Statistical information Mauritania 2023Mauritania

Map of Mauritania | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Mauritania in the World
Mauritania in the World


Mauritania - Introduction 2023
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The Berber and Bafour people were among the first to settle in what is now Mauritania. Originally a nomadic people, they were among the first in recorded history to convert from a nomadic to agricultural lifestyle. These groups account for roughly one third of Mauritania’s ethnic makeup. The remainder of Mauritania’s ethnic groups derive from former enslaved peoples and Sub-Saharan ethnic groups originating mainly from the Senegal River Valley. These three groups are organized according to a strict caste system with deep ethnic divides that still exist today.
A former French colony, Mauritania achieved independence from France in 1960. Mauritania initially began as a single-party, authoritarian regime and saw 49 years of dictatorships, flawed elections, failed attempts at democracy, and military coups. Ould Abdel AZIZ led the last coup in 2008, and was elected president in 2009 and reelected in 2014. Mohamed Ould Cheikh GHAZOUANI was elected president in 2019, and his inauguration marked the first peaceful transition of power from one democratically elected president to another, solidifying Mauritania’s status as an emerging democracy. International observers recognized the elections as relatively free and fair.

Mauritania - Geography 2023
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Geographic coordinates: 20 00 N, 12 00 W

Map referenceAfrica

Total: 1,030,700 km²
Land: 1,030,700 km²
Water: 0 km²
Comparative: slightly larger than three times the size of New Mexico; about six times the size of Florida

Land boundaries
Total: 5,002 km
Border countries: (4) Algeria 460 km; Mali 2,236 km; Morocco 1,564 km; Senegal 742 km

Coastline: 754 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

Climate: desert; constantly hot, dry, dusty

Terrain: mostly barren, flat plains of the Sahara; some central hills

Highest point: Kediet Ijill 915 m
Lowest point: Sebkhet Te-n-Dghamcha -5 m
Mean elevation: 276 m

Natural resources: iron ore, gypsum, copper, phosphate, diamonds, gold, oil, fish
Land use

Land use
Agricultural land: 38.5% (2018 est.)
Agricultural land arable land: 0.4% (2018 est.)
Agricultural land permanent crops: 0% (2018 est.)
Agricultural land permanent pasture: 38.1% (2018 est.)
Forest: 0.2% (2018 est.)
Other: 61.3% (2018 est.)

Irrigated land: 450 km² (2012)

Major rivers
By length in km:
Senegal river mouth (shared with Guinea [s], Senegal and Mali) - 1,641 km
note: - [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

Major watersheds area km²: Atlantic Ocean drainage: Niger (2,261,741 km²), Senegal (456,397 km²)

Total water withdrawal
Municipal: 100 million cubic meters (2020 est.)
Industrial: 30 million cubic meters (2020 est.)
Agricultural: 1.2 billion cubic meters (2020 est.)

Total renewable water resources: 11.4 billion cubic meters (2020 est.)

Natural hazards: hot, dry, dust/sand-laden sirocco wind primarily in March and April; periodic droughts

Note: Mauritania is considered both a part of North Africa's Maghreb region and West Africa's Sahel region; most of the population is concentrated in the cities of Nouakchott and Nouadhibou and along the Senegal River in the southern part of the country

Mauritania - People 2023
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Distribution: with most of the country being a desert, vast areas of the country, particularly in the central, northern, and eastern areas, are without sizeable population clusters; half the population lives in or around the coastal capital of Nouakchott; smaller clusters are found near the southern border with Mali and Senegal as shown in this [link]: 4,244,878 (2023 est.)
Growth rate: 1.96% (2023 est.)
Below poverty line: 31% (2014 est.)

