Statistical information United Kingdom 2001United%20Kingdom

Map of United Kingdom | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

United Kingdom in the World
United Kingdom in the World


United Kingdom - Introduction 2001
top of page

Background: Great Britain the dominant industrial and maritime power of the 19th century played a leading role in developing parliamentary democracy and in advancing literature and science. At its zenith the British Empire stretched over one-fourth of the earth's surface. The first half of the 20th century saw the UK's strength seriously depleted in two World Wars. The second half witnessed the dismantling of the Empire and the UK rebuilding itself into a modern and prosperous European nation. As one of five permanent members of the UN Security Council a founding member of NATO and of the Commonwealth the UK pursues a global approach to foreign policy; it currently is weighing the degree of its integration with continental Europe. A member of the EU it chose to remain outside of the European Monetary Union for the time being. Constitutional reform is also a significant issue in the UK. Regional assemblies with varying degrees of power opened in Scotland Wales and Northern Ireland in 1999.

United Kingdom - Geography 2001
top of page

Location: Western Europe islands including the northern one-sixth of the island of Ireland between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea northwest of France

Geographic coordinates: 54 00 N 2 00 W

Map referenceEurope

Total: 244,820 km²
Land: 241,590 km²
Water: 3,230 km²
Note: includes Rockall and Shetland Islands
Comparative: slightly smaller than Oregon

Land boundaries
Total: 360 km
Border countries: (1) Ireland 360 km

Coastline: 12,429 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: as defined in continental shelf orders or in accordance with agreed upon boundaries
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: temperate; moderated by prevailing southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current; more than one-half of the days are overcast

Terrain: mostly rugged hills and low mountains; level to rolling plains in east and southeast

Extremes lowest point: Fenland -4 m
Extremes highest point: Ben Nevis 1,343 m

Natural resources: coal petroleum natural gas tin limestone iron ore salt clay chalk gypsum lead silica arable land
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 25%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 46%
Forests and woodland: 10%
Other: 19% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: 1080 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: NA

Note: lies near vital North Atlantic sea lanes; only 35 km from France and now linked by tunnel under the English Channel; because of heavily indented coastline no location is more than 125 km from tidal waters

United Kingdom - People 2001
top of page

Population: 59,647,790 (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: 0.23% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: 17%

Noun: Briton, British (collective plural)
Adjective: British

Ethnic groups: English 81.5% Scottish 9.6% Irish 2.4% Welsh 1.9% Ulster 1.8% West Indian Indian Pakistani and other 2.8%

Languages: English Welsh (about 26% of the population of Wales) Scottish form of Gaelic (about 60,000 in Scotland)

Religions: Anglican 27 million Roman Catholic 9 million Muslim 1 million Presbyterian 800,000 Methodist 760,000 Sikh 400,000 Hindu 350,000 Jewish 300,000 (1991 est.)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 18.89% (male 5,778,415; female 5,486,114)
15-64 years: 65.41% (male 19,712,932; female 19,304,771)
65 years and over: 15.7% (male 3,895,921; female 5,469,637) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.23% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 11.54 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 10.35 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: 1.07 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: continues to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (has meet Kyoto Protocol target of a 12.5% reduction from 1990 levels and hopes to reduce even more); small particulate emissions largely from vehicular traffic remain a problem; solid waste continues to rise and recycling is very limited
International agreements party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
International agreements signed but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.05 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.05 male/female
15-64 years: 1.02 male/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male/female
Total population: 0.97 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 5.54 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 77.82 years
Male: 75.13 years
Female: 80.66 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.73 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Adult prevalence rate: 0.11% (1999 est.)
People living with hivaids: 31,000 (1999 est.)
Deaths: 450 (1999 est.)

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over has completed five or more years of schooling
Total population: 99% (1978 est.)
Male: NA%
Female: NA%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

United Kingdom - Government 2001
top of page

Country name
Conventional long form: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Conventional short form: United Kingdom
Abbreviation: UK

