Country ranking for field: languages 1993

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This entry provides a listing of languages spoken in each country and specifies any that are official national or regional languages. When data is available, the languages spoken in each country are broken down according to the percent of the total population speaking each language as a first language. For those countries without available data, languages are listed in rank order based on prevalence, starting with the most-spoken language.

1flag of CameroonCameroon24 
2flag of AfghanistanAfghanistanPashtu 35% Afghan Persian 
3flag of Pitcairn IslandsPitcairn IslandsEnglish 
4flag of North KoreaNorth KoreaKorean 
5flag of Northern Mariana IslandsNorthern Mariana IslandsEnglish Chamorro Carolinian 
6flag of NorwayNorwayNorwegian 
7flag of OmanOmanArabic 
8flag of PakistanPakistanUrdu 
9flag of PanamaPanamaSpanish 
10flag of Papua New GuineaPapua New GuineaEnglish spoken by 1-2% pidgin English widespread Motu spoken in Papua region 
11flag of ParaguayParaguaySpanish 
12flag of PeruPeruSpanish 
13flag of PhilippinesPhilippinesPilipino 
14flag of PolandPolandPolish 
15flag of NiueNiuePolynesian closely related to Tongan and Samoan English 
16flag of PortugalPortugalPortuguese 
17flag of Puerto RicoPuerto RicoSpanish 
18flag of QatarQatarArabic 
19flag of RomaniaRomaniaRomanian Hungarian German 
20flag of RussiaRussiaRussian other 
21flag of RwandaRwandaKinyarwanda 
22flag of RéunionRéunionFrench 
23flag of Saint HelenaSaint HelenaEnglish 
24flag of Saint Kitts and NevisSaint Kitts and NevisEnglish 
25flag of Saint LuciaSaint LuciaEnglish 
26flag of Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesEnglish French patois 
27flag of Saint-Pierre and MiquelonSaint-Pierre and MiquelonFrench 
28flag of Norfolk IslandNorfolk IslandEnglish 
29flag of NigeriaNigeriaEnglish 
30flag of Saudi ArabiaSaudi ArabiaArabic 
31flag of MoldovaMoldovaMoldovan 
32flag of MacedoniaMacedoniaMacedonian 70% Albanian 21% Turkish 3% Serbo-Croatian 3% other 3%; total population: NA%; male: NA% 
33flag of MadagascarMadagascarFrench 
34flag of MalawiMalawiEnglish 
35flag of MaldivesMaldivesDivehi 
36flag of MaliMaliFrench 
37flag of MaltaMaltaMaltese 
38flag of Marshall IslandsMarshall IslandsEnglish 
39flag of MartiniqueMartiniqueFrench Creole patois 
40flag of MauritaniaMauritaniaHasaniya Arabic 
41flag of MauritiusMauritiusEnglish 
42flag of MexicoMexicoSpanish various Mayan dialects 
43flag of MonacoMonacoFrench 
44flag of NigerNigerFrench 
45flag of MongoliaMongoliaKhalkha Mongol 90% Turkic Russian Chinese 
46flag of MontserratMontserratEnglish 
47flag of MoroccoMoroccoArabic 
48flag of MozambiqueMozambiquePortuguese 
49flag of MyanmarMyanmarBurmese; minority ethnic groups have their own languages 
50flag of NamibiaNamibiaEnglish 7% 
51flag of NauruNauruNauruan 
52flag of NepalNepalNepali 
53flag of Netherlands AntillesNetherlands AntillesDutch 
54flag of New CaledoniaNew CaledoniaFrench 28 Melanesian-Polynesian dialects 
55flag of New ZealandNew ZealandEnglish 
56flag of NicaraguaNicaraguaSpanish 
57flag of San MarinoSan MarinoItalian 
58flag of Serbia and MontenegroSerbia and MontenegroSerbo-Croatian 95% Albanian 5% 
59flag of SenegalSenegalFrench 
60flag of United KingdomUnited KingdomEnglish Welsh 
61flag of TongaTongaTongan English 
62flag of Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad and TobagoEnglish 
63flag of TunisiaTunisiaArabic 
64flag of TurkeyTurkeyTurkish 
65flag of TurkmenistanTurkmenistanTurkmen 72% Russian 12% Uzbek 9% other 7% 
66flag of Turks and Caicos IslandsTurks and Caicos IslandsEnglish 
67flag of TuvaluTuvaluTuvaluan English 
68flag of U.S. Virgin IslandsU.S. Virgin IslandsEnglish 
69flag of UgandaUgandaEnglish 
70flag of UkraineUkraineUkrainian Russian Romanian Polish 
71flag of United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab EmiratesArabic 
