Country ranking for field: maritime claims 1999

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This entry includes the following claims, the definitions of which are excerpted from the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), which alone contains the full and definitive descriptions:|territorial sea - the sovereignty of a coastal state extends beyond its land territory and internal waters to an adjacent belt of sea, described as the territorial sea in the UNCLOS (Part II); this sovereignty extends to the air space over the territorial sea as well as its underlying seabed and subsoil; every state has the right to establish the breadth of its territorial sea up to a limit not exceeding 12 nautical miles; the normal baseline for measuring the breadth of the territorial sea is the mean low-water line along the coast as marked on large-scale charts officially recognized by the coastal state; where the coasts of two states are opposite or adjacent to each other, neither state is entitled to extend its territorial sea beyond the median line, every point of which is equidistant from the nearest points on the baseline from which the territorial seas of both states are measured; the UNCLOS describes specific rules for archipelagic states.|contiguous zone - according to the UNCLOS (Article 33), this is a zone contiguous to a coastal state's territorial sea, over which it may exercise the control necessary to: prevent infringement of its customs, fiscal, immigration, or sanitary laws and regulations within its territory or territorial sea; punish infringement of the above laws and regulations committed within its territory or territorial sea; the contiguous zone may not extend beyond 24 nautical miles from the baselines from which the breadth of the territorial sea is measured (e.g., the US has claimed a 12-nautical mile contiguous zone in addition to its 12-nautical mile territorial sea); where the coasts of two states are opposite or adjacent to each other, neither state is entitled to extend its contiguous zone beyond the median line, every point of which is equidistant from the nearest points on the baseline from which the contiguous zone of both states are measured.|exclusive economic zone (EEZ) - the UNCLOS (Part V) defines the EEZ as a zone beyond and adjacent to the territorial sea in which a coastal state has: sovereign rights for the purpose of exploring and exploiting, conserving and managing the natural resources, whether living or non-living, of the waters superjacent to the seabed and of the seabed and its subsoil, and with regard to other activities for the economic exploitation and exploration of the zone, such as the production of energy from the water, currents, and winds; jurisdiction with regard to the establishment and use of artificial islands, installations, and structures; marine scientific research; the protection and preservation of the marine environment; the outer limit of the exclusive economic zone shall not exceed 200 nautical miles from the baselines from which the breadth of the territorial sea is measured.|continental shelf - the UNCLOS (Article 76) defines the continental shelf of a coastal state as comprising the seabed and subsoil of the submarine areas that extend beyond its territorial sea throughout the natural prolongation of its land territory to the outer edge of the continental margin, or to a distance of 200 nautical miles from the baselines from which the breadth of the territorial sea is measured where the outer edge of the continental margin does not extend up to that distance; the continental margin comprises the submerged prolongation of the landmass of the coastal state, and consists of the seabed and subsoil of the shelf, the slope and the rise; wherever the continental margin extends beyond 200 nautical miles from the baseline, coastal states may extend their claim to a distance not to exceed 350 nautical miles from the baseline or 100 nautical miles from the 2,500-meter isobath, which is a line connecting points of 2,500 meters in depth; it does not include the deep ocean floor with its oceanic ridges or the subsoil thereof.|exclusive fishing zone - while this term is not used in the UNCLOS, some states (e.g., the United Kingdom) have chosen not to claim an EEZ but rather to claim jurisdiction over the living resources off their coast; in such cases, the term exclusive fishing zone is often used; the breadth of this zone is normally the same as the EEZ or 200 nautical miles.

