Country/Region
Official language
Regional language
Minority language
National language
Widely spoken
A
Abkhaz, Russian
Georgian
Abkhaz
Pashto, Dari
Uzbek, Turkmen, Pashai, Nuristani, Balochi, Pamiri
Pashto
Albanian
Greek, Macedonian, Aromanian
Italian
Arabic, Tamazight
Arabic, Tamazight
French
Catalan
Spanish, French, Portuguese
Portuguese
Kimbundu, Umbundu, Kikongo, Chokwe, Kwanyama, Ganguela
English (de facto)
Spanish (de facto)
Spanish (in Corrientes and Chaco), Guaraní (in Corrientes), Kom (in Chaco), Moquoit (in Chaco), Wichi (in Chaco)
Armenian
Armenian (state language)
Armenian
None (English is has de facto status but not not de jure status)
German
Croatian (parts of Burgenland), Hungarian (parts of Burgenland), Slovene (parts of Carinthia)
Slovene, Czech, Hungarian, Slovak, Romani, Serbian
German (state language)
Azerbaijani
Azerbaijani (state language)
B
English
Arabic
Bengali
Bengali
English
Belarusian, Russian
Dutch, French, German
Dutch (Flanders, Brussels), French (Brussels, Wallonia), German (German-speaking community)
English
Spanish (border with Mexico and Guatemala)
Kriol (lingua franca)
French
Dzongkha
Castilian, 37 other languages
Bosnian (de facto), Croatian (de facto), Serbian (de facto)
English, Tswana
Tswana
Portuguese
German (in Pomerode), East Pomeranian (in Pancas, Santa Maria de Jetibá, Domingos Martins, Itarana, Laranja da Terra, Vila Pavão and Canguçu), Riograndenser Hunsrückisch (in Antônio Carlos, Santa Catarina, and in Santa Maria do Herval, Rio Grande do Sul), Talian (in Bento Gonçalves, Caxias do Sul, Flores da Cunha Nova Roma do Sul and Serafina Corréa), Nheengatu, Baniwa, Tucano (in Sào Gabriel de Cachoeira, Amazonas), Guaraní (in Tacuru, Mato Grosso do Sul)
Portuguese
Malay, English
Bulgarian
French
Fula, Jula, More
French, Kirundi, English
Kirundi
Swahili
C
Khmer
English, French
English (Federal), French (Federal)
Chipewyan (Northwest Territories), Cree (Northwest Territories), Gwich'in (Northwest Territories), Inuinnaqtun (Northwest Territories and Nunavut), Inuktitut (Northwest Territories and Nunavut), Inuvialuktun (Northwest Territories), North Slavey (Northwest Territories), South Slavey (Northwest Territories), Tłı̨chǫ (Northwest Territories)
Chipewyan, Cree, Gwich'in, Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, North Slavey, South Slavey, Tłı̨chǫ
Portuguese
Cape Verdean Creole
Arabic, French
Spanish (de facto)
(Languages of ethnic groups are official in their territories)
Mandarin
English (Hong Kong)
Portuguese (Macau)
Cantonese (De facto in Hong Kong and Macau)
English, Mandarin, Malay
English, Cocos Malay
Malay
Spanish
(Languages of ethnic groups are official in their territories)
Arabic, Comorian, French
D
French
Lingala, Kikongo
Swahili, Tshiluba
C
French
Lingala, Munukutuba
English, Cook Islands Māori
Spanish
Indigenous languages, Limonese Creole
Croatian
Serbian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, Pannonian Rusyn, Istro-Romanian (protected)
Italian (Istria County), Romani (non-territorial), Slovene (non-territorial)
Spanish
Greek, Turkish
Armenian, Cypriot Arabic
English
Czech, Slovak
Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Polish, Romani, Russian, Rusyn, Serbian, Ukrainian, Vietnamese
D
Danish
Faroese (in the Faroe Islands), Kalaallisut (in Greenland)
German (in Southern Jutland)
Arabic, French
English
E
Portuguese, Tetum
Spanish, Quechua (official language of intercultural relation)
Kichwa (official minority language), Shuar (official minority language)
Arabic
Coptic
Egyptian Language
Egyptian Arabic
French, Portuguese, Spanish
Tigrinya
Arabic, Italian
Estonian
Russian is widely spoken
English, Swazi
Afar, Amharic, Oromo, Somali, Tigrinya, English
Afar, Amharic, Benshangul, Gumuz, Harari, Kunama, Oromo, Sidamo, Somali, Tigrinya, English
F
English, Fijian, Fiji Hindi
Finnish, Swedish
