Statistical information Equatorial Guinea 2023Equatorial%20Guinea

Map of Equatorial Guinea | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Equatorial Guinea in the World
Equatorial Guinea in the World


Equatorial Guinea - Introduction 2023
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Equatorial Guinea consists of a continental territory and five inhabited islands; it is one of the smallest countries by area and population in Africa. The mainland region, contemporarily known as Rio Muni, was most likely predominantly inhibited by Pygmy ethnic groups prior to the migration of various Bantu-speaking ethnic groups around the second millennium BC. The island of Bioko, the largest of Equatorial Guinea’s five inhabited islands and the location of the country’s capital of Malabo, has been occupied since at least 1000 B.C. In the early 1470s, Portuguese explorers landed on Bioko Island and Portugal soon after established control of the island and other areas of modern Equatorial Guinea. In 1778, Portugal ceded its colonial hold over present-day Equatorial Guinea to Spain in the Treaty of El Pardo. The borders of modern-day Equatorial Guinea would evolve between 1778 and 1968 as the area remained under European colonial rule.

In 1968, Equatorial Guinea was granted independence from Spain and elected Francisco MACIAS NGUEMA as its first president. President MACIAS consolidated power soon after his election and ruled brutally for approximately 11 years. Under his regime, Equatorial Guinea experienced mass suppression, purges, and killings. Some estimates indicate that a third of the population either went into exile or was killed under President MACIAS’ rule. In 1979, present-day President Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO, then a senior military officer, deposed President MACIAS in a violent coup. President OBIANG has ruled since and has been elected in non-competitive contests several times, most recently in November 2022. The president exerts almost total control over the political system and there is nearly no space for political opposition. Equatorial Guinea experienced rapid economic growth in the early years of the 21st century due to the discovery of large offshore oil reserves in 1996. Production peaked in 2004 and has declined since. The country's economic windfall from oil production resulted in massive increases in government revenue, a significant portion of which was designated for the development of infrastructure. Systemic corruption, however, has hindered socio-economic development and there have been limited improvements in the population's living standards. Equatorial Guinea continues to seek to diversify its economy, increase foreign investment, and assume a greater role in regional and international affairs. 

Equatorial Guinea - Geography 2023
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Location: Central Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Cameroon and Gabon

Geographic coordinates: 2 00 N, 10 00 E

Map referenceAfrica

Total: 28,051 km²
Land: 28,051 km²
Water: 0 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland

Land boundaries
Total: 528 km
Border countries: (2) Cameroon 183 km; Gabon 345 km

Coastline: 296 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Climate: tropical; always hot, humid

Terrain: coastal plains rise to interior hills; islands are volcanic

Highest point: Pico Basile 3,008 m
Lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
Mean elevation: 577 m

Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, timber, gold, bauxite, diamonds, tantalum, sand and gravel, clay
Land use

Land use
Agricultural land: 10.1% (2018 est.)
Agricultural land arable land: 4.3% (2018 est.)
Agricultural land permanent crops: 2.1% (2018 est.)
Agricultural land permanent pasture: 3.7% (2018 est.)
Forest: 57.5% (2018 est.)
Other: 32.4% (2018 est.)

Irrigated land: NA

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal
Municipal: 20 million cubic meters (2020 est.)
Industrial: 3 million cubic meters (2017 est.)
Agricultural: 1 million cubic meters (2017 est.)

Total renewable water resources: 26 billion cubic meters (2020 est.)

Natural hazards: violent windstorms; flash floods

Note: insular and continental regions widely separated; despite its name, no part of the Equator passes through Equatorial Guinea; the mainland part of the country is located just north of the Equator

Equatorial Guinea - People 2023
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Distribution: only two large cities over 30,000 people (Bata on the mainland, and the capital Malabo on the island of Bioko); small communities are scattered throughout the mainland and the five inhabited islands as shown in this [link]: 1,737,695 (2023 est.)
Growth rate: 3.36% (2023 est.)
Below poverty line: 44% (2011 est.)

