Statistical information Navassa Island 2023Navassa%20Island

Map of Navassa Island | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Navassa Island in the World
Navassa Island in the World

Iberostar Hotels

Navassa Island - Introduction 2023
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Background: This uninhabited island was claimed by the US in 1857 for its guano. Mining took place between 1865 and 1898. The lighthouse, built in 1917, was shut down in 1996 and administration of Navassa Island transferred from the US Coast Guard to the Department of the Interior, Office of Insular Affairs. A 1998 scientific expedition to the island described it as a "unique preserve of Caribbean biodiversity." The following year it became a National Wildlife Refuge and annual scientific expeditions have continued.

Navassa Island - Geography 2023
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Location: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, 30 nm west of Tiburon Peninsula of Haiti

Geographic coordinates: 18 25 N, 75 02 W

Map referenceCentral America and the Caribbean

Total: 5 km²
Land: 5.4 km²
Water: 0 km²
Comparative: about nine times the size of the National Mall in Washington, DC

Land boundaries
Total: 0 km

Coastline: 8 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Climate: marine, tropical

Terrain: raised flat to undulating coral and limestone plateau; ringed by vertical white cliffs (9 to 15 m high)

Highest point: 200 m NNW of lighthouse 85 m
Lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

Natural resources: guano (mining discontinued in 1898)
Land use

Land use
Other: 100% (2018 est.)

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: hurricanes

Note: strategic location 160 km south of the US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba; mostly exposed rock with numerous solution holes (limestone sinkholes) but with enough grassland to support goat herds; dense stands of fig trees, scattered cactus

Navassa Island - People 2023
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Population: uninhabited; transient Haitian fishermen and others camp on the island


Ethnic groups



Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: NA
15-64 years: NA
65 years and over: NA

Dependency ratios
Total dependency ratio: NA
Youth dependency ratio: NA
Elderly dependency ratio: NA
Potential support ratio: NA

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: NA

Death rate: NA

Net migration rate

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: some coral bleaching

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate

Contraceptive prevalence rate: NA

Drinking water source
Improved urban: NA
Improved rural: NA
Improved total: NA
Unimproved urban: NA
Unimproved rural: NA
Unimproved total: NA

Current health expenditure: NA

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight: NA

Education expenditures: NA


School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Navassa Island - Government 2023
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Navassa Island
Etymology: the flat island was named "Navaza" by some of Christopher COLUMBUS' sailors in 1504; the name derives from the Spanish term "nava" meaning "flat land, plain, or field"

Government type


Administrative divisions

Dependent areas


National holiday


Legal system: the laws of the US apply where applicable

International law organization participation



Executive branch

Legislative branch

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation

Diplomatic representation
From the us embassy: none (territory of the US)

Flag descriptionflag of Navassa%20Island: the flag of the US is used

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Navassa Island - Economy 2023
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Economy overview

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products


Industrial production growth rate

Labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index


Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance



Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates

Navassa Island - Energy 2023
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Navassa Island - Communication 2023
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Navassa Island - Military 2023
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Navassa Island - Transportation 2023
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals: none; offshore anchorage only

Navassa Island - Transnational issues 2023
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Disputes internationalNavassa Island (US)-Haiti: claimed by Haiti and is in Haiti’s constitution; the waters around Navassa island are a source of subsistence for Haitian fishermen

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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