Sami (in Enontekiö, Inari, Sodankylä, Utsjoki)
Finnish, Swedish
French, Corsican language (in Corsica)
G
French
Georgian
German
Danish (in Schleswig-Holstein), Lower Sorbian (in Brandenburg), North Frisian (in Schleswig-Holstein), Saterland Frisian (in Lower Saxony), Upper Sorbian (in Saxony), German Sign Language, Low German
Danish, Lower Sorbian, North Frisian, Romani, Upper Sorbian
English
Fante, Asante Twi, Akuapem Twi, Adangme (in Greater Accra), Dagaare (in the Upper West Region), Dagbani (in the Northern Region), Ewe (in the Volta Region), Ga (in the Greater Accra), Gonja (in the Northern Region), Kasem (in the Upper East Region), Nzema (in the Western Region)
Greek
English
Spanish
French
Fula, Maninka, Susu
Portuguese
English
Guyanese Creole
H
French, Haitian Creole
City Italian
Spanish
Garifuna (on the Caribbean Coast), English (in the Bay Islands), Miskito (in Eastern Honduras)
Hungarian
Croatian, German, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene
I
Icelandic, Icelandic Sign Language
Hindi, English
(32 languages)
Hindi, English, Bengali, Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Kannada
Indonesian
Indonesian sign languages, Javanese, Sundanese, Madurese, Batak languages, Chinese, Minang, Aceh, Balinese, Buginese, Banjarese, English, (700+ other languages)
Persian
Persian
Persian
Arabic
Armenian recognized, Assyrian Neo-Aramaic (in Assyrian areas), Iraqi Turkmen (in Turkmen areas), Kurdish
English, Irish
Irish
Hebrew
Arabic
Russian, English
Italian
French (in Aosta Valley), German (in South Tyrol), Ladin (in South Tyrol), Slovene (in Province of Trieste, Province of Gorizia), Albanian/Arbereshe (in Sicily and Calabria), Sardinian language (in Sardinia), Corsican language (in North Sardinia), Two dialects of Greek language, Griko dialect (in Grecìa Salentina) and Calabrian Greek (in Calabria)
Ladin, Slovene
J
English
Jamaican Patois
Japanese
Japanese
Arabic
K
Kazakh, Russian
Kazakh
English
Swahili
English
Kiribati
Albanian, Serbian
Turkish
Albanian (nationwide), Serbian (Northern Kosovo)
Standard Arabic
Kuwaiti Sign Language, Kuwaiti Arabic, Kuwaiti Persian
Kyrgyz, Russian
Kyrgyz
L
Lao
Latvian
Arabic
Arabic
Armenian
Arabic, English, French
Arabic, English, French
Sotho, English
Sotho
English
Arabic
Lithuanian
French, German, Luxembourgish
Luxembourgish
M
French, Malagasy
Malagasy
English, Chichewa
Chichewa
Malay, English(second language)
Regional/State dialects
Malaysian
Mandarin Chinese, Cantonese, Tamil
Dhivehi
French
Tamazight (Azawad district)
Maltese, English
Maltese
English
Marshallese
Arabic
Arabic, Fula, Soninke, Wolof
French
English
French
Spanish (de facto)
F
Woleaian
English (statewide except in Kosrae), Chuukese (in Chuuk), Kosraean (in Kosrae)
M
Romanian
Gagauz, Russian, Ukrainian
French
Monégasque
Mongolian
Albanian (in Ulcinj), Croatian (in Tivat), Serbian (in Herceg Novi)
Bosnian (in the north)
Montenegrin
Serbian
Arabic, Tamazight
Arabic
Darija (Moroccan Arabic)
Portuguese
Burmese
Chin, Kachin, Karen, Karenni, Mon, Rakhine, Shan
N
English
German, Oshiwambo
Afrikaans
English, Nauruan
Nepali
all languages spoken as the mother tongue in Nepal
English, Maori, New Zealand Sign Language
Spanish
French
Arabic, Hausa, Fulfulde, Gulmancema, Kanuri, Zarma, Tamazight
English
Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo
English, Niuean
English, Norfuk
Macedonian, Albanian
Norwegian, Sami
Northern Sami (in Kautokeino, Karasjok, Gáivuotna, Kåfjord, Nesseby, Porsanger, Tana, Tysfjord)
Kven, Scandoromani
Bokmål (written), Nynorsk (written), Sami
Bokmål (written), Nynorsk (written), Sami, Romani
O
Arabic
P
English, Urdu
Urdu
Punjabi, Balochi, Sindhi, Pashto
English, Palauan
Sonsorolese (in Sonsorol), Tobian (in Hatohobei), Japanese (in Angaur)
Arabic (de facto)
English, Hebrew
Spanish
English, Hiri Motu, PNG Sign Language, Tok Pisin
