Country ranking for field: climate 1990

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This entry includes a brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year; in the Word entry only, it includes four subfields that describe climate extremes:|ten driest places on earth (average annual precipitation) describes the annual average precipitation measured in both millimeters and inches for selected countries with climate extremes.

The WorldWorldtwo large areas of polar climates separated by two rather narrow temperate zones from a wide equatorial band of tropical to subtropical climates
1flag of AfghanistanAfghanistan0 
2flag of Palmyra AtollPalmyra Atollequatorial hot and very rainy 
3flag of New ZealandNew Zealandtemperate with sharp regional contrasts 
4flag of NicaraguaNicaraguatropical in lowlands cooler in highlands 
5flag of NigerNigerdesert; mostly hot dry dusty; tropical in extreme south 
6flag of NigeriaNigeriavaries--equatorial in south tropical in center arid in north 
7flag of NiueNiuetropical; modified by southeast trade winds 
8flag of Norfolk IslandNorfolk Islandsubtropical mild little seasonal temperature variation 
9flag of North KoreaNorth Koreatemperate with rainfall concentrated in summer 
10flag of Northern Mariana IslandsNorthern Mariana Islandstropical marine; moderated by northeast trade winds little seasonal temperature variation; dry season December to July rainy season July to October 
11flag of NorwayNorwaytemperate along coast modified by North Atlantic Current; colder interior; rainy year-round on west coast 
12flag of OmanOmandry desert; hot humid along coast; hot dry interior; strong southwest summer monsoon 
13flag of Pacific OceanPacific Oceanthe western Pacific is monsoonal--a rainy season occurs during the summer months when moisture-laden winds blow from the ocean over the land and a dry season during the winter months when dry winds blow from the Asian land mass back to the ocean 
14flag of PakistanPakistanmostly hot dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north 
15flag of PanamaPanamatropical; hot humid cloudy; prolonged rainy season 
16flag of Netherlands AntillesNetherlands Antillestropical; modified by northeast trade winds 
17flag of Papua New GuineaPapua New Guineatropical; northwest monsoon 
18flag of Paracel IslandsParacel Islandstropical 
19flag of ParaguayParaguayvaries from temperate in east to semiarid in far west 
20flag of PeruPeruvaries from tropical in east to dry desert in west 
21flag of PhilippinesPhilippinestropical marine; northeast monsoon 
22flag of Pitcairn IslandsPitcairn Islandstropical hot humid modified by southeast trade winds; rainy season 
23flag of PolandPolandtemperate with cold cloudy moderately severe winters with frequent precipitation; mild summers with frequent showers and thundershowers 
24flag of PortugalPortugalmaritime temperate; cool and rainy in north warmer and drier in south 
25flag of Puerto RicoPuerto Ricotropical marine mild little seasonal temperature variation 
26flag of QatarQatardesert; hot dry; humid and sultry in summer 
27flag of RomaniaRomaniatemperate; cold cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog; sunny summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms 
28flag of RwandaRwandatemperate; two rainy seasons 
29flag of New CaledoniaNew Caledoniatropical; modified by southeast trade winds; hot humid 
30flag of NepalNepalvaries from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical summers and mild winter in south 
31flag of Saint HelenaSaint Helenatropical; marine; mild tempered by trade winds 
32flag of MartiniqueMartiniquetropical; moderated by trade winds; rainy season 
33flag of LiberiaLiberiatropical; hot humid; dry winters with hot days and cool to cold nights; wet cloudy summers with frequent heavy showers 
34flag of LibyaLibyaMediterranean along coast; dry extreme desert interior 
35flag of LiechtensteinLiechtensteincontinental; cold cloudy winters with frequent snow or rain; cool to moderately warm cloudy humid summers 
36flag of LuxembourgLuxembourgmodified continental with mild winters cool summers 
37flag of MacauMacausubtropical; marine with cool winters warm summers 
38flag of MadagascarMadagascartropical along coast temperate inland arid in south 
39flag of MalawiMalawitropical; rainy season 
40flag of MalaysiaMalaysiatropical; annual southwest 
41flag of MaldivesMaldivestropical; hot humid; dry northeast monsoon 
42flag of MaliMalisubtropical to arid; hot and dry February to June; rainy humid and mild June to November; cool and dry November to February 
43flag of MaltaMaltaMediterranean with mild rainy winters and hot dry summers 
