Kuwait 2002Kuwait

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The Fives Hotels

Kuwait - Introduction 2002
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Background: Britain oversaw foreign relations and defense for the ruling Kuwaiti AL-SABAH dynasty from 1899 until independence in 1961. Kuwait was attacked and overrun by Iraq on 2 August 1990. Following several weeks of aerial bombardment a US-led UN coalition began a ground assault on 23 February 1991 that completely liberated Kuwait in four days. Kuwait spent more than $5 billion to repair oil infrastructure damaged during 1990-91.

Kuwait - Geography 2002
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Location: Middle East bordering the Persian Gulf between Iraq and Saudi Arabia

Geographic coordinates: 29 30 N 45 45 E

Map referenceMiddle East

Total: 17,820 km²
Water: 0 km²
Land: 17,820 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than New Jersey

Land boundaries
Total: 462 km
Border countries: (2) Iraq 240 km; , Saudi Arabia 222 km

Coastline: 499 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: dry desert; intensely hot summers; short cool winters

Terrain: flat to slightly undulating desert plain

Extremes lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
Extremes highest point: unnamed location 306 m

Natural resources: petroleum fish shrimp natural gas
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0.34%
Permanent crops: 0.06%
Other: 99.6% (1998 est.)

Irrigated land: 60 km² (1998 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: sudden cloudbursts are common from October to April; they bring heavy rain which can damage roads and houses; sandstorms and dust storms occur throughout the year but are most common between March and August

Note: strategic location at head of Persian Gulf

Kuwait - People 2002
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Note: includes 1,159,913 non-nationals (July 2002 est.)
Growth rate note: this rate reflects a return to pre-Gulf crisis immigration of expatriates (2002 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Noun: Kuwaiti
Adjective: Kuwaiti

Ethnic groups: Kuwaiti 45% other Arab 35% South Asian 9% Iranian 4% other 7%

Languages: Arabic (official) English widely spoken

Religions: Muslim 85% (Sunni 70% Shi'a 30%) Christian Hindu Parsi and other 15%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 28.3% (male 304,200; female 292,900)
15-64 years: 69.2% (male 934,115; female 527,331)
65 years and over: 2.5% (male 34,106; female 18,909) (2002 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate
Note: this rate reflects a return to pre-Gulf crisis immigration of expatriates (2002 est.)

Birth rate: 21.84 births/1000 population (2002 est.)

Death rate: 2.46 deaths/1000 population (2002 est.)

Net migration rate: 13.88 migrant(s)/1000 population (2002 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: limited natural fresh water resources; some of world's largest and most sophisticated desalination facilities provide much of the water; air and water pollution; desertification
International agreements party to: Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
International agreements signed but not ratified: Biodiversity, Endangered Species, Marine Dumping

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.04 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.04 male/female
15-64 years: 1.77 male/female
65 years and over: 1.8 male/female
Total population: 1.52 male/female (2002 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 10.87 deaths/1000 live births (2002 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 76.46 years
Male: 75.56 years
Female: 77.39 years (2002 est.)

Total fertility rate: 3.14 children born/woman (2002 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Adult prevalence rate: 0.12% (1999 est.)
People living with hivaids: NA
Deaths: NA

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 78.6%
Male: 82.2%
Female: 74.9% (1995 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Kuwait - Government 2002
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Country name
Conventional long form: State of Kuwait
Conventional short form: Kuwait
Local short form: Al Kuwayt
Local long form: Dawlat al Kuwayt

Government type: nominal constitutional monarchy

Capital: Kuwait

Administrative divisions: 5 governorates (muhafazat singular - muhafazah); Al Ahmadi Al Farwaniyah Al 'Asimah Al Jahra' Hawalli

Dependent areas

Independence: 19 June 1961 (from UK)

National holiday: National Day 25 February (1950)

Constitution: approved and promulgated 11 November 1962

Legal system: civil law system with Islamic law significant in personal matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation


Note: only 10% of all citizens are eligible to vote; in 1996, naturalized citizens who do not meet the pre-1920 qualification but have been naturalized for 30 years were eligible to vote for the first time

Executive branch
Chief of state: Amir JABIR al-Ahmad al-Jabir Al Sabah (since 31 December 1977)
Head of government: Prime Minister and Crown Prince SAAD al-Abdallah al-Salim Al Sabah (since 8 February 1978); First Deputy Prime Minister SABAH al-Ahmad al-Jabir Al Sabah (since 17 October 1992); Deputy Prime Ministers JABIR MUBARAK al-Hamud Al Sabah (since NA) and MUHAMMAD KHALID al-Hamed Al Sabah (since NA)
Cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister and approved by the monarch
Elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister and deputy prime ministers appointed by the monarch

Legislative branch
Elections: last held 3 July 1999 (next to be held NA 2003)
Election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 50; note - all cabinet ministers are also ex officio members of the National Assembly

