Country ranking for field: terrain 1989

Other rankings:  

This entry contains a brief description of the topography.

The WorldWorldhighest elevation is Mt. Everest at 8848 meters and lowest elevation is the Dead Sea at 392 meters below sea level; greatest ocean depth is the Marianas Trench at 10924 meters
1flag of AfghanistanAfghanistan0 
2flag of PakistanPakistanflat Indus plain in east; mountains in north and northwest; Baluchistan plateau in west 
3flag of New CaledoniaNew Caledoniacoastal plains with interior mountains 
4flag of New ZealandNew Zealandpredominately mountainous with some large coastal plains 
5flag of NicaraguaNicaraguaextensive Atlantic coastal plains rising to central interior mountains; narrow Pacific coastal plain interrupted by volcanoes 
6flag of NigerNigerpredominately desert plains and sand dunes; flat to rolling plains in south; hills in north 
7flag of NigeriaNigeriasouthern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus; mountains in southeast plains in north 
8flag of NiueNiuesteep limestone cliffs along coast central plateau 
9flag of Norfolk IslandNorfolk Islandvolcanic formation with mostly rolling plains 
10flag of North KoreaNorth Koreamostly hills and mountains separated by deep narrow valleys; coastal plains wide in west discontinuous in east 
11flag of Northern Mariana IslandsNorthern Mariana Islandssouthern islands are limestone with level terraces and fringing coral reefs; northern islands are volcanic; highest elevation is 471 meters 
12flag of NorwayNorwayglaciated; mostly high plateaus and rugged mountains broken by fertile valleys; small scattered plains; coastline deeply indented by fjords; arctic tundra in north 
13flag of OmanOmanvast central desert plain rugged mountains in north and south 
14flag of Pacific OceanPacific Oceansurface in the northern Pacific dominated by a clockwise warm water gyre 
15flag of Palmyra AtollPalmyra Atolllow with maximum elevations of about 2 meters 
16flag of NepalNepalTarai or flat river plain of the Ganges in south central hill region rugged Himalayas in north 
17flag of PanamaPanamainterior mostly steep rugged mountains and dissected upland plains; coastal areas largely plains and rolling hills 
18flag of Papua New GuineaPapua New Guineamostly mountains with coastal lowlands and rolling foothills 
19flag of Paracel IslandsParacel Islandsundetermined 
20flag of ParaguayParaguaygrassy plains and wooded hills east of Rio Paraguay; Gran Chaco region west of Rio Paraguay mostly low marshy plain near the river and dry forest and thorny scrub elsewhere 
21flag of PeruPeruwestern coastal plain 
22flag of PhilippinesPhilippinesmostly mountains with narrow to extensive coastal lowlands 
23flag of Pitcairn IslandsPitcairn Islandsrugged volcanic formation; rocky coastline with cliffs 
24flag of PolandPolandmostly flat plain mountains along southern border 
25flag of PortugalPortugalmountainous north of the Tagus rolling plains in south 
26flag of Puerto RicoPuerto Ricomostly mountains with coastal plain belt in north; mountains precipitous to sea on west coast 
27flag of QatarQatarmostly flat and barren desert covered with loose sand and gravel 
28flag of RomaniaRomaniamostly flat to undulating plains; some hills and mountains 
29flag of Netherlands AntillesNetherlands Antillesgenerally hilly volcanic interiors 
30flag of Navassa IslandNavassa Islandraised coral and limestone plateau flat to undulating; ringed by vertical white cliffs 
31flag of RéunionRéunionmostly rugged and mountainous; fertile lowlands along coast 
32flag of Marshall IslandsMarshall Islandslow coral limestone and sand islands 
33flag of LesothoLesothomostly highland with some plateaus hills and mountains 
34flag of LiberiaLiberiamostly flat to rolling coastal plains rising to rolling plateau and low mountains in northeast 
35flag of LibyaLibyamostly barren flat to undulating plains plateaus depressions 
36flag of LiechtensteinLiechtensteinmostly mountainous 