44flag of Marshall IslandsMarshall Islandswet season May to November; hot and humid; islands border typhoon belt 
45flag of MauritaniaMauritaniadesert; constantly hot dry dusty 
46flag of Navassa IslandNavassa Islandmarine tropical 
47flag of MauritiusMauritiustropical modified by southeast trade winds; warm dry winter 
48flag of MayotteMayottetropical; marine; hot humid rainy season during northeastern monsoon 
49flag of MexicoMexicovaries from tropical to desert 
50flag of Midway IslandsMidway Islandstropical but moderated by prevailing easterly winds 
51flag of MonacoMonacoMediterranean with mild wet winters and hot dry summers 
52flag of MongoliaMongoliadesert; continental 
53flag of MontserratMontserrattropical; little daily or seasonal temperature variation 
54flag of MoroccoMoroccoMediterranean becoming more extreme in the interior 
55flag of MozambiqueMozambiquetropical to subtropical 
56flag of MyanmarMyanmartropical monsoon; cloudy rainy hot humid summers 
57flag of NamibiaNamibiadesert; hot dry; rainfall sparse and erratic 
58flag of NauruNaurutropical; monsoonal; rainy season 
59flag of RéunionRéuniontropical but moderates with elevation; cool and dry from May to November hot and rainy from November to April 
60flag of Saint Kitts and NevisSaint Kitts and Nevissubtropical tempered by constant sea breezes; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season 
61flag of LebanonLebanonMediterranean; mild to cool wet winters with hot dry summers 
62flag of United KingdomUnited Kingdomtemperate; moderated by prevailing southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current; more than half of the days are overcast 
63flag of TogoTogotropical; hot humid in south; semiarid in north 
64flag of TokelauTokelautropical; moderated by trade winds 
65flag of TongaTongatropical; modified by trade winds; warm season 
66flag of Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad and Tobagotropical; rainy season 
67flag of Tromelin IslandTromelin Islandtropical 
68flag of TunisiaTunisiatemperate in north with mild rainy winters and hot dry summers; desert in south 
69flag of TurkeyTurkeytemperate; hot dry summers with mild wet winters; harsher in interior 
70flag of Turks and Caicos IslandsTurks and Caicos Islandstropical; marine; moderated by trade winds; sunny and relatively dry 
71flag of TuvaluTuvalutropical; moderated by easterly trade winds 
72flag of U.S. Virgin IslandsU.S. Virgin Islandssubtropical tempered by easterly tradewinds relatively low humidity little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season May to November 
73flag of UgandaUgandatropical; generally rainy with two dry seasons 
74flag of United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emiratesdesert; cooler in eastern mountains 
75flag of United StatesUnited Statesmostly temperate but varies from tropical 
76flag of The GambiaThe Gambiatropical; hot rainy season 
77flag of UruguayUruguaywarm temperate; freezing temperatures almost unknown 
78flag of VanuatuVanuatutropical; moderated by southeast trade winds 
79flag of VenezuelaVenezuelatropical; hot humid; more moderate in highlands 
80flag of VietnamVietnamtropical in south; monsoonal in north with hot rainy season 
81flag of Wake IslandWake Islandtropical 
82flag of Wallis and FutunaWallis and Futunatropical; hot rainy season 
83flag of West BankWest Banktemperate temperature and precipitation vary with altitude warm to hot summers cool to mild winters 
84flag of Western SaharaWestern Saharahot dry desert; rain is rare; cold offshore currents produce fog and heavy dew 
85flag of Western SamoaWestern Samoatropical; rainy season 
86flag of YugoslaviaYugoslaviatemperate; hot relatively dry summers with mild rainy winters along coast; warm summer with cold winters inland 
87flag of ZaireZairetropical; hot and humid in equatorial river basin; cooler and drier in southern highlands; cooler and wetter in eastern highlands; north of Equator--wet season April to October dry season December to February; south of Equator--wet season November to March dry season April to October 
88flag of ZambiaZambiatropical; modified by altitude; rainy season 
89flag of The NetherlandsThe Netherlandstemperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters 
90flag of The BahamasThe Bahamastropical marine; moderated by warm waters of Gulf Stream 
91flag of Saint LuciaSaint Luciatropical moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season from January to April rainy season from May to August 
92flag of South KoreaSouth Koreatemperate with rainfall heavier in summer than winter 
93flag of Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSaint Vincent and the Grenadinestropical; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season 