Noun: Equatorial Guinean(s) or Equatoguinean(s)
Adjective: Equatorial Guinean or Equatoguinean

Ethnic groups: Fang 85.7%, Bubi 6.5%, Ndowe 3.6%, Annobon 1.6%, Bujeba 1.1%, other 1.4% (1994 est.)

Languages: Spanish (official) 67.6%, other (includes Fang, Bubi, Portuguese (official), French (official), Portuguese-based Creoles spoken in Ano Bom) 32.4% (1994 est.)
Major-language samples:
La Libreta Informativa del Mundo, la fuente indispensable de información básica. (Spanish)

Gheos World Guide, the indispensable source for basic information.

Religions: Roman Catholic 88%, Protestant 5%, Muslim 2%, other 5% (animist, Baha'i, Jewish) (2015 est.)

Demographic profile: Equatorial Guinea is one of the smallest and least populated countries in continental Africa and is the only independent African country where Spanish is an official language. Despite a boom in oil production in the 1990s, authoritarianism, corruption, and resource mismanagement have concentrated the benefits among a small elite. These practices have perpetuated income inequality and unbalanced development, such as low public spending on education and health care. Unemployment remains problematic because the oil-dominated economy employs a small labor force dependent on skilled foreign workers. The agricultural sector, Equatorial Guinea’s main employer, continues to deteriorate because of a lack of investment and the migration of rural workers to urban areas. About two-thirds of the population lives below the poverty line as of 2020.
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 36.05% (male 323,846/female 302,666)
15-64 years: 59.01% (male 561,260/female 464,130)
65 years and over: 4.94% (2023 est.) (male 44,561/female 41,232)

Dependency ratios
Total dependency ratio: 72.2
Youth dependency ratio: 66.7
Elderly dependency ratio: 5.4
Potential support ratio: 18.5 (2021 est.)

Median age
Total: 21.9 years (2023 est.)
Male: 22.5 years
Female: 21.3 years

Population growth rate: 3.36% (2023 est.)

Birth rate: 29.5 births/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Death rate: 8.9 deaths/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Net migration rate: 13 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Population distribution: only two large cities over 30,000 people (Bata on the mainland, and the capital Malabo on the island of Bioko); small communities are scattered throughout the mainland and the five inhabited islands as shown in this [link]

Urban population: 74.4% of total population (2023)
Rate of urbanization: 3.62% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

Major urban areas
Population: 297,000 MALABO (capital) (2018)

Current issues: deforestation (forests are threatened by agricultural expansion, fires, and grazing); desertification; water pollution (tap water is non-potable); wildlife preservation
International agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Climate Change-Paris Agreement, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping-London Convention, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
International agreements signed, but not ratified: Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban

Air pollutants
Particulate matter emissions: 25.67 micrograms per cubic meter (2019 est.)
Carbon dioxide emissions: 5.65 megatons (2016 est.)
Methane emissions: 11.21 megatons (2020 est.)

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.21 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.08 male(s)/female
Total population: 1.15 male(s)/female (2023 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio: 212 deaths/100,000 live births (2020 est.)

Infant mortality rate
Total: 77.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2023 est.)
Male: 83.8 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 71.8 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 63.8 years (2023 est.)
Male: 61.5 years
Female: 66.1 years

Total fertility rate: 4.19 children born/woman (2023 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate: NA

Drinking water source
Improved urban: 81.7% of population
Improved rural: 32.1% of population
Improved total: 67.6% of population
Unimproved urban: 18.3% of population
Unimproved rural: 67.9% of population
Unimproved total: 32.4% of population (2017 est.)

Current health expenditure: 3.8% of GDP (2020)

Physicians density: 0.4 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access
Improved urban:
81.2% of population

rural: 63.4% of population

total: 76.2% of population

Unimproved urban:
18.8% of population

rural: 36.6% of population

total: 23.8% of population (2020 est.)


