Country ranking for field: environment current issues natural hazards 1995

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1flag of AfghanistanAfghanistan0 
2flag of OmanOmansummer winds often raise large sandstorms and duststorms in interior; periodic droughts 
3flag of Navassa IslandNavassa IslandNA 
4flag of NepalNepalsevere thunderstorms flooding landslides drought and famine depending on the timing intensity and duration of the summer monsoons 
5flag of New CaledoniaNew Caledoniatyphoons most frequent from November to March 
6flag of New ZealandNew Zealandearthquakes are common though usually not severe 
7flag of NicaraguaNicaraguadestructive earthquakes volcanoes landslides and occasionally severe hurricanes 
8flag of NigerNigerrecurring droughts 
9flag of NigeriaNigeriaperiodic droughts 
10flag of NiueNiuetyphoons 
11flag of Norfolk IslandNorfolk Islandtyphoons 
12flag of North KoreaNorth Korealate spring droughts often followed by severe flooding; occasional typhoons during the early fall 
13flag of Northern Mariana IslandsNorthern Mariana Islandsactive volcanoes on Pagan and Agrihan; typhoons 
14flag of NorwayNorwayNA 
15flag of Pacific OceanPacific Oceansurrounded by a zone of violent volcanic and earthquake activity sometimes referred to as the Pacific Ring of Fire; subject to tropical cyclones 
16flag of NamibiaNamibiaprolonged periods of drought 
17flag of PakistanPakistanfrequent earthquakes occasionally severe especially in north and west; flooding along the Indus after heavy rains 
18flag of PalauPalautyphoons 
19flag of Palmyra AtollPalmyra AtollNA 
20flag of PanamaPanamaNA 
21flag of Papua New GuineaPapua New Guineaactive volcanism; situated along the Pacific "Rim of Fire"; the country is subject to frequent and sometimes severe earthquakes; mudslides 
22flag of Paracel IslandsParacel Islandstyphoons 
23flag of ParaguayParaguaylocal flooding in southeast 
24flag of PeruPeruearthquakes tsunamis flooding landslides mild volcanic activity 
25flag of PhilippinesPhilippinesastride typhoon belt usually affected by 15 and struck by five to six cyclonic storms per year; landslides active volcanoes destructive earthquakes tsunamis 
26flag of Pitcairn IslandsPitcairn Islandstyphoons 
27flag of PolandPolandNA 
28flag of PortugalPortugalAzores subject to severe earthquakes 
29flag of Puerto RicoPuerto Ricoperiodic droughts 
30flag of NauruNauruperiodic droughts 
31flag of MyanmarMyanmardestructive earthquakes and cyclones; flooding and landslides common during rainy season 
32flag of RomaniaRomaniaearthquakes most severe in south and southwest; geologic structure and climate promote landslides 
33flag of MaldivesMaldiveslow level of islands makes them very sensitive to sea level rise 
34flag of LaosLaosfloods droughts and blight 
35flag of LatviaLatviaNA 
36flag of LebanonLebanonduststorms sandstorms 
37flag of LesothoLesothoperiodic droughts 
38flag of LiberiaLiberiadust-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara 
39flag of LibyaLibyahot dry dust-laden ghibli is a southern wind lasting one to four days in spring and fall; duststorms sandstorms 
40flag of LiechtensteinLiechtensteinNA 
41flag of LithuaniaLithuaniaNA 
42flag of LuxembourgLuxembourgNA 
43flag of MacauMacauNA 
44flag of MadagascarMadagascarperiodic cyclones 
45flag of MalawiMalawiNA 
46flag of MalaysiaMalaysiaflooding 
47flag of MaliMalihot dust-laden harmattan haze common during dry seasons; recurring droughts 
48flag of MozambiqueMozambiquesevere droughts and floods occur in central and southern provinces; devastating cyclones 
49flag of MaltaMaltaNA 
50flag of Marshall IslandsMarshall Islandsoccasional typhoons 
51flag of MartiniqueMartiniquehurricanes flooding and volcanic activity 
52flag of MauritaniaMauritaniahot dry dust/sand-laden sirocco wind blows primarily in March and April; periodic droughts 
53flag of MauritiusMauritiuscyclones 
54flag of MayotteMayottecyclones during rainy season 
55flag of MexicoMexicotsunamis along the Pacific coast destructive earthquakes in the center and south and hurricanes on the Gulf and Caribbean coasts 
56flag of Midway IslandsMidway IslandsNA 
57flag of MoldovaMoldovaNA 
58flag of MonacoMonacoNA 
