Country ranking for field: climate 1998

Other rankings:  

This entry includes a brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year; in the Word entry only, it includes four subfields that describe climate extremes:|ten driest places on earth (average annual precipitation) describes the annual average precipitation measured in both millimeters and inches for selected countries with climate extremes.

1flag of AfghanistanAfghanistan0 
2flag of PakistanPakistanmostly hot dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north 
3flag of New CaledoniaNew Caledoniatropical; modified by southeast trade winds; hot humid 
4flag of New ZealandNew Zealandtemperate with sharp regional contrasts 
5flag of NicaraguaNicaraguatropical in lowlands cooler in highlands 
6flag of NigerNigerdesert; mostly hot dry dusty; tropical in extreme south 
7flag of NigeriaNigeriavaries; equatorial in south tropical in center arid in north 
8flag of NiueNiuetropical; modified by southeast trade winds 
9flag of Norfolk IslandNorfolk Islandsubtropical mild little seasonal temperature variation 
10flag of North KoreaNorth Koreatemperate with rainfall concentrated in summer 
11flag of Northern Mariana IslandsNorthern Mariana Islandstropical marine; moderated by northeast trade winds little seasonal temperature variation; dry season December to June rainy season July to October 
12flag of NorwayNorwaytemperate along coast modified by North Atlantic Current; colder interior; rainy year-round on west coast 
13flag of OmanOmandry desert; hot humid along coast; hot dry interior; strong southwest summer monsoon 
14flag of Pacific OceanPacific Oceanplanetary air pressure systems and resultant wind patterns exhibit remarkable uniformity in the south and east; trade winds and westerly winds are well-developed patterns modified by seasonal fluctuations; tropical cyclones 
15flag of PalauPalauwet season May to November; hot and humid 
16flag of Navassa IslandNavassa Islandmarine tropical 
17flag of Palmyra AtollPalmyra Atollequatorial hot and very rainy 
18flag of PanamaPanamatropical; hot humid cloudy; prolonged rainy season 
19flag of Papua New GuineaPapua New Guineatropical; northwest monsoon 
20flag of Paracel IslandsParacel Islandstropical 
21flag of ParaguayParaguaysubtropical; substantial rainfall in the eastern portions becoming semiarid in the far west 
22flag of PeruPeruvaries from tropical in east to dry desert in west 
23flag of PhilippinesPhilippinestropical marine; northeast monsoon 
24flag of Pitcairn IslandsPitcairn Islandstropical hot humid modified by southeast trade winds; rainy season 
25flag of PolandPolandtemperate with cold cloudy moderately severe winters with frequent precipitation; mild summers with frequent showers and thundershowers 
26flag of PortugalPortugalmaritime temperate; cool and rainy in north warmer and drier in south 
27flag of Puerto RicoPuerto Ricotropical marine mild; little seasonal temperature variation 
28flag of QatarQatardesert; hot dry; humid and sultry in summer 
29flag of RomaniaRomaniatemperate; cold cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog; sunny summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms 
30flag of NepalNepalvaries from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical summers and mild winters in south 
31flag of NauruNaurutropical; monsoonal; rainy season 
32flag of RwandaRwandatemperate; two rainy seasons 
33flag of MaltaMaltaMediterranean with mild rainy winters and hot dry summers 
34flag of LebanonLebanonMediterranean; mild to cool wet winters with hot dry summers; Lebanon mountains experience heavy winter snows 
35flag of LesothoLesothotemperate; cool to cold dry winters; hot wet summers 
36flag of LiberiaLiberiatropical; hot humid; dry winters with hot days and cool to cold nights; wet cloudy summers with frequent heavy showers 
37flag of LibyaLibyaMediterranean along coast; dry extreme desert interior 
38flag of LiechtensteinLiechtensteincontinental; cold cloudy winters with frequent snow or rain; cool to moderately warm cloudy humid summers 
39flag of LithuaniaLithuaniatransitional between maritime and continental; wet moderate winters and summers 
40flag of LuxembourgLuxembourgmodified continental with mild winters cool summers 
41flag of MacauMacausubtropical; marine with cool winters warm summers 
