Statistical information Cayman Islands 2023Cayman%20Islands

Map of Cayman Islands | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Cayman Islands in the World
Cayman Islands in the World

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Cayman Islands - Introduction 2023
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Background: The Cayman Islands were colonized from Jamaica by the British during the 18th and 19th centuries and were administered by Jamaica after 1863. In 1959, the islands became a territory within the Federation of the West Indies. When the Federation dissolved in 1962, the Cayman Islands chose to remain a British dependency. The territory has transformed itself into a significant offshore financial center.


Cayman Islands - Geography 2023
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Location: Caribbean, three-island group (Grand Cayman, Cayman Brac, Little Cayman) in Caribbean Sea, 240 km south of Cuba and 268 km northwest of Jamaica

Geographic coordinates: 19 30 N, 80 30 W

Map referenceCentral America and the Caribbean

Area
Total: 264 km²
Land: 264 km²
Water: 0 km²
Comparative: 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries
Total: 0 km

Coastline: 160 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm

Climate: tropical marine; warm, rainy summers (May to October) and cool, relatively dry winters (November to April)

Terrain: low-lying limestone base surrounded by coral reefs

Elevation
Highest point: 1 km SW of The Bluff on Cayman Brac 50 m
Lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

Natural resources: fish, climate and beaches that foster tourism
Land use

Land use
Agricultural land: 11.2% (2018 est.)
Agricultural land arable land: 0.8% (2018 est.)
Agricultural land permanent crops: 2.1% (2018 est.)
Agricultural land permanent pasture: 8.3% (2018 est.)
Forest: 52.9% (2018 est.)
Other: 35.9% (2018 est.)

Irrigated land: NA

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: hurricanes (July to November)

Geography
Note: important location between Cuba and Central America


Cayman Islands - People 2023
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Population
Distribution: majority of the population resides on Grand Cayman: 65,483 (2023 est.)
Note: most of the population lives on Grand Cayman
Growth rate: 1.79% (2023 est.)
Below poverty line: NA

Nationality
Noun: Caymanian(s)
Adjective: Caymanian

Ethnic groups: mixed 40%, White 20%, African descent 20%, expatriates of various ethnic groups 20%

Languages: English (official) 90.9%, Spanish 4%, Filipino 3.3%, other 1.7%, unspecified 0.1% (2010 est.)

Religions: Protestant 67.8% (includes Church of God 22.6%, Seventh Day Adventist 9.4%, Presbyterian/United Church 8.6%, Baptist 8.3%, Pentecostal 7.1%, non-denominational 5.3%, Anglican 4.1%, Wesleyan Holiness 2.4%), Roman Catholic 14.1%, Jehovah's Witness 1.1%, other 7%, none 9.3%, unspecified 0.7% (2010 est.)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 17.48% (male 5,761/female 5,684)
15-64 years: 66.48% (male 21,271/female 22,261)
65 years and over: 16.04% (2023 est.) (male 4,792/female 5,714)

Dependency ratios
Total dependency ratio: 32.6
Youth dependency ratio: 22.3
Elderly dependency ratio: 10.4
Potential support ratio: 9.6 (2021)

Median age
Total: 41 years (2023 est.)
Male: 40.2 years
Female: 41.8 years

Population growth rate: 1.79% (2023 est.)

Birth rate: 11.6 births/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Death rate: 6.1 deaths/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Net migration rate: 12.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Note: major destination for Cubans trying to migrate to the US

Population distribution: majority of the population resides on Grand Cayman

Urbanization
Urban population: 100% of total population (2023)
Rate of urbanization: 1.13% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

Major urban areas
Population: 35,000 GEORGE TOWN (capital) (2018)

Environment
Current issues: no natural freshwater resources; drinking water supplies are met by reverse osmosis desalination plants and rainwater catchment; trash washing up on the beaches or being deposited there by residents; no recycling or waste treatment facilities; deforestation (trees being cut down to create space for commercial use)

Air pollutants
Carbon dioxide emissions: 0.55 megatons (2016 est.)