Noun: Mauritanian(s)
Adjective: Mauritanian

Ethnic groups: Black Moors (Haratines - Arabic-speaking descendants of African origin who are or were enslaved by White Moors) 40%, White Moors (of Arab-Amazigh descent, known as Beydane) 30%, Sub-Saharan Mauritanians (non-Arabic speaking, largely resident in or originating from the Senegal River Valley, including Halpulaar, Fulani, Soninke, Wolof, and Bambara ethnic groups) 30%

Languages: Arabic (official and national), Pular, Soninke, Wolof (all national languages), French; note - the spoken Arabic in Mauritania differs considerably from the Modern Standard Arabic used for official written purposes or in the media; the Mauritanian dialect, which incorporates many Tamazight words, is referred to as Hassaniya
Major-language samples:
كتاب حقائق العالم، المصدر الذي لا يمكن الاستغناء عنه للمعلومات الأساسية (Arabic)

Gheos World Guide, the indispensable source for basic information.

Religions: Muslim (official) 100%

Demographic profile: With a sustained total fertility rate of about 3.5 children per woman and almost 60% of the population under the age of 25 as of 2020, Mauritania's population is likely to continue growing for the foreseeable future. Mauritania's large youth cohort is vital to its development prospects, but available schooling does not adequately prepare students for the workplace. Girls continue to be underrepresented in the classroom, educational quality remains poor, and the dropout rate is high. The literacy rate is only about 50%, even though access to primary education has improved since the mid-2000s. Women's restricted access to education and discriminatory laws maintain gender inequality - worsened by early and forced marriages and female genital cutting.
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 36.11% (male 769,229/female 763,465)
15-64 years: 59.58% (male 1,197,311/female 1,331,815)
65 years and over: 4.31% (2023 est.) (male 77,123/female 105,935)

Dependency ratios
Total dependency ratio: 82.7
Youth dependency ratio: 76.8
Elderly dependency ratio: 6
Potential support ratio: 16.8 (2021 est.)

Median age
Total: 21.9 years (2023 est.)
Male: 20.9 years
Female: 22.8 years

Population growth rate: 1.96% (2023 est.)

Birth rate: 27.6 births/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Death rate: 7.3 deaths/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Net migration rate: -0.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Population distribution: with most of the country being a desert, vast areas of the country, particularly in the central, northern, and eastern areas, are without sizeable population clusters; half the population lives in or around the coastal capital of Nouakchott; smaller clusters are found near the southern border with Mali and Senegal as shown in this [link]

Urban population: 57.7% of total population (2023)
Rate of urbanization: 3.84% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

Major urban areas
Population: 1.492 million NOUAKCHOTT (capital) (2023)

Current issues: overgrazing, deforestation, and soil erosion aggravated by drought are contributing to desertification; limited natural freshwater resources away from the Senegal, which is the only perennial river; locust infestation
International agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Climate Change-Paris Agreement, Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
International agreements signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Air pollutants
Particulate matter emissions: 41.98 micrograms per cubic meter (2019 est.)
Carbon dioxide emissions: 2.74 megatons (2016 est.)
Methane emissions: 6.16 megatons (2020 est.)

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.9 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.73 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2023 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth: 21.8 years (2019/21)
Note: data represents median age at first birth among women 25-49

Maternal mortality ratio: 465 deaths/100,000 live births (2020 est.)

Infant mortality rate
Total: 50 deaths/1,000 live births (2023 est.)
Male: 55.8 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 43.9 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 65.6 years (2023 est.)
Male: 63.1 years
Female: 68.1 years

Total fertility rate: 3.46 children born/woman (2023 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate: 11.5% (2019/20)

Drinking water source
Improved urban: 98.7% of population
Improved rural: 68.4% of population
Improved total: 85.2% of population
Unimproved urban: 1.3% of population
Unimproved rural: 31.6% of population
Unimproved total: 14.8% of population (2020 est.)

Current health expenditure: 3.4% of GDP (2020)

Physicians density: 0.19 physicians/1,000 population (2018)

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access
Improved urban:
83.5% of population

rural: 25.2% of population

total: 57.5% of population

Unimproved urban:
16.5% of population

rural: 74.8% of population

total: 42.5% of population (2020 est.)