42flag of MadagascarMadagascartropical along coast temperate inland arid in south 
43flag of MalawiMalawitropical; rainy season 
44flag of MalaysiaMalaysiatropical; annual southwest 
45flag of MaldivesMaldivestropical; hot humid; dry northeast monsoon 
46flag of MaliMalisubtropical to arid; hot and dry February to June; rainy humid and mild June to November; cool and dry November to February 
47flag of Marshall IslandsMarshall Islandswet season from May to November; hot and humid; islands border typhoon belt 
48flag of NamibiaNamibiadesert; hot dry; rainfall sparse and erratic 
49flag of MartiniqueMartiniquetropical; moderated by trade winds; rainy season 
50flag of MauritaniaMauritaniadesert; constantly hot dry dusty 
51flag of MauritiusMauritiustropical modified by southeast trade winds; warm dry winter 
52flag of MayotteMayottetropical; marine; hot humid rainy season during northeastern monsoon 
53flag of MexicoMexicovaries from tropical to desert 
54flag of Midway IslandsMidway Islandstropical but moderated by prevailing easterly winds 
55flag of MoldovaMoldovamoderate winters warm summers 
56flag of MonacoMonacoMediterranean with mild wet winters and hot dry summers 
57flag of MongoliaMongoliadesert; continental 
58flag of MontserratMontserrattropical; little daily or seasonal temperature variation 
59flag of MoroccoMoroccoMediterranean becoming more extreme in the interior 
60flag of MozambiqueMozambiquetropical to subtropical 
61flag of MyanmarMyanmartropical monsoon; cloudy rainy hot humid summers 
62flag of RussiaRussiaranges from steppes in the south through humid continental in much of European Russia; subarctic in Siberia to tundra climate in the polar north; winters vary from cool along Black Sea coast to frigid in Siberia; summers vary from warm in the steppes to cool along Arctic coast 
63flag of Saint HelenaSaint HelenaSaint Helena_tropical; marine; mild tempered by trade winds; Tristan da Cunha_temperate; marine mild tempered by trade winds 
64flag of LaosLaostropical monsoon; rainy season 
65flag of UkraineUkrainetemperate continental; Mediterranean only on the southern Crimean coast; precipitation disproportionately distributed highest in west and north lesser in east and southeast; winters vary from cool along the Black Sea to cold farther inland; summers are warm across the greater part of the country hot in the south 
66flag of The NetherlandsThe Netherlandstemperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters 
67flag of TogoTogotropical; hot humid in south; semiarid in north 
68flag of TokelauTokelautropical; moderated by trade winds 
69flag of TongaTongatropical; modified by trade winds; warm season 
70flag of Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad and Tobagotropical; rainy season 
71flag of Tromelin IslandTromelin Islandtropical 
72flag of TunisiaTunisiatemperate in north with mild rainy winters and hot dry summers; desert in south 
73flag of TurkeyTurkeytemperate; hot dry summers with mild wet winters; harsher in interior 
74flag of TurkmenistanTurkmenistansubtropical desert 
75flag of Turks and Caicos IslandsTurks and Caicos Islandstropical; marine; moderated by trade winds; sunny and relatively dry 
76flag of TuvaluTuvalutropical; moderated by easterly trade winds 
77flag of U.S. Virgin IslandsU.S. Virgin Islandssubtropical tempered by easterly trade winds relatively low humidity little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season May to November 
78flag of UgandaUgandatropical; generally rainy with two dry seasons 
79flag of United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emiratesdesert; cooler in eastern mountains 
80flag of The BahamasThe Bahamastropical marine; moderated by warm waters of Gulf Stream 
81flag of United KingdomUnited Kingdomtemperate; moderated by prevailing southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current; more than one-half of the days are overcast 
82flag of United StatesUnited Statesmostly temperate but tropical in Hawaii and Florida and arctic in Alaska semiarid in the great plains west of the Mississippi River and arid in the Great Basin of the southwest; low winter temperatures in the northwest are ameliorated occasionally in January and February by warm chinook winds from the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains 
