Gheos Worldguide | MeteoWeather | World Events | World Destinations | Mail Us21 February 2024
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Arctic Ocean

Recent data shows that, since 2007, conditions in the Arctic have changed. Between 2007 and 2021, the marginal zones of the Arctic Ocean experienced 11 marine heatwaves which produced an average temperature rise of 2.2 degrees Celsius above the seasonal norm. On average these marine heatwaves lasted for 37 days.

These Arctic marine heatwaves will become a regular occurrence in the near future. They are a result of higher anthropogenic greenhouse-gas emissions.

Since 2015 they have occurred every single year, the most powerful one being in 2020, lasting 103 days and having peak temperatures that were 4° above the long-term average.

Without the influence of anthropogenic greenhouse gases, the probability of such heatwaves occurring has been calculated to be less than 1%. According to the same calculation, annual marine heatwaves will be the norm in the future.

When sea ice melts early and rapidly after the winter, considerable heat energy accumulates in the darker water and by the time maximum solar radiation is reached in July, this heat accummulation causes the water temperature to rise significantly. Each year the permanent ice in the Arctic gets thinner, while the amount of seasonal ice is consistently increasing. The thinner ice is less durable and melts more quickly, allowing incoming solar radiation to warm the water, causing even more ice to melt.

The marine heatwaves cvan have a dramatic negative effect on the Arctic ecosystem. Food chains might collapse and fish stocks could be reduced; causing a decline in overall biodiversity.

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Arctic Ocean

Chile

Forest fires kill at least 123 people in Chile, in the worst disaster since its 2010 earthquake.

Firefighters battled to quell fierce forest fires in central Chile this week. The fires have killed at least 123 people so far and destroyed entire neighborhoods. President Gabriel Boric warned that the country faces a "tragedy of very great magnitude".

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Chile

Iceland

On 8 January 2024, a volcano erupted on the Reykjanes peninsula in the southwest of Iceland for the third time in recent weeks. This time a 3km long fissure expelling molten lava appeared near the town of Grindavik. Lava is flowoing into the ocean.

During the previous eruption lava reached the village itself, which was then evacuated. Several buildings caught fire when the lava reached them. The region has seen increased volcanic activity ever since the first eruption in 2021.

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Iceland

Cabo Verde

The World Health Organization (WHO) has certified Cabo Verde as a malaria-free country, marking a significant achievement in global health. With this announcement, Cabo Verde joins the ranks of 43 countries and 1 territory that WHO has awarded this certification.

Cabo Verde is the third country to be certified in the WHO African region, joining Mauritius and Algeria which were certified in 1973 and 2019 respectively.

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Cabo Verde

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Welcome to Gheos.com, the largest travel portal on the Internet. The World Guide features detailed maps, flags, anthems, statistical information, weather reports, history and travel information and tips on all travel destinations in the world. No matter where you are planning to travel to, all the necessary information is freely available from Gheos.com

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Destination of the week

On these pages a different destination will be highlighted every week. Sometimes it's a tourist trap like one of the Spanish resorts; sometimes we will bring you detailed information on some more exotic places.

This week we will have a closer look at
India
India
India is a huge country. It boasts diverse populations and cultures and nothing is ever quite what you expect. India is a litmus test for many travelers, some of which are only glad if their holidays are over and finally can get away from it all. Others enjoy the country's hustle and bustle and try to understand more about the Indian way of life. They will be rewarded with unforgettable memories.

Because of its size, India has a wide range of climates, so it is almost impossible to pin down the best time to visit the country weather-wise. Overall, October to March tend to be the most pleasant months in most of the country. In the far south, the monsoonal weather pattern tends to make January to September more pleasant, while north-eastern India is best between March and August. Kashmir and the Himalaya regions in the north are best accessible between May and September and the deserts of Rajasthan and north-western India should be visited during the monsoon.

There is a wide variety of activities available in India. Trekking in the Indian Himalaya is very popular and should be undertaken between April and November, although it varies depending on the trek, altitude and region. Camel treks can be arranged in the deserts around Jaisalmer and Pushkar in Rajasthan. The ski season is between January and March. India boasts a huge number of festivals and some of them are so spectacular that you should try to visit the places where they are held, even if you are in another part of the country. There are too many festivals to mention here. India is not famous for its beaches, but there are several fine beach centers with acceptable swimming in Goa, Gokarna and at Kovalam in Kerala.

Some of the most interesting places to visit include India's capital of Delhi and the cities of Mumbai, Goa, Kolkata, Agra, Varanasi, Shimla, Jaipur, Udaipur, Mysore and Kochi. Other places of interest are Darjeeling, Jaisalmer, Leh, Khajuraho, the Kerala Backwaters, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Kanha National Park.

Be careful when traveling in Kashmir, as the region sees frequent outbursts of violence. Religious violence between Hindus and Muslims in the state of Gujarat has claimed some 1000 lives since February 2002, so exercise caution there as well. The rest of the country can be explored without any significant problems.

Click on the images to learn more about this interesting destination. A map of India will open full-screen. Just click on towns and places you want to know more about.


Next week: Japan


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World
Global warming could doom hundreds of land plants and animals to extinction over the next 50 years by marooning them in harsh, changed surroundings, scientists warn.

A sweeping new analysis enlisting scientists from 14 laboratories around the globe found that more than one-third of 1103 native species they studied could vanish or plunge to near extinction by 2050 as climate change turns plains into deserts or alters forests.

Among the already threatened species that could go extinct are Australia's Boyd's forest dragon, Europe's azure-winged magpie and Mexico's Jico deer mouse.

The researchers concede there are many uncertainties in both climate forecasts and the computer models they used to forecast future extinctions. But they said their dire conclusions may well come to pass if industrial nations do not curtail emissions of greenhouse gases that trap heat in the atmosphere.

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the World