94flag of Saint-Pierre and MiquelonSaint-Pierre and Miqueloncold and wet with much mist and fog; spring and autumn are windy 
95flag of San MarinoSan MarinoMediterranean; mild to cool winters; warm sunny summers 
96flag of Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabiaharsh dry desert with great extremes of temperature 
97flag of SenegalSenegaltropical; hot humid; rainy season 
98flag of SeychellesSeychellestropical marine; humid; cooler season during southeast monsoon 
99flag of Sierra LeoneSierra Leonetropical; hot humid; summer rainy season 
100flag of SingaporeSingaporetropical; hot humid rainy; no pronounced rainy or dry seasons; thunderstorms occur on 40% of all days 
101flag of Solomon IslandsSolomon Islandstropical monsoon; few extremes of temperature and weather 
102flag of SomaliaSomaliadesert; northeast monsoon 
103flag of South AfricaSouth Africamostly semiarid; subtropical along coast; sunny days cool nights 
104flag of South Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich Islandsvariable with mostly westerly winds throughout the year interspersed with periods of calm; nearly all precipitation falls as snow 
105flag of Soviet UnionSoviet Unionmostly temperate to arctic continental; winters vary from cool along Black Sea to frigid in Siberia; summers vary from hot in southern deserts to cool along Arctic coast 
106flag of ThailandThailandtropical; rainy warm cloudy southwest monsoon 
107flag of SpainSpaintemperate; clear hot summers in interior more moderate and cloudy along coast; cloudy cold winters in interior partly cloudy and cool along coast 
108flag of Spratly IslandsSpratly Islandstropical 
109flag of Sri LankaSri Lankatropical; monsoonal; northeast monsoon 
110flag of SudanSudantropical in south; arid desert in north; rainy season 
111flag of SurinameSurinametropical; moderated by trade winds 
112flag of SvalbardSvalbardarctic tempered by warm North Atlantic Current; cool summers cold winters; North Atlantic Current flows along west and north coasts of Spitsbergen keeping water open and navigable most of the year 
113flag of SwazilandSwazilandvaries from tropical to near temperate 
114flag of SwedenSwedentemperate in south with cold cloudy winters and cool partly cloudy summers; subarctic in north 
115flag of SwitzerlandSwitzerlandtemperate but varies with altitude; cold cloudy rainy/snowy winters; cool to warm cloudy humid summers with occasional showers 
116flag of SyriaSyriamostly desert; hot dry sunny summers 
117flag of São Tomé and PríncipeSão Tomé and Príncipetropical; hot humid; one rainy season 
118flag of TaiwanTaiwantropical; marine; rainy season during southwest monsoon 
119flag of TanzaniaTanzaniavaries from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands 
120flag of LesothoLesothotemperate; cool to cold dry winters; hot wet summers 
121flag of LaosLaostropical monsoon; rainy season 
122flag of AlbaniaAlbaniamild temperate; cool cloudy wet winters; hot clear dry summers; interior is cooler and wetter 
123flag of ChinaChinaextremely diverse; tropical in south to subarctic in north 
124flag of BruneiBruneitropical; hot humid rainy 
125flag of BulgariaBulgariatemperate; cold damp winters; hot dry summers 
126flag of Burkina FasoBurkina Fasotropical; warm dry winters; hot wet summers 
127flag of BurundiBurunditemperate; warm; occasional frost in uplands 
128flag of Cabo VerdeCabo Verdetemperate; warm dry summer precipitation very erratic 
129flag of CambodiaCambodiatropical; rainy monsoon season 
130flag of CameroonCameroonvaries with terrain from tropical along coast to semiarid and hot in north 
131flag of CanadaCanadavaries from temperate in south to subarctic and arctic in north 
132flag of Cayman IslandsCayman Islandstropical marine; warm rainy summers 
133flag of Central African RepublicCentral African Republictropical; hot dry winters; mild to hot wet summers 
134flag of ChadChadtropical in south desert in north 
135flag of ChileChiletemperate; desert in north; cool and damp in south 
136flag of Christmas IslandChristmas Islandtropical; heat and humidity moderated by trade winds 
137flag of British Indian Ocean TerritoryBritish Indian Ocean Territorytropical marine; hot humid moderated by trade winds 
138flag of Clipperton IslandClipperton Islandtropical 
139flag of Cocos IslandsCocos Islandspleasant modified by the southeast trade winds for about nine months of the year; moderate rainfall 
140flag of ColombiaColombiatropical along coast and eastern plains; cooler in highlands 
141flag of ComorosComorostropical marine; rainy season 
142flag of CongoCongotropical; rainy season 
143flag of Cook IslandsCook Islandstropical; moderated by trade winds 
144flag of Coral Sea IslandsCoral Sea Islandstropical 