59flag of MongoliaMongoliaduststorms can occur in the spring 
60flag of MontserratMontserratsevere hurricanes 
61flag of MoroccoMorocconorthern mountains geologically unstable and subject to earthquakes; periodic droughts 
62flag of QatarQatarhaze dust storms sandstorms common 
63flag of RussiaRussiapermafrost over much of Siberia is a major impediment to development; volcanic activity in the Kuril Islands; volcanoes and earthquakes on the Kamchatka Peninsula 
64flag of KuwaitKuwaitsudden cloudbursts are common from October to April they bring inordinate amounts of rain which can damage roads and houses; sandstorms and duststorms occur throughout the year but are most common between March and August 
65flag of UkraineUkraineNA 
66flag of The NetherlandsThe Netherlandsthe extensive system of dikes and dams protects nearly one-half of the total area from being flooded 
67flag of TogoTogohot dry harmattan wind can reduce visibility in north during winter; periodic droughts 
68flag of TokelauTokelaulies in Pacific typhoon belt 
69flag of TongaTongacyclones 
70flag of Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad and Tobagooutside usual path of hurricanes and other tropical storms 
71flag of Tromelin IslandTromelin IslandNA 
72flag of TunisiaTunisiaNA 
73flag of TurkeyTurkeyvery severe earthquakes especially in northern Turkey along an arc extending from the Sea of Marmara to Lake Van 
74flag of TurkmenistanTurkmenistanNA 
75flag of Turks and Caicos IslandsTurks and Caicos Islandsfrequent hurricanes 
76flag of TuvaluTuvalusevere tropical storms are rare 
77flag of U.S. Virgin IslandsU.S. Virgin Islandsrarely affected by hurricanes; frequent and severe droughts floods and earthquakes 
78flag of UgandaUgandaNA 
79flag of United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emiratesfrequent sand and dust storms 
80flag of The BahamasThe Bahamashurricanes and other tropical storms that cause extensive flood and wind damage 
81flag of United KingdomUnited KingdomNA 
82flag of United StatesUnited Statestsunamis volcanoes and earthquake activity around Pacific Basin; hurricanes along the Atlantic coast; tornadoes in the midwest; mudslides in California; forest fires in the west; flooding; permafrost in northern Alaska is a major impediment to development 
83flag of UruguayUruguayseasonally high winds 
84flag of UzbekistanUzbekistanNA 
85flag of VanuatuVanuatutropical cyclones or typhoons 
86flag of VenezuelaVenezuelasubject to floods rockslides mudslides; periodic droughts 
87flag of VietnamVietnamoccasional typhoons 
88flag of Wake IslandWake Islandoccasional typhoons 
89flag of Wallis and FutunaWallis and FutunaNA 
90flag of West BankWest BankNA 
91flag of Western SaharaWestern Saharahot dry dust/sand-laden sirocco wind can occur during winter and spring; widespread harmattan haze exists 60% of time often severely restricting visibility 
92flag of YemenYemensandstorms and dust storms in summer 
93flag of ZambiaZambiatropical storms 
94flag of The GambiaThe Gambiarainfall has dropped by 30% in the last thirty years 
95flag of ThailandThailandland subsidence in Bangkok area resulting from the depletion of the water table; droughts 
96flag of RwandaRwandaperiodic droughts; the volcanic Virunga mountains are in the northwest along the border with Zaire 
97flag of SomaliaSomaliarecurring droughts; frequent dust storms over eastern plains in summer 
98flag of Saint HelenaSaint Helenaactive volcanism on Tristan da Cunha 
99flag of Saint Kitts and NevisSaint Kitts and Nevishurricanes 
100flag of Saint LuciaSaint Luciahurricanes and volcanic activity 
101flag of Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSaint Vincent and the Grenadineshurricanes; Soufriere volcano is a constant threat 
102flag of Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabiafrequent sand and dust storms 
103flag of SenegalSenegallowlands seasonally flooded; periodic droughts 
104flag of Serbia and MontenegroSerbia and Montenegrodestructive earthquakes 
105flag of SeychellesSeychelleslies outside the cyclone belt so severe storms are rare; short droughts possible 
106flag of Sierra LeoneSierra Leonedry sand-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara 