Government type: constitutional monarchy

Capital: London

Administrative divisions: England - 47 boroughs 36 counties* 29 London boroughs** 12 cities and boroughs*** 10 districts**** 12 cities***** 3 royal boroughs******; Barking and Dagenham** Barnet** Barnsley Bath and North East Somerset**** Bedfordshire* Bexley** Birmingham*** Blackburn with Darwen Blackpool Bolton Bournemouth Bracknell Forest Bradford*** Brent** Brighton and Hove City of Bristol***** Bromley** Buckinghamshire* Bury Calderdale Cambridgeshire* Camden** Cheshire* Cornwall* Coventry*** Croydon** Cumbria* Darlington Derby***** Derbyshire* Devon* Doncaster Dorset* Dudley Durham* Ealing** East Riding of Yorkshire**** East Sussex* Enfield** Essex* Gateshead Gloucestershire* Greenwich** Hackney** Halton Hammersmith and Fulham** Hampshire* Haringey** Harrow** Hartlepool Havering** Herefordshire* Hertfordshire* Hillingdon** Hounslow** Isle of Wight* Islington** Kensington and Chelsea****** Kent* City of Kingston upon Hull***** Kingston upon Thames****** Kirklees Knowsley Lambeth** Lancashire* Leeds*** Leicester***** Leicestershire* Lewisham** Lincolnshire* Liverpool*** City of London***** Luton Manchester*** Medway Merton** Middlesbrough Milton Keynes Newcastle upon Tyne*** Newham** Norfolk* Northamptonshire* North East Lincolnshire**** North Lincolnshire**** North Somerset**** North Tyneside Northumberland* North Yorkshire* Nottingham***** Nottinghamshire* Oldham Oxfordshire* Peterborough***** Plymouth***** Poole Portsmouth***** Reading Redbridge** Redcar and Cleveland Richmond upon Thames** Rochdale Rotherham Rutland**** Salford*** Shropshire* Sandwell Sefton Sheffield*** Slough Solihull Somerset* Southampton***** Southend-on-Sea South Gloucestershire**** South Tyneside Southwark** Staffordshire* St. Helens Stockport Stockton-on-Tees Stoke-on-Trent***** Suffolk* Sunderland*** Surrey* Sutton** Swindon Tameside Telford and Wrekin**** Thurrock Torbay Tower Hamlets** Trafford Wakefield*** Walsall Waltham Forest** Wandsworth** Warrington Warwickshire* West Berkshire**** Westminster*** West Sussex* Wigan Wiltshire* Windsor and Maidenhead****** Wirral Wokingham**** Wolverhampton Worcestershire* York*****; Northern Ireland - 24 districts 2 cities*; Antrim Ards Armagh Ballymena Ballymoney Banbridge Belfast* Carrickfergus Castlereagh Coleraine Cookstown Craigavon Down Dungannon Fermanagh Larne Limavady Lisburn Derry* Magherafelt Moyle Newry and Mourne Newtownabbey North Down Omagh Strabane; Scotland - 32 council areas; Aberdeen City Aberdeenshire Angus Argyll and Bute The Scottish Borders Clackmannanshire Dumfries and Galloway Dundee City East Ayrshire East Dunbartonshire East Lothian East Renfrewshire City of Edinburgh Falkirk Fife Glasgow City Highland Inverclyde Midlothian Moray North Ayrshire North Lanarkshire Orkney Islands Perth and Kinross Renfrewshire Shetland Islands South Ayrshire South Lanarkshire Stirling West Dunbartonshire Eilean Siar (Western Isles) West Lothian; Wales - 11 county boroughs 9 counties* 2 cities and counties**; Isle of Anglesey* Blaenau Gwent Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff** Ceredigion* Carmarthenshire* Conwy Denbighshire* Flintshire* Gwynedd Merthyr Tydfil Monmouthshire* Neath Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire* Powys* Rhondda Cynon Taff Swansea** Torfaen The Vale of Glamorgan* Wrexham

Dependent areas: (1) Anguilla Bermuda British Indian Ocean Territory British Virgin Islands Cayman Islands Falkland Islands Gibraltar Guernsey Jersey Isle of Man Montserrat Pitcairn Islands Saint Helena South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Turks and Caicos Islands

Independence: England has existed as a unified entity since the 10th century; the union between England and Wales was enacted under the Statute of Rhuddlan in 1284; in the Act of Union of 1707 England and Scotland agreed to permanent union as Great Britain; the legislative union of Great Britain and Ireland was implemented in 1801 with the adoption of the name the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland; the Anglo-Irish treaty of 1921 formalized a partition of Ireland; six northern Irish counties remained part of the United Kingdom as Northern Ireland and the current name of the country the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland was adopted in 1927

National holiday: Birthday of Queen ELIZABETH II celebrated on the second Saturday in June (1926)