83flag of UruguayUruguaywarm temperate; freezing temperatures almost unknown 
84flag of UzbekistanUzbekistanmostly midlatitude desert long hot summers mild winters; semiarid grassland in east 
85flag of VanuatuVanuatutropical; moderated by southeast trade winds 
86flag of VenezuelaVenezuelatropical; hot humid; more moderate in highlands 
87flag of VietnamVietnamtropical in south; monsoonal in north with hot rainy season 
88flag of Wake IslandWake Islandtropical 
89flag of Wallis and FutunaWallis and Futunatropical; hot rainy season 
90flag of West BankWest Banktemperate temperature and precipitation vary with altitude warm to hot summers cool to mild winters 
91flag of Western SaharaWestern Saharahot dry desert; rain is rare; cold offshore air currents produce fog and heavy dew 
92flag of YemenYemenmostly desert; hot and humid along west coast; temperate in western mountains affected by seasonal monsoon; extraordinarily hot dry harsh desert in east 
93flag of ZambiaZambiatropical; modified by altitude; rainy season 
94flag of The GambiaThe Gambiatropical; hot rainy season 
95flag of ThailandThailandtropical; rainy warm cloudy southwest monsoon 
96flag of Saint Kitts and NevisSaint Kitts and Nevissubtropical tempered by constant sea breezes; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season 
97flag of SomaliaSomaliaprincipally desert; December to February_northeast monsoon moderate temperatures in north and very hot in south; May to October_southwest monsoon torrid in the north and hot in the south irregular rainfall hot and humid periods 
98flag of Saint LuciaSaint Luciatropical moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season from January to April rainy season from May to August 
99flag of Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSaint Vincent and the Grenadinestropical; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season 
100flag of SamoaSamoatropical; rainy season 
101flag of San MarinoSan MarinoMediterranean; mild to cool winters; warm sunny summers 
102flag of Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabiaharsh dry desert with great extremes of temperature 
103flag of SenegalSenegaltropical; hot humid; rainy season 
104flag of Serbia and MontenegroSerbia and Montenegroin the north continental climate 
105flag of SeychellesSeychellestropical marine; humid; cooler season during southeast monsoon 
106flag of Sierra LeoneSierra Leonetropical; hot humid; summer rainy season 
107flag of SingaporeSingaporetropical; hot humid rainy; no pronounced rainy or dry seasons; thunderstorms occur on 40% of all days 
108flag of SlovakiaSlovakiatemperate; cool summers; cold cloudy humid winters 
109flag of SloveniaSloveniaMediterranean climate on the coast continental climate with mild to hot summers and cold winters in the plateaus and valleys to the east 
110flag of Solomon IslandsSolomon Islandstropical monsoon; few extremes of temperature and weather 
111flag of South AfricaSouth Africamostly semiarid; subtropical along east coast; sunny days cool nights 
112flag of TanzaniaTanzaniavaries from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands 
113flag of South KoreaSouth Koreatemperate with rainfall heavier in summer than winter 
114flag of SpainSpaintemperate; clear hot summers in interior more moderate and cloudy along coast; cloudy cold winters in interior partly cloudy and cool along coast 
115flag of Spratly IslandsSpratly Islandstropical 
116flag of Sri LankaSri Lankatropical monsoon; northeast monsoon 
117flag of SudanSudantropical in south; arid desert in north; rainy season 
118flag of SurinameSurinametropical; moderated by trade winds 
119flag of SvalbardSvalbardarctic tempered by warm North Atlantic Current; cool summers cold winters; North Atlantic Current flows along west and north coasts of Spitsbergen keeping water open and navigable most of the year 
120flag of SwazilandSwazilandvaries from tropical to near temperate 
121flag of SwedenSwedentemperate in south with cold cloudy winters and cool partly cloudy summers; subarctic in north 
122flag of SwitzerlandSwitzerlandtemperate but varies with altitude; cold cloudy rainy/snowy winters; cool to warm cloudy humid summers with occasional showers 
123flag of SyriaSyriamostly desert; hot dry sunny summers 