107flag of SingaporeSingaporeNA 
108flag of SlovakiaSlovakiaNA 
109flag of SloveniaSloveniaflooding and earthquakes 
110flag of Solomon IslandsSolomon Islandstyphoons but they are rarely destructive; geologically active region with frequent earth tremors; volcanic activity 
111flag of South AfricaSouth Africaprolonged droughts 
112flag of TanzaniaTanzaniathe tsetse fly and lack of water limit agriculture; flooding on the central plateau during the rainy season 
113flag of South KoreaSouth Koreaoccasional typhoons bring high winds and floods; earthquakes in southwest 
114flag of SpainSpainperiodic droughts 
115flag of Spratly IslandsSpratly Islandstyphoons; serious maritime hazard because of numerous reefs and shoals 
116flag of Sri LankaSri Lankaoccasional cyclones and tornadoes 
117flag of SudanSudandust storms 
118flag of SurinameSurinameNA 
119flag of SvalbardSvalbardice floes often block up the entrance to Bellsund 
120flag of SwazilandSwazilandNA 
121flag of SwedenSwedenice floes in the surrounding waters especially in the Gulf of Bothnia can interfere with maritime traffic 
122flag of SwitzerlandSwitzerlandavalanches landslides flash floods 
123flag of SyriaSyriadust storms sandstorms 
124flag of TaiwanTaiwanearthquakes and typhoons 
125flag of TajikistanTajikistanNA 
126flag of KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstanNA 
127flag of KiribatiKiribatityphoons can occur any time but usually November to March; occasional tornadoes 
128flag of AlbaniaAlbaniadestructive earthquakes; tsunami occur along southwestern coast 
129flag of ChadChadhot dry dusty harmattan winds occur in north; periodic droughts; locust plagues 
130flag of British Indian Ocean TerritoryBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryNA 
131flag of British Virgin IslandsBritish Virgin Islandshurricanes and tropical storms 
132flag of BruneiBruneityphoons earthquakes and severe flooding are very rare 
133flag of BulgariaBulgariaearthquakes landslides 
134flag of Burkina FasoBurkina Fasorecurring droughts 
135flag of BurundiBurundiflooding landslides 
136flag of Cabo VerdeCabo Verdeprolonged droughts; harmattan wind can obscure visibility; volcanically and seismically active 
137flag of CambodiaCambodiamonsoonal rains 
138flag of CameroonCameroonrecent volcanic activity with release of poisonous gases 
139flag of CanadaCanadacontinuous permafrost in north is a serious obstacle to development; cyclonic storms form east of the Rocky Mountains a result of the mixing of air masses from the Arctic Pacific and American interior and produce most of the country's rain and snow 
140flag of Cayman IslandsCayman Islandshurricanes 
141flag of Central African RepublicCentral African Republichot dry dusty harmattan winds affect northern areas; floods are common 
142flag of ChileChilesevere earthquakes; active volcanism; tsunamis 
143flag of Bouvet IslandBouvet IslandNA 
144flag of ChinaChinafrequent typhoons 
145flag of Christmas IslandChristmas Islandalmost completely surrounded by a reef which can be a maritime hazard 
146flag of Clipperton IslandClipperton IslandNA 
147flag of Cocos IslandsCocos Islandscyclones may occur in the early months of the year 
148flag of ColombiaColombiahighlands subject to volcanic eruptions; occasional earthquakes; periodic droughts 
149flag of ComorosComoroscyclones and tsunamis possible during rainy season 
150flag of CongoCongoseasonal flooding 
151flag of Cook IslandsCook Islandstyphoons 
152flag of Costa RicaCosta Ricaoccasional earthquakes hurricanes along Atlantic coast; frequent flooding of lowlands at onset of rainy season; active volcanoes 
153flag of CroatiaCroatiafrequent and destructive earthquakes 
154flag of CubaCubathe east coast is subject to hurricanes from August to October 
155flag of CyprusCyprusmoderate earthquake activity 
156flag of Czech RepublicCzech RepublicNA 
157flag of BrazilBrazilrecurring droughts in northeast; floods and occasional frost in south 
158flag of BotswanaBotswanaperiodic droughts; seasonal August winds blow from the west carrying sand and dust across the country which can obscure visibility 
159flag of DenmarkDenmarkflooding is a threat in some areas of the country 