72flag of United StatesUnited StatesEnglish Spanish 
73flag of TogoTogoFrench 
74flag of UruguayUruguaySpanish 
75flag of UzbekistanUzbekistanUzbek 85% Russian 5% other 10% 
76flag of VanuatuVanuatuEnglish 
77flag of VenezuelaVenezuelaSpanish 
78flag of VietnamVietnamVietnamese 
79flag of Wallis and FutunaWallis and FutunaFrench Wallisian 
80flag of West BankWest BankArabic Hebrew spoken by Israeli settlers English widely understood 
81flag of Western SaharaWestern SaharaHassaniya Arabic Moroccan Arabic 
82flag of Western SamoaWestern SamoaSamoan 
83flag of YemenYemenArabic 
84flag of ZaireZaireFrench Lingala Swahili Kingwana Kikongo Tshiluba 
85flag of ZambiaZambiaEnglish 
86flag of TokelauTokelauTokelauan 
87flag of The NetherlandsThe NetherlandsDutch 
88flag of LuxembourgLuxembourgLuxembourgisch German French English 
89flag of Sri LankaSri LankaSinhala 
90flag of SeychellesSeychellesEnglish 
91flag of Sierra LeoneSierra LeoneEnglish 
92flag of SingaporeSingaporeChinese 
93flag of SlovakiaSlovakiaSlovak 
94flag of SloveniaSloveniaSlovenian 91% Serbo-Croatian 7% other 2% 
95flag of English spoken by 1-2% of populationEnglish spoken by 1-2% of populationMelanesian pidgin in much of the country is lingua franca 
96flag of SomaliaSomaliaSomali 
97flag of South AfricaSouth AfricaAfrikaans 
98flag of South KoreaSouth KoreaKorean English widely taught in high school 
99flag of Galician 7% Basque 2%Galician 7% Basque 2%Castilian Spanish; second languages include Catalan 17% 
100flag of Spratly IslandsSpratly IslandsCastilian Spanish Catalan 17% Galician 7% Basque 2% 
101flag of SudanSudanArabic 
102flag of The GambiaThe GambiaEnglish 
103flag of SurinameSurinameDutch 
104flag of SvalbardSvalbardRussian Norwegian 
105flag of SwazilandSwazilandEnglish 
106flag of SwedenSwedenSwedish 
107flag of SwitzerlandSwitzerlandGerman 65% French 18% Italian 12% Romansch 1% other 4% 
108flag of SyriaSyriaArabic 
109flag of São Tomé and PríncipeSão Tomé and PríncipePortuguese 
110flag of TaiwanTaiwanMadarin Chinese 
111flag of TajikistanTajikistanTajik 
112flag of TanzaniaTanzaniaSwahili 
113flag of ThailandThailandThai English the secondary language of the elite ethnic and regional dialects 
114flag of The BahamasThe BahamasEnglish Creole among Haitian immigrants 
115flag of MacauMacauPortuguese 
116flag of LithuaniaLithuaniaLithuanian 
117flag of AlbaniaAlbaniaAlbanian 
118flag of CongoCongoFrench 
119flag of CambodiaCambodiaKhmer 
120flag of CanadaCanadaEnglish 
121flag of Cayman IslandsCayman IslandsEnglish 
122flag of Central African RepublicCentral African RepublicFrench 
123flag of ChadChadFrench 
124flag of ChileChileSpanish 
125flag of ChinaChinaStandard Chinese 
126flag of Christmas IslandChristmas IslandEnglish 
127flag of Cocos IslandsCocos IslandsEnglish 
128flag of ColombiaColombiaSpanish 
129flag of ComorosComorosArabic 
130flag of Cook IslandsCook IslandsEnglish 
131flag of Burkina FasoBurkina FasoFrench 
132flag of Costa RicaCosta RicaSpanish 
133flag of CroatiaCroatiaSerbo-Croatian 96% other 4% 
134flag of CubaCubaSpanish 
135flag of CyprusCyprusGreek Turkish English 
136flag of Czech RepublicCzech RepublicCzech Slovak 
137flag of Côte d'IvoireCôte d'IvoireFrench 
138flag of DenmarkDenmarkDanish Faroese Greenlandic 
139flag of DjiboutiDjiboutiFrench 
140flag of DominicaDominicaEnglish 
141flag of EcuadorEcuadorSpanish 
142flag of EgyptEgyptArabic 
143flag of Cabo VerdeCabo VerdePortuguese Crioulo a blend of Portuguese and West African words 
144flag of BulgariaBulgariaBulgarian; secondary languages closely correspond to ethnic breakdown 
145flag of Equatorial GuineaEquatorial GuineaSpanish 
146flag of BahrainBahrainArabic English Farsi Urdu 
147flag of AlgeriaAlgeriaArabic 
148flag of American SamoaAmerican SamoaSamoan 
149flag of AndorraAndorraCatalan 
150flag of AngolaAngolaPortuguese 
151flag of AnguillaAnguillaEnglish 
