Statistical information Yemen 2001Yemen

Map of Yemen | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Yemen - Introduction 2001
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Background: North Yemen became independent of the Ottoman Empire in 1918. The British who had set up a protectorate area around the southern port of Aden in the 19th century withdrew in 1967 from what became South Yemen. Three years later the southern government adopted a Marxist orientation. The massive exodus of hundreds of thousands of Yemenis from the south to the north contributed to two decades of hostility between the states. The two countries were formally unified as the Republic of Yemen in 1990. A southern secessionist movement in 1994 was quickly subdued. In 2000 Saudi Arabia and Yemen agreed to a delimitation of their border.


Yemen - Geography 2001
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Location: Middle East bordering the Arabian Sea Gulf of Aden and Red Sea between Oman and Saudi Arabia

Geographic coordinates: 15 00 N 48 00 E

Map referenceMiddle East

Area
Total: 527,970 km²
Land: 527,970 km²
Water: 0 km²
Note: includes Perim, Socotra, the former Yemen Arab Republic (YAR or North Yemen), and the former People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY or South Yemen)
Comparative: slightly larger than twice the size of Wyoming

Land boundaries
Total: 1,746 km
Border countries: (2) Oman 288 km; , Saudi Arabia 1,458 km

Coastline: 1906 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 NM
Continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
Exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: mostly desert; hot and humid along west coast; temperate in western mountains affected by seasonal monsoon; extraordinarily hot dry harsh desert in east

Terrain: narrow coastal plain backed by flat-topped hills and rugged mountains; dissected upland desert plains in center slope into the desert interior of the Arabian Peninsula

Elevation
Extremes lowest point: Arabian Sea 0 m
Extremes highest point: Jabal an Nabi Shu'ayb 3,760 m

Natural resources: petroleum fish rock salt marble small deposits of coal gold lead nickel and copper fertile soil in west
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 3%
Permanent crops: 13%
Permanent pastures: 33.5%
Forests and woodland: 4%
Other: 46.5% (1999)

Irrigated land: 5,674 km² (1999)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: sandstorms and dust storms in summer

Geography
Note: strategic location on Bab el Mandeb the strait linking the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden one of world's most active shipping lanes


Yemen - People 2001
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Population: 18,078,035 (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: 3.38% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: 19% (1992 est.)

Nationality
Noun: Yemeni
Adjective: Yemeni

Ethnic groups: predominantly Arab; but also Afro-Arab South Asians Europeans

Languages: Arabic

Religions: Muslim including Shaf'i (Sunni) and Zaydi (Shi'a) small numbers of Jewish Christian and Hindu

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 47.21% (male 4,340,436; female 4,195,076)
15-64 years: 49.79% (male 4,598,301; female 4,402,402)
65 years and over: 3% (male 274,202; female 267,618) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 3.38% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 43.36 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 9.58 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: very limited natural fresh water resources; inadequate supplies of potable water; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification
International agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
International agreements signed but not ratified: Nuclear Test Ban

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.05 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.03 male/female
15-64 years: 1.04 male/female
65 years and over: 1.02 male/female
Total population: 1.04 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 68.53 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 60.21 years
Male: 58.45 years
Female: 62.05 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 6.97 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids
Adult prevalence rate: 0.01% (1999 est.)
People living with hivaids: NA
Deaths: NA

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 38%
Male: 53%
Female: 26% (1990 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Yemen - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Yemen
Conventional short form: Yemen
Local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al Yamaniyah
Local short form: Al Yaman

Government type: republic

Capital: Sanaa

Administrative divisions
Note: there may be three more governorates: Al Daleh, Shabwah, and the capital city of Sana'a

Dependent areas

Independence: 22 May 1990 Republic of Yemen was established with the merger of the Yemen Arab Republic [Yemen (Sanaa) or North Yemen] and the Marxist-dominated People's Democratic Republic of Yemen [Yemen (Aden) or South Yemen]; previously North Yemen had become independent on NA November 1918 (from the Ottoman Empire) and South Yemen had become independent on 30 November 1967 (from the UK)

National holiday: Unification Day 22 May (1990)

Constitution: 16 May 1991; amended 29 September 1994 and February 2001

Legal system: based on Islamic law Turkish law English common law and local tribal customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Field Marshall Ali Abdallah SALIH (since 22 May 1990, the former president of North Yemen, assumed office upon the merger of North and South Yemen); Vice President Maj. Gen. Abd al-Rab Mansur al-HADI (since 3 October 1994)
Head of government: Prime Minister Abd al-Qadir BA JAMAL (since 4 April 2001)
Cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister
Elections: president elected by direct, popular vote for a five-year term (a new constitution amendment extends the term by two years to a seven-year term); election last held 23 September 1999 (next to be held NA 2006); vice president appointed by the president; prime minister and deputy prime ministers appointed by the president
Election results: Ali Abdallah SALIH elected president; percent of vote: Ali Abdallah SALIH 96.3%, Najeeb Qahtan AL-SHAABI 3.7%

Legislative branch
Elections: last held 27 April 1997 (next to be held 27 April 2003)
Election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - GPC 189, Islah 52, Nasserite Unionist Party 3, National Arab Socialist Baath Party 2, independents 54, election pending 1; latest seats by party: GPC 223, Islah 64, Nasserite Unionist Party 3, National Arab Socialist Baath Party 2, YSP 2, independents 7

