Statistical information French Southern and Antarctic Lands 2023French%20Southern%20and%20Antarctic%20Lands

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French Southern and Antarctic Lands in the World
French Southern and Antarctic Lands in the World


French Southern and Antarctic Lands - Introduction 2023
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Background: In February 2007, the Iles Eparses became an integral part of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands (TAAF). The Southern Lands are now divided into five administrative districts, two of which are archipelagos, Iles Crozet and Iles Kerguelen; the third is a district composed of two volcanic islands, Ile Saint-Paul and Ile Amsterdam; the fourth, Iles Eparses, consists of five scattered tropical islands around Madagascar. They contain no permanent inhabitants and are visited only by researchers studying the native fauna, scientists at the various scientific stations, fishermen, and military personnel. The fifth district is the Antarctic portion, which consists of "Adelie Land," a thin slice of the Antarctic continent discovered and claimed by the French in 1840.

French Southern and Antarctic Lands - Geography 2023
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Location: southeast and east of Africa, islands in the southern Indian Ocean, some near Madagascar and others about equidistant between Africa, Antarctica, and Australia; note - French Southern and Antarctic Lands include Ile Amsterdam, Ile Saint-Paul, Iles Crozet, Iles Kerguelen, Bassas da India, Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island, and Tromelin Island in the southern Indian Ocean, along with the French-claimed sector of Antarctica, "Adelie Land"; the US does not recognize the French claim to "Adelie Land"

Geographic coordinates
Ile Amsterdam: 37 50 S, 77 32 E;

Map referenceAntarctic RegionAfrica

55 km² (Ile Amsterdam: total - 55 km²; land - 55 km²; water - 0 km²)
Ile Saint-Paul (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul)

Comparative Ile Amsterdam: less than one-half the size of Washington, DC;

Land boundaries
Total: 0 km

IleAmsterdam: 28 km
Ile Saint-Paul (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul)

Maritime claims
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm from Iles Kerguelen and Iles Eparses (does not include the rest of French Southern and Antarctic Lands); Juan de Nova Island and Tromelin Island claim a continental shelf of 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

Climate: Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul: oceanic with persistent westerly winds and high humidity;
Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul: oceanic with persistent westerly winds and high humidity;

Terrain: Ile Amsterdam: a volcanic island with steep coastal cliffs; the center floor of the volcano is a large plateau;

Highest point: Natural resources: fish, crayfish, note, Glorioso Islands and Tromelin Island (Iles Eparses) have guano, phosphates, and coconuts
Note: in the 1950's and 1960's, several species of trout were introduced to Iles Kerguelen of which two, Brown trout and Brook trout, survived to establish wild populations; reindeer were also introduced to Iles Kerguelen in 1956 as a source of fresh meat for whaling crews, the herd today, one of two in the Southern Hemisphere, is estimated to number around 4,000
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: Ile Amsterdam and Ile Saint-Paul are inactive volcanoes; Iles Eparses subject to periodic cyclones; Bassas da India is a maritime hazard since it is under water for a period of three hours prior to and following the high tide and surrounded by reefs

Note: islands' component is widely scattered across remote locations in the southern Indian Ocean

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no indigenous inhabitants
Ile Amsterdam: uninhabited but has a meteorological station
Ile Saint-Paul: uninhabited but is frequently visited by fishermen and has a scientific research cabin for short stays
Iles Crozet: uninhabited except for 18 to 30 people staffing the Alfred Faure research station on Ile del la Possession
Iles Kerguelen: 50 to 100 scientists are located at the main base at Port-aux-Francais on Ile Kerguelen


Ethnic groups



Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: NA
15-64 years: NA
65 years and over: NA

Dependency ratios
Total dependency ratio: NA
Youth dependency ratio: NA
Elderly dependency ratio: NA
Potential support ratio: NA

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: NA

Death rate: NA

Net migration rate

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: introduction of foreign species on Iles Crozet has caused severe damage to the original ecosystem; overfishing of Patagonian toothfish around Iles Crozet and Iles Kerguelen

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate

Contraceptive prevalence rate: NA

Drinking water source
Improved urban: NA
Improved rural: NA
Improved total: NA
Unimproved urban: NA
Unimproved rural: NA
Unimproved total: NA

Current health expenditure: NA

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight: NA

Education expenditures: NA


School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

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Country name
Conventional long form: Territory of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands
Conventional short form: French Southern and Antarctic Lands
Local long form: Territoire des Terres Australes et Antarctiques Francaises
Local short form: Terres Australes et Antarctiques Francaises
Abbreviation: TAAF
Etymology: self-descriptive name specifying the territories' affiliation and location in the Southern Hemisphere

Government type


Administrative divisions: none (overseas territory of France); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 5 administrative districts named Iles Crozet, Iles Eparses, Iles Kerguelen, Ile Saint-Paul et Ile Amsterdam; the fifth district is the "Adelie Land" claim in Antarctica that is not recognized by the US

Dependent areas


National holiday


Legal system: the laws of France, where applicable, apply

International law organization participation

Citizenship: see France


Executive branch
Chief of state: President Emmanuel MACRON (since 14 May 2017), represented by Prefect Florence JEANBLANC-RISLER (since 5 October 2022)

Legislative branch

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: UPU

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (overseas territory of France)
From the us embassy: none (overseas territory of France)

Flag descriptionflag of French%20Southern%20and%20Antarctic%20Lands: the flag of France is used

National symbols

National anthem
Note: as a territory of France, "La Marseillaise" is official (see France)

National heritage

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Economy overview: very small, fishing-based, domestic economic activity; military base servicing

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products


Industrial production growth rate

Labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index


Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance



Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates

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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .tf

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 4 (2021)
With unpaved runways: 4
With unpaved runways note 1: unpaved runways have a surface composition such as grass or packed earth and are most suited to the operation of light aircraft; unpaved runways are usually short, often less than 1,000 m (3,280 ft.) in length; airports with unpaved runways often lack facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways: 4
Note 1: unpaved runways have a surface composition such as grass or packed earth and are most suited to the operation of light aircraft; unpaved runways are usually short, often less than 1,000 m (3,280 ft.) in length; airports with unpaved runways often lack facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control

Heliports: 3 (2022)
Note: 1 - Ile Amsterdam, 1 - Ile Kerguelen, 1 - Ile de la Possession





Merchant marine
Total: 2 (2022)
By type: other 2

Ports and terminals: none; offshore anchorage only

French Southern and Antarctic Lands - Transnational issues 2023
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Disputes international: French claim to "Adelie Land" in Antarctica is not recognized by the US;

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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