Statistical information Angola 2023Angola

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Angola - Introduction 2023
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Background:
Bantu-speaking people settled in the area now called Angola in 6th century A.D.; by the 10th century various Bantu groups had established kingdoms, of which Kongo became the most powerful. From the late 14th to the mid 19th century a Kingdom of Kongo stretched across central Africa from present-day northern Angola into the current Congo republics. It traded heavily with the Portuguese who, beginning in the 16th century, established coastal colonies and trading posts and introduced Christianity. Angola became a major hub of the transatlantic slave trade conducted by the Portuguese and other European powers - often in collaboration with local kingdoms including the Kongo. Estimates are that the Angola area may have lost as many as 4 million people as a result of the slave trade. The Kingdom of Kongo’s main rival was the Kingdom of Ndongo to its south, whose most famous leader was the 17th century diplomat to the Portuguese and later Queen, Nzingha Mbande, who successfully fought off Portuguese encroachment during her nearly 40-year reign. Smaller kingdoms, such as the Matamba and Ngoyo, often came under the control of the Kongo or Ndongo Kingdoms. During the Berlin Conference of 1884-85, Angola’s modern borders were set by Portugal and other European powers, but the Portuguese did not fully control large portions of the territory. Portugal gained control of the Kingdom of Kongo in 1888 when Kongo’s King Pedro V sought Portuguese military assistance in exchange for becoming a vassal. After a revolt in 1914, Portugal imposed direct rule over the colony and abolished the Kongo Kingdom.
The Angolan National Revolution began in 1961 and in 1975, Angola won its independence when Portugal’s dictatorship fell, in part because of growing discontent over conflict in Angola and other colonies. Conflict between Angola’s multiple independence movements quickly emerged with the Popular Movement for Liberation of Angola (MPLA), led by Agostinho NETO, taking power and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), led by Jonas SAVIMBI, emerging as its main competitor. After NETO’s death in 1979, Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS, also of the MPLA, became president. Over time, the Angolan civil war escalated and became a major Cold War conflict with the MPLA supported by the Soviet Union and Cuba and UNITA by apartheid South Africa and the US. Up to 1.5 million lives may have been lost - and 4 million people displaced - during the more than a quarter century of fighting. SAVIMBI's death in 2002 ended UNITA's insurgency and cemented the MPLA's hold on power. DOS SANTOS did not seek reelection in 2017 and supported Joao LOURENCO’s successful bid to become president. LOURENCO was reelected in 2022. Angola scores low on human development indexes despite using its large oil reserves to rebuild since 2002. 



Angola - Geography 2023
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Location: Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Namibia and Democratic Republic of the Congo

Geographic coordinates: 12 30 S, 18 30 E

Map referenceAfrica

Area
Total: 1,246,700 km²
Land: 1,246,700 km²
Water: 0 km²
Comparative: about eight times the size of Georgia; slightly less than twice the size of Texas

Land boundaries
Total: 5,369 km
Border countries: (4) Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,646 km; (of which 225 km; is the boundary of discontiguous Cabinda Province) Republic of the Congo 231 km; Namibia 1,427 km; Zambia 1,065 km

Coastline: 1,600 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Climate: semiarid in south and along coast to Luanda; north has cool, dry season (May to October) and hot, rainy season (November to April)

Terrain: narrow coastal plain rises abruptly to vast interior plateau

Elevation
Highest point: Moca 2,620 m
Lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
Mean elevation: 1,112 m

Natural resources: petroleum, diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, copper, feldspar, gold, bauxite, uranium
Land use

Land use
Agricultural land: 45.7% (2018 est.)
Agricultural land arable land: 3.9% (2018 est.)
Agricultural land permanent crops: 0.3% (2018 est.)
Agricultural land permanent pasture: 41.5% (2018 est.)
Forest: 54.3% (2018 est.)

Irrigated land: 860 km² (2014)

Major rivers
By length in km:
Rio Zambeze (Zambezi) (shared with Zambia [s], Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique [m]) - 2,740 km; Rio Cubango (Okavango) river source (shared with Namibia and Botswana [m]) - 1,600 km
note: - [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth


Major watersheds area km²:
Atlantic Ocean drainage: Congo (3,730,881 km²)
Indian Ocean drainage: Zambezi (1,332,412 km²)
Internal (endorheic basin) drainage: Okavango Basin (863,866 km²)


Total water withdrawal
Municipal: 320 million cubic meters (2020 est.)
Industrial: 240 million cubic meters (2020 est.)
Agricultural: 150 million cubic meters (2020 est.)