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2023 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate
Total: 7.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2023 est.)
Male: 9 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 5.9 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 82.3 years (2023 est.)
Male: 79.6 years
Female: 85 years

Total fertility rate: 1.82 children born/woman (2023 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate: NA

Drinking water source
Improved urban: 97.4% of population
Improved total: 97.4% of population
Unimproved urban: 2.6% of population
Unimproved total: 2.6% of population (2015 est.)

Current health expenditure: NA

Physicians density: NA

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access
Improved urban:
95.6% of population

total: 95.6% of population

Unimproved urban:
4.4% of population

total: 4.4% of population (2015 est.)


Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight: NA

Education expenditures: 2.1% of GDP (2019)

Literacy
Total population: 98.9% NA
Male: 98.7% NA
Female: 99% (2021) NA

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment
Rate ages 15 24 total: 13.8% (2015 est.)
Rate ages 15 24 male: 16.4%
Rate ages 15 24 female: 11.4%


Cayman Islands - Government 2023
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Cayman Islands
Etymology: the islands' name comes from the native Carib word "caiman," describing the marine crocodiles living there

Government type: parliamentary democracy; self-governing overseas territory of the UK

Capital
Name: George Town (on Grand Cayman)
Geographic coordinates: 19 18 N, 81 23 W
Time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Etymology: named after English King GEORGE III (1738-1820)

Administrative divisions: 6 districts; Bodden Town, Cayman Brac and Little Cayman, East End, George Town, North Side, West Bay

Dependent areas

Independence: none (overseas territory of the UK)

National holiday: Constitution Day, the first Monday in July (1959)

Constitution
History: several previous; latest approved 10 June 2009, entered into force 6 November 2009 (The Cayman Islands Constitution Order 2009)
Amendments: amended 2016, 2020

Legal system: English common law and local statutes

International law organization participation

Citizenship: see United Kingdom

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: King CHARLES III (since 8 September 2022); represented by Governor Jane OWEN (since 21 April 2023)
Head of government: Premier Juliana O'CONNOR-CONNOLLY (since 15 November 2023)
Cabinet: Cabinet selected from the Parliament and appointed by the governor on the advice of the premier
Elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition appointed premier by the governor

Legislative branch
Description: unicameral Parliament (21 seats; 19 members directly elected by majority vote and 2 ex officio members - the deputy governor and attorney general - appointed by the governor; members serve 4-year terms)
Elections: last held on 14 April 2021 (next to be held in 2,025)
Election results: percent of vote by party - independent 79.1%, PPM 19.6%; elected seats by party - independent 12, PPM 7; composition of elected members - men 15, women 4, percent of women 21.1%; ex officio members - men 2

Judicial branch
Highest courts: Court of Appeal (consists of the court president and at least 2 judges); Grand Court (consists of the court president and at least 2 judges); note - appeals beyond the Court of Appeal are heard by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London)
Judge selection and term of office: Court of Appeal and Grand Court judges appointed by the governor on the advice of the Judicial and Legal Services Commission, an 8-member independent body consisting of governor appointees, Court of Appeal president, and attorneys; Court of Appeal judges' tenure based on their individual instruments of appointment; Grand Court judges normally appointed until retirement at age 65 but can be extended until age 70
Subordinate courts: Summary Court

Political parties and leaders:
Cayman Islands Peoples Party or CIPP [Ezzard MILLER]
People's Progressive Movement or PPM [Roy McTAGGART]


International organization participation: Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), IOC, UNESCO (associate), UPU

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (overseas territory of the UK)
From the us embassy: none (overseas territory of the UK); consular services provided through the US Embassy in Jamaica

Flag descriptionflag of Cayman%20Islands: a blue field with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Caymanian coat of arms centered on the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms includes a crest with a pineapple, representing the connection with Jamaica, and a turtle, representing Cayman's seafaring tradition, above a shield bearing a golden lion, symbolizing Great Britain, below which are three green stars (representing the three islands) surmounting white and blue wavy lines representing the sea; a scroll below the shield bears the motto HE HATH FOUNDED IT UPON THE SEAS