37flag of LuxembourgLuxembourgmostly gently rolling uplands with broad shallow valleys; uplands to slightly mountainous in the north; steep slope down to Moselle floodplain in the southeast 
38flag of MacauMacaugenerally flat 
39flag of MadagascarMadagascarnarrow coastal plain high plateau and mountains in center 
40flag of MalawiMalawinarrow elongated plateau with rolling plains rounded hills some mountains 
41flag of MalaysiaMalaysiacoastal plains rising to hills and mountains 
42flag of MaldivesMaldivesflat with elevations only as high as 2.5 meters 
43flag of MaliMalimostly flat to rolling northern plains covered by sand; savanna in south rugged hills in northeast 
44flag of MaltaMaltamostly low rocky flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs 
45flag of MartiniqueMartiniquemountainous with indented coastline; dormant volcano 
46flag of NauruNaurusandy beach rises to fertile ring around raised coral reefs with phosphate plateau in center 
47flag of MauritaniaMauritaniamostly barren flat plains of the Sahara; some central hills 
48flag of MauritiusMauritiussmall coastal plain rising to discontinuous mountains encircling central plateau 
49flag of MayotteMayottegenerally undulating with ancient volcanic peaks deep ravines 
50flag of MexicoMexicomostly high rugged mountains with low coastal plains and high plateaus 
51flag of Midway IslandsMidway Islandslow nearly level 
52flag of MonacoMonacohilly rugged rocky 
53flag of MongoliaMongoliavast semidesert and desert plains; mountains in west and southwest; Gobi Desert in southeast 
54flag of MontserratMontserratvolcanic islands mostly mountainous with small coastal lowland 
55flag of MoroccoMoroccomostly mountains with rich coastal plains 
56flag of MozambiqueMozambiquemostly coastal lowlands uplands in center high plateaus in northwest mountains in west 
57flag of MyanmarMyanmarcentral lowlands ringed by steep rugged highlands 
58flag of NamibiaNamibiamostly high plateau; Namib Desert along coast; Kalahari Desert in east 
59flag of RwandaRwandamostly grassy uplands and hills; mountains in west 
60flag of Saint HelenaSaint Helenarugged volcanic; small scattered plateaus and plains 
61flag of LaosLaosmostly rugged mountains; some plains and plateaus 
62flag of United KingdomUnited Kingdommostly rugged hills and low mountains; level to rolling plains in east and southeast 
63flag of TogoTogogently rolling savanna in north; central hills; southern plateau; low coastal plain with extensive lagoons and marshes 
64flag of TokelauTokelaucoral atolls enclosing large lagoons 
65flag of TongaTongamost islands have limestone base formed from uplifted coral formation; others have limestone overlying volcanic base 
66flag of Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad and Tobagomostly plains with some hills and low mountains 
67flag of Tromelin IslandTromelin Islandsandy 
68flag of TunisiaTunisiamountains in north; hot dry central plain; semiarid south merges into the Sahara 
69flag of TurkeyTurkeymostly mountains; narrow coastal plain; central plateau 
70flag of Turks and Caicos IslandsTurks and Caicos Islandslow flat limestone; extensive marshes and mangrove swamps 
71flag of TuvaluTuvaluvery low-lying and narrow coral atolls 
72flag of U.S. Virgin IslandsU.S. Virgin Islandsmostly hilly to rugged and mountainous with little level land 
73flag of UgandaUgandamostly plateau with rim of mountains 
74flag of United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emiratesflat barren coastal plain merging into rolling sand dunes of vast desert wasteland; mountains in east 
75flag of United StatesUnited Statesvast central plain mountains in west hills and low mountains in east; rugged mountains and broad river valleys in Alaska; rugged volcanic topography in Hawaii 
76flag of The GambiaThe Gambiaflood plain of the Gambia River flanked by some low hills 
77flag of UruguayUruguaymostly rolling plains and low hills; fertile coastal lowland 