Total renewable water resources: 148.4 billion cubic meters (2020 est.)

Natural hazards: locally heavy rainfall causes periodic flooding on the plateau

Geography
Note: the province of Cabinda is an exclave, separated from the rest of the country by the Democratic Republic of the Congo


Angola - People 2023
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Population
Distribution: most people live in the western half of the country; urban areas account for the highest concentrations of people, particularly the capital of Luanda as shown in this [link]: 35,981,281 (2023 est.)
Growth rate: 3.34% (2023 est.)
Below poverty line: 32.3% (2018 est.)

Nationality
Noun: Angolan(s)
Adjective: Angolan

Ethnic groups: Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, Mestico (mixed European and native African) 2%, European 1%, other 22%

Languages: Portuguese 71.2% (official), Umbundu 23%, Kikongo 8.2%, Kimbundu 7.8%, Chokwe 6.5%, Nhaneca 3.4%, Nganguela 3.1%, Fiote 2.4%, Kwanhama 2.3%, Muhumbi 2.1%, Luvale 1%, other 3.6%; note - data represent most widely spoken languages; shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census (2014 est.)

Religions: Roman Catholic 41.1%, Protestant 38.1%, other 8.6%, none 12.3% (2014 est.)

Demographic profile: More than two decades after the end of Angola's 27-year civil war, the country still faces a variety of socioeconomic problems, including poverty, high maternal and child mortality, and illiteracy. Despite the country's rapid post-war economic growth based on oil production, about 30 percent of Angolans live below the poverty line and unemployment is widespread, especially among the large young-adult population. Only about 70% of the population is literate, and the rate drops to around 60% for women. The youthful population - about 48% are under the age of 15 as of 2022 - is expected to continue growing rapidly with a fertility rate of more than 5 children per woman and a low rate of contraceptive use. Fewer than half of women deliver their babies with the assistance of trained health care personnel, which contributes to Angola's high maternal mortality rate.
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 47.18% (male 8,503,242/female 8,473,889)
15-64 years: 50.49% (male 8,730,015/female 9,435,581)
65 years and over: 2.33% (2023 est.) (male 350,059/female 488,495)

Dependency ratios
Total dependency ratio: 91.5
Youth dependency ratio: 86.5
Elderly dependency ratio: 5
Potential support ratio: 20.1 (2021 est.)

Median age
Total: 16.2 years (2023 est.)
Male: 15.7 years
Female: 16.7 years

Population growth rate: 3.34% (2023 est.)

Birth rate: 41.4 births/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Death rate: 7.8 deaths/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Net migration rate: -0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Population distribution: most people live in the western half of the country; urban areas account for the highest concentrations of people, particularly the capital of Luanda as shown in this [link]

Urbanization
Urban population: 68.7% of total population (2023)
Rate of urbanization: 4.04% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

Major urban areas
Population: 9.292 million LUANDA (capital), 959,000 Lubango, 905,000 Cabinda, 809,000 Benguela, 783,000 Malanje (2023)

Environment
Current issues: overuse of pastures and subsequent soil erosion attributable to population pressures; desertification; deforestation of tropical rain forest, in response to both international demand for tropical timber and to domestic use as fuel, resulting in loss of biodiversity; soil erosion contributing to water pollution and siltation of rivers and dams; inadequate supplies of potable water
International agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Climate Change-Paris Agreement, Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping-London Protocol, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
International agreements signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Air pollutants
Particulate matter emissions: 27.16 micrograms per cubic meter (2019 est.)
Carbon dioxide emissions: 34.69 megatons (2016 est.)
Methane emissions: 23.28 megatons (2020 est.)

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2023 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth: 19.4 years (2015/16 est.)
Note: data represents median age at first birth among women 20-49

Maternal mortality ratio: 222 deaths/100,000 live births (2020 est.)

Infant mortality rate
Total: 57.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2023 est.)
Male: 62.4 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 51.9 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 62.5 years (2023 est.)
Male: 60.4 years
Female: 64.7 years

Total fertility rate: 5.76 children born/woman (2023 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate: 13.7% (2015/16)

Drinking water source
Improved urban: 81.3% of population
Improved rural: 36.5% of population
Improved total: 66.5% of population
Unimproved urban: 18.7% of population
Unimproved rural: 63.5% of population
Unimproved total: 33.5% of population (2020 est.)