Major infectious diseases
Degree of risk: very high (2023)
Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
Animal contact diseases: rabies
Respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis

Obesity adult prevalence rate: 12.7% (2016)

Alcohol consumption
Per capita total: 0 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)
Per capita beer: 0 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)
Per capita wine: 0 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)
Per capita spirits: 0 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)
Per capita other alcohols: 0 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

Tobacco use
Total: 10.7% (2020 est.)
Male: 19.3% (2020 est.)
Female: 2.1% (2020 est.)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight: 22.4% (2022)

Education expenditures: 1.9% of GDP (2020 est.)

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 67%
Male: 71.8%
Female: 62.2% (2021)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education
Total: 9 years
Male: 8 years
Female: 9 years (2020)

Youth unemployment
Rate ages 15 24 total: 23% (2021 est.)
Rate ages 15 24 male: 20.8%
Rate ages 15 24 female: 27.9%

Mauritania - Government 2023
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Country name
Conventional long form: Islamic Republic of Mauritania
Conventional short form: Mauritania
Local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al Islamiyah al Muritaniyah
Local short form: Muritaniyah
Etymology: named for the ancient kingdom of Mauretania (3rd century B.C. to 1st century A.D.) and the subsequent Roman province (1st-7th centuries A.D.), which existed further north in present-day Morocco; the name derives from the Mauri (Moors), the Berber-speaking peoples of northwest Africa

Government type: presidential republic

Name: Nouakchott
Geographic coordinates: 18 04 N, 15 58 W
Time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Etymology: may derive from the Berber "nawakshut" meaning "place of the winds"

Administrative divisions: 15 regions (wilayas, singular - wilaya); Adrar, Assaba, Brakna, Dakhlet Nouadhibou, Gorgol, Guidimaka, Hodh ech Chargui, Hodh El Gharbi, Inchiri, Nouakchott Nord, Nouakchott Ouest, Nouakchott Sud, Tagant, Tiris Zemmour, Trarza

Dependent areas

Independence: 28 November 1960 (from France)

National holiday: Independence Day, 28 November (1960)

History: previous 1964; latest adopted 12 July 1991
Amendments: proposed by the president of the republic or by Parliament; consideration of amendments by Parliament requires approval of at least one third of the membership; a referendum is held only if the amendment is approved by two-thirds majority vote; passage by referendum requires simple majority vote by eligible voters; passage of amendments proposed by the president can bypass a referendum if approved by at least three-fifths majority vote by Parliament; amended 2006, 2012, 2017

Legal system: mixed legal system of Islamic and French civil law

International law organization participation: has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt

Citizenship by birth: no
Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Mauritania
Dual citizenship recognized: no
Residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Mohamed Ould Cheikh el GHAZOUANI (since 1 August 2019)
Head of government: Prime Minister Mohamed Ould BILAL (since 6 August 2020)
Cabinet: Council of Ministers - nominees suggested by the prime minister, appointed by the president
Elections/appointments: president directly elected by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a 5-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 22 June 2019 (next to be held on 22 June 2024); prime minister appointed by the president
Election results:

Mohamed Ould Cheikh El GHAZOUANI elected president in first round; percent of vote - Mahamed Ould Cheikh El GHAZOUANI (UPR) 52%, Biram Dah Ould ABEID (independent) 18.6%, Sidi Mohamed Ould BOUBACAR (independent) 17.9%, other 11.5%

2014: Mohamed Ould Abdel AZIZ elected president in first round; percent of vote - Mohamed Ould Abdel AZIZ (UPR) 81.9%, Biram Dah ABEID (IRA) 8.7%, Boidiel Ould HOUMEIT (El Wiam) 4.5%, Ibrahima Moctar SARR (SJD/MR) 4.4%, other 0.5%

