Country ranking for field: maritime claims 1996

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This entry includes the following claims, the definitions of which are excerpted from the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), which alone contains the full and definitive descriptions:|territorial sea - the sovereignty of a coastal state extends beyond its land territory and internal waters to an adjacent belt of sea, described as the territorial sea in the UNCLOS (Part II); this sovereignty extends to the air space over the territorial sea as well as its underlying seabed and subsoil; every state has the right to establish the breadth of its territorial sea up to a limit not exceeding 12 nautical miles; the normal baseline for measuring the breadth of the territorial sea is the mean low-water line along the coast as marked on large-scale charts officially recognized by the coastal state; where the coasts of two states are opposite or adjacent to each other, neither state is entitled to extend its territorial sea beyond the median line, every point of which is equidistant from the nearest points on the baseline from which the territorial seas of both states are measured; the UNCLOS describes specific rules for archipelagic states.|contiguous zone - according to the UNCLOS (Article 33), this is a zone contiguous to a coastal state's territorial sea, over which it may exercise the control necessary to: prevent infringement of its customs, fiscal, immigration, or sanitary laws and regulations within its territory or territorial sea; punish infringement of the above laws and regulations committed within its territory or territorial sea; the contiguous zone may not extend beyond 24 nautical miles from the baselines from which the breadth of the territorial sea is measured (e.g., the US has claimed a 12-nautical mile contiguous zone in addition to its 12-nautical mile territorial sea); where the coasts of two states are opposite or adjacent to each other, neither state is entitled to extend its contiguous zone beyond the median line, every point of which is equidistant from the nearest points on the baseline from which the contiguous zone of both states are measured.|exclusive economic zone (EEZ) - the UNCLOS (Part V) defines the EEZ as a zone beyond and adjacent to the territorial sea in which a coastal state has: sovereign rights for the purpose of exploring and exploiting, conserving and managing the natural resources, whether living or non-living, of the waters superjacent to the seabed and of the seabed and its subsoil, and with regard to other activities for the economic exploitation and exploration of the zone, such as the production of energy from the water, currents, and winds; jurisdiction with regard to the establishment and use of artificial islands, installations, and structures; marine scientific research; the protection and preservation of the marine environment; the outer limit of the exclusive economic zone shall not exceed 200 nautical miles from the baselines from which the breadth of the territorial sea is measured.|continental shelf - the UNCLOS (Article 76) defines the continental shelf of a coastal state as comprising the seabed and subsoil of the submarine areas that extend beyond its territorial sea throughout the natural prolongation of its land territory to the outer edge of the continental margin, or to a distance of 200 nautical miles from the baselines from which the breadth of the territorial sea is measured where the outer edge of the continental margin does not extend up to that distance; the continental margin comprises the submerged prolongation of the landmass of the coastal state, and consists of the seabed and subsoil of the shelf, the slope and the rise; wherever the continental margin extends beyond 200 nautical miles from the baseline, coastal states may extend their claim to a distance not to exceed 350 nautical miles from the baseline or 100 nautical miles from the 2,500-meter isobath, which is a line connecting points of 2,500 meters in depth; it does not include the deep ocean floor with its oceanic ridges or the subsoil thereof.|exclusive fishing zone - while this term is not used in the UNCLOS, some states (e.g., the United Kingdom) have chosen not to claim an EEZ but rather to claim jurisdiction over the living resources off their coast; in such cases, the term exclusive fishing zone is often used; the breadth of this zone is normally the same as the EEZ or 200 nautical miles.