National symbols: green sea turtle

National anthem
Name: "Beloved Isle Cayman"
Lyrics/music: Leila E. ROSS
Note: adopted 1993; served as an unofficial anthem since 1930; as an overseas territory of the United Kingdom, in addition to the local anthem, "God Save the King" is official (see United Kingdom)

National heritage


Cayman Islands - Economy 2023
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Economy overview: dominant offshore banking territory; services sector accounts for over 85% of economic activity; recently adopted a fiscal responsibility framework to combat tax evasion and money laundering; large tourism sector; does not have any welfare system; high standard of living

Real gdp purchasing power parity:
$4.599 billion (2021 est.) note: data are in 2017 dollars
$4.516 billion (2020 est.) note: data are in 2017 dollars
$4.788 billion (2019 est.)


Real gdp growth rate:
1.84% (2021 est.)
-5.68% (2020 est.)
3.87% (2019 est.)


Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use
Household consumption: 62.3% (2017 est.)
Government consumption: 14.5% (2017 est.)
Investment in fixed capital: 22.1% (2017 est.)
Investment in inventories: 0.1% (2017 est.)
Exports of goods and services: 65.4% (2017 est.)
Imports of goods and services: -64.2% (2017 est.)

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 0.3% (2017 est.)
Industry: 7.4% (2017 est.)
Services: 92.3% (2017 est.)

Agriculture products

Industries: tourism, banking, insurance and finance, construction, construction materials, furniture

Industrial production growth rate: -3.36% (2020 est.)

Labor force: 39,000 (2007 est.)
Note: nearly 55% are non-nationals
Labor force

Unemployment rate:
4% (2008)
4.4% (2004)


Youth unemployment
Rate ages 15 24 total: 13.8% (2015 est.)
Rate ages 15 24 male: 16.4%
Rate ages 15 24 female: 11.4%

Population below poverty line: NA

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10%: NA
Highest 10%: NA

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $874.5 million (2017 est.)
Expenditures: $766.6 million (2017 est.)
Surplus  or deficit: 4.8% (of GDP) (2017 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues: 38.9% (of GDP) (2017 est.)

Revenue
From forest resources: 0% of GDP (2018 est.)
From coal: 0% of GDP (2018 est.)

Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance:
-$763.556 million (2020 est.)
-$646.843 million (2019 est.)
-$927.544 million (2018 est.)


Inflation rate consumer prices:
2% (2017 est.)
-0.6% (2016 est.)


Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance:
-$763.556 million (2020 est.)
-$646.843 million (2019 est.)
-$927.544 million (2018 est.)


Exports:
$3.652 billion (2020 est.)
$4.205 billion (2019 est.)
$3.959 billion (2018 est.)

Note: Data are in current year dollars and do not include illicit exports or re-exports.
Partners: Netherlands 82%, Spain 11% (2019)
Commodities: recreational boats, aircraft, ships, gold, refined petroleum, natural gas (2021)

Imports:
$2.507 billion (2020 est.) note: data are in current year dollars
$2.743 billion (2019 est.) note: data are in current year dollars
$2.518 billion (2018 est.)

Partners: Netherlands 56%, United States 18%, Italy 8%, Switzerland 5% (2019)
Commodities: recreational boats, ships, gold, refined petroleum, cars (2019)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$216.8 million (31 December 2020 est.)
$183.5 million (31 December 2019 est.)
$162.074 million (31 December 2018 est.)


Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates:
Caymanian dollars (KYD) per US dollar - 0.833 (2021 est.)
0.833 (2020 est.)
0.833 (2019 est.)
0.833 (2018 est.)
0.833 (2017 est.)



Cayman Islands - Energy 2023
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Electricity access
Electrification-total population: 100% (2021)

Electricity production

Electricity consumption: 655.165 million kWh (2019 est.)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (2020 est.)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (2020 est.)

Electricity installed generating capacity: 174,000 kW (2020 est.)

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources
Fossil fuels: 97.6% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)
Nuclear: 0% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)
Solar: 2.4% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)
Wind: 0% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)
Hydroelectricity: 0% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)
Tide and wave: 0% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)
Geothermal: 0% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)
Biomass and waste: 0% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)

Petroleum
Total petroleum production: 0 bbl/day (2021 est.)
Refined petroleum consumption: 5,500 bbl/day (2019 est.)
Crude oil and lease condensate exports: 0 bbl/day (2018 est.)
Crude oil and lease condensate imports: 0 bbl/day (2018 est.)
Crude oil estimated reserves: 0 barrels (2021 est.)