Legislative branch
Description: unicameral Parliament or Barlamane consists of the National Assembly or Al Jamiya Al Wataniya (176 seats statutory; 88 members filled from one or two seat constituencies elected by a two-round majority system and the other 88 members filled from a single, nationwide constituency directly elected by proportional representation vote); 20 seats are reserved for women candidates in the nationwide constituency, 11 seats are reserved for young candidates (aged between 25 and 35), and 4 members directly elected by the diaspora; all members serve 5-year terms
Elections: last held in 2 rounds on 13 and 27 May 2023 (next to be held in May 2,028)
Election results: National Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - El INSAF 107, Tawassoul 11, UDP 10, FRUD (Republican Front for Unity and Democracy) 7, El Islah (Reformist Party) 6, National Democratic Alliance (AND) 6, El Karama (Dignity Party) 5, Nida Al-Watan 5, Sawab 5, Alliance for Justice and Democracy/Movement for Renewal 4, Hiwar 3, Mauritanian Party for Union and Change (HATEM) 3, El Vadila (Party of Virtue) 2, Union for Planning and Construction (UPC) 1, Party of the Mauritanian Masses (Hakam) 1; composition - men, 135, women 41, percent of women elected 23.3%
Note: the early parliamentary elections in 2023 were the first to be held under President Mohamed Ould Cheikh El Ghazouani, elected in 2019 in a first peaceful transition of power; the elections followed the agreement between the government and parties in September 2022 to renew the Independent National Electoral Commission (CENI) and hold the elections in the first semester of 2023 for climatic and logistical reasons

Judicial branch
Highest courts: Supreme Court or Cour Supreme (subdivided into 7 chambers: 2 civil, 2 labor, 1 commercial, 1 administrative, and 1 criminal, each with a chamber president and 2 councilors ); Constitutional Council (consists of 9 members); High Court of Justice (consists of 9 members)
Judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court president appointed by the president of the republic to serve a 5-year renewable term; Constitutional Council members appointed - 3 by the president of the republic, 2 by the president of the National Assembly, 1 by the prime minister, 1 by the leader of the democratic opposition, 1 by the largest opposition party in the National Assembly, and 1 by the second largest party in the National Assembly; members serve single, 9-year terms with one-third of membership renewed every 3 years; High Court of Justice members appointed by Parliament - 6 by the ruling Coalition of Majority Parties and 3 by opposition parties
Subordinate courts: Courts of Appeal; courts of first instance or wilya courts are established in the regions' headquarters and include commercial and labor courts, criminal courts, Moughataa (district) Courts, and informal/customary courts

Political parties and leaders:
Alliance for Justice and Democracy/Movement for Renewal or AJD/MR [Ibrahima Moctar SARR]
El Insaf or Equity Party [Mohamed Melainine Ould EYIH]
El Islah Party [Mohamed Ould TALEBNA]
El Karama Party [Cheikhna Ould Mohamed Ould HAJBOU]
El Vadila [Ethmane Ould Cheikh Ahmed Eboul MEALY]
FRUD (Republican Front for Unity and Democracy) [Kadiata Malick DIALLO]
Mauritanian Party of Union and Change (HATEM) [Saleh Ould HANENNA]
National Democratic Alliance or AND [Yacoub Ould MOINE]
National Rally for Reform and Development or RNRD or TAWASSOUL [Hamadi Ould Sidi MOKHTAR]
Nida El-Watan [Daoud Ould Ahmed AICHA]
Party for Conciliation and Prosperity or HIWAR [Valle Mint Mini]
Party of the Mauritanian Masses (Hakam) [El Khalil Ould ENNAHOUI]
Sawab Party [Ahmed Salem Ould HORMA]
Union for Democracy and Progress or UDP [Naha Mint MOUKNASS]
Union of Planning and Construction (UPC) [Qari Ould Mohamed ABDALLAHI]