Major infectious diseases
Degree of risk: very high (2023)
Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
Animal contact diseases: rabies

Obesity adult prevalence rate: 8% (2016)

Alcohol consumption
Per capita total: 6.11 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)
Per capita beer: 3.83 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)
Per capita wine: 1.24 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)
Per capita spirits: 0.99 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)
Per capita other alcohols: 0.05 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures: NA

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 95.3%
Male: 97.4%
Female: 93% (2015)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment
Rate ages 15 24 total: 18.3% (2021 est.)
Rate ages 15 24 male: 17.1%
Rate ages 15 24 female: 19.9%

Equatorial Guinea - Government 2023
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Equatorial Guinea
Conventional short form: Equatorial Guinea
Local long form: Republica de Guinea Ecuatorial (Spanish)/ Republique de Guinee Equatoriale (French)
Local short form: Guinea Ecuatorial (Spanish)/ Guinee Equatoriale (French)
Former: Spanish Guinea
Etymology: the country is named for the Guinea region of West Africa that lies along the Gulf of Guinea and stretches north to the Sahel; the "equatorial" refers to the fact that the country lies just north of the Equator

Government type: presidential republic

Name: Malabo; note - Malabo is on the island of Bioko; in 2017, some governmental offices began to move to a new capital of Ciudad de la Paz (formerly referred to as Oyala) on the mainland near Djibloho, but a lack of funds has halted progress on construction 
Geographic coordinates: 3 45 N, 8 47 E
Time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Etymology: named after King MALABO (Malabo Lopelo Melaka) (1837-1937), the last king of the Bubi, the ethnic group indigenous to the island of Bioko; the name of the new capital, Ciudad de la Paz, translates to "City of Peace" in Spanish

Administrative divisions: 8 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia); Annobon, Bioko Norte, Bioko Sur, Centro Sur, Djibloho, Kie-Ntem, Litoral, Wele-Nzas

Dependent areas

Independence: 12 October 1968 (from Spain)

National holiday: Independence Day, 12 October (1968)

History: previous 1968, 1973, 1982; approved by referendum 17 November 1991
Amendments: proposed by the president of the republic or supported by three fourths of the membership in either house of the National Assembly; passage requires three-fourths majority vote by both houses of the Assembly and approval in a referendum if requested by the president; amended several times, last in 2012

Legal system: mixed system of civil and customary law

International law organization participation: accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction; accepts ICCt jurisdiction

Citizenship by birth: no
Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Equatorial Guinea
Dual citizenship recognized: no
Residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Brig. Gen. (Ret.) Teodoro OBIANG Nguema Mbasogo (since 3 August 1979 when he seized power in a military coup); First Vice President Teodoro Nguema OBIANG Mangue (since 20 November 2022)
Head of government: Prime Minister Manuela ROKA Botey (since 1 February 2023); First Deputy Prime Minister Clemente Engonga NGUEMA Onguene (since 23 June 2016); Second Deputy Prime Minister Angel MESIE Mibuy (since 5 February 2018); Third Deputy Prime Minister Alfonso Nsue MOKUY (since 23 June 2016)
Cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president and overseen by the prime minister
Elections/appointments: president directly elected by simple majority popular vote for a 7-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 20 November 2022 (next to be held in 2,029); prime minister and deputy prime ministers appointed by the president
Election results: Teodoro OBIANG Nguema Mbasogo reelected president; percent of vote - Teodoro OBIANG Nguema Mbasogo (PDGE) 95%, other 6.1%

Legislative branch
bicameral National Assembly or Asemblea Nacional consists of:
Senate or Senado (70 seats statutory, 74 seats for current term; 55 members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by closed party-list proportional representation vote, 15 appointed by the president, and 4 ex-officio)

Chamber of Deputies or Camara de los Diputados (100 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by closed party-list proportional representation vote to serve 5-year terms)

Senate - last held on 19 January 2023 (next to be held in 2,028)
Chamber of Deputies - last held on 19 January 2023 (next to be held in 2,028)

