Cocos Islands 2003Cocos%20Islands

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Cocos Islands
Cocos Islands 

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Cocos Islands - Introduction 2003
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Background: There are 27 coral islands in the group. Captain William Keeling discovered the islands in 1609 but they remained uninhabited until the 19th century. Annexed by the UK in 1857 they were transferred to the Australian Government in 1955. The population on the two inhabited islands generally is split between the ethnic Europeans on West Island and the ethnic Malays on Home Island.

Cocos Islands - Geography 2003
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Location: Southeastern Asia group of islands in the Indian Ocean southwest of Indonesia about halfway from Australia to Sri Lanka

Geographic coordinates: 12 30 S 96 50 E

Map referenceSoutheast Asia

Total: 14 km²
Note: includes the two main islands of West Island and Home Island
Water: 0 km²
Land: 14 km²
Comparative: about 24 times the size of The Mall in Washington DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 26 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: tropical with high humidity moderated by the southeast trade winds for about nine months of the year

Terrain: flat low-lying coral atolls

Extremes lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: unnamed location 5 m

Natural resources: fish
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Other: 100% (1998 est.)

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: cyclone season is October to April

Note: islands are thickly covered with coconut palms and other vegetation

Cocos Islands - People 2003
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Population: 630 (July 2003 est.)
Growth rate: 0% (2003 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Noun: Cocos Islander
Adjective: Cocos Islander

Ethnic groups: Europeans Cocos Malays

Languages: Malay (Cocos dialect) English

Religions: Sunni Muslim 80% other 20% (2002 est.)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: NA%
15-64 years: NA%
65 years and over: NA% (2003 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0% (2003 est.)

Birth rate: NA births/1000 population (2003 est.)

Death rate: NA deaths/1000 population (2003 est.)

Net migration rate: NA migrant(s)/1000 population (2003 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: fresh water resources are limited to rainwater accumulations in natural underground reservoirs

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate
Total: NA%
Male: NA%
Female: NA%

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: NA years
Male: NA years
Female: NA years (2003 est.)

Total fertility rate: NA children born/woman (2003 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Adult prevalence rate: NA%
People living with hivaids: NA
Deaths: NA

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures


School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Cocos Islands - Government 2003
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Country name
Conventional long form: Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Conventional short form: Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Government type: NA

Capital: West Island

Administrative divisions: none (territory of Australia)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (territory of Australia)

National holiday: NA

Constitution: Cocos (Keeling) Islands Act of 1955

Legal system: based upon the laws of Australia and local laws

International law organization participation


Suffrage: NA

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by the Australian governor general
Elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; administrator appointed by the governor general of Australia and represents the monarch and Australia
Head of government: Administrator (nonresident) William Leonard TAYLOR (since 4 February 1999)
Cabinet: NA

Legislative branch: unicameral Cocos (Keeling) Islands Shire Council (7 seats)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court; Magistrate's Court

Political parties and leaders: none

International organization participation: none

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (territory of Australia)
From the us: none (territory of Australia)

Flag descriptionflag of Cocos%20Islands: the flag of Australia is used

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Cocos Islands - Economy 2003
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Economy overview: Grown throughout the islands coconuts are the sole cash crop. Small local gardens and fishing contribute to the food supply but additional food and most other necessities must be imported from Australia. There is a small tourist industry.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: NA%
Industry: NA%
Services: NA%

Agriculture products: vegetables bananas pawpaws coconuts

Industries: copra products and tourism

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: NA
By occupation: the Cocos Islands Cooperative Society Ltd. employs construction workers stevedores and lighterage workers; tourism employs others
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 60% (2000 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $NA
Expenditures: $NA, including capital expenditures of $NA

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: NA%

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $NA
Commodities: copra
Partners: Australia (1999)

Imports: $NA
Commodities: foodstuffs
Partners: Australia (1999)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Australian dollars per US dollar - 1.9354 (2002) 1.9320 (2001) 1.7173 (2000) 1.5497 (1999) 1.5888 (1998) 1.3439 (1997)

Cocos Islands - Energy 2003
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Electricity access

Electricity production: NA kWh
By source fossil fuel: NA%
By source hydro: NA%
By source other: NA%
By source nuclear: NA%

Electricity consumption: NA kWh

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Cocos Islands - Communication 2003
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: NA

Telephone system
General assessment: connected within Australia's telecommunication system
Domestic: NA
International: telephone, telex, and facsimile communications with Australia and elsewhere via satellite; 1 satellite earth station of NA type (2002)

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .cc

Internet users: NA

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Cocos Islands - Military 2003
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Cocos Islands - Transportation 2003
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1 (2002)
With paved runways total: 1
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1 (2002)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 1 (2002)

Airports with unpaved runways



Railways: 0 km


Waterways: none

Merchant marine: none (2002 est.)

Ports and terminals

Cocos Islands - Transnational issues 2003
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

Qatar Airways

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