78flag of VanuatuVanuatumostly mountains of volcanic origin; narrow coastal plains 
79flag of VenezuelaVenezuelaAndes mountains and Maracaibo lowlands in northwest; central plains 
80flag of VietnamVietnamlow flat delta in south and north; central highlands; hilly mountainous in far north and northwest 
81flag of Wake IslandWake Islandatoll of three coral islands built up on an underwater volcano; central lagoon is former crater islands are part of the rim; average elevation less than four meters 
82flag of Wallis and FutunaWallis and Futunavolcanic origin; low hills 
83flag of West BankWest Bankmostly rugged dissected upland some vegetation in west but barren in east 
84flag of Western SaharaWestern Saharamostly low flat desert with large areas of rocky or sandy surfaces rising to small mountains in south and northeast 
85flag of Western SamoaWestern Samoanarrow coastal plain with volcanic rocky rugged mountains in interior 
86flag of YugoslaviaYugoslaviamostly mountains with large areas of karst topography; plain in north 
87flag of ZaireZairevast central basin is a low-lying plateau; mountains in east 
88flag of ZambiaZambiamostly high plateau with some hills and mountains 
89flag of The NetherlandsThe Netherlandsmostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land 
90flag of The BahamasThe Bahamaslong flat coral formations with some low rounded hills 
91flag of Saint Kitts and NevisSaint Kitts and Nevisvolcanic with mountainous interiors 
92flag of South Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich Islandsmost of the islands rising steeply from the sea are rugged and mountainous; South Georgia is largely barren and has steep glacier-covered mountains; the South Sandwich Islands are of volcanic origin with some active volcanoes 
93flag of Saint LuciaSaint Luciavolcanic and mountainous with some broad fertile valleys 
94flag of Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSaint Vincent and the Grenadinesvolcanic mountainous; Soufriere volcano on the island of St. Vincent 
95flag of Saint-Pierre and MiquelonSaint-Pierre and Miquelonmostly barren rock 
96flag of San MarinoSan Marinorugged mountains 
97flag of Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabiamostly uninhabited sandy desert 
98flag of SenegalSenegalgenerally low rolling plains rising to foothills in southeast 
99flag of SeychellesSeychellesMahe Group is granitic narrow coastal strip rocky hilly; others are coral flat elevated reefs 
100flag of Sierra LeoneSierra Leonecoastal belt of mangrove swamps wooded hill country upland plateau mountains in east 
101flag of SingaporeSingaporelowland; gently undulating central plateau contains water catchment area and nature preserve 
102flag of Solomon IslandsSolomon Islandsmostly rugged mountains with some low coral atolls 
103flag of SomaliaSomaliamostly flat to undulating plateau rising to hills in north 
104flag of South AfricaSouth Africavast interior plateau rimmed by rugged hills and narrow coastal plain 
105flag of South KoreaSouth Koreamostly hills and mountains; wide coastal plains in west and south 
106flag of ThailandThailandcentral plain; eastern plateau 
107flag of SpainSpainlarge flat to dissected plateau surrounded by rugged hills; Pyrenees in north 
108flag of Spratly IslandsSpratly Islandsflat 
109flag of Sri LankaSri Lankamostly low flat to rolling plain; mountains in south-central interior 
110flag of SudanSudangenerally flat featureless plain; mountains in east and west 
111flag of SurinameSurinamemostly rolling hills; narrow coastal plain with swamps 
112flag of SwazilandSwazilandmostly mountains and hills; some moderately sloping plains 
113flag of SwedenSwedenmostly flat or gently rolling lowlands; mountains in west 
114flag of SwitzerlandSwitzerlandmostly mountains 
115flag of SyriaSyriaprimarily semiarid and desert plain; narrow coastal plain; mountains in west 
116flag of São Tomé and PríncipeSão Tomé and Príncipevolcanic mountainous 
117flag of TaiwanTaiwaneastern two-thirds mostly rugged mountains; flat to gently rolling plains in west 