Election results:
Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; elected seats by party - PDGE 55; composition (including 15 appointed and 2 ex-officio) - men 58, women 16, percent of women 21.6%
Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PDGE 100; composition - men 69, women 31, percent of women 31%; note - total National Assembly percent of women 27%

Judicial branch
Highest courts: Supreme Court of Justice (consists of the chief justice - who is also chief of state - and 9 judges organized into civil, criminal, commercial, labor, administrative, and customary sections); Constitutional Court (consists of the court president and 4 members)
Judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court judges appointed by the president for 5-year terms; Constitutional Court members appointed by the president, 2 of whom are nominated by the Chamber of Deputies; note - judges subject to dismissal by the president at any time
Subordinate courts: Court of Guarantees; military courts; Courts of Appeal; first instance tribunals; district and county tribunals

Political parties and leaders:
Center Right Union or UCD [Avelino MOCACHE MEHENGA]
Convergence Party for Social Democracy or CPDS [Andres ESONO ONDO]
Democratic Party for Equatorial Guinea or PDGE [Teodoro Obiang NGUEMA MBASOGO]
Juntos Podemos (coalition includes CPDS, FDR, UDC)
National Congress of Equatorial Guinea [Agustin MASOKO ABEGUE]
National Democratic Party [Benedicto OBIANG MANGUE]
National Union for Democracy [Thomas MBA MONABANG]
Popular Action of Equatorial Guinea or APGE [Carmelo MBA BACALE]
Popular Union or UP [Daniel MARTINEZ AYECABA]
Social Democratic Coalition Party (PCSD)[Buenaventura MONSUY ASUMU]

International organization participation: ACP, AfDB, AU, BDEAC, CEMAC, CPLP, FAO, Francophonie, FZ, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ITSO, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OAS (observer), OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WTO (observer)

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Miguel Ntutumu EVUNA Andeme (since 23 February 2015)
In the us chancery: 2020 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20,009
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 518-5,700
In the us FAX: [1] (202) 518-5,252
In the us email address and website:


From the us chief of mission: Ambassador David R. GILMOUR (since 24 May 2022)
From the us embassy: Malabo II Highway (between the Headquarters of Sonagas and the offices of the United Nations), Malabo
From the us mailing address: 2,320 Malabo Place, Washington, DC 20,521-2,520
From the us telephone: [240] 333 09-57-41
From the us email address and website:


Flag descriptionflag of Equatorial%20Guinea: three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red, with a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side and the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms has six yellow six-pointed stars (representing the mainland and five offshore islands) above a gray shield bearing a silk-cotton tree and below which is a scroll with the motto UNIDAD, PAZ, JUSTICIA (Unity, Peace, Justice); green symbolizes the jungle and natural resources, blue represents the sea that connects the mainland to the islands, white stands for peace, and red recalls the fight for independence

National symbols: silk cotton tree; national colors: green, white, red, blue

National anthem
Name: "Caminemos pisando la senda" (Let Us Tread the Path)
Lyrics/music: Atanasio Ndongo MIYONO/Atanasio Ndongo MIYONO or Ramiro Sanchez LOPEZ (disputed)
Note: adopted 1968

National heritage

Equatorial Guinea - Economy 2023
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Economy overview: growing CEMAC economy and new OPEC member; large oil and gas reserves; targeting economic diversification and poverty reduction; still recovering from CEMAC crisis; improving public financial management; persistent poverty; hard-hit by COVID-19

Real gdp purchasing power parity:
$23.924 billion (2021 est.)
$24.152 billion (2020 est.)
$25.222 billion (2019 est.)

Note: data are in 2017 dollars

Real gdp growth rate:
-0.95% (2021 est.)
-4.24% (2020 est.)
-5.48% (2019 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use
Household consumption: 50% (2017 est.)
Government consumption: 21.8% (2017 est.)
Investment in fixed capital: 10.2% (2017 est.)
Investment in inventories: 0.1% (2017 est.)
Exports of goods and services: 56.9% (2017 est.)
Imports of goods and services: -39% (2017 est.)

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 2.5% (2017 est.)
Industry: 54.6% (2017 est.)
Services: 42.9% (2017 est.)

