters; cool to warm cloudy humid summers with occasional showers

Terrain: mostly mountains (Alps in south Jura in northwest) with a central plateau of rolling hills plains and large lakes

Elevation
Extremes lowest point: Lake Maggiore 195 m
Extremes highest point: Dufourspitze 4,634 m

Natural resources: hydropower potential timber salt
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 10%
Permanent crops: 2%
Permanent pastures: 28%
Forests and woodland: 32%
Other: 28% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: 250 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: avalanches landslides flash floods

Geography
Note: landlocked; crossroads of northern and southern Europe; along with southeastern France and northern Italy contains the highest elevations in Europe


Switzerland - People 2001
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Population: 7,283,274 (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: 0.27% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Nationality
Noun: Swiss (singular and plural)
Adjective: Swiss

Ethnic groups: German 65% French 18% Italian 10% Romansch 1% other 6%

Languages: German (official) 63.7% French (official) 19.2% Italian (official) 7.6% Romansch 0.6% other 8.9%

Religions: Roman Catholic 46.1% Protestant 40% other 5% none 8.9% (1990)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 16.97% (male 634,030; female 601,929)
15-64 years: 67.73% (male 2,505,450; female 2,427,408)
65 years and over: 15.3% (male 453,366; female 661,091) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.27% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 10.12 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 8.77 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: 1.37 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: air pollution from vehicle emissions and open-air burning; acid rain; water pollution from increased use of agricultural fertilizers; loss of biodiversity
International agreements party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
International agreements signed but not ratified: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.05 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.05 male/female
15-64 years: 1.03 male/female
65 years and over: 0.69 male/female
Total population: 0.97 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 4.48 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 79.73 years
Male: 76.85 years
Female: 82.76 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.47 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids
Adult prevalence rate: 0.46% (1999 est.)
People living with hivaids: 17,000 (1999 est.)
Deaths: 150 (1999 est.)

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 99% (1980 est.)
Male: NA%
Female: NA%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Switzerland - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: Swiss Confederation
Conventional short form: Switzerland
Local long form: Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft (German), Confederation Suisse (French), Confederazione Svizzera (Italian)
Local short form: Schweiz (German), Suisse (French), Svizzera (Italian)

Government type: federal republic

Capital: Bern

Administrative divisions: 26 cantons (cantons singular - canton in French; cantoni singular - cantone in Italian; kantone singular - kanton in German); Aargau Ausser-Rhoden Basel-Landschaft Basel-Stadt Bern Fribourg Geneve Glarus Graubunden Inner-Rhoden Jura Luzern Neuchatel Nidwalden Obwalden Sankt Gallen Schaffhausen Schwyz Solothurn Thurgau Ticino Uri Valais Vaud Zug Zurich

Dependent areas

Independence: 1 August 1291 (Founding of the Swiss Confederation)

National holiday: Founding of the Swiss Confederation 1 August (1291)

Constitution: 29 May 1874

Legal system: civil law system influenced by customary law; judicial review of legislative acts except with respect to federal decrees of general obligatory character; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Moritz LEUENBERGER (since 1 January 2001); Vice President Kaspar VILLIGER (since 1 January 2001); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
Head of government: President Moritz LEUENBERGER (since 1 January 2001); Vice President Kaspar VILLIGER (since 1 January 2001); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
Cabinet: Federal Council or Bundesrat (in German), Conseil Federal (in French), Consiglio Federale (in Italian) elected by the Federal Assembly from among its own members for a four-year term
Elections: president and vice president elected by the Federal Assembly from among the members of the Federal Council for one-year terms that run concurrently; election last held 6 December 2000 (next to be held NA December 2001)
Election results: Moritz LEUENBERGER elected president; percent of Federal Assembly vote - 76%; Kaspar VILLIGER elected vice president; percent of legislative vote - 72%

Legislative branch
Elections: Council of States - last held in 1999 (each canton determines when the next election will be held); National Council - last held 24 October 1999 (next to be held NA October 2003)
Election results: Council of States - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - FDP 18, CVP 15, SVP 7, SPS 6; National Council - percent of vote by party - SPS 22.5%, SVP 22.6%, FDP 19.9%, CVP 15.8%, other small parties all under 5%; seats by party - SPS 51, SVP 44, FDP 43, CVP 35, Greens 9, other small parties 18

Judicial branch: Federal Supreme Court (judges elected for six-year terms by the Federal Assembly)

Political parties and leaders: Christian Democratic People's Party (Christichdemokratische Volkspartei der Schweiz or CVP Parti Democrate-Chretien Suisse or PDC Partito Democratico-Cristiano Popolare Svizzero or PDC Partida Cristiandemocratica dalla Svizra or PCD) [Adalbert DURRER president]; Green Party (Grune Partei der Schweiz or Grune Parti Ecologiste Suisse or Les Verts Partito Ecologista Svizzero or I Verdi Partida Ecologica Svizra or La Verda) [Ruedi BAUMANN president]; Radical Free Democratic Party (Freisinnig-Demokratische Partei der Schweiz or FDP Parti Radical-Democratique Suisse or PRD Partitio Liberal-Radicale Svizzero or PLR) [Franz STEINEGGER president]; Social Democratic Party (Sozialdemokratische Partei der Schweiz or SPS Parti Socialist Suisse or PSS Partito Socialista Svizzero or PSS Partida Socialdemocratica de la Svizra or PSS) [Christiane BRUNNER president]; Swiss People's Party (Schweizerische Volkspartei or SVP Union Democratique du Centre or UDC Unione Democratica de Centro or UDC Uniun Democratica dal Center or UDC) [Ueli MAURER president]; and other minor parties