118flag of TanzaniaTanzaniaplains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north south 
119flag of LebanonLebanonnarrow coastal plain; Al Biqa 
120flag of KuwaitKuwaitflat to slightly undulating desert plain 
121flag of AlbaniaAlbaniamostly mountains and hills; small plains along coast 
122flag of ChinaChinamostly mountains high plateaus deserts in west; plains deltas and hills in east 
123flag of BruneiBruneiflat coastal plain rises to mountains in east; hilly lowland in west 
124flag of BulgariaBulgariamostly mountains with lowlands in north and south 
125flag of Burkina FasoBurkina Fasomostly flat to dissected undulating plains; hills in west and southeast 
126flag of BurundiBurundimostly rolling to hilly highland; some plains 
127flag of Cabo VerdeCabo Verdesteep rugged rocky volcanic 
128flag of CambodiaCambodiamostly low flat plains; mountains in southwest and north 
129flag of CameroonCameroondiverse with coastal plain in southwest dissected plateau in center mountains in west plains in north 
130flag of CanadaCanadamostly plains with mountains in west and lowlands in southeast 
131flag of Cayman IslandsCayman Islandslow-lying limestone base surrounded by coral reefs 
132flag of Central African RepublicCentral African Republicvast flat to rolling monotonous plateau; scattered hills in northeast and southwest 
133flag of ChadChadbroad arid plains in center desert in north mountains in northwest lowlands in south 
134flag of ChileChilelow coastal mountains; fertile central valley; rugged Andes in east 
135flag of Christmas IslandChristmas Islandsteep cliffs along coast rise abruptly to central plateau 
136flag of British Indian Ocean TerritoryBritish Indian Ocean Territoryflat and low 
137flag of Clipperton IslandClipperton Islandcoral atoll 
138flag of Cocos IslandsCocos Islandsflat low-lying coral atolls 
139flag of ColombiaColombiamixture of flat coastal lowlands plains in east central highlands some high mountains 
140flag of ComorosComorosvolcanic islands interiors vary from steep mountains to low hills 
141flag of CongoCongocoastal plain southern basin central plateau northern basin 
142flag of Cook IslandsCook Islandslow coral atolls in north; volcanic hilly islands in south 
143flag of Coral Sea IslandsCoral Sea Islandssand and coral reefs and islands 
144flag of Costa RicaCosta Ricacoastal plains separated by rugged mountains 
145flag of CubaCubamostly flat to rolling plains with rugged hills and mountains in the southeast 
146flag of CyprusCypruscentral plain with mountains to north and south 
147flag of Côte d'IvoireCôte d'Ivoiremostly flat to undulating plains; mountains in northwest 
148flag of DenmarkDenmarklow and flat to gently rolling plains 
149flag of British Virgin IslandsBritish Virgin Islandscoral islands relatively flat; volcanic islands steep hilly 
150flag of BrazilBrazilmostly flat to rolling lowlands in north; some plains hills mountains and narrow coastal belt 
151flag of DominicaDominicarugged mountains of volcanic origin 
152flag of AustraliaAustraliamostly low plateau with deserts; fertile plain in southeast 
153flag of AlgeriaAlgeriamostly high plateau and desert; some mountains; narrow discontinuous coastal plain 
154flag of American SamoaAmerican Samoafive volcanic islands with rugged peaks and limited coastal plains two coral atolls 
155flag of AndorraAndorrarugged mountains dissected by narrow valleys 
156flag of AngolaAngolanarrow coastal plain rises abruptly to vast interior plateau 
157flag of AnguillaAnguillaflat and low-lying island of coral and limestone 
158flag of AntarcticaAntarcticaabout 98% thick continental ice sheet with average elevations between 2000 and 4000 meters; mountain ranges up to 5000 meters high; ice-free coastal areas include parts of southern Victoria Land Wilkes Land and the scientific research areas of Graham Land and Ross Island on McMurdo Sound; glaciers form ice shelves along about half of coastline 
