Statistical information Andorra 2023Andorra

Map of Andorra | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Andorra in the World
Andorra in the World

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Andorra - Introduction 2023
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Background: The Moorish invasion of Spain in the 8th century and subsequent incursions into France were finally stemmed at the Pyrenees by Frankish King Charlemagne, who in 795 created the Hispanic March, a series of buffer states to keep the Muslim Moors from advancing into Christian France. The landlocked Principality of Andorra, one of the smallest states in Europe and nestled high in the Pyrenees between the French and Spanish borders, is the last independent survivor of these March states. For 715 years, from 1278 to 1993, Andorrans lived under a unique coprincipality, ruled by French and Spanish leaders (from 1607 onward, the French chief of state and the Bishop of Urgell). In 1993, this feudal system was modified with the introduction of a modern constitution; the co-princes remained as titular heads of state, but the government transformed into a parliamentary democracy.

Andorra - Geography 2023
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Location: Southwestern Europe, Pyrenees mountains, on the border between France and Spain

Geographic coordinates: 42 30 N, 1 30 E

Map referenceEurope

Total: 468 km²
Land: 468 km²
Water: 0 km²
Comparative: 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries
Total: 118 km
Border countries: (2) France 55 km; Spain 63 km

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

Climate: temperate; snowy, cold winters and warm, dry summers

Terrain: rugged mountains dissected by narrow valleys

Highest point: Pic de Coma Pedrosa 2,946 m
Lowest point: Riu Runer 840 m
Mean elevation: 1,996 m

Natural resources: hydropower, mineral water, timber, iron ore, lead
Land use

Land use
Agricultural land: 40% (2018 est.)
Agricultural land arable land: 1.7% (2018 est.)
Agricultural land permanent crops: 0% (2018 est.)
Agricultural land permanent pasture: 38.3% (2018 est.)
Forest: 34% (2018 est.)
Other: 26% (2018 est.)

Irrigated land: 0 km² (2022)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources: 320 million cubic meters (2020 est.)

Natural hazards: avalanches

Note: landlocked; straddles a number of important crossroads in the Pyrenees

Andorra - People 2023
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Distribution: population is unevenly distributed and is concentrated in the seven urbanized valleys that make up the country's parishes (political administrative divisions): 85,468 (2023 est.)
Growth rate: -0.11% (2023 est.)

Noun: Andorran(s)
Adjective: Andorran

Ethnic groups: Andorran 47.6%, Spanish 24.8%, Portuguese 10.8%, French 4.5%, Argentine 1.7%, British, 1%, other 9.7% (2022 est.)
Note: data represent population by nationality

Languages: Catalan (official) 35.7%, Castilian 43.2%, Portuguese 17.1%, French 8.9%, English 1.8%, other 5% (2018 est.)
Note: data represent mother tongue

Religions: Christian (predominantly Roman Catholic) 89.5, other 8.8%, unaffiliated 1.7% (2020 est.)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 12.31% (male 5,426/female 5,096)
15-64 years: 68.17% (male 29,845/female 28,419)
65 years and over: 19.52% (2023 est.) (male 8,471/female 8,211)

Dependency ratios
Total dependency ratio: 38.1
Youth dependency ratio: 18.1
Elderly dependency ratio: 20.1
Potential support ratio: 5 (2021)

Median age
Total: 48.1 years (2023 est.)
Male: 48.1 years
Female: 48.1 years

Population growth rate: -0.11% (2023 est.)

Birth rate: 6.9 births/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Death rate: 8 deaths/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Population distribution: population is unevenly distributed and is concentrated in the seven urbanized valleys that make up the country's parishes (political administrative divisions)

Urban population: 87.8% of total population (2023)
Rate of urbanization: 0.11% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

Major urban areas
Population: 23,000 ANDORRA LA VELLA (capital) (2018)

Current issues: deforestation; overgrazing of mountain meadows contributes to soil erosion; air pollution; wastewater treatment and solid waste disposal
International agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Paris Agreement, Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
International agreements signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Air pollutants
Particulate matter emissions: 8.52 micrograms per cubic meter (2019 est.)
Carbon dioxide emissions: 0.47 megatons (2016 est.)
Methane emissions: 0.05 megatons (2020 est.)