Spanish, Guaraní
Spanish, Aymara, Quechua
English, Filipino, Filipino Sign Language
Aklanon (in the Visayas), Bikol (in Luzon), Cebuano (in the Visayas and Mindanao), Chavacano (in Mindanao), Ibanag (in Luzon), Ilocano (in Luzon, official in La Union)), Ivatan (in Luzon), Kapampangan (in Luzon), Kanaray-a (in the Visayas), Maranao (in Mindanao), Maginanao (in Mindanao), Pangasinan (in Luzon), Sambal (in Luzon), Tagalog (in Luzon), Tausug (in Mindanao), Waray (in the Visayas), Yakan (in Mindanao)
(+ over 100 more minority languages)
Filipino
Spanish, Arabic
Polish
Kashubian (Pomeranian Voivodeship)
German (Opole Voivodeship), Lithuanian (Puńsk commune), Belarusian (Podlaskie Voivodseship), Czech, Hebrew, Yiddish, Lemko, Karaim, Armenian, Romani, Russian, Slovak, Tatar, Ukrainian
Portuguese
Mirandese (Miranda do Douro)
Q
Arabic
R
Romanian
Armenian, German, Hungarian, Romani, Serbian, Slovak, Turkish, Ukrainian
Russian
(33 languages)
English, French, Kinyarwanda, Swahili
S
Tamazight, Arabic, Spanish
English
Samoan
Italian
French
Jola-Fogny, Mandinka, Pulaar, Serer, Soninke, Wolof
Serbian
(15 languages)
English, French, Seychellois Creole
English
Krio
English, Malay, Mandarin, Tamil
Malay
Slovak
Bulgarian, Czech, German, Hungarian, Polish, Romani, Rusyn, Serbian, Ukrainian
Slovene
Hungarian (Dobrovnik, Hodoš, Lendava), Italian (Izola, Koper, Piran), Croatian (Metlika, Brežice)
Arabic
Somali
Arabic, English, Somali
Afrikaans, English, Southern Ndebele, Sotho, Northern Sotho, Swazi, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu
Korean, Korean Sign Language
Ossetian, Russian
Georgian
Georgian
English
Arabic, Bari, Dinka, Luo, Murle, Nuer, Zande, (60 other languages)
Spanish
Catalan (Balearic Islands, Catalonia, Valencia), Galician (Galicia), Occitan (Catalonia), Basque (Basque Country, Navarra)
Astur-Leonese (Asturias), Aragonese (Aragon), Fala (Province of Cáceres), French, Portuguese
Sinhala,Tamil
Arabic, English
Dutch
Sranan Tongo
Swedish
Finnish (Gällivare, Haparanda, Kiruna, Pajala, Övertorneå, Meänkieli (Gällivare, Haparanda, Kiruna, Pajala, Övertorneå), Sami (Arjeplog, Gällivare, Jokkmokk, Kiruna)
English, Romani, Yiddish
French (Bern, Fribourg, Geneva, Jura, Neuchâtel, Valais, Vaud), German (Aargau, Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Appenzell Innerrhoden, Basel-Landschaft, Basel-Stadt, Bern, Fribourg, Glarus, Graubünden, Lucerne, Nidwalden, Obwalden, Saint Gallen, Schaffhausen, Schwyz, Solothurn, Thurgau, Uri, Valais, Zug, Zürich), Italian (Ticino, Graubünden), Romansh (Graubünden)
Arabic
Kurdish
T
Mandarin
Formosan languages, Hakka, Mandarin, Taiwan Sign Language, Taiwanese Hokkien
Tajik
Tajik
Russian
English
Swahili
English
Dutch (de facto)
West Frisian (in Friesland), Papiamento (in Aruba, Curaçao, Bonaire), English (in Sint Maarten, Sint Eustatius, Saba), Limburgish, Low Saxon, Dutch Sign Language
French
English, Tokelauan
English, Tongan
Moldovan, Russian, Ukrainian
Arabic
Arabic
Turkish
Kurdish
Turkmen
Turkmen
Russian
English (de facto)
Tuvaluan (de facto)
U
English, Swahili
Ukrainian
English (de facto)
Cornish (in Cornwall), Irish and Ulster-Scots (in Northern Ireland), Scots and Scottish Gaelic (in Scotland), Welsh (in Wales), Pitcairnese (in Pitcairn Islands), Guernésiais and French (in Guernsey), Jèrriais and French (in Jersey), Manx (in Isle of Man)
None (English has de facto status but not de jure status)
(28 languages)
Spanish
Spanish (de facto)
Uzbek
Uzbek, Karakalpak and Uzbek in Karakalpakstan
Russian
V
English, French
Bislama
Spanish, Venezuelan Sign Language
Vietnamese
Vietnamese
Y
Arabic
Z
English
Chewa, Chibarwe, English, Kalanga, Khoisan, Nambya, Ndau, Ndebele, Shangani, Shona, Sign language, Sotho, Tonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa




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