Saint Lucia 2002Saint%20Lucia

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Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia 


Saint Lucia - Introduction 2002
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Background: The island with its fine natural harbor at Castries was contested between England and France throughout the 17th and early 18th centuries (changing possession 14 times); it was finally ceded to the UK in 1814. Self-government was granted in 1967 and independence in 1979.

Saint Lucia - Geography 2002
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Location: Caribbean island between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean north of Trinidad and Tobago

Geographic coordinates: 13 53 N 60 68 W

Map referenceCentral America and the Caribbean

Total: 616 km²
Water: 10 km²
Land: 606 km²
Comparative: 3.5 times the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 158 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 NM
Territorial sea: 12 NM
Exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin

Climate: tropical moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season from January to April rainy season from May to August

Terrain: volcanic and mountainous with some broad fertile valleys

Extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
Extremes highest point: Mount Gimie 950 m

Natural resources: forests sandy beaches minerals (pumice) mineral springs geothermal potential
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 4.92%
Permanent crops: 22.95%
Other: 72.13% (1998 est.)

Irrigated land: 30 km² (1998 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: hurricanes and volcanic activity

Note: the twin Pitons (Gros Piton and Petit Piton) striking cone-shaped peaks south of Soufriere are one of the scenic natural highlights of the Caribbean

Saint Lucia - People 2002
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Population: 160,145 (July 2002 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Noun: Saint Lucian
Adjective: Saint Lucian

Ethnic groups: black 90% mixed 6% East Indian 3% white 1%

Languages: English (official) French patois

Religions: Roman Catholic 90% Protestant 7% Anglican 3%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 31.6% (male 25,879; female 24,695)
15-64 years: 63.1% (male 49,667; female 51,482)
65 years and over: 5.3% (male 3,134; female 5,288) (2002 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 21.37 births/1000 population (2002 est.)

Death rate: 5.3 deaths/1000 population (2002 est.)

Net migration rate: -3.64 migrant(s)/1000 population (2002 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: deforestation; soil erosion particularly in the northern region
International agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
International agreements signed but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.07 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.05 male/female
15-64 years: 0.96 male/female
65 years and over: 0.59 male/female
Total population: 0.97 male/female (2002 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 14.8 deaths/1000 live births (2002 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 72.82 years
Female: 76.64 years (2002 est.)
Male: 69.26 years

Total fertility rate: 2.34 children born/woman (2002 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Adult prevalence rate: NA%
People living with hivaids: NA
Deaths: NA

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
Total population: 67%
Male: 65%
Female: 69% (1980 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Saint Lucia - Government 2002
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Saint Lucia

Government type: Westminster-style parliamentary democracy

Capital: Castries

Administrative divisions: 11 quarters; Anse-la-Raye Castries Choiseul Dauphin Dennery Gros-Islet Laborie Micoud Praslin Soufriere Vieux-Fort

Dependent areas

Independence: 22 February 1979 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day 22 February (1979)

Constitution: 22 February 1979

Legal system: based on English common law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Dr. Perlette LOUISY (since September 1997)
Elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; the governor general is appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general
Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
Head of government: Prime Minister Kenneth Davis ANTHONY (since 24 May 1997) and Deputy Prime Minister Mario MICHEL (since 24 May 1997)

Legislative branch
Election results: House of Assembly - percent of vote by party - SLP 55%, UWP 37%, NA 3.5%; seats by party - SLP 14, UWP 3
Elections: House of Assembly - last held 3 December 2001 (next to be held NA December 2006)

Judicial branch: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (jurisdiction extends to Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda the British Virgin Islands Dominica Grenada Montserrat Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines)

Political parties and leaders: National Alliance or NA [George ODLUM]; Saint Lucia Freedom Party or SFP [Martinus FRANCOIS]; Saint Lucia Labor Party or SLP [Kenneth ANTHONY]; Sou Tout Apwe Fete Fini or STAFF [Christopher HUNTE]; United Workers Party or UWP [Dr. Morella JOSEPH]


Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Sonia Merlyn JOHNNY
In the us chancery: 3,216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,016
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 364-6,792 through 6,795
In the us fax: [1] (202) 364-6,728
In the us consulates general: Miami and New York
From the us: the US does not have an embassy in Saint Lucia; the US Ambassador in Barbados is accredited to Saint Lucia

Flag descriptionflag of Saint%20Lucia: blue with a gold isosceles triangle below a black arrowhead; the upper edges of the arrowhead have a white border

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Saint Lucia - Economy 2002
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Economy overview: The recent changes in the EU import preference regime and the increased competition from Latin American bananas have made economic diversification increasingly important in Saint Lucia. The island nation has been able to attract foreign business and investment especially in its offshore banking and tourism industries. The manufacturing sector is the most diverse in the Eastern Caribbean area and the government is trying to revitalize the banana industry. Despite negative growth in 2001 economic fundamentals remain solid and GDP growth should recover in 2002.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: -2.5% (2001 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 8%
Industry: 20%
Services: 73% (2000 est.)

Agriculture products: bananas coconuts vegetables citrus root crops cocoa

Industries: clothing assembly of electronic components beverages corrugated cardboard boxes tourism lime processing coconut processing

Industrial production growth rate: -8.9% (1997 est.)

Labor force: 43,800
By occupation agriculture: 43%
By occupation services: 39%
By occupation industry and commerce: 18% (1981 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 15% (1996 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $141.2 million
Expenditures: $146.7 million, including capital expenditures of $25.1 million

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 3% (2001 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $68.3 million (2000 est.)
Commodities: bananas 41% clothing cocoa vegetables fruits coconut oil
Partners: UK 50% US 24% Caricom countries 16% (1995)

Imports: $319.4 million (2000 est.)
Commodities: food 23% manufactured goods 21% machinery and transportation equipment 19% chemicals fuels
Partners: US 36% Caricom countries 22% UK 11% Japan 5% Canada 4% (1995)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $214 million (2000) (2000)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7000 (fixed rate since 1976)

Saint Lucia - Energy 2002
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 115 million kWh (2000)
By source fossil fuel: 100%
By source hydro: 0%
By source other: 0% (2000)
By source nuclear: 0%

Electricity consumption: 106.95 million kWh (2000)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (2000)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (2000)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Saint Lucia - Communication 2002
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 1600 (1997)

Telephone system
General assessment: adequate system
Domestic: system is automatically switched
International: direct microwave radio relay link with Martinique and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; tropospheric scatter to Barbados; international calls beyond these countries are carried by Intelsat from Martinique

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .lc

Internet users: 3,000 (2000)

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Saint Lucia - Military 2002
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $NA
Percent of gdp: $NA

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Saint Lucia - Transportation 2002
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 2 (2001)
With paved runways total: 2
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1 (2002)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 2
2438 to 3047 m: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 1 (2002)

Airports with unpaved runways



Railways: 0 km


Waterways: none

Merchant marine: none (2002 est.)

Ports and terminals

Saint Lucia - Transnational issues 2002
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: transit point for South American drugs destined for the US and Europe

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