Agriculture products

Industries: petroleum, natural gas, sawmilling

Industrial production growth rate: -6.46% (2021 est.)

Labor force: 549,800 (2021 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate:
9.24% (2021 est.)
9.9% (2020 est.)
8.68% (2019 est.)

Youth unemployment
Rate ages 15 24 total: 18.3% (2021 est.)
Rate ages 15 24 male: 17.1%
Rate ages 15 24 female: 19.9%

Population below poverty line: 44% (2011 est.)

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10%: NA
Highest 10%: NA

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $2.604 billion (2018 est.)
Expenditures: $2.535 billion (2018 est.)
Surplus  or deficit: -3.3% (of GDP) (2017 est.)

Public debt:
37.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
43.3% of GDP (2016 est.)

Taxes and other revenues: 7.85% (of GDP) (2020 est.)

From forest resources: 1.52% of GDP (2018 est.)
From coal: 0% of GDP (2018 est.)

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance:
-$738 million (2017 est.)
-$1.457 billion (2016 est.)

Inflation rate consumer prices:
4.77% (2020 est.)
1.24% (2019 est.)
1.35% (2018 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance:
-$738 million (2017 est.)
-$1.457 billion (2016 est.)

$8.776 billion (2019 est.)
$8.914 billion (2018 est.)
$9.94 billion (2017 est.)

Partners: China 34%, India 19%, Spain 11%, United States 7% (2019)
Commodities: crude petroleum, natural gas, industrial alcohols, lumber, veneer sheeting (2021)

$6.245 billion (2019 est.)
$6.129 billion (2018 est.)
$5.708 billion (2017 est.)

Partners: United States 22%, Spain 19%, China 12%, United Kingdom 6%, United Arab Emirates 5% (2019)
Commodities: gas turbines, beer, ships, industrial machinery, excavation machinery (2019)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$40.817 million (31 December 2019 est.)
$48.93 million (31 December 2018 est.)
$45.503 million (31 December 2017 est.)

Debt external:
$1.211 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$1.074 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates:
Cooperation Financiere en Afrique Centrale francs (XAF) per US dollar - 554.531 (2021 est.)
575.586 (2020 est.)
585.911 (2019 est.)
555.446 (2018 est.)
580.657 (2017 est.)

Equatorial Guinea - Energy 2023
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Electricity access
Electrification-total population: 66.7% (2021)
Electrification-urban areas: 90.3% (2021)
Electrification-rural areas: 47% (2020)

Electricity production

Electricity consumption: 1,002,960,000 kWh (2019 est.)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (2019 est.)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (2019 est.)

Electricity installed generating capacity: 349,000 kW (2020 est.)

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources
Fossil fuels: 89.4% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)
Nuclear: 0% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)
Solar: 0% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)
Wind: 0% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)
Hydroelectricity: 10.6% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)
Tide and wave: 0% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)
Geothermal: 0% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)
Biomass and waste: 0% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)

Total petroleum production: 142,600 bbl/day (2021 est.)
Refined petroleum consumption: 22,300 bbl/day (2019 est.)
Crude oil and lease condensate exports: 184,500 bbl/day (2018 est.)
Crude oil and lease condensate imports: 0 bbl/day (2018 est.)
Crude oil estimated reserves: 1.1 billion barrels (2021 est.)

Refined petroleum
Products production: 0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
Products exports: 0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
Products imports: 5,094 bbl/day (2015 est.)

Natural gas
Production: 4,569,369,000 cubic meters (2019 est.)
Consumption: 1,080,003,000 cubic meters (2019 est.)
Exports: 3,568,030,000 cubic meters (2019 est.)
Imports: 0 cubic meters (2021 est.)
Proven reserves: 139.007 billion cubic meters (2021 est.)

Carbon dioxide emissions: 4.528 million metric tonnes of CO2 (2019 est.)
From coal and metallurgical coke: 0 metric tonnes of CO2 (2019 est.)
From petroleum and other liquids: 2.409 million metric tonnes of CO2 (2019 est.)
From consumed natural gas: 2.119 million metric tonnes of CO2 (2019 est.)

