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Amman is the busy, somewhat chaotic capital of Jordan, but dispite of that it is one of the most pleasant cities in the Middle East. The city already existed in 2000 BC at least and there are numerous Roman ruins. Amman was built on many hills and the city center is at the lowest point, in between them.

The Roman theatre is the most significant remnant of the ancient Roman city of Philadelphia. It was built in the 2nd century AD, in the side of a hill that used to be a graveyard until then. The beautifully restored theatre can seat up to 6000 people and is just east of the city center. Further east is the Odeon, which was mainly used for musical performances. It dates from the same period as the theatre. Just west of the theatre is the city's main fountain, nymphaeum, while north of all these ruins, on a hill, the Roman citadel is located. Most of the citadel is now in rubble, apart from some Roman, Byzantine and Muslim buildings, but if you want to know what it once looked like, you can visit the National Archaeological Museum on the same site.

Other sights in Amman include the Folklore Museum and the Traditional Jewels & Costumes Museum, which are both situated in the Roman theatre. North of the city is the Monument to the Unknown Soldier, which includes a museum on Jordan's military history.

The main hill in Amman is Jebel Amman. There you will find numerous upscale hotels and expensive restaurants, as well as many foreign embassies. Cheaper hotels and restaurants are scattered all over the city. There are countless shwarma stalls, cheap restaurants and western-style fast food places in the center of town. In the district of Shmeisani, northwest of the city center are also numerous good restaurants.


Miscellaneous Information

Latitude:    31 58 N
Longitude: 35 59 E
Elevation:  776 m (2546 ft.)

Population: 2,000,000
Cost-of-living compared to Washington D.C.: 96%

Hours from UTC: 2
Daylight savings time: Late March through late October

City phone code: 6
Country phone code: 962

Average Weather Patterns

January8.1°C (46.6°F)6.9 cm (2.72 in)
April16.1°C (61°F)1.5 cm (0.59 in)
July25°C (77°F)0 cm (0 in)
October20.6°C (69.1°F)0.5 cm (0.2 in)

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