Country ranking for field: natural hazards 1999

Other rankings:  

This entry lists potential natural disasters. For countries where volcanic activity is common, a volcanism subfield highlights historically active volcanoes.

The WorldWorldlarge areas subject to severe weather
1flag of AfghanistanAfghanistan0 
2flag of PalauPalautyphoons 
3flag of New CaledoniaNew Caledoniatyphoons most frequent from November to March 
4flag of New ZealandNew Zealandearthquakes are common though usually not severe; volcanic activity 
5flag of NicaraguaNicaraguadestructive earthquakes volcanoes landslides and occasionally severe hurricanes 
6flag of NigerNigerrecurring droughts 
7flag of NigeriaNigeriaperiodic droughts 
8flag of NiueNiuetyphoons 
9flag of Norfolk IslandNorfolk Islandtyphoons 
10flag of North KoreaNorth Korealate spring droughts often followed by severe flooding; occasional typhoons during the early fall 
11flag of Northern Mariana IslandsNorthern Mariana Islandsactive volcanoes on Pagan and Agrihan; typhoons 
12flag of NorwayNorwayNA 
13flag of OmanOmansummer winds often raise large sandstorms and dust storms in interior; periodic droughts 
14flag of Pacific OceanPacific Oceansurrounded by a zone of violent volcanic and earthquake activity sometimes referred to as the "Pacific Ring of Fire"; subject to tropical cyclones 
15flag of PakistanPakistanfrequent earthquakes occasionally severe especially in north and west; flooding along the Indus after heavy rains 
16flag of Palmyra AtollPalmyra AtollNA 
17flag of NepalNepalsevere thunderstorms flooding landslides drought and famine depending on the timing intensity and duration of the summer monsoons 
18flag of PanamaPanamaNA 
19flag of Papua New GuineaPapua New Guineaactive volcanism; situated along the Pacific "Rim of Fire"; the country is subject to frequent and sometimes severe earthquakes; mud slides 
20flag of Paracel IslandsParacel Islandstyphoons 
21flag of ParaguayParaguaylocal flooding in southeast 
22flag of PeruPeruearthquakes tsunamis flooding landslides mild volcanic activity 
23flag of PhilippinesPhilippinesastride typhoon belt usually affected by 15 and struck by five to six cyclonic storms per year; landslides; active volcanoes; destructive earthquakes; tsunamis 
24flag of Pitcairn IslandsPitcairn Islandstyphoons 
25flag of PolandPolandNA 
26flag of PortugalPortugalAzores subject to severe earthquakes 
27flag of Puerto RicoPuerto Ricoperiodic droughts; hurricanes 
28flag of QatarQatarhaze dust storms sandstorms common 
29flag of RomaniaRomaniaearthquakes most severe in south and southwest; geologic structure and climate promote landslides 
30flag of RwandaRwandaperiodic droughts; the volcanic Birunga mountains are in the northwest along the border with Democratic Republic of the Congo 
31flag of Netherlands AntillesNetherlands AntillesCuracao and Bonaire are south of Caribbean hurricane belt and are rarely threatened; Sint Maarten Saba and Sint Eustatius are subject to hurricanes from July to October 
32flag of Navassa IslandNavassa IslandNA 
33flag of Saint HelenaSaint Helenaactive volcanism on Tristan da Cunha 
34flag of MaltaMaltaNA 
35flag of LebanonLebanondust storms sandstorms 
36flag of LesothoLesothoperiodic droughts 
37flag of LiberiaLiberiadust-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara 
38flag of LibyaLibyahot dry dust-laden ghibli is a southern wind lasting one to four days in spring and fall; dust storms sandstorms 
39flag of LiechtensteinLiechtensteinNA 
40flag of LithuaniaLithuaniaNA 
41flag of LuxembourgLuxembourgNA 
42flag of MacauMacauNA 
43flag of MadagascarMadagascarperiodic cyclones 
44flag of MalawiMalawiNA 
45flag of MalaysiaMalaysiaflooding landslides 
46flag of MaldivesMaldiveslow level of islands makes them very sensitive to sea level rise 
47flag of MaliMalihot dust-laden harmattan haze common during dry seasons; recurring droughts 
48flag of Marshall IslandsMarshall Islandsoccasional typhoons 
49flag of NauruNauruperiodic droughts 
50flag of MartiniqueMartiniquehurricanes flooding and volcanic activity 
51flag of MauritaniaMauritaniahot dry dust/sand-laden sirocco wind blows primarily in March and April; periodic droughts 
52flag of MauritiusMauritiuscyclones 
53flag of MayotteMayottecyclones during rainy season 
54flag of MexicoMexicotsunamis along the Pacific coast volcanoes and destructive earthquakes in the center and south and hurricanes on the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean coasts 
55flag of Midway IslandsMidway IslandsNA 