Note: only parties with seats in the National Assembly listed

International organization participation: ABEDA, ACP, AfDB, AFESD, AMF, AMU, AU, CAEU, EITI (compliant country), FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (NGOs), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO (pending member), ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), LAS, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHRC, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador BOIDE Cisse (since 15 September 2021)
In the us chancery: 2,129 Leroy Place NW, Washington, DC 20,008
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 232-5,700
In the us FAX: [1] (202) 319-2,623
In the us email address and website:;


From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Cynthia KIERSCHT (since 27 January 2021)
From the us embassy: Nouadhibou Road, Avenue Al Quds, NOT PRTZ, Nouakchott
From the us mailing address: 2,430 Nouakchott Place, Washington DC 20,521-2,430
From the us telephone: [222] 4,525-2,660
From the us FAX: [222] 4,525-1592
From the us email address and website:


Flag descriptionflag of Mauritania: green with a yellow, five-pointed star between the horns of a yellow, upward-pointing crescent moon; red stripes along the top and bottom edges; the crescent, star, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam; green also represents hope for a bright future; the yellow color stands for the sands of the Sahara; red symbolizes the blood shed in the struggle for independence

National symbols: five-pointed star between the horns of a horizontal crescent moon; national colors: green, yellow

National anthem
Name: "Mauritania - Economy 2023
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Economy overview: lower middle-income West African economy; primarily agrarian; rising urbanization; poor property rights; systemic corruption; endemic social and workforce tensions; wide-scale terrorism; foreign over-fishing; environmentally fragile

Real gdp purchasing power parity:
$24.494 billion (2021 est.)
$23.909 billion (2020 est.)
$24.136 billion (2019 est.)

Note: data are in 2017 dollars

Real gdp growth rate:
2.45% (2021 est.)
-0.94% (2020 est.)
5.3% (2019 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use
Household consumption: 64.9% (2017 est.)
Government consumption: 21.8% (2017 est.)
Investment in fixed capital: 56.1% (2017 est.)
Investment in inventories: -3.2% (2017 est.)
Exports of goods and services: 39% (2017 est.)
Imports of goods and services: -78.6% (2017 est.)

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 27.8% (2017 est.)
Industry: 29.3% (2017 est.)
Services: 42.9% (2017 est.)

Agriculture products

Industries: fish processing, oil production, mining (iron ore, gold, copper)
Note: gypsum deposits have never been exploited

Industrial production growth rate: -6.61% (2021 est.)

Labor force: 1.197 million (2021 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate:
11.46% (2021 est.)
11.27% (2020 est.)
10.39% (2019 est.)

Youth unemployment
Rate ages 15 24 total: 23% (2021 est.)
Rate ages 15 24 male: 20.8%
Rate ages 15 24 female: 27.9%

Population below poverty line: 31% (2014 est.)

Gini index
Coefficient distribution of family income: 32.6 (2014 est.)

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10%: 2.5%
Highest 10%: 29.5% (2000)

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $1.617 billion (2019 est.)
Expenditures: $1.407 billion (2019 est.)
Surplus  or deficit: -0.8% (of GDP) (2017 est.)

Public debt:
96.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
100% of GDP (2016 est.)

Taxes and other revenues: 27.4% (of GDP) (2017 est.)

From forest resources: 1.3% of GDP (2018 est.)
From coal: 0% of GDP (2018 est.)

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance:
-$807.862 million (2021 est.)
-$576.175 million (2020 est.)
-$831.106 million (2019 est.)

Inflation rate consumer prices:
3.57% (2021 est.)
2.39% (2020 est.)
2.3% (2019 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance:
-$807.862 million (2021 est.)
-$576.175 million (2020 est.)
-$831.106 million (2019 est.)

$3.18 billion (2021 est.) note: data are in current year dollars
$2.784 billion (2020 est.) note: data are in current year dollars
$2.525 billion (2019 est.)