Judicial branch: High Court of Appeal

Political parties and leaders: none; formation of political parties is illegal


Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Sheikh Salem Abdullah Al Jaber AL SABAH
In the us fax: [1] (202) 966-0517
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 966-0702
In the us chancery: 2,940 Tilden Street NW, Washington, DC 20,008
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Richard H. JONES
From the us embassy: Bayan, Area 14, Al-Masjed Al-Aqsa Street (near the Bayan palace), Kuwait City
From the us mailing address: P. O. Box 77 Safat, 13,001 Safat, Kuwait Unit 69,000, APO AE 9,880-9,000
From the us telephone: [965] 539-5,307, ext. 2,240
From the us fax: [965] 538-0282

Flag descriptionflag of Kuwait: three equal horizontal bands of green (top) white and red with a black trapezoid based on the hoist side

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Kuwait - Economy 2002
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Economy overview: Kuwait is a small rich relatively open economy with proved crude oil reserves of 94 billion barrels - 10% of world reserves. Petroleum accounts for nearly half of GDP 90% of export revenues and 75% of government income. Kuwait's climate limits agricultural development. Consequently with the exception of fish it depends almost wholly on food imports. About 75% of potable water must be distilled or imported. Higher oil prices put the FY99/00 budget into a $2 billion surplus. The FY00/01 budget covers only nine months because of a change in the fiscal year. The budget for FY01/02 envisioned higher expenditures for salaries construction and other general categories. Kuwait continues its discussions with foreign oil companies to develop fields in the northern part of the country.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 4% (2001 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Industry: 60%
Services: 40%
Agriculture: 0% (2000)

Agriculture products: practically no crops; fish

Industries: petroleum petrochemicals desalination food processing construction materials

Industrial production growth rate: 1% (1997 est.)

Labor force
Note: 68% of the population in the 15-64 age group is non-national (July 1998 est.) (1998 est.)
By occupation agriculture: NA%
By occupation industry: NA%
By occupation services: NA%
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 1.8% (1996 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $11.5 billion
Expenditures: $17.2 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY01/02 )

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 2.7% (2001)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $16.2 billion f.o.b. (2001 est.)
Commodities: oil and refined products fertilizers
Partners: Japan 23% US 14% South Korea 13% Singapore 7% Netherlands 6% Pakistan 6% Indonesia 4% UK 2% (2000)

Imports: $7.4 billion f.o.b. (2001 est.)
Commodities: food construction materials vehicles and parts clothing
Partners: US 12% Japan 8% UK 8% Germany 7% China 5% France 4% Australia 3% Netherlands 2% (2000)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $6.9 billion (2000 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Kuwaiti dinars per US dollar - 0.3075 (January 2002) 0.3066 (2001) 0.3067 (2000) 0.3044 (1999) 0.3047 (1998) 0.3033 (1997)

Kuwait - Energy 2002
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 31.2 billion kWh (2000)
By source fossil fuel: 100%
By source hydro: 0%
By source other: 0% (2000)
By source nuclear: 0%

Electricity consumption: 29.016 billion kWh (2000)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (2000)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (2000)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Kuwait - Communication 2002
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 210,000 (1997)

Telephone system
General assessment: the quality of service is excellent
Domestic: new telephone exchanges provide a large capacity for new subscribers; trunk traffic is carried by microwave radio relay, coaxial cable, open wire, and fiber-optic cable; a cellular telephone system operates throughout Kuwait, and the country is well supplied with pay telephones
International: coaxial cable and microwave radio relay to Saudi Arabia; linked to Bahrain, Qatar, UAE via the Fiber-Optic Gulf (FOG) cable; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean, 2 Indian Ocean), 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic Ocean), and 2 Arabsat

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .kw

Internet users: 200,000 (2002)

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Kuwait - Military 2002
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure note: Kuwait is changing its fiscal year; the above figure is for July-March 2001; future budget years will be April-March annually
Percent of gdp: 5.5% (FY01)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Kuwait - Transportation 2002
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 7 (2001)
With paved runways total: 3
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 2 (2002)
With unpaved runways total: 3
With unpaved runways under 914 m: 2 (2002)
With unpaved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1

Airports with paved runways
Total: 3
Over 3047 m: 1
2438 to 3047 m: 2 (2002)

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 3
Under 914 m: 2 (2002)
15-24 to 2437 m: 1

Heliports: 3 (2002)

Pipelines: crude oil 877 km; petroleum products 40 km; natural gas 165 km

Railways: 0 km


Waterways: none

Merchant marine
Total: 38 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 2,274,515 GRT/3,627,835 DWT
Ships by type: bulk 1, cargo 1, container 6, liquefied gas 6, livestock carrier 5, petroleum tanker 19
Note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Monaco 1, Saudi Arabia 1 (2002 est.)

Ports and terminals

Kuwait - Transnational issues 2002
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Disputes international: in November 1994 Iraq formally accepted the UN-demarcated border with Kuwait which had been spelled out in Security Council Resolutions 687 (1991) 773 (1993) and 883 (1993); this formally ends earlier claims to Kuwait and to Bubiyan and Warbah islands although the Iraqi Government continues periodic rhetorical challenges

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

Unlimited Biking

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