Constitution: unwritten; partly statutes partly common law and practice

Legal system: common law tradition with early Roman and modern continental influences; no judicial review of Acts of Parliament; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; British courts and legislation are increasingly subject to review by European Union courts

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); Heir Apparent Prince CHARLES (son of the queen, born 14 November 1948)
Head of government: Prime Minister Anthony C. L. (Tony) BLAIR (since 2 May 1997)
Cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the prime minister
Elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; the prime minister is the leader of the majority party in the House of Commons (assuming there is no majority party, a prime minister would have a majority coalition or at least a coalition that was not rejected by the majority)

Legislative branch
Elections: House of Lords - no elections (some proposals for further reform include elections); House of Commons - last held 7 June 2001 (next to be held by NA May 2006)
Election results: House of Commons - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - Labor 412, Conservative and Unionist 166, Liberal Democrat 52, other 29
Note: in 1998 elections were held for a Northern Ireland Parliament (because of unresolved disputes among existing parties, the transfer of power from London to Northern Ireland came only at the end of 1999 and was rescinded in February 2000); in 1999 there were elections for a new Scottish Parliament and a new Welsh Assembly

Judicial branch: House of Lords (highest court of appeal; several Lords of Appeal in Ordinary are appointed by the monarch for life); Supreme Courts of England Wales and Northern Ireland (comprising the Courts of Appeal the High Courts of Justice and the Crown Courts); Scotland's Court of Session and Court of the Justiciary

Political parties and leaders: Conservative and Unionist Party [William HAGUE]; Democratic Unionist Party (Northern Ireland) [Rev. Ian PAISLEY]; Labor Party [Anthony (Tony) Blair]; Liberal Democrats [Charles KENNEDY]; Party of Wales (Plaid Cymru) [Ieuan Wyn JONES]; Scottish National Party or SNP [John SWINNEY]; Sinn Fein (Northern Ireland) [Gerry ADAMS]; Social Democratic and Labor Party or SDLP (Northern Ireland) [John HUME]; Ulster Unionist Party (Northern Ireland) [David TRIMBLE]


Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Sir Christopher J. R. MEYER
In the us chancery: 3,100 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,008
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 588-6,500
In the us fax: [1] (202) 588-7,870
In the us consulates general: Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Cleveland, Houston, Los Angeles, New York, and San Francisco
In the us consulates: Dallas, Denver, Miami, Orlando (reports to Atlanta), San Juan, and Seattle
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Philip LADER
From the us embassy: 24/31 Grosvenor Square, London, W1A1AE
From the us mailing address: PSC 801, Box 40, FPO AE 9,498-4,040
From the us telephone: [44] (0) 207,499-9,000 (switchboard)
From the us fax: [44] (171) 409-1637
From the us consulates general: Belfast, Edinburgh

Flag descriptionflag of United%20Kingdom: blue with the red cross of Saint George (patron saint of England) edged in white superimposed on the diagonal red cross of Saint Patrick (patron saint of Ireland) and which is superimposed on the diagonal white cross of Saint Andrew (patron saint of Scotland); known as the Union Flag or Union Jack; the design and colors (especially the Blue Ensign) have been the basis for a number of other flags including other Commonwealth countries and their constituent states or provinces as well as British overseas territories

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

United Kingdom - Economy 2001
top of page

Economy overview: The UK a leading trading power and financial center deploys an essentially capitalistic economy one of the quartet of trillion dollar economies of Western Europe. Over the past two decades the government has greatly reduced public ownership and contained the growth of social welfare programs. Agriculture is intensive highly mechanized and efficient by European standards producing about 60% of food needs with only 1% of the labor force. The UK has large coal natural gas and oil reserves; primary energy production accounts for 10% of GDP one of the highest shares of any industrial nation. Services particularly banking insurance and business services account by far for the largest proportion of GDP while industry continues to decline in importance. The economy has grown steadily at just above or below 3% for the last several years. The BLAIR government has put off the question of participation in the euro system until after the next election in June of 2001; Chancellor of the Exchequer BROWN has identified some key economic tests to determine whether the UK should join the common currency system but it will largely be a political decision. A serious short-term problem is foot-and-mouth disease which by early 2001 had broken out in nearly 600 farms and slaughterhouses and had resulted in the killing of 400,000 animals.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 3% (2000 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 1.7%
Industry: 24.9%
Services: 73.4% (1999)

Agriculture products: cereals oilseed potatoes vegetables; cattle sheep poultry; fish