Partners: China 32%, Switzerland 13%, Spain 9%, Japan 9%, Italy 5% (2019)
Commodities: iron ore, gold, mollusks and shellfish, frozen fish, copper ore (2021)

$4.312 billion (2021 est.) note: data are in current year dollars
$3.675 billion (2020 est.) note: data are in current year dollars
$3.683 billion (2019 est.)

Partners: China 26%, France 6%, Spain 6%, Morocco 6%, United Arab Emirates 5% (2019)
Commodities: ships, aircraft, wheat, raw sugar, refined petroleum (2019)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$2.039 billion (31 December 2021 est.)
$1.493 billion (31 December 2020 est.)
$1.029 billion (31 December 2019 est.)

Debt external:
$4.15 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$3.899 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates:
ouguiyas (MRO) per US dollar - 36.063 (2021 est.)
37.189 (2020 est.)
36.691 (2019 est.)
35.678 (2018 est.)
35.794 (2017 est.)

Mauritania - Energy 2023
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Electricity access
Population without electricity: 3 million (2020)
Electrification-total population: 47.6% (2021)
Electrification-urban areas: 89.6% (2021)
Electrification-rural areas: 1% (2020)

Electricity production

Electricity consumption: 1.577 billion kWh (2019 est.)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (2019 est.)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (2019 est.)

Electricity installed generating capacity: 656,000 kW (2020 est.)

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources
Fossil fuels: 73.2% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)
Nuclear: 0% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)
Solar: 8.1% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)
Wind: 6.8% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)
Hydroelectricity: 11.9% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)
Tide and wave: 0% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)
Geothermal: 0% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)
Biomass and waste: 0% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)

Total petroleum production: 0 bbl/day (2021 est.)
Refined petroleum consumption: 27,500 bbl/day (2019 est.)
Crude oil and lease condensate exports: 4,800 bbl/day (2018 est.)
Crude oil and lease condensate imports: 0 bbl/day (2018 est.)
Crude oil estimated reserves: 20 million barrels (2021 est.)

Refined petroleum
Products production: 0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
Products exports: 0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
Products imports: 17,290 bbl/day (2015 est.)

Natural gas
Production: 0 cubic meters (2021 est.)
Consumption: 0 cubic meters (2021 est.)
Exports: 0 cubic meters (2021 est.)
Imports: 0 cubic meters (2021 est.)
Proven reserves: 28.317 billion cubic meters (2021 est.)

Carbon dioxide emissions: 4.041 million metric tonnes of CO2 (2019 est.)
From coal and metallurgical coke: 0 metric tonnes of CO2 (2019 est.)
From petroleum and other liquids: 4.041 million metric tonnes of CO2 (2019 est.)
From consumed natural gas: 0 metric tonnes of CO2 (2019 est.)

Energy consumption per capita: 13.558 million Btu/person (2019 est.)

Mauritania - Communication 2023
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Telephones fixed lines
Total subscriptions: 47,503 (2022 est.)
Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 1 (2021 est.)

Telephones mobile cellular
Total subscriptions: 6,512,361 (2021 est.)
Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 141 (2021 est.)

Telephone system

Broadcast media: 12 TV stations: 6 government-owned and 6 private (the 6th was started in early 2022, owed by the President of Mauritanian Businessmen); in October 2017, the government suspended most private TV stations due to non-payment of broadcasting fees, but they later negotiated payment options with the government and are back since 2019. There are 19 radio broadcasters: 15 government-owned, 4 (Radio Nouakchott Libre, Radio Tenwir, Radio Kobeni and Mauritanid) private; all 4 private radio stations broadcast from Nouakchott; of the 15 government stations, 4 broadcast from Nouakchott (Radio Mauritanie, Radio Jeunesse, Radio Koran and Mauritanid) and the other 12 broadcast from each of the 12 regions outside Nouakchott; Radio Jeunesse and Radio Koran are now also being re-broadcast in all the regions. (2022)

Internet country code: .mr

Internet users
Total: 2.714 million (2021 est.)
Percent of population: 59% (2021 est.)