160flag of AustraliaAustraliacyclones along the coast; severe droughts 
161flag of AlgeriaAlgeriamountainous areas subject to severe earthquakes; mudslides 
162flag of American SamoaAmerican Samoatyphoons common from December to March 
163flag of AndorraAndorrasnowslides avalanches 
164flag of AngolaAngolalocally heavy rainfall causes periodic flooding on the plateau 
165flag of AnguillaAnguillafrequent hurricanes and other tropical storms 
166flag of AntarcticaAntarcticakatabatic 
167flag of Antigua and BarbudaAntigua and Barbudahurricanes and tropical storms 
168flag of Arctic OceanArctic Oceanice islands occasionally break away from northern Ellesmere Island; icebergs calved from glaciers in western Greenland and extreme northeastern Canada; permafrost in islands; virtually icelocked from October to June; ships subject to superstructure icing from October to May 
169flag of ArgentinaArgentinaTucuman and Mendoza areas in the Andes subject to earthquakes; pamperos are violent windstorms that can strike the Pampas and northeast; heavy flooding 
170flag of ArmeniaArmeniaoccasionally severe earthquakes; droughts 
171flag of ArubaArubalies outside the Caribbean hurricane belt 
172flag of Ashmore and Cartier IslandsAshmore and Cartier Islandssurrounded by shoals and reefs which can pose maritime hazards 
173flag of Atlantic OceanAtlantic Oceanicebergs common in Davis Strait Denmark Strait and the northwestern Atlantic Ocean from February to August and have been spotted as far south as Bermuda and the Madeira Islands; icebergs from Antarctica occur in the extreme southern Atlantic Ocean; ships subject to superstructure icing in extreme northern Atlantic from October to May and extreme southern Atlantic from May to October; persistent fog can be a maritime hazard from May to September 
174flag of AustriaAustriaNA 
175flag of Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovinafrequent and destructive earthquakes 
176flag of AzerbaijanAzerbaijandroughts; some lowland areas threatened by rising levels of the Caspian Sea 
177flag of BahrainBahrainperiodic droughts; dust storms 
178flag of Baker IslandBaker Islandthe narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard 
179flag of BangladeshBangladeshdroughts cyclones; much of the country routinely flooded during the summer monsoon season 
180flag of BarbadosBarbadoshurricanes 
181flag of Bassas da IndiaBassas da Indiamaritime hazard since it is usually under water during high tide and surrounded by reefs; subject to periodic cyclones 
182flag of BelarusBelarusNA 
183flag of BelgiumBelgiumflooding is a threat in areas of reclaimed coastal land protected from the sea by concrete dikes 
184flag of BelizeBelizefrequent devastating hurricanes 
185flag of BeninBeninhot dry dusty harmattan wind may affect north in winter 
186flag of BermudaBermudahurricanes 
187flag of BhutanBhutanviolent storms coming down from the Himalayas are the source of the country's name which translates as Land of the Thunder Dragon; frequent landslides during the rainy season 
188flag of BoliviaBoliviacold thin air of high plateau is obstacle to efficient fuel combustion as well as to physical activity by those unaccustomed to it from birth; flooding in the northeast 
189flag of Côte d'IvoireCôte d'Ivoirecoast has heavy surf and no natural harbors; during the rainy season torrential flooding is possible 
190flag of DjiboutiDjiboutiearthquakes; droughts; occasional cyclonic disturbances from the Indian Ocean bring heavy rains and flash floods 
191flag of Kingman ReefKingman Reefwet or awash most of the time maximum elevation of about 1 meter makes this a maritime hazard 
192flag of IraqIraqduststorms sandstorms floods 
193flag of GuyanaGuyanaflash floods are a constant threat during rainy seasons 
194flag of HaitiHaitilies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding and earthquakes; periodic droughts 
195flag of Heard Island and McDonald IslandsHeard Island and McDonald IslandsHeard Island is dominated by a dormant volcano called Big Ben 
196flag of Holy SeeHoly SeeNA 
197flag of HondurasHondurasfrequent but generally mild earthquakes; damaging hurricanes and floods along Caribbean coast 
198flag of Hong KongHong Kongoccasional typhoons 