1flag of AfghanistanAfghanistan0 
2flag of MonacoMonacoterritorial sea:12 nm 
3flag of ParaguayParaguayNone; landlocked 
4flag of Paracel IslandsParacel IslandsNA 
5flag of Papua New GuineaPapua New GuineaMeasured from claimed archipelagic baselines 
6flag of PanamaPanamaterritorial sea:200 nm 
7flag of NigerNigerNone; landlocked 
8flag of NepalNepalNone; landlocked 
9flag of MongoliaMongoliaNone; landlocked 
10flag of MoldovaMoldovaNone; landlocked 
11flag of RwandaRwandaNone; landlocked 
12flag of MaliMaliNone; landlocked 
13flag of MalawiMalawiNone; landlocked 
14flag of MacedoniaMacedoniaNone; landlocked 
15flag of MacauMacaunot specified 
16flag of LuxembourgLuxembourgNone; landlocked 
17flag of LithuaniaLithuaniaterritorial sea:12 nm 
18flag of LiechtensteinLiechtensteinNone; landlocked 
19flag of LibyaLibyaterritorial sea:12 nm Gulf of Sidra Closing Line:32 degrees 30 minutes north 
20flag of PhilippinesPhilippinesMeasured from claimed archipelagic baselines 
21flag of San MarinoSan MarinoNone; landlocked 
22flag of LesothoLesothoNone; landlocked 
23flag of UgandaUgandaNone; landlocked 
24flag of ZambiaZambiaNone; landlocked 
25flag of ZaireZaireExclusive economic zone:boundaries with neighbors; territorial sea:12 nm 
26flag of Western SamoaWestern SamoaExclusive economic zone:200 nm; territorial sea:12 nm 
27flag of Western SaharaWestern SaharaContingent upon resolution of sovereignty issue 
28flag of West BankWest BankNone; landlocked 
29flag of VanuatuVanuatuMeasured from claimed archipelagic baselines 
30flag of UzbekistanUzbekistanNone; landlocked 
31flag of TurkmenistanTurkmenistanNone; landlocked 
32flag of Serbia and MontenegroSerbia and MontenegroNA 
33flag of TajikistanTajikistanNone; landlocked 
34flag of SwitzerlandSwitzerlandNone; landlocked 
35flag of SwazilandSwazilandNone; landlocked 
36flag of Spratly IslandsSpratly IslandsNA 
37flag of SomaliaSomaliaterritorial sea:200 nm 
38flag of Solomon IslandsSolomon IslandsMeasured from claimed archipelagic baselines 
39flag of SloveniaSloveniaNA 
40flag of SlovakiaSlovakiaNone; landlocked 
41flag of LiberiaLiberiaterritorial sea:200 nm 
42flag of LebanonLebanonterritorial sea:12 nm 
43flag of AndorraAndorraNone; landlocked 
44flag of BotswanaBotswanaNone; landlocked 
45flag of ChadChadNone; landlocked 
46flag of Central African RepublicCentral African RepublicNone; landlocked 
47flag of CameroonCameroonterritorial sea:50 nm 
48flag of Cabo VerdeCabo VerdeMeasured from claimed archipelagic baselines 
49flag of BurundiBurundiNone; landlocked 
50flag of Burkina FasoBurkina FasoNone; landlocked 
51flag of Bouvet IslandBouvet Islandterritorial sea:4 nm 
52flag of Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and HerzegovinaNA 
53flag of Coral Sea IslandsCoral Sea Islandsexclusive fishing zone:200 nm; territorial sea:3 nm 
54flag of BoliviaBoliviaNone; landlocked 
55flag of BhutanBhutanNone; landlocked 
56flag of BeninBeninterritorial sea:200 nm 
57flag of BelarusBelarusNone; landlocked 
58flag of AzerbaijanAzerbaijanNone; landlocked 
59flag of AustriaAustriaNone; landlocked 
60flag of ArubaArubaterritorial sea:12 nm 
61flag of ArmeniaArmeniaNone; landlocked 
62flag of CongoCongoterritorial sea:200 nm 
63flag of CroatiaCroatiaContinental shelf:200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation 
64flag of LaosLaosNone; landlocked 
65flag of Holy SeeHoly SeeNone; landlocked 
66flag of KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstanNone; landlocked 
67flag of KuwaitKuwaitterritorial sea:12 nm 
68flag of KazakhstanKazakhstanNone; landlocked 
69flag of JordanJordanterritorial sea:3 nm 
70flag of IndonesiaIndonesiaMeasured from claimed archipelagic baselines 
71flag of HungaryHungaryNone; landlocked 
72flag of Hong KongHong Kongterritorial sea:3 nm 
73flag of GreenlandGreenlandexclusive fishing zone:200 nm; territorial sea:3 nm 
74flag of Czech RepublicCzech RepublicNone; landlocked 
75flag of GibraltarGibraltarterritorial sea:3 nm 
76flag of GeorgiaGeorgiaNA 
77flag of Gaza StripGaza StripIsraeli occupied with interim status subject to Israeli/Palestinian negotiations_final status to be determined 
78flag of French GuianaFrench GuianaExclusive economic zone:200 nm; territorial sea:12 nm 
79flag of FijiFijiMeasured from claimed archipelagic baselines 
80flag of EthiopiaEthiopiaNone; landlocked 
81flag of EritreaEritreaNA 
82flag of El SalvadorEl Salvadorterritorial sea:200 nm 
83flag of ZimbabweZimbabweNone; landlocked 

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