Broadband fixed subscriptions
Total: 18,457 (2020 est.)
Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 0.4 (2020 est.)

Mauritania - Military 2023
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Military expenditures:
2.5% of GDP (2022 est.)
2.4% of GDP (2021 est.)
2.5% of GDP (2020 est.)
2.1% of GDP (2019 est.)
2.3% of GDP (2018 est.)

Military and security forces:
Mauritanian Armed Forces (aka Armée Nationale Mauritanienne): National Army, National Navy (Marine Nationale), Mauritania Islamic Air Force; Gendarmerie (Ministry of Defense)

Ministry of Interior and Decentralization: National Police, National Guard, General Group for Road Safety (2023)

Note 1: the National Police are responsible for enforcing the law and maintaining order in urban areas, while the paramilitary Gendarmerie is responsible for maintaining civil order around metropolitan areas and providing law enforcement services in rural areas; like the Mauritanian Armed Forces, the Gendarmerie is under the Ministry of Defense, but also supports the ministries of Interior and Justice
Note 2: the National Guard performs a limited police function in keeping with its peacetime role of providing security at government facilities, to include prisons; regional authorities may call upon the National Guard to restore civil order during riots and other large-scale disturbances 
Note 3: the General Group for Road Safety maintains security on roads and operates checkpoints throughout the country

Military service age and obligation: 18 is the legal minimum age for voluntary military service; has a compulsory two-year military service law, but the law has reportedly never been applied (2022)

Terrorist groups
Terrorist groups: Al-Qa'ida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM)

Mauritania - Transportation 2023
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National air transport system
Number of registered air carriers: 1 (2020)
Inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 6
Annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 454,435 (2018)

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix: 5T

Airports: 30 (2021)
With paved runways: 9
With paved runways note: paved runways have a concrete or asphalt surface but not all have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control; the length of a runway required for aircraft to safely operate depends on a number of factors including the type of aircraft, the takeoff weight (including passengers, cargo, and fuel), engine types, flap settings, landing speed, elevation of the airport, and average maximum daily air temperature; paved runways can reach a length of 5,000 m (16,000 ft.), but the “typical” length of a commercial airline runway is between 2,500-4,000 m (8,000-13,000 ft.)
With unpaved runways: 21
With unpaved runways note: unpaved runways have a surface composition such as grass or packed earth and are most suited to the operation of light aircraft; unpaved runways are usually short, often less than 1,000 m (3,280 ft.) in length; airports with unpaved runways often lack facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control

Airports with paved runways: 9
Note: paved runways have a concrete or asphalt surface but not all have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control; the length of a runway required for aircraft to safely operate depends on a number of factors including the type of aircraft, the takeoff weight (including passengers, cargo, and fuel), engine types, flap settings, landing speed, elevation of the airport, and average maximum daily air temperature; paved runways can reach a length of 5,000 m (16,000 ft.), but the “typical” length of a commercial airline runway is between 2,500-4,000 m (8,000-13,000 ft.)

Airports with unpaved runways: 21
Note: unpaved runways have a surface composition such as grass or packed earth and are most suited to the operation of light aircraft; unpaved runways are usually short, often less than 1,000 m (3,280 ft.) in length; airports with unpaved runways often lack facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control



Total: 728 km (2014)
Standard gauge: 728 km (2014) 1.435-m gauge

Total: 12,253 km (2018)
Paved: 3,988 km (2018)
Unpaved: 8,265 km (2018)

Waterways: 1,086 km (2022) (some navigation possible on the Senegal River)

Merchant marine
Total: 11 (2022)
By type: general cargo 2, other 9

Ports and terminals
Major seaports: Nouadhibou, Nouakchott

Mauritania - Transnational issues 2023
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Disputes internationalMauritania-Algeria: none identified

Refugees and internally displaced persons
Refugees country of origin: 26,000 (Sahrawis) (2021); 104,080 (Mali) (2023)

Illicit drugs: NA

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