124flag of TaiwanTaiwantropical; marine; rainy season during southwest monsoon 
125flag of TajikistanTajikistanmidlatitude continental hot summers mild winters; semiarid to polar in Pamir Mountains 
126flag of LatviaLatviamaritime; wet moderate winters 
127flag of KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstandry continental to polar in high Tien Shan; subtropical in southwest 
128flag of AlbaniaAlbaniamild temperate; cool cloudy wet winters; hot clear dry summers; interior is cooler and wetter 
129flag of ChinaChinaextremely diverse; tropical in south to subarctic in north 
130flag of BruneiBruneitropical; hot humid rainy 
131flag of BulgariaBulgariatemperate; cold damp winters; hot dry summers 
132flag of Burkina FasoBurkina Fasotropical; warm dry winters; hot wet summers 
133flag of BurundiBurundiequatorial; high plateau with considerable altitude variation 
134flag of Cabo VerdeCabo Verdetemperate; warm dry summer; precipitation meager and very erratic 
135flag of CambodiaCambodiatropical; rainy monsoon season 
136flag of CameroonCameroonvaries with terrain from tropical along coast to semiarid and hot in north 
137flag of CanadaCanadavaries from temperate in south to subarctic and arctic in north 
138flag of Cayman IslandsCayman Islandstropical marine; warm rainy summers 
139flag of Central African RepublicCentral African Republictropical; hot dry winters; mild to hot wet summers 
140flag of ChadChadtropical in south desert in north 
141flag of ChileChiletemperate; desert in north; cool and damp in south 
142flag of Christmas IslandChristmas Islandtropical; heat and humidity moderated by trade winds 
143flag of British Indian Ocean TerritoryBritish Indian Ocean Territorytropical marine; hot humid moderated by trade winds 
144flag of Clipperton IslandClipperton Islandtropical humid average temperature 20-32 degrees C rains May-October 
145flag of Cocos IslandsCocos Islandspleasant modified by the southeast trade wind for about nine months of the year; moderate rainfall 
146flag of ColombiaColombiatropical along coast and eastern plains; cooler in highlands 
147flag of ComorosComorostropical marine; rainy season 
148flag of CongoCongotropical; rainy season 
149flag of Cook IslandsCook Islandstropical; moderated by trade winds 
150flag of Coral Sea IslandsCoral Sea Islandstropical 
151flag of Costa RicaCosta Ricatropical; dry season 
152flag of CroatiaCroatiaMediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters dry summers along coast 
153flag of CubaCubatropical; moderated by trade winds; dry season 
154flag of CyprusCyprustemperate Mediterranean with hot dry summers and cool wet winters 
155flag of Czech RepublicCzech Republictemperate; cool summers; cold cloudy humid winters 
156flag of Côte d'IvoireCôte d'Ivoiretropical along coast semiarid in far north; three seasons_warm and dry 
157flag of British Virgin IslandsBritish Virgin Islandssubtropical; humid; temperatures moderated by trade winds 
158flag of BrazilBrazilmostly tropical but temperate in south 
159flag of DenmarkDenmarktemperate; humid and overcast; mild windy winters and cool summers 
160flag of AustraliaAustraliagenerally arid to semiarid; temperate in south and east; tropical in north 
161flag of AlgeriaAlgeriaarid to semiarid; mild wet winters with hot dry summers along coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers on high plateau; sirocco is a hot dust/sand-laden wind especially common in summer 
162flag of American SamoaAmerican Samoatropical marine moderated by southeast trade winds; annual rainfall averages 124 inches; rainy season from November to April dry season from May to October; little seasonal temperature variation 
163flag of AndorraAndorratemperate; snowy cold winters and warm dry summers 
164flag of AngolaAngolasemiarid in south and along coast to Luanda; north has cool dry season 
165flag of AnguillaAnguillatropical; moderated by northeast trade winds 
166flag of AntarcticaAntarcticasevere low temperatures vary with latitude elevation and distance from the ocean; East Antarctica is colder than West Antarctica because of its higher elevation; Antarctic Peninsula has the most moderate climate; higher temperatures occur in January along the coast and average slightly below freezing 