Current health expenditure: 2.9% of GDP (2020)

Physicians density: 0.21 physicians/1,000 population (2018)

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access
Improved urban:
93.7% of population

rural: 30.3% of population

total: 72.7% of population

Unimproved urban:
6.3% of population

rural: 69.7% of population

total: 27.3% of population (2020 est.)


Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases
Degree of risk: very high (2023)
Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever
Vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria
Water contact diseases: schistosomiasis
Animal contact diseases: rabies

Obesity adult prevalence rate: 8.2% (2016)

Alcohol consumption
Per capita total: 5.84 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)
Per capita beer: 3.78 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)
Per capita wine: 0.72 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)
Per capita spirits: 1.27 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)
Per capita other alcohols: 0.08 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight: 19% (2015/16)

Education expenditures: 2.4% of GDP (2020 est.)

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 71.1%
Male: 82.6%
Female: 62.4% (2015)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment
Rate ages 15 24 total: 18.5% (2021 est.)
Rate ages 15 24 male: 18.2%
Rate ages 15 24 female: 18.8%


Angola - Government 2023
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Angola
Conventional short form: Angola
Local long form: Republica de Angola
Local short form: Angola
Former: People's Republic of Angola
Etymology: name derived by the Portuguese from the title "ngola" held by kings of the Ndongo (Ndongo was a kingdom in what is now Angola)

Government type: presidential republic

Capital
Name: Luanda
Geographic coordinates: 8 50 S, 13 13 E
Time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Daylight saving time: does not observe daylight savings time
Etymology:
originally named "Sao Paulo da Assuncao de Loanda" (Saint Paul of the Assumption of Loanda), which over time was shortened and corrupted to just Luanda

 


Administrative divisions: 18 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia); Bengo, Benguela, Bie, Cabinda, Cuando Cubango, Cuanza-Norte, Cuanza-Sul, Cunene, Huambo, Huila, Luanda, Lunda-Norte, Lunda-Sul, Malanje, Moxico, Namibe, Uige, Zaire

Dependent areas

Independence: 11 November 1975 (from Portugal)

National holiday: Independence Day, 11 November (1975)

Constitution
History: previous 1975, 1992; latest passed by National Assembly 21 January 2010, adopted 5 February 2010
Amendments: proposed by the president of the republic or supported by at least one third of the National Assembly membership; passage requires at least two-thirds majority vote of the Assembly subject to prior Constitutional Court review if requested by the president of the republic

Legal system: civil legal system based on Portuguese civil law; no judicial review of legislation

International law organization participation: has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt

Citizenship
Citizenship by birth: no
Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Angola
Dual citizenship recognized: no
Residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Joao Manuel Goncalves LOURENCO (since 26 September 2017); Vice President Esperanca Francisco DA COSTA (since 15 September 2022); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government
Head of government: President Joao Manuel Goncalves LOURENCO (since 15 September 2022); Vice President Esperanca Francisco DA COSTA (since 15 September 2022)
Cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Elections/appointments: the candidate of the winning party or coalition in the last legislative election becomes the president; president serves a 5-year term (eligible for a second consecutive or discontinuous term); last held on 24 August 2022 (next to be held in 2,027)
Election results: Joao Manuel Goncalves LOURENCO (MPLA) elected president by then winning party following the 24 August 2022 general election

Legislative branch
Description: unicameral National Assembly or Assembleia Nacional (220 seats; members directly elected in a single national constituency and in multi-seat constituencies by closed list proportional representation vote; members serve 5-year terms)
Elections: last held on 24 August 2022 (next to be held in 2,027)
Election results: percent of vote by party - MPLA 51.1%, UNITA 43.9%, FNLA 1.1%, PHA 1%, PRS 1.1%, other 1.7%; seats by party - MPLA 124, UNITA 90, FNLA 2, PHA 2, PRS 2; composition - men 146, women 74, percent of women 33.6%

Judicial branch
Highest courts: Supreme Court or Tribunal Supremo (consists of the court president, vice president, and a minimum of 16 judges); Constitutional Court or Tribunal Constitucional (consists of 11 judges)
Judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court judges appointed by the president upon recommendation of the Supreme Judicial Council, an 18-member body chaired by the president; judge tenure NA; Constitutional Court judges - 4 nominated by the president, 4 elected by National Assembly, 2 elected by Supreme National Council, 1 elected by competitive submission of curricula; judges serve single 7-year terms
Subordinate courts: provincial and municipal courts