56flag of MoldovaMoldovalandslides 
57flag of MonacoMonacoNA 
58flag of MongoliaMongoliadust storms can occur in the spring; grassland fires 
59flag of MontserratMontserratsevere hurricanes 
60flag of MoroccoMorocconorthern mountains geologically unstable and subject to earthquakes; periodic droughts 
61flag of MozambiqueMozambiquesevere droughts and floods occur in central and southern provinces; devastating cyclones 
62flag of MyanmarMyanmardestructive earthquakes and cyclones; flooding and landslides common during rainy season 
63flag of NamibiaNamibiaprolonged periods of drought 
64flag of RéunionRéunionperiodic devastating cyclones 
65flag of Saint Kitts and NevisSaint Kitts and Nevishurricanes 
66flag of LaosLaosfloods droughts and blight 
67flag of UkraineUkraineNA 
68flag of The NetherlandsThe Netherlandsthe extensive system of dikes and dams protects nearly one-half of the total area from being flooded 
69flag of TogoTogohot dry harmattan wind can reduce visibility in north during winter; periodic droughts 
70flag of TokelauTokelaulies in Pacific typhoon belt 
71flag of TongaTongacyclones 
72flag of Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad and Tobagooutside usual path of hurricanes and other tropical storms 
73flag of Tromelin IslandTromelin IslandNA 
74flag of TunisiaTunisiaNA 
75flag of TurkeyTurkeyvery severe earthquakes especially in northern Turkey along an arc extending from the Sea of Marmara to Lake Van 
76flag of TurkmenistanTurkmenistanNA 
77flag of Turks and Caicos IslandsTurks and Caicos Islandsfrequent hurricanes 
78flag of TuvaluTuvalusevere tropical storms are usually rare but in 1997 there were three cyclones 
79flag of U.S. Virgin IslandsU.S. Virgin Islandsseveral hurricanes in recent years; frequent and severe droughts and floods; occasional earthquakes 
80flag of UgandaUgandaNA 
81flag of United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emiratesfrequent sand and dust storms 
82flag of The BahamasThe Bahamashurricanes and other tropical storms that cause extensive flood and wind damage 
83flag of United KingdomUnited KingdomNA 
84flag of United StatesUnited Statestsunamis volcanoes and earthquake activity around Pacific Basin; hurricanes along the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts; tornadoes in the midwest and southeast; mud slides in California; forest fires in the west; flooding; permafrost in northern Alaska a major impediment to development 
85flag of UruguayUruguayseasonally high winds 
86flag of UzbekistanUzbekistanNA 
87flag of VanuatuVanuatutropical cyclones or typhoons 
88flag of VenezuelaVenezuelasubject to floods rockslides mud slides; periodic droughts 
89flag of VietnamVietnamoccasional typhoons 
90flag of Wake IslandWake Islandoccasional typhoons 
91flag of Wallis and FutunaWallis and FutunaNA 
92flag of West BankWest BankNA 
93flag of Western SaharaWestern Saharahot dry dust/sand-laden sirocco wind can occur during winter and spring; widespread harmattan haze exists 60% of time often severely restricting visibility 
94flag of YemenYemensandstorms and dust storms in summer 
95flag of ZambiaZambiatropical storms 
96flag of The GambiaThe Gambiarainfall has dropped by 30% in the last 30 years 
97flag of ThailandThailandland subsidence in Bangkok area resulting from the depletion of the water table; droughts 
98flag of Saint LuciaSaint Luciahurricanes and volcanic activity 
99flag of SomaliaSomaliarecurring droughts; frequent dust storms over eastern plains in summer 
100flag of Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSaint Vincent and the Grenadineshurricanes; Soufriere volcano on the island of Saint Vincent is a constant threat 
101flag of Saint-Pierre and MiquelonSaint-Pierre and Miquelonpersistent fog throughout the year can be a maritime hazard 
102flag of SamoaSamoaoccasional typhoons; active volcanism 
103flag of San MarinoSan MarinoNA 
104flag of Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabiafrequent sand and dust storms 
105flag of SenegalSenegallowlands seasonally flooded; periodic droughts 
106flag of Serbia and MontenegroSerbia and Montenegrodestructive earthquakes 
107flag of SeychellesSeychelleslies outside the cyclone belt so severe storms are rare; short droughts possible 
108flag of Sierra LeoneSierra Leonedry sand-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara 
109flag of SingaporeSingaporeNA 
110flag of SlovakiaSlovakiaNA 
111flag of SloveniaSloveniaflooding and earthquakes 