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.03 male(s)/female
Total population: 1.05 male(s)/female (2023 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth: 32.8 years (2019)

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate
Total: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2023 est.)
Male: 3.5 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 83.6 years (2023 est.)
Male: 81.4 years
Female: 86 years

Total fertility rate: 1.46 children born/woman (2023 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate: NA

Drinking water source
Improved urban: 100% of population
Improved rural: 100% of population
Improved total: 100% of population
Unimproved urban: 0% of population
Unimproved rural: 0% of population
Unimproved total: 0% of population (2020 est.)

Current health expenditure: 9.1% of GDP (2020)

Physicians density: 3.63 physicians/1,000 population (2015)

Hospital bed density: 2.5 beds/1,000 population

Sanitation facility access
Improved urban:
100% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

Unimproved urban:
0% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2020 est.)


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate: 25.6% (2016)

Alcohol consumption
Per capita total: 10.99 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)
Per capita beer: 3.59 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)
Per capita wine: 4.98 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)
Per capita spirits: 2.32 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)
Per capita other alcohols: 0 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

Tobacco use
Total: 31.8% (2020 est.)
Male: 35.3% (2020 est.)
Female: 28.3% (2020 est.)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight: NA

Education expenditures: 2.9% of GDP (2021 est.)

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 100%
Male: 100%
Female: 100% (2016)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Andorra - Government 2023
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Country name
Conventional long form: Principality of Andorra
Conventional short form: Andorra
Local long form: Principat d'Andorra
Local short form: Andorra
Etymology: the origin of the country's name is obscure; the name may derive from the Arabic "ad-darra" meaning "the forest," a reference to its location as part of the Spanish March (defensive buffer zone) against the invading Moors in the 8th century; an alternate explanation is that the name originates from a Navarrese word "andurrial" meaning "shrub-covered land"

Government type: parliamentary democracy (since March 1993) that retains its chiefs of state in the form of a co-principality; the two princes are the President of France and Bishop of Seu d'Urgell, Spain

Name: Andorra la Vella
Geographic coordinates: 42 30 N, 1 31 E
Time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Etymology: translates as "Andorra the Old" in Catalan

Administrative divisions: 7 parishes (parroquies, singular - parroquia); Andorra la Vella, Canillo, Encamp, Escaldes-Engordany, La Massana, Ordino, Sant Julia de Loria

Dependent areas

Independence: 1278 (formed under the joint sovereignty of the French Count of Foix and the Spanish Bishop of Urgell)

National holiday: Our Lady of Meritxell Day, 8 September (1278)

History: drafted 1991, approved by referendum 14 March 1993, effective 28 April 1993
Amendments: proposed by the coprinces jointly or by the General Council; passage requires at least a two-thirds majority vote by the General Council, ratification in a referendum, and sanctioning by the coprinces

Legal system: mixed legal system of civil and customary law with the influence of canon (religious) law

International law organization participation: has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction

Citizenship by birth: no
Citizenship by descent only: the mother must be an Andorran citizen or the father must have been born in Andorra and both parents maintain permanent residence in Andorra
Dual citizenship recognized: no
Residency requirement for naturalization: 25 years

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Co-prince Emmanuel MACRON (since 14 May 2017); represented by Patrick STROZDA (since 14 May 2017); and Co-prince Archbishop Joan-Enric VIVES i Sicilia (since 12 May 2003); represented by Josep Maria MAURI (since 20 July 2012)
Head of government: Prime Minister Xavier Espot ZAMORA (since 16 May 2019)
Cabinet: Executive Council of 12 ministers designated by the head of government
Elections/appointments: head of government indirectly elected by the General Council (Andorran parliament), formally appointed by the co-princes for a 4-year term; election last held on 2 April 2023 (next to be held in April 2,027); the leader of the majority party in the General Council is usually elected head of government
Election results:

Xaviar Espot ZAMORA (DA) re-elected head of government; percent of General Council vote - 57.1%

Xaviar Espot ZAMORA (DA) elected head of government; percent of General Council vote - 60.7

Legislative branch
Description: unicameral General Council of the Valleys or Consell General de les Valls (a minimum of 28 seats; 14 members directly elected in two-seat constituencies (7 parishes) by simple majority vote and 14 directly elected in a single national constituency by proportional representation vote; members serve 4-year terms); note - voters cast two separate ballots - one for national and one for their parish
Elections: last held on 2 April 2023 (next to be held in April 2,027)
Election results: percent of vote by party - DA 57.1%, Concord 17.8%, Forward 10.7%, SDP 10.7%, L'A 3.6%; seats by party - DA 16, Concord 5, Forward 3, SDP 3, L'A 1; composition as of August 2023 - men 14, women 14, percent of women 50%

Judicial branch
Highest courts: Supreme Court of Justice of Andorra or Tribunal Superior de la Justicia d'Andorra (consists of the court president and 8 judges organized into civil, criminal, and administrative chambers); Constitutional Court or Tribunal Constitucional (consists of 4 magistrates)
Judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court president and judges appointed by the Supreme Council of Justice, a 5-member judicial policy and administrative body appointed 1 each by the coprinces, 1 by the General Council, 1 by the executive council president, and 1 by the courts; judges serve 6-year renewable terms; Constitutional magistrates - 2 appointed by the coprinces and 2 by the General Council; magistrates' appointments limited to 2 consecutive 8-year terms
Subordinate courts: Tribunal of Judges or Tribunal de Batlles; Tribunal of the Courts or Tribunal de Corts

Political parties and leaders:
Concord [Cerni ESCALE Cabre]
Democrats for Andorra or DA [Xaviar ESPOT ZAMORA]
Forward Andorra [Carine Montaner RAYNAUD]
Liberals of Andorra or L'A [Joseph Maria CABANES]
Social Democracy and Progress or SDP [Pere Lopez AGRAS]

Note: Andorra has several smaller parties at the parish level (one is Lauredian Union)

International organization participation: CE, FAO, ICAO, ICC (NGOs), ICCt, ICRM, IFRCS, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ITU, OIF, OPCW, OSCE, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, Union Latina, UNWTO, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WTO (observer)

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Elisenda VIVES BALMANA (since 2 March 2016)
In the us chancery: 2 United Nations Plaza, 27th Floor, New York, NY 10,017
In the us telephone: [1] (212) 750-8,064
In the us FAX: [1] (212) 750-6,630
In the us email address and website:

From the us embassy: the US does not have an embassy in Andorra; the US ambassador to Spain is accredited to Andorra; US interests in Andorra are represented by the US Consulate General's office in Barcelona (Spain); mailing address: Paseo Reina Elisenda de Montcada, 23, 8,034 Barcelona, Espana; telephone: [34] (93) 280-22-27; FAX: [34] (93) 280-61-75; email address:

Flag descriptionflag of Andorra: three vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red, with the national coat of arms centered in the yellow band; the latter band is slightly wider than the other 2 so that the ratio of band widths is 8:9:8; the coat of arms features a quartered shield with the emblems of (starting in the upper left and proceeding clockwise): Urgell, Foix, Bearn, and Catalonia; the motto reads VIRTUS UNITA FORTIOR (Strength United is Stronger); the flag combines the blue and red French colors with the red and yellow of Spain to show Franco-Spanish protection
Note: similar to the flags of Chad and Romania, which do not have a national coat of arms in the center, and the flag of Moldova, which does bear a national emblem

National symbols: red cow (breed unspecified); national colors: blue, yellow, red