Industries: machine tools electric power equipment automation equipment railroad equipment shipbuilding aircraft motor vehicles and parts electronics and communications equipment metals chemicals coal petroleum paper and paper products food processing textiles clothing and other consumer goods

Industrial production growth rate: 2% (2000)

Labor force: 29.2 million (1999)
By occupation agriculture: 1%
By occupation industry: 19%
By occupation services: 80% (1996 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 5.5% (2000 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: 17%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: 2.6%
Highest 10: 27.3% (1991)

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $555.2 billion
Expenditures: $510.8 billion, including capital expenditures of $37.7 billion (FY00)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 2.4% (2000 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $282 billion (f.o.b. 2000)
Commodities: manufactured goods fuels chemicals; food beverages tobacco
Partners: EU 58% (Germany 12% France 10% Netherlands 8%) US 15% (1999)

Imports: $324 billion (f.o.b. 2000)
Commodities: manufactured goods machinery fuels; foodstuffs
Partners: EU 53% (Germany 14% France 9% Netherlands 7%) US 13% Japan 5% (1999)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: British pounds per US dollar - 0.6764 (January 2001) 0.6596 (2000) 0.6180 (1999) 0.6037 (1998) 0.6106 (1997) 0.6403 (1996)

United Kingdom - Energy 2001
top of page

Electricity access

Electricity production: 342.771 billion kWh (1999)
By source fossil fuel: 69.38%
By source hydro: 1.55%
By source nuclear: 26.68%
By source other: 2.39% (1999)

Electricity consumption: 333.012 billion kWh (1999)

Electricity exports: 265 million kWh (1999)

Electricity imports: 14.5 billion kWh (1999)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

United Kingdom - Communication 2001
top of page

Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 13 million (yearend 1998)

Telephone system
General assessment: technologically advanced domestic and international system
Domestic: equal mix of buried cables, microwave radio relay, and fiber-optic systems
International: 40 coaxial submarine cables; satellite earth stations - 10 Intelsat (7 Atlantic Ocean and 3 Indian Ocean), 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic Ocean region), and 1 Eutelsat; at least 8 large international switching centers

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .uk

Internet users: 19.47 million (2000)

Broadband fixed subscriptions

United Kingdom - Military 2001
top of page

Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $36.884 billion (FY97)
Percent of gdp: 2.7% (FY97)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

United Kingdom - Transportation 2001
top of page

National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 489 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 349
With paved runways over 3047 m: 10
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 33
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 162
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 89
With paved runways under 914 m: 55 (2000 est.)
With unpaved runways total: 140
With unpaved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 23
With unpaved runways under 914 m: 116 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 349
Over 3047 m: 10
2438 to 3047 m: 33
15-24 to 2437 m: 162
914 to 1523 m: 89
Under 914 m: 55 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 140
15-24 to 2437 m: 1
914 to 1523 m: 23
Under 914 m: 116 (2000 est.)

Heliports: 11 (2000 est.)

Pipelines: crude oil (almost all insignificant) 933 km; petroleum products 2,993 km; natural gas 12,800 km

Total: 16,878 km
Broad gauge: 342 km 1.600-m gauge (190 km double track); note - all 1.600-m gauge track, of which 342 km is in common carrier use, and is in Northern Ireland
Standard gauge: 16,536 km 1.435-m gauge (4,928 km electrified; 12,591 km double or multiple track) (1996)


Waterways: 3,200 km

Merchant marine
Total: 200 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 3,934,776 GRT/3,760,240 DWT
Ships by type: bulk 4, cargo 31, chemical tanker 11, combination ore/oil 1, container 47, liquefied gas 3, passenger 14, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 52, refrigerated cargo 4, roll on/roll off 19, short-sea passenger 10, specialized tanker 1, vehicle carrier 2
Note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Denmark 1 (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals

United Kingdom - Transnational issues 2001
top of page

Disputes international: Northern Ireland issue with Ireland (historic peace agreement signed 10 April 1998); Gibraltar issue with Spain; Argentina claims Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas); Argentina claims South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands; Mauritius and the Seychelles claim Chagos Archipelago (UK-administered British Indian Ocean Territory); Rockall continental shelf dispute involving Denmark and Iceland; territorial claim in Antarctica (British Antarctic Territory) overlaps Argentine claim and partially overlaps Chilean claim; disputes with Iceland Denmark and Ireland over the Faroe Islands continental shelf boundary outside 200 NM

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

You found a piece of the puzzle

Please click here to complete it