145flag of Costa RicaCosta Ricatropical; dry season 
146flag of CubaCubatropical; moderated by trade winds; dry season 
147flag of CyprusCyprustemperate Mediterranean with hot dry summers and cool wet winters 
148flag of Côte d'IvoireCôte d'Ivoiretropical along coast semiarid in far north; three seasons--warm and dry 
149flag of DenmarkDenmarktemperate; humid and overcast; mild windy winters and cool summers 
150flag of British Virgin IslandsBritish Virgin Islandssubtropical; humid; temperatures moderated by trade winds 
151flag of BrazilBrazilmostly tropical but temperate in south 
152flag of DominicaDominicatropical; moderated by northeast trade winds; heavy rainfall 
153flag of AustraliaAustraliagenerally arid to semiarid; temperate in south and east; tropical in north 
154flag of AlgeriaAlgeriaarid to semiarid; mild wet winters with hot dry summers along coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers on high plateau; sirocco is a hot dust/sand-laden wind especially common in summer 
155flag of American SamoaAmerican Samoatropical marine moderated by southeast trade winds; annual rainfall averages 124 inches; rainy season from November to April dry season from May to October; little seasonal temperature variation 
156flag of AndorraAndorratemperate; snowy cold winters and cool dry summers 
157flag of AngolaAngolasemiarid in south and along coast to Luanda; north has cool dry season 
158flag of AnguillaAnguillatropical; moderated by northeast trade winds 
159flag of AntarcticaAntarcticasevere low temperatures vary with latitude elevation and distance from the ocean; East Antarctica colder than Antarctic Peninsula in the west; warmest temperatures occur in January along the coast and average slightly below freezing 
160flag of Antigua and BarbudaAntigua and Barbudatropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation 
161flag of Arctic OceanArctic Oceanpersistent cold and relatively narrow annual temperature ranges; winters characterized by continuous darkness cold and stable weather conditions and clear skies; summers characterized by continuous daylight damp and foggy weather and weak cyclones with rain or snow 
162flag of ArgentinaArgentinamostly temperate; arid in southeast; subantarctic in southwest 
163flag of ArubaArubatropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation 
164flag of Ashmore and Cartier IslandsAshmore and Cartier Islandstropical 
165flag of Atlantic OceanAtlantic Oceantropical cyclones 
166flag of AustriaAustriatemperate; continental cloudy; cold winters with frequent rain in lowlands and snow in mountains; cool summers with occasional showers 
167flag of Bouvet IslandBouvet Islandantarctic 
168flag of BahrainBahrainarid; mild pleasant winters; very hot humid summers 
169flag of Baker IslandBaker Islandequatorial; scant rainfall constant wind burning sun 
170flag of BangladeshBangladeshtropical; cool dry winter 
171flag of BarbadosBarbadostropical; rainy season 
172flag of Bassas da IndiaBassas da Indiatropical 
173flag of BelgiumBelgiumtemperate; mild winters cool summers; rainy humid cloudy 
174flag of BelizeBelizetropical; very hot and humid; rainy season 
175flag of BeninBenintropical; hot humid in south; semiarid in north 
176flag of BermudaBermudasubtropical; mild humid; gales strong winds common in winter 
177flag of BhutanBhutanvaries; tropical in southern plains; cool winters and hot summers in central valleys; severe winters and cool summers in Himalayas 
178flag of BoliviaBoliviavaries with altitude; humid and tropical to cold and semiarid 
179flag of BotswanaBotswanasemiarid; warm winters and hot summers 
180flag of DjiboutiDjiboutidesert; torrid dry 
181flag of Dominican RepublicDominican Republictropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation 
182flag of KuwaitKuwaitdry desert; intensely hot summers; short cool winters 
183flag of Isle of ManIsle of Mancool summers and mild winters; humid; overcast about half the time 
184flag of Holy SeeHoly Seetemperate; mild rainy winters 
185flag of HondurasHondurassubtropical in lowlands temperate in mountains 
186flag of Hong KongHong Kongtropical monsoon; cool and humid in winter hot and rainy from spring through summer warm and sunny in fall 
187flag of Howland IslandHowland Islandequatorial; scant rainfall constant wind burning sun 
188flag of HungaryHungarytemperate; cold cloudy humid winters; warm summers 
189flag of IcelandIcelandtemperate; moderated by North Atlantic Current; mild windy winters; damp cool summers 
190flag of IndiaIndiavaries from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north 
191flag of Indian OceanIndian Oceannortheast monsoon 
