Statistical information Netherlands Antilles 2010Netherlands%20Antilles

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Netherlands Antilles in the World

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Netherlands Antilles - Introduction 2010
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Background: Once the center of the Caribbean slave trade the island of Curacao was hard hit by the abolition of slavery in 1863. Its prosperity (and that of neighboring Aruba) was restored in the early 20th century with the construction of oil refineries to service newly discovered Venezuelan oil fields. The island of Saint Martin is shared with France; its southern portion is named Sint Maarten and is part of the Netherlands Antilles; its northern portion called Saint Martin is an overseas collectivity of France.


Netherlands Antilles - Geography 2010
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Location: Caribbean two island groups in the Caribbean Sea - composed of five islands Curacao and Bonaire located off the coast of Venezuela and Sint Maarten Saba and Sint Eustatius lie east of the US Virgin Islands

Geographic coordinates
Bonaire: 12 12 N 68 15 W
Curacao: 12 10 N 69 00 W
Saba: 17 38 N 63 14 W
Sint eustatius: 17 30 N 62 58 W
Sint maarten: 18 04 N 63 04 W

Map referenceCentral America and the Caribbean

Area
Total: 800 km²
Rank: 187
Land: 800 km²
Water: 0 km²
Note: includes Bonaire Curacao Saba Sint Eustatius and Sint Maarten (Dutch part of the island of Saint Martin)
Comparative: more than five times the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries
Total: 15 km
Border countries: (1) Saint-Martin 15 km

Coastline: 364 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; ameliorated by northeast trade winds

Terrain: generally hilly volcanic interiors

Elevation
Extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
Extremes highest point: Mount Scenery 862 m

Natural resources: phosphates (Curacao only) salt (Bonaire only)
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 10%
Permanent crops: 0%
Other: 90% (2005)

Irrigated land: NA

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: Sint Maarten Saba and Sint Eustatius are subject to hurricanes from July to October; Curacao and Bonaire are south of Caribbean hurricane belt and are rarely threatened

Geography
Note: the five islands of the Netherlands Antilles are divided geographically into the Leeward Islands (northern) group (Saba Sint Eustatius and Sint Maarten) and the Windward Islands (southern) group (Bonaire and Curacao); the island of Saint Martin is the smallest landmass in the world shared by two independent states the French territory of Saint Martin and the Dutch territory of Sint Maarten


Netherlands Antilles - People 2010
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Population: 228,693 (July 2010 est.)
Rank: 183
Growth rate: 0.712% (2010 est.)
Growth rate rank: 142
Below poverty line: NA%

Nationality
Noun: Dutch Antillean
Adjective: Dutch Antillean

Ethnic groups: mixed black 85% other 15% (includes Carib Amerindian white East Asian)

Languages: Papiamento 65.4% (a Spanish-Portuguese-Dutch-English dialect) English 15.9% (widely spoken) Dutch 7.3% (official) Spanish 6.1% Creole 1.6% other 1.9% unspecified 1.8% (2001 census)

Religions: Roman Catholic 72% Pentecostal 4.9% Protestant 3.5% Seventh-Day Adventist 3.1% Methodist 2.9% Jehovah's Witnesses 1.7% other Christian 4.2% Jewish 1.3% other or unspecified 1.2% none 5.2% (2001 census)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 22.7%
15-64 years: 67.7% (male 74,183/female 79,434)
65 years and over: 9.6% (male 8,875/female 12,966) (2010 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age
Total: 34.1 years
Male: 32.1 years
Female: 35.8 years (2010 est.)

Population growth rate: 0.712% (2010 est.)
Rank: 142

Birth rate: 14.05 births/1000 population (2010 est.)
Rank: 150

Death rate: 6.54 deaths/1000 population (July 2010 est.)
Rank: 149

Net migration rate: -0.39 migrant(s)/1000 population (2010 est.)
Rank: 139

Population distribution

Urbanization
Urban population: 93% of total population
Rate of urbanization: 1.6% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.05 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2010 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate
Total: 8.83 deaths/1000 live births
Rank: 157
Male: 9.49 deaths/1000 live births
Female: 8.15 deaths/1000 live births (2010 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 76.86 years
Rank: 66
Male: 74.52 years
Female: 79.31 years (2010 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.97 children born/woman (2010 est.)
Rank: 132

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids
Adult prevalence rate: NA
People living with hivaids: NA
Deaths: NA

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures: NA

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 96.7%
Male: 96.7%
Female: 96.8% (2003 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education
Total: 14 years
Male: 14 years
Female: 15 years (2002)

Youth unemployment


Netherlands Antilles - Government 2010
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Netherlands Antilles
Local long form: none
Local short form: Nederlandse Antillen
Former: Curacao and Dependencies