112flag of Solomon IslandsSolomon Islandstyphoons but they are rarely destructive; geologically active region with frequent earth tremors; volcanic activity 
113flag of South AfricaSouth Africaprolonged droughts 
114flag of TanzaniaTanzaniathe tsetse fly; flooding on the central plateau during the rainy season; drought 
115flag of South Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich Islandsthe South Sandwich Islands have prevailing weather conditions that generally make them difficult to approach by ship; they are also subject to active volcanism 
116flag of South KoreaSouth Koreaoccasional typhoons bring high winds and floods; low-level seismic activity common in southwest 
117flag of SpainSpainperiodic droughts 
118flag of Spratly IslandsSpratly Islandstyphoons; serious maritime hazard because of numerous reefs and shoals 
119flag of Sri LankaSri Lankaoccasional cyclones and tornadoes 
120flag of SudanSudandust storms 
121flag of SurinameSurinameNA 
122flag of SvalbardSvalbardice floes often block up the entrance to Bellsund 
123flag of SwazilandSwazilandNA 
124flag of SwedenSwedenice floes in the surrounding waters especially in the Gulf of Bothnia can interfere with maritime traffic 
125flag of SwitzerlandSwitzerlandavalanches landslides flash floods 
126flag of SyriaSyriadust storms sandstorms 
127flag of TaiwanTaiwanearthquakes and typhoons 
128flag of TajikistanTajikistanNA 
129flag of LatviaLatviaNA 
130flag of KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstanNA 
131flag of AlbaniaAlbaniadestructive earthquakes; tsunamis occur along southwestern coast 
132flag of ChinaChinafrequent typhoons 
133flag of British Virgin IslandsBritish Virgin Islandshurricanes and tropical storms 
134flag of BruneiBruneityphoons earthquakes and severe flooding are very rare 
135flag of BulgariaBulgariaearthquakes landslides 
136flag of Burkina FasoBurkina Fasorecurring droughts 
137flag of BurundiBurundiflooding landslides 
138flag of Cabo VerdeCabo Verdeprolonged droughts; harmattan wind can obscure visibility; volcanically and seismically active 
139flag of CambodiaCambodiamonsoonal rains 
140flag of CameroonCameroonrecent volcanic activity with release of poisonous gases 
141flag of CanadaCanadacontinuous permafrost in north is a serious obstacle to development; cyclonic storms form east of the Rocky Mountains a result of the mixing of air masses from the Arctic Pacific and North American interior and produce most of the country's rain and snow 
142flag of Cayman IslandsCayman Islandshurricanes 
143flag of Central African RepublicCentral African Republichot dry dusty harmattan winds affect northern areas; floods are common 
144flag of ChadChadhot dry dusty harmattan winds occur in north; periodic droughts; locust plagues 
145flag of ChileChilesevere earthquakes; active volcanism; tsunamis 
146flag of Christmas IslandChristmas Islandthe narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard 
147flag of BrazilBrazilrecurring droughts in northeast; floods and occasional frost in south 
148flag of Clipperton IslandClipperton Islandsubject to tornadoes 
149flag of Cocos IslandsCocos Islandscyclones may occur in the early months of the year 
150flag of ColombiaColombiahighlands subject to volcanic eruptions; occasional earthquakes; periodic droughts 
151flag of ComorosComoroscyclones possible during rainy season 
152flag of CongoCongoseasonal flooding 
153flag of Cook IslandsCook Islandstyphoons 
154flag of Coral Sea IslandsCoral Sea Islandsoccasional tropical cyclones 
155flag of Costa RicaCosta Ricaoccasional earthquakes hurricanes along Atlantic coast; frequent flooding of lowlands at onset of rainy season; active volcanoes 
156flag of CroatiaCroatiafrequent and destructive earthquakes 
157flag of CubaCubathe east coast is subject to hurricanes from August to October 
158flag of CyprusCyprusmoderate earthquake activity 
159flag of Czech RepublicCzech Republicflooding 
160flag of Côte d'IvoireCôte d'Ivoirecoast has heavy surf and no natural harbors; during the rainy season torrential flooding is possible 
161flag of British Indian Ocean TerritoryBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryNA 
162flag of Bouvet IslandBouvet IslandNA 
163flag of DenmarkDenmarkflooding is a threat in some areas of the country 
164flag of AustraliaAustraliacyclones along the coast; severe droughts 
165flag of AlgeriaAlgeriamountainous areas subject to severe earthquakes; mud slides 
166flag of American SamoaAmerican Samoatyphoons common from December to March 
167flag of AndorraAndorrasnowslides avalanches 