Energy consumption per capita: 57.596 million Btu/person (2019 est.)

Equatorial Guinea - Communication 2023
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Telephones fixed lines
Total subscriptions: 11,389 (2022 est.)
Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: (2021 est.) less than 1

Telephones mobile cellular
Total subscriptions: 650,000 (2021 est.)
Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 39 (2021 est.)

Telephone system

Broadcast media: the state maintains control of broadcast media with domestic broadcast media limited to 1 state-owned TV station, 1 private TV station owned by the president's eldest son (who is the Vice President), 1 state-owned radio station, and 1 private radio station owned by the president's eldest son; satellite TV service is available; transmissions of multiple international broadcasters are generally accessible (2019)

Internet country code: .gq

Internet users
Total: 864,000 (2021 est.)
Percent of population: 54% (2021 est.)

Broadband fixed subscriptions
Total: 1,000 (2020 est.)
Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 0.1 (2020 est.)

Equatorial Guinea - Military 2023
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Military expenditures:
1.1% of GDP (2022 est.)
1.3% of GDP (2021 est.)
1.5% of GDP (2020 est.)
1.5% of GDP (2019 est.)
1.1% of GDP (2018 est.)

Military and security forces: Equatorial Guinea Armed Forces (Fuerzas Armadas de Equatorial Guinea - Transportation 2023
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National air transport system
Number of registered air carriers: 6 (2020)
Inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 15
Annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 466,435 (2018)
Annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 350,000 (2018) mt-km

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix: 3C

Airports: 7 (2021)
With paved runways: 6
With paved runways note: paved runways have a concrete or asphalt surface but not all have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control; the length of a runway required for aircraft to safely operate depends on a number of factors including the type of aircraft, the takeoff weight (including passengers, cargo, and fuel), engine types, flap settings, landing speed, elevation of the airport, and average maximum daily air temperature; paved runways can reach a length of 5,000 m (16,000 ft.), but the “typical” length of a commercial airline runway is between 2,500-4,000 m (8,000-13,000 ft.)
With unpaved runways: 1
With unpaved runways note: unpaved runways have a surface composition such as grass or packed earth and are most suited to the operation of light aircraft; unpaved runways are usually short, often less than 1,000 m (3,280 ft.) in length; airports with unpaved runways often lack facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control

Airports with paved runways: 6
Note: paved runways have a concrete or asphalt surface but not all have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control; the length of a runway required for aircraft to safely operate depends on a number of factors including the type of aircraft, the takeoff weight (including passengers, cargo, and fuel), engine types, flap settings, landing speed, elevation of the airport, and average maximum daily air temperature; paved runways can reach a length of 5,000 m (16,000 ft.), but the “typical” length of a commercial airline runway is between 2,500-4,000 m (8,000-13,000 ft.)

Airports with unpaved runways: 1
Note: unpaved runways have a surface composition such as grass or packed earth and are most suited to the operation of light aircraft; unpaved runways are usually short, often less than 1,000 m (3,280 ft.) in length; airports with unpaved runways often lack facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control


Pipelines: 42 km condensate, 5 km condensate/gas, 79 km gas, 71 km oil (2013)


Total: 2,880 km (2017)


Merchant marine
Total: 46 (2022)
By type: bulk carrier 1, general cargo 12, oil tanker 7, other 26

Ports and terminals
Major seaports: Bata, Luba, Malabo
Lng terminals export: Bioko Island

Equatorial Guinea - Transnational issues 2023
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Disputes internationalEquatorial Guinea-Cameroon: in 2002, ICJ ruled on an equidistance settlement of Cameroon-Equatorial Guinea-Nigeria maritime boundary in the Gulf of Guinea, but a dispute between Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon over an island at the mouth of the Ntem River and imprecisely defined maritime coordinates in the ICJ decision delayed final delimitation

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

World Nomads

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