Political parties and leaders:
Broad Convergence for the Salvation of Angola Electoral Coalition or CASA-CE [Manuel FERNANDES]
Humanist Party of Angola or PHI [Florbela MALAQUIAS]
National Front for the Liberation of Angola or FNLA; note - party has two factions; one led by Lucas NGONDA; the other by Ngola KABANGU
National Union for the Total Independence of Angola or UNITA [Adalberto Costa JUNIOR] (largest opposition party)
Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola or MPLA [Joao LOURENCO]; note- ruling party in power since 1975
Social Renewal Party or PRS [Benedito DANIEL]


International organization participation: ACP, AfDB, AU, CEMAC, CPLP, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NAM, OAS (observer), SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMISS, Union Latina, UNOOSA, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Agostinho de Carvalho dos Santos VAN-DÚNEM (since 30 June 2023)
In the us chancery: 2,108 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20,009
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 785-1156
In the us FAX: [1] (202) 822-9,049
In the us email address and website:
info@angola.org

[link]

From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Tulinabo S. MUSHINGI (since 9 March 2022)
From the us embassy: Rua Houari Boumedienne, #32, Luanda
From the us mailing address: 2,550 Luanda Place, Washington, DC 20,521-2,550
From the us telephone: [244] (222) 64-1000
From the us FAX: [244] (222) 64-1000
From the us email address and website:
Consularluanda@state.gov

[link]


Flag descriptionflag of Angola: two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and black with a centered yellow emblem consisting of a five-pointed star within half a cogwheel crossed by a machete (in the style of a hammer and sickle); red represents liberty and black the African continent; the symbols characterize workers and peasants

National symbols: Palanca Negra Gigante (giant black sable antelope); national colors: red, black, yellow

National anthem
Name: "Angola Avante" (Forward Angola)
Lyrics/music: Manuel Rui Alves MONTEIRO/Rui Alberto Vieira Dias MINGAO
Note: adopted 1975

National heritage
Total World Heritage Sites: 1 (cultural)
Selected World Heritage Site locales: Mbanza-Kongo


Angola - Economy 2023
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Economy overview: African oil leader and OPEC member; fairly stable currency; widespread poverty; emerging African finance and investment capital; systemic public corruption and lack of oversight; massive foreign direct investment recipient

Real gdp purchasing power parity:
$203.868 billion (2021 est.)
$201.65 billion (2020 est.)
$213.612 billion (2019 est.)

Note: data are in 2017 dollars

Real gdp growth rate:
1.1% (2021 est.)
-5.6% (2020 est.)
-0.7% (2019 est.)


Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use
Household consumption: 80.6% (2017 est.)
Government consumption: 15.6% (2017 est.)
Investment in fixed capital: 10.3% (2017 est.)
Investment in inventories: -1.2% (2017 est.)
Exports of goods and services: 25.4% (2017 est.)
Imports of goods and services: -30.7% (2017 est.)

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 10.2% (2011 est.)
Industry: 61.4% (2011 est.)
Services: 28.4% (2011 est.)

Agriculture products

Industries: petroleum; diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, feldspar, bauxite, uranium, and gold; cement; basic metal products; fish processing; food processing, brewing, tobacco products, sugar; textiles; ship repair

Industrial production growth rate: -8.34% (2021 est.)

Labor force: 14.462 million (2021 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate:
8.53% (2021 est.)
8.33% (2020 est.)
7.42% (2019 est.)


Youth unemployment
Rate ages 15 24 total: 18.5% (2021 est.)
Rate ages 15 24 male: 18.2%
Rate ages 15 24 female: 18.8%

Population below poverty line: 32.3% (2018 est.)

Gini index
Coefficient distribution of family income: 51.3 (2018 est.)

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10%: 0.6%
Highest 10%: 44.7% (2000)

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $17.899 billion (2019 est.)
Expenditures: $17.244 billion (2019 est.)
Surplus  or deficit: -6.7% (of GDP) (2017 est.)

Public debt:
65% of GDP (2017 est.)
75.3% of GDP (2016 est.)


Taxes and other revenues: 10.09% (of GDP) (2019 est.)

Revenue
From forest resources: 0.36% of GDP (2018 est.)
From coal: 0% of GDP (2018 est.)

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance:
$8.399 billion (2021 est.)
$871.918 million (2020 est.)
$5.137 billion (2019 est.)