International organization participation: ACCT AfDB AsDB Australia Group BIS CCC CE CERN EAPC EBRD ECE EFTA ESA FAO G-10 IADB IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC ICFTU ICRM IDA IEA IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO Inmarsat Intelsat Interpol IOC IOM ISO ITU LAIA (observer) MONUC NAM (guest) NEA NSG OAS (observer) OECD OPCW OSCE PCA PFP UN (observer) UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO UNITAR UNMEE UNMIBH UNMIK UNMOP UNOMIG UNTSO UNU UPU WCL WHO WIPO WMO WToO WTrO ZC

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Alfred DEFAGO
In the us chancery: 2,900 Cathedral Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,008
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 745-7,900
In the us fax: [1] (202) 387-2,564
In the us consulates general: Atlanta, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, New York, and San Francisco
In the us consulates: Boston
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador J. Richard FREDERICKS
From the us embassy: Jubilaeumstrasse 93, 3,001 Bern
From the us mailing address: use embassy street address
From the us telephone: [41] (31) 357 70 11
From the us fax: [41] (31) 357 73 44

Flag descriptionflag of Switzerland: red square with a bold equilateral white cross in the center that does not extend to the edges of the flag

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Switzerland - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: Switzerland a prosperous and stable modern market economy with a per capita GDP 20% above that of the big western European economies experienced solid growth of 3% in 2000 but growth is expected to fall back to about 2% in 2001. The Swiss in recent years have brought their economic practices largely into conformity with the EU's to enhance their international competitiveness. Although the Swiss are not pursuing full EU membership in the near term in 1999 Bern and Brussels signed agreements to further liberalize trade ties and the agreements should come into force in 2001. Switzerland is still considered a safe haven for investors because it has maintained a degree of bank secrecy and has kept up the franc's long-term external value.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 3% (2000 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 2.8%
Industry: 31.1%
Services: 66.1% (1995)

Agriculture products: grains fruits vegetables; meat eggs

Industries: machinery chemicals watches textiles precision instruments

Industrial production growth rate: 8.6% (2000 est.)

Labor force: 3.9 million (964,000 foreign workers mostly Italian) (1998 est.)
By occupation services: 69.1%
By occupation industry: 26.3%
By occupation agriculture: 4.6% (1998 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 1.9% (2000 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: 2.8%
Highest 10: 25.2% (1992)

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $32.66 billion
Expenditures: $34.89 billion, including capital expenditures of $2.3 billion (1998 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 1.5% (2000 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $91.3 billion (f.o.b. 2000)
Commodities: machinery chemicals metals watches agricultural products
Partners: EU 65.8% (Germany 22.6% France 9.2% Italy 8.0% UK 5.5% Austria 3.2%) US 12.4% Japan 4.0% (1999)

Imports: $91.6 billion (f.o.b. 2000)
Commodities: machinery chemicals vehicles metals; agricultural products textiles
Partners: EU 77.7% (Germany 31.0% France 12.0% Italy 9.7% Netherlands 5.1% UK 5.7%) US 7.1% Japan 2.9% (1999)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Swiss francs per US dollar - 1.6303 (January 2001) 1.6888 (2000) 1.5022 (1999) 1.4498 (1998) 1.4513 (1997) 1.2360 (1996)


Switzerland - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 66.768 billion kWh (1999)
By source fossil fuel: 3.44%
By source hydro: 59.16%
By source nuclear: 35.43%
By source other: 1.97% (1999)

Electricity consumption: 51.862 billion kWh (1999)

Electricity exports: 31.955 billion kWh (1999)

Electricity imports: 21.723 billion kWh (1999)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Switzerland - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 1.967 million (1999)

Telephone system
General assessment: excellent domestic and international services
Domestic: extensive cable and microwave radio relay networks
International: satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean and Indian Ocean)

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .ch

Internet users: 2.4 million (2000)

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Switzerland - Military 2001
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $3.1 billion (FY98)
Percent of gdp: 1.2% (FY98)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Switzerland - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 67 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 42
With paved runways over 3047 m: 3
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 4
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 13
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 7
With paved runways under 914 m: 15 (2000 est.)
With unpaved runways total: 25
With unpaved runways under 914 m: 25 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 42
Over 3047 m: 3
2438 to 3047 m: 4
15-24 to 2437 m: 13
914 to 1523 m: 7
Under 914 m: 15 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 25
Under 914 m: 25 (2000 est.)

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 314 km; natural gas 1506 km

Railways
Total: 4,492 km (1,564 km double track)
Standard gauge: 3,317 km 1.435-m gauge (3,288 km electrified)
Narrow gauge: 1,165 km 1.000-m gauge (1,165 km electrified); 10 km 0.800-m gauge (1998)

Roadways

Waterways
Note: The Rhine carries heavy traffic on the Basel-Rheinfelden and Schaffhausen-Bodensee stretches; there are also 12 navigable lakes

Merchant marine
Total: 24 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 435,966 GRT/780,458 DWT
Ships by type: bulk 12, cargo 6, chemical tanker 5, petroleum tanker 1
Note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: UK 1 (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals


Switzerland - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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