167flag of Antigua and BarbudaAntigua and Barbudatropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation 
168flag of Arctic OceanArctic Oceanpolar climate characterized by persistent cold and relatively narrow annual temperature ranges; winters characterized by continuous darkness cold and stable weather conditions and clear skies; summers characterized by continuous daylight damp and foggy weather and weak cyclones with rain or snow 
169flag of ArgentinaArgentinamostly temperate; arid in southeast; subantarctic in southwest 
170flag of ArmeniaArmeniahighland continental hot summers cold winters 
171flag of ArubaArubatropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation 
172flag of Ashmore and Cartier IslandsAshmore and Cartier Islandstropical 
173flag of Atlantic OceanAtlantic Oceantropical cyclones 
174flag of AustriaAustriatemperate; continental cloudy; cold winters with frequent rain in lowlands and snow in mountains; cool summers with occasional showers 
175flag of Bouvet IslandBouvet Islandantarctic 
176flag of AzerbaijanAzerbaijandry semiarid steppe 
177flag of Baker IslandBaker Islandequatorial; scant rainfall constant wind burning sun 
178flag of BangladeshBangladeshtropical; cool dry winter 
179flag of BarbadosBarbadostropical; rainy season 
180flag of Bassas da IndiaBassas da Indiatropical 
181flag of BelarusBelaruscold winters cool and moist summers; transitional between continental and maritime 
182flag of BelizeBelizetropical; very hot and humid; rainy season 
183flag of BeninBenintropical; hot humid in south; semiarid in north 
184flag of BermudaBermudasubtropical; mild humid; gales strong winds common in winter 
185flag of BhutanBhutanvaries; tropical in southern plains; cool winters and hot summers in central valleys; severe winters and cool summers in Himalayas 
186flag of BoliviaBoliviavaries with altitude; humid and tropical to cold and semiarid 
187flag of Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovinahot summers and cold winters; areas of high elevation have short cool summers and long severe winters; mild rainy winters along coast 
188flag of BotswanaBotswanasemiarid; warm winters and hot summers 
189flag of Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congotropical; hot and humid in equatorial river basin; cooler and drier in southern highlands; cooler and wetter in eastern highlands; north of Equator - wet season April to October dry season December to February; south of Equator - wet season November to March dry season April to October 
190flag of DjiboutiDjiboutidesert; torrid dry 
191flag of KuwaitKuwaitdry desert; intensely hot summers; short cool winters 
192flag of Isle of ManIsle of Mancool summers and mild winters; humid; overcast about half the time 
193flag of Heard Island and McDonald IslandsHeard Island and McDonald Islandsantarctic 
194flag of Holy SeeHoly Seetemperate; mild rainy winters 
195flag of HondurasHondurassubtropical in lowlands temperate in mountains 
196flag of Hong KongHong Kongtropical monsoon; cool and humid in winter hot and rainy from spring through summer warm and sunny in fall 
197flag of Howland IslandHowland Islandequatorial; scant rainfall constant wind burning sun 
198flag of HungaryHungarytemperate; cold cloudy humid winters; warm summers 
199flag of IcelandIcelandtemperate; moderated by North Atlantic Current; mild windy winters; damp cool summers 
200flag of IndiaIndiavaries from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north 
201flag of Indian OceanIndian Oceannortheast monsoon 
202flag of IndonesiaIndonesiatropical; hot humid; more moderate in highlands 
203flag of IranIranmostly arid or semiarid subtropical along Caspian coast 
204flag of IraqIraqmostly desert; mild to cool winters with dry hot cloudless summers; northern mountainous regions along Iranian and Turkish borders experience cold winters with occasionally heavy snows that melt in early spring sometimes causing extensive flooding in central and southern Iraq 
205flag of IrelandIrelandtemperate maritime; modified by North Atlantic Current; mild winters cool summers; consistently humid; overcast about half the time 
206flag of IsraelIsraeltemperate; hot and dry in southern and eastern desert areas 
207flag of GuyanaGuyanatropical; hot humid moderated by northeast trade winds; two rainy seasons 