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders
Note: President SALIH's General People's Congress or GPC won a landslide victory in the April 1997 legislative election and no longer governs in coalition with Shaykh Abdallah bin Husayn al-AHMAR's Islamic Reform Grouping or Islah - the two parties had been in coalition since the end of the civil war in 1994; the YSP, a loyal opposition party, boycotted the April 1997 legislative election, but announced that it would participate in Yemen's first local elections to be held in February 2001; these local elections aim to decentralize political power and are a key element of the government's political reform program

International organization participation: ACC AFESD AL AMF CAEU CCC ESCWA FAO G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICRM IDA IDB IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO Intelsat Interpol IOC IOM ITU NAM OAS (observer) OIC OPCW UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UPU WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WToO WTrO (observer)

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Abd al-Wahhab Abdallah al-HAJRI
In the us chancery: Suite 705, 2,600 Virginia Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,037
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 965-4,760
In the us fax: [1] (202) 337-2017
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Barbara K. BODINE
From the us embassy: Dhahar Himyar Zone, Sheraton Hotel District, Sanaa
From the us mailing address: P. O. Box 22,347, Sanaa
From the us telephone: [967] (1) 303-161
From the us fax: [967] (1) 303-182

Flag descriptionflag of Yemen: three equal horizontal bands of red (top) white and black; similar to the flag of Syria which has two green stars and of Iraq which has three green stars (plus an Arabic inscription) in a horizontal line centered in the white band; also similar to the flag of Egypt which has a heraldic eagle centered in the white band

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Yemen - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: Yemen one of the poorest countries in the Arab world reported strong growth in the mid-1990s with the onset of oil production but was harmed by low oil prices in 1998. Yemen has embarked on an IMF-supported structural adjustment program designed to modernize and streamline the economy which has led to foreign debt relief and restructuring. Aided by higher oil prices in 1999-2000 Yemen worked to maintain tight control over spending and implement additional components of the IMF program. A high population growth rate of nearly 3.4% and internal political dissension complicate the government's task.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 6% (2000 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 20%
Industry: 42%
Services: 38% (1998)

Agriculture products: grain fruits vegetables pulses qat (mildly narcotic shrub) coffee cotton; dairy products livestock (sheep goats cattle camels) poultry; fish

Industries: crude oil production and petroleum refining; small-scale production of cotton textiles and leather goods; food processing; handicrafts; small aluminum products factory; cement

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: NA
By occupation: most people are employed in agriculture and herding; services construction industry and commerce account for less than one-fourth of the labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 30% (1995 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: 19% (1992 est.)

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: 2.3%
Highest 10: 30.8% (1992)

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $3 billion
Expenditures: $3.1 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2001 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 10% (2000 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $4.2 billion (f.o.b. 2000 est.)
Commodities: crude oil coffee dried and salted fish
Partners: Thailand 34% China 26% South Korea 14% Japan 3% (1999)

Imports: $2.7 billion (f.o.b. 2000 est.)
Commodities: food and live animals machinery and equipment
Partners: Saudi Arabia 10% UAE 8% US 7% France 7% Italy 6% (1999)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $4.4 billion (2000)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Yemeni rials per US dollar - 164.590 (October 2000) 160.683 (2000) 155.718 (1999) 135.882 (1998) 129.281 (1997) 94.157 (1996)


Yemen - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 2.4 billion kWh (1999)
By source fossil fuel: 100%
By source hydro: 0%
By source nuclear: 0%
By source other: 0% (1999)

Electricity consumption: 2.232 billion kWh (1999)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Yemen - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 32,042 (2000)

Telephone system
General assessment: since unification in 1990, efforts have been made to create a national telecommunications network
Domestic: the national network consists of microwave radio relay, cable, tropospheric scatter, and GSM cellular mobile telephone systems
International: satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (2 Indian Ocean and 1 Atlantic Ocean), 1 Intersputnik (Atlantic Ocean region), and 2 Arabsat; microwave radio relay to Saudi Arabia and Djibouti

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .ye

Internet users: 12,000 (2000)

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Yemen - Military 2001
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $414 million (FY99)
Percent of gdp: 7.6% (FY99)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Yemen - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 50 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 13
With paved runways over 3047 m: 2
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 8
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 1
With paved runways under 914 m: 1 (2000 est.)
With unpaved runways total: 37
With unpaved runways over 3047 m: 2
With unpaved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 9
With unpaved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 8
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 13
With unpaved runways under 914 m: 5 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 13
Over 3047 m: 2
2438 to 3047 m: 8
15-24 to 2437 m: 1
914 to 1523 m: 1
Under 914 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 37
Over 3047 m: 2
2438 to 3047 m: 9
15-24 to 2437 m: 8
914 to 1523 m: 13
Under 914 m: 5 (2000 est.)

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 644 km; petroleum products 32 km

Railways: 0 km

Roadways

Waterways: none

Merchant marine
Total: 4 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 15,075 GRT/23,562 DWT
Ships by type: cargo 1, petroleum tanker 3 (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals


Yemen - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Undercover Tourist


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