168flag of AngolaAngolalocally heavy rainfall causes periodic flooding on the plateau 
169flag of AnguillaAnguillafrequent hurricanes and other tropical storms 
170flag of AntarcticaAntarcticakatabatic 
171flag of Antigua and BarbudaAntigua and Barbudahurricanes and tropical storms 
172flag of Arctic OceanArctic Oceanice islands occasionally break away from northern Ellesmere Island; icebergs calved from glaciers in western Greenland and extreme northeastern Canada; permafrost in islands; virtually icelocked from October to June; ships subject to superstructure icing from October to May 
173flag of ArgentinaArgentinaSan Miguel de Tucuman and Mendoza areas in the Andes subject to earthquakes; pamperos are violent windstorms that can strike the Pampas and northeast; heavy flooding 
174flag of ArmeniaArmeniaoccasionally severe earthquakes; droughts 
175flag of ArubaArubalies outside the Caribbean hurricane belt 
176flag of Ashmore and Cartier IslandsAshmore and Cartier Islandssurrounded by shoals and reefs that can pose maritime hazards 
177flag of Atlantic OceanAtlantic Oceanicebergs common in Davis Strait Denmark Strait and the northwestern Atlantic Ocean from February to August and have been spotted as far south as Bermuda and the Madeira Islands; icebergs from Antarctica occur in the extreme southern Atlantic Ocean; ships subject to superstructure icing in extreme northern Atlantic from October to May and extreme southern Atlantic from May to October; persistent fog can be a maritime hazard from May to September 
178flag of AustriaAustriaNA 
179flag of BotswanaBotswanaperiodic droughts; seasonal August winds blow from the west carrying sand and dust across the country which can obscure visibility 
180flag of AzerbaijanAzerbaijandroughts; some lowland areas threatened by rising levels of the Caspian Sea 
181flag of BahrainBahrainperiodic droughts; dust storms 
182flag of Baker IslandBaker Islandthe narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard 
183flag of BangladeshBangladeshdroughts cyclones; much of the country routinely flooded during the summer monsoon season 
184flag of BarbadosBarbadosinfrequent hurricanes; periodic landslides 
185flag of Bassas da IndiaBassas da Indiamaritime hazard since it is usually under water during high tide and surrounded by reefs; subject to periodic cyclones 
186flag of BelarusBelarusNA 
187flag of BelgiumBelgiumflooding is a threat in areas of reclaimed coastal land protected from the sea by concrete dikes 
188flag of BelizeBelizefrequent devastating hurricanes 
189flag of BeninBeninhot dry dusty harmattan wind may affect north in winter 
190flag of BermudaBermudahurricanes 
191flag of BhutanBhutanviolent storms coming down from the Himalayas are the source of the country's name which translates as Land of the Thunder Dragon; frequent landslides during the rainy season 
192flag of BoliviaBoliviacold thin air of high plateau is obstacle to efficient fuel combustion as well as to physical activity by those unaccustomed to it from birth; flooding in the northeast 
193flag of Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovinafrequent and destructive earthquakes 
194flag of Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congoperiodic droughts in south; volcanic activity 
195flag of DjiboutiDjiboutiearthquakes; droughts; occasional cyclonic disturbances from the Indian Ocean bring heavy rains and flash floods 
196flag of KuwaitKuwaitsudden cloudbursts are common from October to April; they bring inordinate amounts of rain which can damage roads and houses; sandstorms and dust storms occur throughout the year but are most common between March and August 
197flag of IrelandIrelandNA 
198flag of GuyanaGuyanaflash floods are a constant threat during rainy seasons 
199flag of HaitiHaitilies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding and earthquakes; periodic droughts 
200flag of Heard Island and McDonald IslandsHeard Island and McDonald IslandsHeard Island is dominated by a dormant volcano called Big Ben 
201flag of Holy SeeHoly SeeNA 
202flag of HondurasHondurasfrequent but generally mild earthquakes; damaging hurricanes and floods along Caribbean coast 
203flag of Hong KongHong Kongoccasional typhoons 
204flag of Howland IslandHowland Islandthe narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard 
205flag of IcelandIcelandearthquakes and volcanic activity 
206flag of IndiaIndiadroughts flash floods severe thunderstorms common; earthquakes 
