Statistical information The Bahamas 2001The%20Bahamas

Map of The Bahamas | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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The Bahamas in the World
The Bahamas in the World


The Bahamas - Introduction 2001
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Background: Since attaining independence from the UK in 1973 The Bahamas have prospered through tourism and international banking and investment management. Because of its geography the country is a major transshipment point for illegal drugs particularly shipments to the US and its territory is used for smuggling illegal migrants into the US.

The Bahamas - Geography 2001
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Location: Caribbean chain of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean southeast of Florida

Geographic coordinates: 24 15 N 76 00 W

Map referenceCentral America and the Caribbean

Total: 13,940 km²
Land: 10,070 km²
Water: 3,870 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than Connecticut

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 3,542 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: tropical marine; moderated by warm waters of Gulf Stream

Terrain: long flat coral formations with some low rounded hills

Extremes lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: Mount Alvernia, on Cat Island 63 m

Natural resources: salt aragonite timber arable land
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 1%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 0%
Forests and woodland: 32%
Other: 67% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: hurricanes and other tropical storms that cause extensive flood and wind damage

Note: strategic location adjacent to US and Cuba; extensive island chain

The Bahamas - People 2001
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Note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: 0.93% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Noun: Bahamian
Adjective: Bahamian

Ethnic groups: black 85% white 12% Asian and Hispanic 3%

Languages: English Creole (among Haitian immigrants)

Religions: Baptist 32% Anglican 20% Roman Catholic 19% Methodist 6% Church of God 6% other Protestant 12% none or unknown 3% other 2%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 29.43% (male 44,179; female 43,486)
15-64 years: 64.46% (male 94,329; female 97,674)
65 years and over: 6.11% (male 7,618; female 10,566) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.93% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 19.1 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 7.14 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: -2.65 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: coral reef decay; solid waste disposal
International agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
International agreements signed but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.02 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.02 male/female
15-64 years: 0.97 male/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male/female
Total population: 0.96 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 17.03 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 70.46 years
Male: 67.27 years
Female: 73.71 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.3 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Adult prevalence rate: 4.13% (1999 est.)
People living with hivaids: 6,900 (1999 est.)
Deaths: 500 (1999 est.)

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 98.2%
Male: 98.5%
Female: 98% (1995 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

The Bahamas - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: Commonwealth of The Bahamas
Conventional short form: The Bahamas

Government type: constitutional parliamentary democracy

Capital: Nassau

Administrative divisions: 21 districts; Acklins and Crooked Islands Bimini Cat Island Exuma Freeport Fresh Creek Governor's Harbour Green Turtle Cay Harbour Island High Rock Inagua Kemps Bay Long Island Marsh Harbour Mayaguana New Providence Nicholls Town and Berry Islands Ragged Island Rock Sound Sandy Point San Salvador and Rum Cay

Dependent areas

Independence: 10 July 1973 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day 10 July (1973)

Constitution: 10 July 1973

Legal system: based on English common law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Sir Orville TURNQUEST (since 2 January 1995)
Head of government: Prime Minister Hubert Alexander INGRAHAM (since 19 August 1992) and Deputy Prime Minister Frank WATSON (since December 1994)
Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the prime minister's recommendation
Elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; prime minister and deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general

Legislative branch
Elections: last held 14 March 1997 (next to be held by March 2002)
Election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - FNM 35, PLP 5

Judicial branch: Supreme Court; Court of Appeal; magistrates courts

Political parties and leaders: Free National Movement or FNM [Hubert Alexander INGRAHAM]; Progressive Liberal Party or PLP [Perry CHRISTIE]


Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Joshua SEARS
In the us chancery: 2,220 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,008
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 319-2,660
In the us fax: [1] (202) 319-2,668
In the us consulates general: Miami and New York
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador-designate J. Richard BLANKENSHIP
From the us embassy: Queen Street, Nassau
From the us mailing address: local or express mail address: P. O. Box N-8,197, Nassau; stateside address: American Embassy Nassau, P. O. Box 599,009, Miami, FL 33,159-9,009; pouch address: Nassau, Department of State, Washington, DC 20,521-3,370
From the us telephone: [1] (242) 322-1181, 328-2,206
From the us fax: [1] (242) 356-0222

Flag descriptionflag of The%20Bahamas: three equal horizontal bands of aquamarine (top) gold and aquamarine with a black equilateral triangle based on the hoist side