208flag of ItalyItalypredominantly Mediterranean; Alpine in far north; hot dry in south 
209flag of JamaicaJamaicatropical; hot humid; temperate interior 
210flag of Jan MayenJan Mayenarctic maritime with frequent storms and persistent fog 
211flag of JapanJapanvaries from tropical in south to cool temperate in north 
212flag of Jarvis IslandJarvis Islandtropical; scant rainfall constant wind burning sun 
213flag of JerseyJerseytemperate; mild winters and cool summers 
214flag of Johnston AtollJohnston Atolltropical but generally dry; consistent northeast trade winds with little seasonal temperature variation 
215flag of JordanJordanmostly arid desert; rainy season in west 
216flag of Juan de Nova IslandJuan de Nova Islandtropical 
217flag of KazakhstanKazakhstancontinental cold winters and hot summers arid and semiarid 
218flag of KenyaKenyavaries from tropical along coast to arid in interior 
219flag of Kingman ReefKingman Reeftropical but moderated by prevailing winds 
220flag of KiribatiKiribatitropical; marine hot and humid moderated by trade winds 
221flag of HaitiHaititropical; semiarid where mountains in east cut off trade winds 
222flag of GuineaGuineagenerally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season 
223flag of DominicaDominicatropical; moderated by northeast trade winds; heavy rainfall 
224flag of FinlandFinlandcold temperate; potentially subarctic but comparatively mild because of moderating influence of the North Atlantic Current Baltic Sea and more than 60000 lakes 
225flag of Dominican RepublicDominican Republictropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation; seasonal variation in rainfall 
226flag of EcuadorEcuadortropical along coast becoming cooler inland 
227flag of EgyptEgyptdesert; hot dry summers with moderate winters 
228flag of El SalvadorEl Salvadortropical; rainy season 
229flag of Equatorial GuineaEquatorial Guineatropical; always hot humid 
230flag of EritreaEritreahot dry desert strip along Red Sea coast; cooler and wetter in the central highlands 
231flag of EstoniaEstoniamaritime wet moderate winters cool summers 
232flag of EthiopiaEthiopiatropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation 
233flag of Europa IslandEuropa Islandtropical 
234flag of Falkland IslandsFalkland Islandscold marine; strong westerly winds cloudy humid; rain occurs on more than half of days in year; occasional snow all year except in January and February but does not accumulate 
235flag of Faroe IslandsFaroe Islandsmild winters cool summers; usually overcast; foggy windy 
236flag of Federated States of MicronesiaFederated States of Micronesiatropical; heavy year-round rainfall especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasionally severe damage 
237flag of FijiFijitropical marine; only slight seasonal temperature variation 
238flag of FranceFrancegenerally cool winters and mild summers but mild winters and hot summers along the Mediterranean 
239flag of Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissautropical; generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season 
240flag of French PolynesiaFrench Polynesiatropical but moderate 
241flag of French Southern and Antarctic LandsFrench Southern and Antarctic Landsantarctic 
242flag of GabonGabontropical; always hot humid 
243flag of Gaza StripGaza Striptemperate mild winters dry and warm to hot summers 
244flag of GeorgiaGeorgiawarm and pleasant; Mediterranean-like on Black Sea coast 
245flag of GermanyGermanytemperate and marine; cool cloudy wet winters and summers; occasional warm tropical foehn wind; high relative humidity 
246flag of GibraltarGibraltarMediterranean with mild winters and warm summers 
247flag of Glorioso IslandsGlorioso Islandstropical 
248flag of GreeceGreecetemperate; mild wet winters; hot dry summers 
249flag of GrenadaGrenadatropical; tempered by northeast trade winds 
250flag of GuadeloupeGuadeloupesubtropical tempered by trade winds; moderately high humidity 
251flag of GuatemalaGuatemalatropical; hot humid in lowlands; cooler in highlands 
252flag of GuernseyGuernseytemperate with mild winters and cool summers; about 50% of days are overcast 
253flag of ZimbabweZimbabwetropical; moderated by altitude; rainy season 

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