1flag of Saint LuciaSaint Lucia200 
2flag of MongoliaMongolianone 
3flag of PhilippinesPhilippinesmeasured from claimed archipelagic baselines 
4flag of ParaguayParaguaynone 
5flag of Paracel IslandsParacel IslandsNA 
6flag of Papua New GuineaPapua New Guineameasured from claimed archipelagic baselines 
7flag of PanamaPanamaterritorial sea:200 nm 
8flag of NigerNigernone 
9flag of Netherlands AntillesNetherlands Antillesexclusive fishing zone:12 nm; territorial sea:12 nm 
10flag of NepalNepalnone 
11flag of MonacoMonacoterritorial sea:12 nm 
12flag of RéunionRéunionexclusive economic zone:200 nm; territorial sea:12 nm 
13flag of MoldovaMoldovanone 
14flag of MaliMalinone 
15flag of MaldivesMaldivesmeasured from claimed archipelagic baselines 
16flag of MalawiMalawinone 
17flag of MacauMacaunot specified 
18flag of LuxembourgLuxembourgnone 
19flag of LithuaniaLithuaniaterritorial sea:12 nm 
20flag of LiechtensteinLiechtensteinnone 
21flag of RwandaRwandanone 
22flag of AfghanistanAfghanistannone 
23flag of LiberiaLiberiaterritorial sea:200 nm 
24flag of SwitzerlandSwitzerlandnone 
25flag of ZambiaZambianone 
26flag of Western SaharaWestern Saharacontingent upon resolution of sovereignty issue 
27flag of West BankWest Banknone 
28flag of VanuatuVanuatumeasured from claimed archipelagic baselines 
29flag of UzbekistanUzbekistannone 
30flag of UgandaUgandanone 
31flag of TurkmenistanTurkmenistannone 
32flag of TajikistanTajikistannone 
33flag of SwazilandSwazilandnone 
34flag of Saint-Pierre and MiquelonSaint-Pierre and Miquelonexclusive economic zone:200 nm; territorial sea:12 nm 
35flag of Spratly IslandsSpratly IslandsNA 
36flag of South Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich Islandsexclusive fishing zone:200 nm; territorial sea:12 nm 
37flag of SomaliaSomaliaterritorial sea:200 nm 
38flag of Solomon IslandsSolomon Islandsmeasured from claimed archipelagic baselines 
39flag of SloveniaSloveniaNA 
40flag of SlovakiaSlovakianone 
41flag of Serbia and MontenegroSerbia and MontenegroNA 
42flag of San MarinoSan Marinonone 
43flag of LibyaLibyaterritorial sea:12 nm 
44flag of LesothoLesothonone 
45flag of AndorraAndorranone 
46flag of Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and HerzegovinaNA 
47flag of ChadChadnone 
48flag of Central African RepublicCentral African Republicnone 
49flag of CameroonCameroonterritorial sea:50 nm 
50flag of Cabo VerdeCabo Verdemeasured from claimed archipelagic baselines 
51flag of BurundiBurundinone 
52flag of Burkina FasoBurkina Fasonone 
53flag of Bouvet IslandBouvet Islandterritorial sea:4 nm 
54flag of BotswanaBotswananone 
55flag of BoliviaBolivianone 
56flag of CongoCongoterritorial sea:200 nm 
57flag of BhutanBhutannone 
58flag of BeninBeninterritorial sea:200 nm 
59flag of BelarusBelarusnone 
60flag of AzerbaijanAzerbaijannone 
61flag of AustriaAustrianone 
62flag of ArubaArubaterritorial sea:12 nm 
63flag of ArmeniaArmenianone 
64flag of AntarcticaAntarcticanone but see entry on International disputes 
65flag of Clipperton IslandClipperton Islandterritorial sea:12 nm 
66flag of Coral Sea IslandsCoral Sea Islandsexclusive fishing zone:200 nm; territorial sea:3 nm 
67flag of LebanonLebanonterritorial sea:12 nm 
68flag of Hong KongHong Kongterritorial sea:3 nm 
69flag of LaosLaosnone 
70flag of KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstannone 
71flag of KuwaitKuwaitterritorial sea:12 nm 
72flag of KazakhstanKazakhstannone 
73flag of JordanJordanterritorial sea:3 nm 
74flag of JamaicaJamaicameasured from claimed archipelagic baselines 
75flag of IndonesiaIndonesiameasured from claimed archipelagic baselines 
76flag of HungaryHungarynone 
77flag of Holy SeeHoly Seenone 
78flag of Czech RepublicCzech Republicnone 
79flag of GreenlandGreenlandexclusive fishing zone:200 nm; territorial sea:3 nm 
80flag of GibraltarGibraltarterritorial sea:3 nm 
81flag of GeorgiaGeorgiaNA 
82flag of Gaza StripGaza StripIsraeli-occupied with current status subject to the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement_permanent status to be determined through further negotiation 
83flag of French GuianaFrench Guianaexclusive economic zone:200 nm; territorial sea:12 nm 
84flag of FijiFijimeasured from claimed archipelagic baselines 
85flag of EthiopiaEthiopianone 
86flag of EritreaEritreaNA 
87flag of El SalvadorEl Salvadorterritorial sea:200 nm 
88flag of ZimbabweZimbabwenone 

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