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

The Bahamas - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: The Bahamas is a stable developing nation with an economy heavily dependent on tourism and offshore banking. Tourism alone accounts for more than 60% of GDP and directly or indirectly employs 40% of the archipelago's labor force. Moderate growth in tourism receipts and a boom in construction of new hotels resorts and residences led to an increase of the country's GDP by an estimated 3% in 1998 6% in 1999 and 4.5% in 2000. Manufacturing and agriculture together contribute only 10% of GDP and show little growth despite government incentives aimed at those sectors. Overall growth prospects in the short run will depend heavily on the fortunes of the tourism sector and continued sturdy growth in the US which accounts for the majority of tourist visitors.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 4.5% (2000 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 3%
Industry: 7%
Services: 90% (1999 est.)

Agriculture products: citrus vegetables; poultry

Industries: tourism banking cement oil refining and transshipment salt rum aragonite pharmaceuticals spiral-welded steel pipe

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 156,000 (1999)
By occupation tourism: 40%
By occupation other services: 50%
By occupation industry: 5%
By occupation agriculture: 5% (1995 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 9% (1998 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $766 million
Expenditures: $845 million, including capital expenditures of $97 million (FY97/98)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 1.9% (2000 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $376.8 million (2000 est.)
Commodities: pharmaceuticals cement rum crawfish refined petroleum products
Partners: US 22.3% Switzerland 15.6% UK 15% Denmark 7.4% (1998)

Imports: $1.73 billion (2000 est.)
Commodities: foodstuffs manufactured goods crude oil vehicles electronics
Partners: US 27.3% Italy 26.5% Japan 10% Denmark 4.2% (1998)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $385.8 million (2000 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Bahamian dollars per US dollar - 1.000 (fixed rate pegged to the dollar)

The Bahamas - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 1.465 billion kWh (1999)
By source fossil fuel: 100%
By source hydro: 0%
By source nuclear: 0%
By source other: 0% (1999)

Electricity consumption: 1.362 billion kWh (1999)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

The Bahamas - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 6,152 (1997)

Telephone system
General assessment: modern facilities
Domestic: totally automatic system; highly developed
International: tropospheric scatter and submarine cable to Florida; 3 coaxial submarine cables; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (1997)

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .bs

Internet users: 15,000 (2000)

Broadband fixed subscriptions

The Bahamas - Military 2001
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $20 million (FY95/96)
Percent of gdp: NA%

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

The Bahamas - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 65 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 36
With paved runways over 3047 m: 2
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 2
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 16
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 13
With paved runways under 914 m: 3 (2000 est.)
With unpaved runways total: 29
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 6
With unpaved runways under 914 m: 23 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 36
Over 3047 m: 2
2438 to 3047 m: 2
15-24 to 2437 m: 16
914 to 1523 m: 13
Under 914 m: 3 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 29
914 to 1523 m: 6
Under 914 m: 23 (2000 est.)

Heliports: 1 (2000 est.)


Railways: 0 km


Waterways: none

Merchant marine
Total: 1,049 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 30,000,221 GRT/44,601,471 DWT
Ships by type: bulk 185, cargo 214, chemical tanker 36, combination bulk 15, combination ore/oil 22, container 66, liquefied gas 33, livestock carrier 1, multi-functional large-load carrier 4, passenger 79, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 182, railcar carrier 1, refrigerated cargo 118, roll on/roll off 50, short-sea passenger 15, specialized tanker 3, vehicle carrier 24
Note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Algeria 2, Australia 1, Austria 1, Bermuda 6, Belgium 14, Canada 1, Cuba 1, Cyprus 2, Denmark 17, Finland 7, France 9, Germany 9, Greece 89, Hong Kong 7, Indonesia 2, India 1, Israel 4, Italy 8, Japan 23, Jamaica 1, Kenya 1, Lebanon 2, Luxembourg 2, Monaco 15, Malaysia 1, Netherlands 16, Norway 139, Poland 3, Portugal 2, Russia 2, Saudi Arabia 5, Singapore 12, Spain 7, Sweden 14, Syria 1, Switzerland 7, UAE 1, Trinidad and Tobago 2, UK 67, Ukraine 3, US 50, British Virgin Islands 1, British Virgin Islands 1 (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals

The Bahamas - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

Volotea Air

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