Inflation rate consumer prices:
25.75% (2021 est.)
22.27% (2020 est.)
17.08% (2019 est.)


Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance:
$8.399 billion (2021 est.)
$871.918 million (2020 est.)
$5.137 billion (2019 est.)


Exports:
$33.675 billion (2021 est.)
$21.004 billion (2020 est.)
$35.18 billion (2019 est.)

Note: Data are in current year dollars and do not include illicit exports or re-exports.
Partners: China 62%, India 10%, United Arab Emirates 4%, Portugal 3%, Spain 3% (2019)
Commodities: crude petroleum, natural gas, diamonds, refined petroleum, asphalt mixtures (2021)

Imports:
$18.845 billion (2021 est.) note: data are in current year dollars
$15.146 billion (2020 est.) note: data are in current year dollars
$22.299 billion (2019 est.) note: data are in current year dollars

Partners: China 22%, Portugal 15%, Nigeria 6%, Belgium 6%, United States 5%, South Africa 5%, Brazil 5% (2019)
Commodities: refined petroleum, scrap vessels, meat, rice, palm oil (2019)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$14.468 billion (31 December 2021 est.)
$13.782 billion (31 December 2020 est.)
$16.335 billion (31 December 2019 est.)


Debt external:
$42.08 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$27.14 billion (31 December 2016 est.)


Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates:
kwanza (AOA) per US dollar - 631.442 (2021 est.)
578.259 (2020 est.)
364.826 (2019 est.)
252.856 (2018 est.)
165.916 (2017 est.)



Angola - Energy 2023
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Electricity access
Population without electricity: 18 million (2020)
Electrification-total population: 48.2% (2021)
Electrification-urban areas: 74.9% (2021)
Electrification-rural areas: 7.3% (2018)

Electricity production

Electricity consumption: 11.815 billion kWh (2019 est.)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (2019 est.)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (2019 est.)

Electricity installed generating capacity: 7.344 million kW (2020 est.)

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources
Fossil fuels: 28.4% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)
Nuclear: 0% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)
Solar: 0.1% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)
Wind: 0% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)
Hydroelectricity: 70.1% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)
Tide and wave: 0% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)
Geothermal: 0% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)
Biomass and waste: 1.4% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)

Petroleum
Total petroleum production: 1,197,600 bbl/day (2021 est.)
Refined petroleum consumption: 133,400 bbl/day (2019 est.)
Crude oil and lease condensate exports: 1,367,400 bbl/day (2018 est.)
Crude oil and lease condensate imports: 0 bbl/day (2018 est.)
Crude oil estimated reserves: 7.783 billion barrels (2021 est.)

Refined petroleum
Products production: 53,480 bbl/day (2015 est.)
Products exports: 30,340 bbl/day (2015 est.)
Products imports: 111,600 bbl/day (2015 est.)

Natural gas
Production: 6,767,715,000 cubic meters (2019 est.)
Consumption: 860.887 million cubic meters (2019 est.)
Exports: 5,877,945,000 cubic meters (2019 est.)
Imports: 0 cubic meters (2021 est.)
Proven reserves: 343.001 billion cubic meters (2021 est.)

Carbon dioxide emissions: 19.362 million metric tonnes of CO2 (2019 est.)
From coal and metallurgical coke: 0 metric tonnes of CO2 (2019 est.)
From petroleum and other liquids: 17.673 million metric tonnes of CO2 (2019 est.)
From consumed natural gas: 1.689 million metric tonnes of CO2 (2019 est.)

Energy consumption per capita: 11.693 million Btu/person (2019 est.)


Angola - Communication 2023
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Telephones fixed lines
Total subscriptions: 93,968 (2022 est.)
Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: (2021 est.) less than 1

Telephones mobile cellular
Total subscriptions: 15,327,864 (2021 est.)
Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 44 (2021 est.)

Telephone system

Broadcast media: state controls all broadcast media with nationwide reach; state-owned Televisao Popular de Angola (TPA) provides terrestrial TV service on 2 channels; a third TPA channel is available via cable and satellite; TV subscription services are available; state-owned Radio Nacional de Angola (RNA) broadcasts on 26 stations; approximately20 private radio stations broadcast locally

Internet country code: .ao

Internet users
Total: 11.55 million (2021 est.)
Percent of population: 33% (2021 est.)

Broadband fixed subscriptions
Total: 230,610 (2020 est.)
Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 0.7 (2020 est.)


