Norfolk Island 2002Norfolk%20Island

 Norfolk Island | | | | | |
| | | :  |

Norfolk Island
Norfolk Island 


Norfolk Island - Introduction 2002
top of page

Background: Two British attempts at establishing the island as a penal colony (1788-1814 and 1825-55) were ultimately abandoned. In 1856 the island was resettled by Pitcairn Islanders descendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions.

Norfolk Island - Geography 2002
top of page

Location: Oceania island in the South Pacific Ocean east of Australia

Geographic coordinates: 29 02 S 167 57 E

Map referenceOceania

Total: 34.6 km²
Water: 0 km²
Land: 34.6 km²
Comparative: about 0.2 times the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 32 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: subtropical mild little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain: volcanic formation with mostly rolling plains

Extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: Mount Bates 319 m

Natural resources: fish
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Other: 100% (1998 est.)

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: typhoons (especially May to July)

Note: most of the 32-km coastline consists of almost inaccessible cliffs but the land slopes down to the sea in one small southern area on Sydney Bay where the capital of Kingston is situated

Norfolk Island - People 2002
top of page

Population: 1866 (July 2002 est.)
Growth rate: -0.69% (2002 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Noun: Norfolk Islander
Adjective: Norfolk Islander

Ethnic groups: descendants of the Bounty mutineers Australian New Zealander Polynesians

Languages: English (official) Norfolk a mixture of 18th century English and ancient Tahitian

Religions: Anglican 37.4% Uniting Church in Australia 14.5% Roman Catholic 11.5% Seventh-Day Adventist 3.1% none 12.2% unknown 17.4% other 3.9% (1996)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 20.2%
15-64 years: 63.9%
65 years and over: 15.9% (1996)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: -0.69% (2002 est.)

Birth rate: NA births/1000 population

Death rate: NA deaths/1000 population

Net migration rate: NA migrant(s)/1000 population

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: NA male/female
Under 15 years: NA male/female
15-64 years: NA male/female
65 years and over: NA male/female
Total population: NA male/female

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: NA deaths/1000 live births

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: NA years
Female: NA years
Male: NA years

Total fertility rate: NA children born/woman

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Adult prevalence rate: NA%
People living with hivaids: NA
Deaths: NA

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: NA

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Norfolk Island - Government 2002
top of page

Country name
Conventional long form: Territory of Norfolk Island
Conventional short form: Norfolk Island

Government type: NA

Capital: Kingston

Administrative divisions: none (territory of Australia)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (territory of Australia)

National holiday: Pitcairners Arrival Day 8 June (1856)

Constitution: Norfolk Island Act of 1979

Legal system: based on the laws of Australia local ordinances and acts; English common law applies in matters not covered by either Australian or Norfolk Island law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); the UK and Australia are represented by Administrator Anthony J. MESSNER (since 4 August 1997)
Election results: Geoffrey Robert GARDNER elected chief minister; percent of Legislative Assembly vote - NA%
Elections: the monarch is hereditary; administrator appointed by the governor general of Australia; chief minister elected by the Legislative Assembly for a term of not more than three years; election last held 29 November 2001 (next to be held by December 2004)
Head of government: Assembly President and Chief Minister Geoffrey Robert GARDNER (since 5 December 2001)
Cabinet: Executive Council is made up of four of the nine members of the Legislative Assembly; the council devises government policy and acts as an advisor to the administrator

Legislative branch
Elections: last held 29 November 2001 (next to be held by December 2004)
Election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 9

Judicial branch: Supreme Court; Court of Petty Sessions

Political parties and leaders: none

International organization participation: none

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (territory of Australia)
From the us: none (territory of Australia)

Flag descriptionflag of Norfolk%20Island: three vertical bands of green (hoist side) white and green with a large green Norfolk Island pine tree centered in the slightly wider white band

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Norfolk Island - Economy 2002
top of page

Economy overview: Tourism the primary economic activity has steadily increased over the years and has brought a level of prosperity unusual among inhabitants of the Pacific islands. The agricultural sector has become self-sufficient in the production of beef poultry and eggs.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: NA%
Industry: NA%
Services: NA%

Agriculture products: Norfolk Island pine seed Kentia palm seed cereals vegetables fruit; cattle poultry

Industries: tourism

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: NA
By occupation: tourism NA% subsistence agriculture NA%
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $4.6 million
Expenditures: $4.8 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY92/93)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: NA%

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $1.5 million f.o.b. (FY91/92)
Commodities: postage stamps seeds of the Norfolk Island pine and Kentia palm small quantities of avocados
Partners: Australia other Pacific island countries NZ Asia Europe

Imports: $17.9 million c.i.f. (FY91/92)
Commodities: NA
Partners: Australia other Pacific island countries NZ Asia Europe

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Australian dollars per US dollar - 1.9354 (January 2002) 1.9320 (2001) 1.7173 (2000) 1.5497 (1999) 1.5888 (1998) 1.3439 (1997)

Norfolk Island - Energy 2002
top of page

Electricity access

Electricity production: NA kWh
By source fossil fuel: NA%
By source hydro: NA%
By source other: NA%
By source nuclear: NA%

Electricity consumption: NA kWh

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Norfolk Island - Communication 2002
top of page

Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 0 (1983)

Telephone system
General assessment: adequate
Domestic: NA
International: radiotelephone service with Sydney (Australia)

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .nf

Internet users: NA

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Norfolk Island - Military 2002
top of page

Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Norfolk Island - Transportation 2002
top of page

National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1 (2001)
With paved runways total: 1
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1 (2002)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 1 (2002)

Airports with unpaved runways



Railways: 0 km


Waterways: none

Merchant marine: none (2002 est.)

Ports and terminals

Norfolk Island - Transnational issues 2002
top of page

Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


You found a piece of the puzzle

Please click here to complete it