199flag of Howland IslandHowland Islandthe narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard 
200flag of HungaryHungarylevees are common along many streams but flooding occurs almost every year 
201flag of IcelandIcelandearthquakes and volcanic activity 
202flag of IndiaIndiadroughts flash floods severe thunderstorms common; earthquakes 
203flag of Indian OceanIndian Oceanships subject to superstructure icing in extreme south near Antarctica from May to October 
204flag of IndonesiaIndonesiaoccasional floods severe droughts and tsunamis 
205flag of IranIranperiodic droughts floods; duststorms sandstorms; earthquakes along the Western border 
206flag of IrelandIrelandNA 
207flag of Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissauhot dry dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season; brush fires 
208flag of Isle of ManIsle of ManNA 
209flag of IsraelIsraelsandstorms may occur during spring and summer 
210flag of ItalyItalyregional risks include landslides mudflows avalanches earthquakes volcanic eruptions flooding; land subsidence in Venice 
211flag of JamaicaJamaicahurricanes 
212flag of Jan MayenJan Mayendominated by the volcano Beerenberg; volcanic activity resumed in 1970 
213flag of JapanJapanmany dormant and some active volcanoes; about 1500 seismic occurrences 
214flag of Jarvis IslandJarvis Islandthe narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard 
215flag of JerseyJerseyNA 
216flag of Johnston AtollJohnston AtollNA 
217flag of JordanJordanNA 
218flag of Juan de Nova IslandJuan de Nova Islandperiodic cyclones 
219flag of KazakhstanKazakhstanNA 
220flag of KenyaKenyaNA 
221flag of GuineaGuineahot dry dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season 
222flag of GuernseyGuernseyNA 
223flag of DominicaDominicaflash floods are a constant threat; destructive hurricanes can be expected during the late summer months 
224flag of FinlandFinlandNA 
225flag of Dominican RepublicDominican Republicoccasional hurricanes 
226flag of EcuadorEcuadorfrequent earthquakes landslides volcanic activity; periodic droughts 
227flag of EgyptEgyptperiodic droughts; frequent earthquakes flash floods landslides volcanic activity; hot driving windstorm called khamsin occurs in spring; duststorms sandstorms 
228flag of El SalvadorEl Salvadorknown as the Land of Volcanoes; frequent and sometimes very destructive earthquakes and volcanic activity 
229flag of Equatorial GuineaEquatorial Guineaviolent windstorms 
230flag of EritreaEritreafrequent droughts 
231flag of EstoniaEstoniaflooding occurs frequently in the spring 
232flag of EthiopiaEthiopiageologically active Great Rift Valley susceptible to earthquakes volcanic eruptions; frequent droughts 
233flag of Europa IslandEuropa IslandNA 
234flag of Falkland IslandsFalkland Islandsstrong winds persist throughout the year 
235flag of Faroe IslandsFaroe IslandsNA 
236flag of Federated States of MicronesiaFederated States of Micronesiatyphoons 
237flag of FijiFijicyclonic storms can occur from November to January 
238flag of FranceFranceflooding 
239flag of GuatemalaGuatemalanumerous volcanoes in mountains with frequent violent earthquakes; Caribbean coast subject to hurricanes and other tropical storms 
240flag of French PolynesiaFrench Polynesiaoccasional cyclonic storms in January 
241flag of French Southern and Antarctic LandsFrench Southern and Antarctic LandsIle Amsterdam and Ile Saint-Paul are extinct volcanoes 
242flag of GabonGabonNA 
243flag of Gaza StripGaza StripNA 
244flag of GeorgiaGeorgiaNA 
245flag of GermanyGermanyNA 
246flag of GhanaGhanadry dusty harmattan winds occur from January to March; droughts 
247flag of GibraltarGibraltarNA 
248flag of Glorioso IslandsGlorioso Islandsperiodic cyclones 
249flag of GreeceGreecesevere earthquakes 
250flag of GrenadaGrenadalies on edge of hurricane belt; hurricane season lasts from June to November 
251flag of GuadeloupeGuadeloupehurricanes 
252flag of GuamGuamfrequent squalls during rainy season; relatively rare but potentially very destructive typhoons 
253flag of ZimbabweZimbabwerecurring droughts; floods and severe storms are rare 

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