Angola - Military 2023
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Military expenditures:
1.3% of GDP (2022 est.)
1.4% of GDP (2021 est.)
1.7% of GDP (2020 est.)
1.8% of GDP (2019 est.)
2.1% of GDP (2018 est.)


Military and security forces:
Angolan Armed Forces (Forcas Armadas Angolanas, FAA): Army, Navy (Marinha de Guerra Angola, MGA), Angolan National Air Force (Forca Aerea Nacional Angolana, FANA; under operational control of the Army)

Ministry of Interior: National Police, Border Guard Police (2023)


Military service age and obligation: 20-45 years of age for compulsory and 18-45 years for voluntary military service for men (registration at age 18 is mandatory); 20-45 years of age for voluntary service for women; 24-month conscript service obligation; Angolan citizenship required; the Navy is entirely staffed with volunteers (2023)

Terrorist groups


Angola - Transportation 2023
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National air transport system
Number of registered air carriers: 10 (2020)
Inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 55
Annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 1,516,628 (2018)
Annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 78.16 million (2018) mt-km

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix: D2

Airports: 102 (2021)
With paved runways: 32
With paved runways civil airports: 3
With paved runways military airports: 1
With paved runways joint use (civil-military) airports: 2
With paved runways other airports: 26
With paved runways note: paved runways have a concrete or asphalt surface but not all have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control; the length of a runway required for aircraft to safely operate depends on a number of factors including the type of aircraft, the takeoff weight (including passengers, cargo, and fuel), engine types, flap settings, landing speed, elevation of the airport, and average maximum daily air temperature; paved runways can reach a length of 5,000 m (16,000 ft.), but the “typical” length of a commercial airline runway is between 2,500-4,000 m (8,000-13,000 ft.)
With unpaved runways: 70
With unpaved runways note: unpaved runways have a surface composition such as grass or packed earth and are most suited to the operation of light aircraft; unpaved runways are usually short, often less than 1,000 m (3,280 ft.) in length; airports with unpaved runways often lack facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control

Airports with paved runways: 32
Civil airports: 3
Military airports: 1
Joint use (civil-military) airports: 2
Other airports: 26
Note: paved runways have a concrete or asphalt surface but not all have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control; the length of a runway required for aircraft to safely operate depends on a number of factors including the type of aircraft, the takeoff weight (including passengers, cargo, and fuel), engine types, flap settings, landing speed, elevation of the airport, and average maximum daily air temperature; paved runways can reach a length of 5,000 m (16,000 ft.), but the “typical” length of a commercial airline runway is between 2,500-4,000 m (8,000-13,000 ft.)

Airports with unpaved runways: 70
Note: unpaved runways have a surface composition such as grass or packed earth and are most suited to the operation of light aircraft; unpaved runways are usually short, often less than 1,000 m (3,280 ft.) in length; airports with unpaved runways often lack facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control

Heliports: 1 (2021)

Pipelines: 352 km gas, 85 km liquid petroleum gas, 1,065 km oil, 5 km oil/gas/water (2013)

Railways
Total: 2,761 km (2022)
Narrow gauge:
2,638 km (2022) 1.067-m gauge

123 km 0.600-mm gauge


Roadways
Total: 26,000 km (2018)
Paved: 13,600 km (2018)
Unpaved: 12,400 km (2018)

Waterways: 1,300 km (2011)

Merchant marine
Total: 58 (2022)
By type: general cargo 13, oil tanker 8, other 37

Ports and terminals
Major seaports: Cabinda, Lobito, Luanda, Namibe
Lng terminals export: Angola Soyo


Angola - Transnational issues 2023
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Disputes international:
Angola-Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC): has had disputes over land and maritime borders with the DRC; maritime disputes have largely been about offshore oil claims

Angola-Namibia: none identified

Angola-Republic of Congo: (Kabinda Exclave) none identified

Angola-Zambia: because the straight-line segments along the left bank (Zambian side) of the Cuando/Kwando River do not conform with the physical alignment of the unstable shoreline, Zambian residents in some areas have settled illegally on sections of shoreline that fall on the Angolan side of the boundary


Refugees and internally displaced persons
Refugees country of origin: 22,969 (Democratic Republic of the Congo) (refugees and asylum seekers), 9,272 (Guinea), 6,357 (Cote d'Ivoire), 5,725 (Mauritania) (2023)

Illicit drugs: used as a transshipment point for cocaine destined for Western Europe and other African states, particularly South Africa


Corel


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