Refined petroleum
Products production: 0 bbl/day (2017 est.)
Products exports: 0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
Products imports: 4,285 bbl/day (2015 est.)

Natural gas
Production: 0 cubic meters (2021 est.)
Consumption: 0 cubic meters (2021 est.)
Exports: 0 cubic meters (2021 est.)
Imports: 0 cubic meters (2021 est.)
Proven reserves: 0 cubic meters (2021 est.)

Carbon dioxide emissions: 808,000 metric tonnes of CO2 (2019 est.)
From coal and metallurgical coke: 0 metric tonnes of CO2 (2019 est.)
From petroleum and other liquids: 808,000 metric tonnes of CO2 (2019 est.)
From consumed natural gas: 0 metric tonnes of CO2 (2019 est.)

Energy consumption per capita: 175.578 million Btu/person (2019 est.)


Cayman Islands - Communication 2023
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Telephones fixed lines
Total subscriptions: 36,000 (2021 est.)
Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 53 (2021 est.)

Telephones mobile cellular
Total subscriptions: 100,000 (2021 est.)
Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 150 (2021 est.)

Telephone system

Broadcast media: 4 TV stations; cable and satellite subscription services offer a variety of international programming; government-owned Radio Cayman operates 2 networks broadcasting on 5 stations; 10 privately owned radio stations operate alongside Radio Cayman

Internet country code: .ky

Internet users
Total: 55,148 (2021 est.)
Percent of population: 81.1% (2021 est.)

Broadband fixed subscriptions
Total: 3,200 (2020 est.)
Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 49 (2020 est.)


Cayman Islands - Military 2023
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces: no regular military forces; Royal Cayman Islands Police Service

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Cayman Islands - Transportation 2023
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National air transport system
Number of registered air carriers: 1 (2020)
Inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 6

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix: VP-C

Airports: 3 (2021)
With paved runways: 3
With paved runways note: paved runways have a concrete or asphalt surface but not all have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control; the length of a runway required for aircraft to safely operate depends on a number of factors including the type of aircraft, the takeoff weight (including passengers, cargo, and fuel), engine types, flap settings, landing speed, elevation of the airport, and average maximum daily air temperature; paved runways can reach a length of 5,000 m (16,000 ft.), but the “typical” length of a commercial airline runway is between 2,500-4,000 m (8,000-13,000 ft.)
With unpaved runways: 1
With unpaved runways note: unpaved runways have a surface composition such as grass or packed earth and are most suited to the operation of light aircraft; unpaved runways are usually short, often less than 1,000 m (3,280 ft.) in length; airports with unpaved runways often lack facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control

Airports with paved runways: 3
Note: paved runways have a concrete or asphalt surface but not all have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control; the length of a runway required for aircraft to safely operate depends on a number of factors including the type of aircraft, the takeoff weight (including passengers, cargo, and fuel), engine types, flap settings, landing speed, elevation of the airport, and average maximum daily air temperature; paved runways can reach a length of 5,000 m (16,000 ft.), but the “typical” length of a commercial airline runway is between 2,500-4,000 m (8,000-13,000 ft.)

Airports with unpaved runways: 1
Note: unpaved runways have a surface composition such as grass or packed earth and are most suited to the operation of light aircraft; unpaved runways are usually short, often less than 1,000 m (3,280 ft.) in length; airports with unpaved runways often lack facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways
Total: 785 km (2007)
Paved: 785 km (2007)

Waterways

Merchant marine
Total: 139 (2022)
By type: bulk carrier 29, container ship 3, general cargo 1, oil tanker 20, other 86

Ports and terminals
Major seaports: Cayman Brac, George Town
Cruise ports: George Town, Grand Cayman


Cayman Islands - Transnational issues 2023
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: major offshore financial center vulnerable to drug trafficking money laundering


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