National anthem
Name: "El Gran Carlemany" (The Great Charlemagne)
Lyrics/music: Joan BENLLOCH i VIVO/Enric MARFANY BONS
Note: adopted 1921; the anthem provides a brief history of Andorra in a first person narrative

National heritage
Total World Heritage Sites:  1 (cultural)
Selected World Heritage Site locales: Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley

Andorra - Economy 2023
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Economy overview: high GDP; low unemployment; non-EU Euro user; co-principality duty-free area between Spain and France; tourist hub but hit hard by COVID-19; modern, non-tax haven financial sector; looking for big tech investments; new member of SEPA and IMF

Real gdp purchasing power parity:
$3.327 billion (2015 est.)
$3.363 billion (2014 est.)
$3.273 billion (2013 est.)

Note: data are in 2012 US dollars

Real gdp growth rate:
8.95% (2021 est.)
-11.18% (2020 est.)
2.02% (2019 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 11.9% (2015 est.)
Industry: 33.6% (2015 est.)
Services: 54.5% (2015 est.)

Agriculture products

Industries: tourism (particularly skiing), banking, timber, furniture

Industrial production growth rate: -3.9% (2020 est.) NA

Labor force: 39,750 (2016)
Labor force

Unemployment rate:
3.7% (2016 est.)
4.1% (2015 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10%: NA
Highest 10%: NA

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $1.872 billion (2016)
Expenditures: $2.06 billion (2016)
Surplus  or deficit: -6.9% (of GDP) (2016)

Public debt:
41% of GDP (2014 est.)
41.4% of GDP (2013 est.)

Taxes and other revenues: 69% (of GDP) (2016)

From forest resources: 0% of GDP (2018 est.)

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance:
$448.869 million (2020 est.)
$568.257 million (2019 est.)

Inflation rate consumer prices:
-0.9% (2015 est.)
-0.1% (2014 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance:
$448.869 million (2020 est.)
$568.257 million (2019 est.)

$1.842 billion (2020 est.)
$2.335 billion (2019 est.)

Note: Data are in current year dollars and do not include illicit exports or re-exports.
Partners: Spain 40%, France 19%, United States 11%, Mauritania 5% (2019)
Commodities: integrated circuits, dental fitting supplies, cars, gold, essential oils (2021)

$1.727 billion (2020 est.)
$2.032 billion (2019 est.)

Partners: Spain 71%, France 17% (2019)
Commodities: cars, refined petroleum, perfumes, shaving products, liquors (2019)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $0 (2016)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates:
euros (EUR) per US dollar - 0.845 (2021 est.)
0.885 (2017 est.)
0.903 (2016 est.)
0.921 (2015 est.)
0.885 (2014 est.)

Note: while not an EU member state, Andorra has a 2011 monetary agreement with the EU to produce limited euro coinage—but not banknotes—that began enforcement in April 2012

Andorra - Energy 2023
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Electricity access
Electrification-total population: 100% (2021)

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum
Products production: 0 bbl/day (2016)

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Andorra - Communication 2023
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Telephones fixed lines
Total subscriptions: 50,871 (2022 est.)
Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 63 (2021 est.)

Telephones mobile cellular
Total subscriptions: 89,000 (2021 est.)
Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 110 (2021 est.)

Telephone system

Broadcast media: 1 public TV station and 2 public radio stations; about 10 commercial radio stations; good reception of radio and TV broadcasts from stations in France and Spain; upgraded to terrestrial digital TV broadcasting in 2007; roughly 25 international TV channels available (2019)

Internet country code: .ad

Internet users
Total: 74,260 (2021 est.)
Percent of population: 94% (2021 est.)

Broadband fixed subscriptions
Total: 37,000 (2020 est.)
Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 48 (2020 est.)

Andorra - Military 2023
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces: no regular military forces; Police Corps of Andorra (under the Ministry of Justice and Interior)

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Andorra - Transportation 2023
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix: C3


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways




Total: 320 km (2019)


Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Andorra - Transnational issues 2023
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Disputes international:
Andorra-France: none identified

Andorra-Spain: none identified

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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