Government type: parliamentary

Capital
Name: Willemstad
Geographic coordinates: 12 06 N 68 56 W
Time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions: none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
Note: each island has its own government

Dependent areas

Independence: none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)

National holiday: Queen's Day (Birthday of Queen-Mother JULIANA and accession to the throne of her oldest daughter BEATRIX) 30 April (1909 and 1980)

Constitution: 29 December 1954 Statute of the Realm of the Netherlands as amended

Legal system: based on Dutch civil law system with some English common law influence

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen BEATRIX of the Netherlands ; represented by Governor General Frits GOEDGEDRAG (since 1 July 2002)
Head of government: Prime Minister Emily de JONGH-ELHAGE (since 26 March 2006)
Cabinet: Council of Ministers elected by the Staten (legislature)
Elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch for a six-year term; following legislative elections the leader of the majority party usually elected prime minister by the Staten; election last held on 22 January 2010 (next to be held by 2014)
Note: government coalition - PAR PNP NA UPB WIPM Saba DP-St. E

Legislative branch: unicameral States or Staten (22 seats; Curacao 14 Bonaire 3 St. Maarten 3 St. Eustatius 1 Saba 1; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
Elections: last held on 22 January 2010 (next to be held in 2014)
Election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PAR 6 LdK 5 National Alliance 3 PS 2 UPB 2 PNP 1 DP-St. E 1 PDB 1 WIPM 1
Note: the government is a coalition of several parties

Judicial branch: Joint High Court of Justice (judges appointed by the monarch)

Political parties and leaders
Bonaire: Democratic Party of Bonaire or PDB [Jopi ABRAHAM]; Patriotic Union of Bonaire or UPB [Ramonsito BOOI]
Curacao: Ban Vota [Norbert GEORGE]; C-93 [Stanley BROWN]; Democratic Party of Curacao or DP [Errol HERNANDEZ]; E Mayoria [Aurelio PEDRO]; Forsa Korsou [Nelson NAVARRO]; Lista di Kambio or LdK (coalition of MAN NPA and FK); Liste Ni'un Paso Atras [Nelson PIERRE]; Movemiento Patriotiko Korsou [Reginald LAK]; New Antilles Movement or MAN [Charles COOPER]; Partido Akshon Pa Prosperidat I Seguridat [Sonja BERKEMEYER]; Partido Laboral Krusada Popular or PLKP [Errol COVA]; Party for the Restructured Antilles or PAR [Emily de JONGH-ELHAGE]; People's National Party or PNP [Ersilia DE LANNOOY]; Pidjin [Jasmin PINEDO]; Pueblo Soberano or PS [Herman WIELS]; Workers' Liberation Front or FOL [Anthony GODETT]
Saba: Saba Labor Party [Akilah LEVENSTONE]; Windward Islands People's Movement or WIPM [Ray HASSELL]
Sint eustatius: Democratic Party of Sint Eustatius or DP-St. E [Julian WOODLEY]; Progressive Labor Party [Clyde VAN PUTTEN]; St. Eustatius Alliance [Ingrid HOUTMAN-WHITFIELD]
Sint maarten: Democratic Party of Sint Maarten or DP-St. M [Sarah WESCOTT-WILLIAMS]; Freedom Slate of National Democratic Party [Theophilus PRIEST]; National Alliance or NA [William MARLIN]; People's Progressive Alliance or PPA [Gracita ARRINDELL]; St. Maarten People's Party [Johan LEONARD]; United People's Labor Party [Bienvenido RICHARDSON]
Note: political parties are indigenous to each island

International organization participation: Caricom (observer) FATF ILO IMF Interpol IOC UNESCO (associate) UNWTO (associate) UPU WCO WMO

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (represented by the Kingdom of the Netherlands); note - Mr. Jeffrey CORRION Minister Plenipotentiary for Aruba at the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
From the us chief of mission: Consul General Timothy J. DUNN
From the us consulate general: J. B. Gorsiraweg #1 Willemstad Curacao
From the us mailing address: P. O. Box 158 Willemstad Curacao
From the us telephone: [599] (9) 461-3,066
From the us fax: [599] (9) 461-6,489

Flag descriptionflag of Netherlands%20Antilles: white with a horizontal blue stripe in the center superimposed on a vertical red band also centered; five white five-pointed stars are arranged in an oval pattern in the center of the blue band; the colors reflect those of the Netherlands; the five stars represent the five main islands of Bonaire Curacao Saba Sint Eustatius and Sint Maarten

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Netherlands Antilles - Economy 2010
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Economy overview: Tourism petroleum refining and offshore finance are the mainstays of this small economy which is closely tied to the outside world. Although GDP has declined or grown slightly in each of the past eight years the islands enjoy a high per capita income and a well-developed infrastructure compared with other countries in the region. The Venezuelan state oil company owns the single refinery on the island; most of the oil for the refinery is imported from Venezuela. Almost all consumer and capital goods are imported with the US Braxil Italy and Mexico being the major suppliers. Poor soils and inadequate water supplies hamper the development of agriculture. Budgetary problems hamper reform of the health and pension systems of an aging population. The Netherlands provides financial aid to support the economy.