152flag of Antigua and BarbudaAntigua and BarbudaEnglish 
153flag of ArmeniaArmeniaArmenian 96% Russian 2% other 2% 
154flag of ArubaArubaDutch 
155flag of AustraliaAustraliaEnglish native languages 
156flag of AustriaAustriaGerman 
157flag of AzerbaijanAzerbaijanAzeri 82% Russian 7% Armenian 5% other 6% 
158flag of BangladeshBangladeshBangla 
159flag of BruneiBruneiMalay 
160flag of BarbadosBarbadosEnglish 
161flag of BelarusBelarusByelorussian Russian other 
162flag of BelgiumBelgiumFlemish 
163flag of BelizeBelizeEnglish 
164flag of BeninBeninFrench 
165flag of BermudaBermudaEnglish 
166flag of BhutanBhutanDzongkha 
167flag of BoliviaBoliviaSpanish 
168flag of Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and HerzegovinaSerbo-Croatian 99% 
169flag of BotswanaBotswanaEnglish 
170flag of BrazilBrazilPortuguese 
171flag of British Virgin IslandsBritish Virgin IslandsEnglish 
172flag of El SalvadorEl SalvadorSpanish Nahua 
173flag of EritreaEritreaTigre and Kunama Cushitic dialects Tigre Nora Bana Arabic 
174flag of LiechtensteinLiechtensteinGerman 
175flag of JapanJapanJapanese 
176flag of HungaryHungaryHungarian 98.2% other 1 
177flag of IcelandIcelandIcelandic 
178flag of IndiaIndiaEnglish enjoys associate status but is the most important language for national political and commercial communication Hindi the national language and primary tongue of 30% of the people Bengali 
179flag of IndonesiaIndonesiaBahasa Indonesia 
180flag of IranIranPersian and Persian dialects 58% Turkic and Turkic dialects 26% Kurdish 9% Luri 2% Baloch 1% Arabic 1% Turkish 1% other 2% 
181flag of IraqIraqArabic Kurdish 
182flag of IrelandIrelandIrish 
183flag of Isle of ManIsle of ManEnglish Manx Gaelic 
184flag of IsraelIsraelHebrew 
185flag of ItalyItalyItalian German 
186flag of JamaicaJamaicaEnglish Creole 
187flag of JerseyJerseyEnglish 
188flag of HondurasHondurasSpanish Indian dialects 
189flag of JordanJordanArabic 
190flag of KazakhstanKazakhstanKazakh 
191flag of KenyaKenyaEnglish 
192flag of KiribatiKiribatiEnglish 
193flag of KuwaitKuwaitArabic 
194flag of KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstanKirghiz 
195flag of LaosLaosLao 
196flag of LatviaLatviaLatvian 
197flag of LebanonLebanonArabic 
198flag of LesothoLesothoSesotho 
199flag of LiberiaLiberiaEnglish 20% 
200flag of LibyaLibyaArabic Italian English all are widely understood in the major cities 
201flag of Hong KongHong KongChinese 
202flag of Holy SeeHoly SeeItalian Latin various other languages 
203flag of EstoniaEstoniaEstonian 
204flag of GeorgiaGeorgiaArmenian 7% Azerbaijani 6% Georgian 71% 
205flag of EthiopiaEthiopiaAmharic 
206flag of Falkland IslandsFalkland IslandsEnglish 
207flag of Faroe IslandsFaroe IslandsFaroese 
208flag of Federated States of MicronesiaFederated States of MicronesiaEnglish 
209flag of FijiFijiEnglish 
210flag of FinlandFinlandFinnish 93.5% 
211flag of FranceFranceFrench 100% rapidly declining regional dialects and languages 
212flag of French GuianaFrench GuianaFrench 
213flag of French PolynesiaFrench PolynesiaFrench 
214flag of GabonGabonFrench 
215flag of Gaza StripGaza StripArabic Hebrew 
216flag of GermanyGermanyGerman 
217flag of HaitiHaitiFrench 
218flag of GhanaGhanaEnglish 
219flag of GibraltarGibraltarEnglish 
220flag of GreeceGreeceGreek 
221flag of GreenlandGreenlandEskimo dialects Danish; total population: NA%; male: NA%; female: NA% 
222flag of GrenadaGrenadaEnglish 
223flag of GuadeloupeGuadeloupeFrench creole patois 
224flag of GuamGuamEnglish Chamorro Japanese 
225flag of GuatemalaGuatemalaSpanish 60% Indian language 40% 
226flag of GuernseyGuernseyEnglish French; Norman-French dialect spoken in country districts 
227flag of Guinea-BissauGuinea-BissauPortuguese 
228flag of GuineaGuineaFrench 
229flag of GuyanaGuyanaEnglish Amerindian dialects 
230flag of ZimbabweZimbabweEnglish 

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