159flag of Antigua and BarbudaAntigua and Barbudamostly low-lying limestone and coral islands with some higher volcanic areas 
160flag of Arctic OceanArctic Oceancentral surface covered by a perennial drifting polar icepack which averages about 3 meters in thickness although pressure ridges may be three times that size; clockwise drift pattern in the Beaufort Gyral Stream but nearly straight line movement from the New Siberian Islands 
161flag of ArgentinaArgentinarich plains of the Pampas in northern half flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia in south rugged Andes along western border 
162flag of ArubaArubaflat with a few hills; scant vegetation 
163flag of Ashmore and Cartier IslandsAshmore and Cartier Islandslow with sand and coral 
164flag of Atlantic OceanAtlantic Oceansurface usually covered with sea ice in Labrador Sea Denmark Strait and Baltic Sea from October to June; clockwise warm water gyre 
165flag of AustriaAustriamostly mountains with Alps in west and south; mostly flat with gentle slopes along eastern and northern margins 
166flag of Bouvet IslandBouvet Islandvolcanic; maximum elevation about 800 meters; coast is mostly inacessible 
167flag of BahrainBahrainmostly low desert plain rising gently to low central escarpment 
168flag of Baker IslandBaker Islandlow nearly level coral island surrounded by a narrow fringing reef 
169flag of BangladeshBangladeshmostly flat alluvial plain; hilly in southeast 
170flag of BarbadosBarbadosrelatively flat; rises gently to central highland region 
171flag of Bassas da IndiaBassas da Indiaa volcanic rock 2.4 m high 
172flag of BelgiumBelgiumflat coastal plains in northwest central rolling hills rugged mountains of Ardennes Forest in southeast 
173flag of BelizeBelizeflat swampy coastal plain; low mountains in south 
174flag of BeninBeninmostly flat to undulating plain; some hills and low mountains 
175flag of BermudaBermudalow hills separated by fertile depressions 
176flag of BhutanBhutanmostly mountainous with some fertile valleys and savanna 
177flag of BoliviaBoliviahigh plateau hills lowland plains 
178flag of BotswanaBotswanapredominately flat to gently rolling tableland; Kalahari Desert in southwest 
179flag of DjiboutiDjibouticoastal plain and plateau separated by central mountains 
180flag of Dominican RepublicDominican Republicrugged highlands and mountains with fertile valleys interspersed 
181flag of KiribatiKiribatimostly low-lying coral atolls surrounded by extensive reefs 
182flag of IrelandIrelandmostly level to rolling interior plain surrounded by rugged hills and low mountains 
183flag of Heard Island and McDonald IslandsHeard Island and McDonald IslandsHeard Island - bleak and mountainous with an extinct volcano; McDonald Islands - small and rocky 
184flag of Holy SeeHoly Seelow hill 
185flag of HondurasHondurasmostly mountains in interior narrow coastal plains 
186flag of Hong KongHong Konghilly to mountainous with steep slopes; lowlands in north 
187flag of Howland IslandHowland Islandlow-lying nearly level sandy coral island surrounded by a narrow fringing reef; depressed central area 
188flag of HungaryHungarymostly flat to rolling plains 
189flag of IcelandIcelandmostly plateau interspersed with mountain peaks icefields; coast deeply indented by bays and fiords 
190flag of IndiaIndiaupland plain 
191flag of Indian OceanIndian Oceansurface dominated by counterclockwise gyre 
192flag of IndonesiaIndonesiamostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountains 
193flag of IranIranrugged mountainous rim; high central basin with deserts mountains; small discontinuous plains along both coasts 
194flag of IraqIraqmostly broad plains; reedy marshes in southeast; mountains along borders with Iran and Turkey 
195flag of Isle of ManIsle of Manhills in north and south bisected by central valley 
196flag of GuyanaGuyanamostly rolling highlands; low coastal plain; savanna in south 