207flag of Indian OceanIndian Oceanships subject to superstructure icing in extreme south near Antarctica from May to October 
208flag of IndonesiaIndonesiaoccasional floods severe droughts tsunamis earthquakes volcanoes 
209flag of IranIranperiodic droughts floods; dust storms sandstorms; earthquakes along western border and in the northeast 
210flag of IraqIraqdust storms sandstorms floods 
211flag of Isle of ManIsle of ManNA 
212flag of Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissauhot dry dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season; brush fires 
213flag of IsraelIsraelsandstorms may occur during spring and summer 
214flag of ItalyItalyregional risks include landslides mudflows avalanches earthquakes volcanic eruptions flooding; land subsidence in Venice 
215flag of JamaicaJamaicahurricanes 
216flag of Jan MayenJan Mayendominated by the volcano Haakon VII Toppen/Beerenberg; volcanic activity resumed in 1970 
217flag of JapanJapanmany dormant and some active volcanoes; about 1500 seismic occurrences 
218flag of Jarvis IslandJarvis Islandthe narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard 
219flag of JerseyJerseyNA 
220flag of Johnston AtollJohnston AtollNA 
221flag of JordanJordanNA 
222flag of Juan de Nova IslandJuan de Nova Islandperiodic cyclones 
223flag of KazakhstanKazakhstanearthquakes in the south mudslides around Almaty 
224flag of KenyaKenyarecurring drought in northern and eastern regions; flooding during rainy seasons 
225flag of Kingman ReefKingman Reefwet or awash most of the time maximum elevation of about 1 meter makes Kingman Reef a maritime hazard 
226flag of KiribatiKiribatityphoons can occur any time but usually November to March; occasional tornadoes 
227flag of GuineaGuineahot dry dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season 
228flag of GuernseyGuernseyNA 
229flag of DominicaDominicaflash floods are a constant threat; destructive hurricanes can be expected during the late summer months 
230flag of FranceFranceflooding; avalanches 
231flag of Dominican RepublicDominican Republiclies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding; periodic droughts 
232flag of EcuadorEcuadorfrequent earthquakes landslides volcanic activity; periodic droughts 
233flag of EgyptEgyptperiodic droughts; frequent earthquakes flash floods landslides volcanic activity; hot driving windstorm called khamsin occurs in spring; dust storms sandstorms 
234flag of El SalvadorEl Salvadorknown as the Land of Volcanoes; frequent and sometimes very destructive earthquakes and volcanic activity 
235flag of Equatorial GuineaEquatorial Guineaviolent windstorms flash floods 
236flag of EstoniaEstoniaflooding occurs frequently in the spring 
237flag of EthiopiaEthiopiageologically active Great Rift Valley susceptible to earthquakes volcanic eruptions; frequent droughts 
238flag of Europa IslandEuropa IslandNA 
239flag of Falkland IslandsFalkland Islandsstrong winds persist throughout the year 
240flag of Faroe IslandsFaroe IslandsNA 
241flag of Federated States of MicronesiaFederated States of Micronesiatyphoons 
242flag of FijiFijicyclonic storms can occur from November to January 
243flag of FinlandFinlandNA 
244flag of French GuianaFrench Guianahigh frequency of heavy showers and severe thunderstorms; flooding 
245flag of GuatemalaGuatemalanumerous volcanoes in mountains with occasional violent earthquakes; Caribbean coast subject to hurricanes and other tropical storms 
246flag of French PolynesiaFrench Polynesiaoccasional cyclonic storms in January 
247flag of French Southern and Antarctic LandsFrench Southern and Antarctic LandsIle Amsterdam and Ile Saint-Paul are extinct volcanoes 
248flag of GabonGabonNA 
249flag of Gaza StripGaza StripNA 
250flag of GeorgiaGeorgiaearthquakes 
251flag of GermanyGermanyflooding 
252flag of GhanaGhanadry dusty harmattan winds occur from January to March; droughts 
253flag of GibraltarGibraltarNA 
254flag of Glorioso IslandsGlorioso Islandsperiodic cyclones 
255flag of GreeceGreecesevere earthquakes 
256flag of GreenlandGreenlandcontinuous permafrost over northern two-thirds of the island 
257flag of GrenadaGrenadalies on edge of hurricane belt; hurricane season lasts from June to November 
258flag of GuadeloupeGuadeloupehurricanes 
259flag of GuamGuamfrequent squalls during rainy season; relatively rare but potentially very destructive typhoons 
260flag of ZimbabweZimbabwerecurring droughts; floods and severe storms are rare 

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