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Baalbek is 70 km northeast of Beirut. The town got its name from the Phoenician god Baal, but later the Greeks renamed it Heliopolis. After that, during the Roman time, Baalbek became the most important center of Jupiter worship in the area. Most people come to Baalbek to visit the fantastic Roman ruins.

There is a large acropolis with two temples. The Arabs later added an enclosure. The Temple of Jupiter was built in 60 AD, but not much more then 6 huge columns remain. They give a good impression of the size the building must have had. The well-preserved Temple of Bacchus was completed in 150 AD. Just next to the acropolis is the beautiful Temple of Venus, a small circular temple.

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