Real gdp purchasing power parity: $2.8 billion (2004 est.)
Rank: 178

Real gdp growth rate: 1% (2004 est.)
Rank: 183

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 1%
Industry: 15%
Services: 84% (2000 est.)

Agriculture products: aloes sorghum peanuts vegetables tropical fruit

Industries: tourism (Curacao Sint Maarten and Bonaire) petroleum refining (Curacao) petroleum transshipment facilities (Curacao and Bonaire) light manufacturing (Curacao)

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 91,470 (2007)
Rank: 183
By occupation agriculture: 1%
By occupation industry: 20%
By occupation services: 79% (2005 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 15.5% (2002 est.)
Rank: 154

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $757.9 million
Expenditures: $949.5 million (2004)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 2.1% (2003 est.)
Rank: 58

Central bank discount rate:
NA% (31 December 2009)
NA% (31 December 2008)


Commercial bank prime lending rate: 8.33% (31 December 2008 est.)
Rank: 115

Stock of narrow money:
$1.517 billion (31 December 2009)
$1.295 billion (31 December 2008)


Stock of broad money:
$4.286 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
$3.881 billion (31 December 2008 est.)


Stock of domestic credit: $3.286 billion (31 December 2008)
Rank: 116

Market value of publicly traded shares: $488.6 billion (2003)
Rank: 19

Current account balance

Exports: $3.71 billion (2006)
Rank: 120
Commodities: petroleum products
Partners: US 13.09% Guatemala 10.84% Singapore 10.65% Dominican Republic 9.6% Haiti 7.6% Bahamas 6.05% Honduras 4.54% Mexico 4.2% (2009)

Imports: $15.74 billion (2006)
Rank: 79
Commodities: crude petroleum food manufactures
Partners: Venezuela 57.3% US 19.18% Brazil 8.11% (2009)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $2.68 billion (2004)
Rank: 135

Stock of direct foreign investment at home: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad: $NA

Exchange rates: Netherlands Antillean guilders (ANG) per US dollar - 1.79 (2009) 1.79 (2008) 1.79 (2007) 1.79 (2006)


Netherlands Antilles - Energy 2010
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 1.22 billion kWh (2007 est.)
Rank: 143

Electricity consumption: 1.013 billion kWh (2007 est.)
Rank: 145

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (2008 est.)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas
Production: 0 m³ (2008 est.)
Production rank: 157
Consumption: 0 m³ (2008 est.)
Consumption rank: 131
Exports: 0 m³ (2008 est.)
Exports rank: 87
Imports: 0 m³ (2008 est.)
Imports rank: 148
Proved reserves: 0 m³ (1 January 2010 est.)
Proved reserves rank: 152

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Netherlands Antilles - Communication 2010
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 200,000 (2004)
Rank: 173

Telephone system
General assessment: generally adequate facilities
Domestic: extensive interisland microwave radio relay links
International: country code - 599; the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) and the Americas-2 submarine cable systems provide connectivity to Central America parts of South America and the Caribbean and the US; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)

Broadcast media: government-run television on Curacao provides service to Bonaire and Saba; the Leeward Broadcasting Corporation provides television service to Sint Maarten; cable TV subscription service provides access to programming from Venezuela and the US; roughly 30 radio stations and repeaters operating (2007)

Internet country code: .an

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Netherlands Antilles - Military 2010
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation: 16 years of age for National Guard recruitment; no conscription (2004)

Terrorist groups


Netherlands Antilles - Transportation 2010
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 5 (2010)
Rank: 181
With paved runways total: 5
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 1
With paved runways under 914 m: 1 (2010)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 5
Over 3047 m: 1
2438 to 3047 m: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 1
914 to 1523 m: 1
Under 914 m: 1 (2010)

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways
Total: 845 km
Rank: 185

Waterways

Merchant marine
Total: 120
Rank: 46
By type: barge carrier 2 bulk carrier 2 cargo 59 carrier 18 chemical tanker 1 container 1 liquefied gas 2 passenger 1 petroleum tanker 3 refrigerated cargo 26 roll on/roll off 5
Foreign owned: 101 (Angola 2 Cuba 1 Denmark 1 Estonia 1 Germany 32 Hong Kong 1 Netherlands 52 Norway 2 Sweden 1 Turkey 8)
Registered in other countries: 1 (Cook Islands 1) (2010)

Ports and terminals: Bopec Terminal Willemstad


Netherlands Antilles - Transnational issues 2010
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: transshipment point for South American drugs bound for the US and Europe; money-laundering center


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