192flag of IndonesiaIndonesiatropical; hot humid; more moderate in highlands 
193flag of IranIranmostly arid or semiarid subtropical along Caspian coast 
194flag of IraqIraqdesert; mild to cool winters with dry hot cloudless summers 
195flag of IrelandIrelandtemperate maritime; modified by North Atlantic Current; mild winters cool summers; consistently humid; overcast about half the time 
196flag of IsraelIsraeltemperate; hot and dry in desert areas 
197flag of HaitiHaititropical; semiarid where mountains in east cut off trade winds 
198flag of ItalyItalypredominantly Mediterranean; Alpine in far north; hot dry in south 
199flag of JamaicaJamaicatropical; hot humid; temperate interior 
200flag of Jan MayenJan Mayenarctic maritime with frequent storms and persistent fog 
201flag of JapanJapanvaries from tropical in south to cool temperate in north 
202flag of Jarvis IslandJarvis Islandtropical; scant rainfall constant wind burning sun 
203flag of JerseyJerseytemperate; mild winters and cool summers 
204flag of Johnston AtollJohnston Atolltropical but generally dry; consistent northeast trade winds with little seasonal temperature variation 
205flag of JordanJordanmostly arid desert; rainy season in west 
206flag of Juan de Nova IslandJuan de Nova Islandtropical 
207flag of KenyaKenyavaries from tropical along coast to arid in interior 
208flag of Kingman ReefKingman Reeftropical but moderated by prevailing winds 
209flag of KiribatiKiribatitropical; marine hot and humid moderated by trade winds 
210flag of Heard Island and McDonald IslandsHeard Island and McDonald Islandsantarctic 
211flag of GuyanaGuyanatropical; hot humid moderated by northeast trade winds; two rainy seasons 
212flag of EcuadorEcuadortropical along coast becoming cooler inland 
213flag of French PolynesiaFrench Polynesiatropical but moderate 
214flag of EgyptEgyptdesert; hot dry summers with moderate winters 
215flag of El SalvadorEl Salvadortropical; rainy season 
216flag of Equatorial GuineaEquatorial Guineatropical; always hot humid 
217flag of EthiopiaEthiopiatropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation; prone to extended droughts 
218flag of Europa IslandEuropa Islandtropical 
219flag of Falkland IslandsFalkland Islandscold marine; strong westerly winds cloudy humid; rain occurs on more than half of days in year; occasional snow all year except in January and February but does not accumulate 
220flag of Faroe IslandsFaroe Islandsmild winters cool summers; usually overcast; foggy windy 
221flag of Federated States of MicronesiaFederated States of Micronesiatropical; heavy year-round rainfall especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasional severe damage 
222flag of FijiFijitropical marine; only slight seasonal temperature variation 
223flag of FinlandFinlandcold temperate; potentially subarctic but comparatively mild because of moderating influence of the North Atlantic Current Baltic Sea and more than 60000 lakes 
224flag of FranceFrancegenerally cool winters and mild summers but mild winters and hot summers along the Mediterranean 
225flag of French GuianaFrench Guianatropical; hot humid; little seasonal temperature variation 
226flag of French Southern and Antarctic LandsFrench Southern and Antarctic Landsantarctic 
227flag of GuineaGuineagenerally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season 
228flag of GabonGabontropical; always hot humid 
229flag of Gaza StripGaza Striptemperate mild winters dry and warm to hot summers 
230flag of GhanaGhanatropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north 
231flag of GibraltarGibraltarMediterranean with mild winters and warm summers 
232flag of Glorioso IslandsGlorioso Islandstropical 
233flag of GreeceGreecetemperate; mild wet winters; hot dry summers 
234flag of GreenlandGreenlandarctic to subarctic; cool summers cold winters 
235flag of GrenadaGrenadatropical; tempered by northeast trade winds 
236flag of GuadeloupeGuadeloupesubtropical tempered by trade winds; relatively high humidity 
237flag of GuamGuamtropical marine; generally warm and humid moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season from January to June rainy season from July to December; little seasonal temperature variation 
238flag of GuatemalaGuatemalatropical; hot humid in lowlands; cooler in highlands 
239flag of GuernseyGuernseytemperate with mild winters and cool summers; about 50% of days are overcast 
240flag of Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissautropical; generally hot and humid; monsoon-type rainy season 
241flag of ZimbabweZimbabwetropical; moderated by altitude; rainy season 

Back to statistical information of Glorioso Islands 1990

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