197flag of IsraelIsraelNegev desert in the south; low coastal plain; central mountains; Jordan Rift Valley 
198flag of ItalyItalymostly rugged and mountainous; some plains coastal lowlands 
199flag of JamaicaJamaicamostly mountains with narrow discontinuous coastal plain 
200flag of Jan MayenJan Mayenvolcanic island partly covered by glaciers; Beerenberg is the highest peak with an elevation of 2277 
201flag of JapanJapanmostly rugged and mountainous 
202flag of Jarvis IslandJarvis Islandsandy coral island surrounded by a narrow fringing reef 
203flag of JerseyJerseygently rolling plain with low rugged hills along north coast 
204flag of Johnston AtollJohnston Atollmostly flat with a maximum elevation of 4 meters 
205flag of JordanJordanmostly high desert plateau in east; Great Rift Valley separates East and West Banks of the Jordan River 
206flag of Juan de Nova IslandJuan de Nova Islandundetermined 
207flag of KenyaKenyalow plains rise to central highlands bisected by Great Rift Valley; fertile plateau in west 
208flag of Kingman ReefKingman Reeflow and nearly level with a maximum elevation of about 1 meter 
209flag of HaitiHaitimostly rough and mountainous 
210flag of GuineaGuineagenerally flat coastal plain hilly to mountainous interior 
211flag of EcuadorEcuadorcoastal plain 
212flag of French PolynesiaFrench Polynesiamixture of rugged high islands and low islands with reefs 
213flag of EgyptEgyptvast desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley and delta 
214flag of El SalvadorEl Salvadormostly mountains with narrow coastal belt and central plateau 
215flag of Equatorial GuineaEquatorial Guineacoastal plains rise to interior hills; islands are volcanic 
216flag of EthiopiaEthiopiahigh plateau with central mountain range divided by Great Rift Valley 
217flag of Europa IslandEuropa IslandNA 
218flag of Falkland IslandsFalkland Islandsrocky hilly mountainous with some boggy undulating plains 
219flag of Faroe IslandsFaroe Islandsrugged rocky some low peaks; cliffs along most of coast 
220flag of Federated States of MicronesiaFederated States of Micronesiaislands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei Kosrae and Truk 
221flag of FijiFijimostly mountains of volcanic origin 
222flag of FinlandFinlandmostly low flat to rolling plains interspersed with lakes and low hills 
223flag of FranceFrancemostly flat plains or gently rolling hills in north and west; remainder is mountainous especially Pyrenees in south Alps in east 
224flag of French GuianaFrench Guianalow-lying coastal plains rising to hills and small mountains 
225flag of French Southern and Antarctic LandsFrench Southern and Antarctic Landsvolcanic 
226flag of Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissaumostly low coastal plain rising to savanna in east 
227flag of GabonGabonnarrow coastal plain; hilly interior; savanna in east and south 
228flag of Gaza StripGaza Stripflat to rolling sand and dune covered coastal plain 
229flag of GhanaGhanamostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central area 
230flag of GibraltarGibraltara narrow coastal lowland borders The Rock 
231flag of Glorioso IslandsGlorioso Islandsundetermined 
232flag of GreeceGreecemostly mountains with ranges extending into sea as peninsulas or chains of islands 
233flag of GreenlandGreenlandflat to gradually sloping icecap covers all but a narrow mountainous barren rocky coast 
234flag of GrenadaGrenadavolcanic in origin with central mountains 
235flag of GuadeloupeGuadeloupeBasse-Terre is volcanic in origin with interior mountains; Grand-Terre is low limestone formation 
236flag of GuamGuamvolcanic origin surrounded by coral reefs; relatively flat coraline limestone plateau 
237flag of GuatemalaGuatemalamostly mountains with narrow coastal plains and rolling limestone plateau 
238flag of GuernseyGuernseymostly level with low hills in southwest 
239flag of ZimbabweZimbabwemostly high plateau with higher central plateau 

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