Country ranking for field: political parties and leaders 2001

Other rankings:  

This entry includes a listing of significant political parties, coalitions, and electoral lists as of each country's last legislative election, unless otherwise noted.

1flag of AfghanistanAfghanistan0 
2flag of OmanOmannone 
3flag of New ZealandNew ZealandACT New Zealand [Richard PREBBLE]; Alliance 
4flag of NicaraguaNicaraguaConservative Party of Nicaragua or PCN [Dr. Fernando AGUERO Rocha]; Independent Liberal Party or PLI [Virgilio GODOY]; Liberal Alliance 
5flag of NigerNigerDemocratic Rally of the People-Jama'a or RDP-Jama'a [Hamid ALGABID]; Democratic and Social Convention-Rahama or CDS-Rahama [Mahamane OUSMANE]; National Movement for a Developing Society-Nassara or MNSD-Nassara [Mamadou TANDJA chairman]; Nigerien Alliance for Democracy and Social Progress-Zaman Lahiya or ANDPS-Zaman Lahiya [Moumouni Adamou DJERMAKOYE]; Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism-Tarayya or PNDS-Tarayya [Mahamadou ISSOUFOU]; Union of Democratic Patriots and Progressives-Chamoua or UPDP-Chamoua [Professor Andre' SALIFOU chairman] 
6flag of NigeriaNigeriaAll People's Party or APP [Alhaji Yusuf ALI]; Alliance for Democracy or AD [contested between Yusuf MAMMAN and Alhasi Adamu ABDULKADIR]; People's Democratic Party or PDP [Barnabas GEMADE] 
7flag of NiueNiueNiue People's Action Party or NPP [Sani LAKATANI] 
8flag of Norfolk IslandNorfolk Islandnone 
9flag of North KoreaNorth KoreaChondoist Chongu Party [YU Mi-yong chairwoman]; Korean Social Democratic Party [KIM Pyong-sik chairman]; major party - Korean Workers' Party or KWP [KIM Chong-il General Secretary] 
10flag of Northern Mariana IslandsNorthern Mariana IslandsDemocratic Party [Dr. Carlos S 
11flag of NorwayNorwayCenter Party [Odd Roger ENOKSEN]; Christian People's Party [Kiell Magne BONDEVIK]; Conservative Party [Jan PETERSEN]; Labor Party [Jens STOLTENBERG]; Liberal Party [Lars SPONHEIM]; Progress Party [Carl I. HAGEN]; Socialist Left Party [Kristin HALVORSEN] 
12flag of PalauPalauPalau Nationalist Party [Johnson TORIBIONG]; Ta Belau Party [Kuniwo NAKAMURA] 
13flag of NepalNepalCommunist Party of Nepal/United Marxist-Leninist or CPN/UML [Madhav Kumar NEPAL general secretary]; National Democratic Party or NDP 
14flag of PanamaPanamaArnulfista Party or PA [Mireya Elisa MOSCOSO Rodriguez]; Christian Democratic Party or PDC [Ruben AROSEMENA]; Civic Renewal Party or PRC [Serguei DE LA ROSA]; Democratic Change [Ricardo MARTINELLI]; Democratic Revolutionary Party or PRD [Martin TORRIJOS]; National Liberal Party or PLN [Raul ARANGO Gasteazopo]; National Renovation Movement or MORENA [Pedro VALLARINO Cox]; Nationalist Republican Liberal Movement or MOLIRENA [Ramon MORALES]; Solidarity Party or PS [Samuel LEWIS Galindo] 
15flag of Papua New GuineaPapua New GuineaNational Alliance or NA [Michael SOMARE]; National Party or NP [Michael MEL]; Papua New Guinea United Party or Pangu Pati [Chris HAIVETA]; People's Action Party or PAP [Ted DIRO]; People's Democratic Movement or PDM [Sir Mekere MORAUTA]; People's National Congress or PNC [Simon KAUMI]; People's Progress Party or PPP [Michael NALI]; People's Unity Party or PUP [Alfred KAIABE]; United Party or UP [Rimbiuk PATO] 
16flag of ParaguayParaguayAuthentic Radical Liberal Party or PLRA [Miguel Abdon SAGUIER]; Christian Democratic Party or PDC [Adalina GUITERREZ DE GALEANO]; Febrerista Revolutionary Party or PRF [Carlos Maria LJUBETIC]; National Encounter or PEN [Euclides ACEVEDO]; National Republican Association - Colorado Party [acting president Bader RACHID LICHI] 
17flag of PeruPeruAmerican Popular Revolutionary Alliance or APRA [Alan GARCIA]; Andean Rebirth [Ciro GALVEZ Herreria]; Avancemos [leader NA]; Democratic Cause [Jorge SANTISTEVAN]; Independent Moralizing Front or FIM [Fernando OLIVERA Vega]; National Solidarity or SN [Luis CASTANEDA Lossio]; National Unity [Lourdes FLORES Nano]; Peru 2000 [leader NA]; Peru Posible or PP [Alejandro TOLEDO Maniquez]; Popular Action or AP [leader NA]; Popular Agrarian Front of Peru or Frepap [leader NA]; Popular Solution [Carlos BOLONA Behr]; Project Country [Mario Antonio ARRUNATEGUI]; Somos Peru or SP [Alberto ANDRADE]; Union for Peru or UPP [leader NA]; Vamos Vecinos or VV [Absalon VASQUEZ] 
18flag of PhilippinesPhilippinesPeople Power Coalition or PPC includes: Aksyon Demokratiko or Democratic Action [Raul ROCO] Lakas-NUCD [Gloria MACAPAGAL-ARROYO titular head Teofisto GUINGONA party president] Liberal Party or LP [Florencio ABAD] Probinsiya Muna Development Initiative or Promdi [Lito OSMENA] and Reporma Party [Renato DE VILLA]; Puwersa ng Masa 
19flag of Pitcairn IslandsPitcairn Islandsnone 
20flag of PolandPolandCoalition for Poland or KdP [first name unknown GRABOWSKI]; Confederation for an Independent Poland-Patriotic Camp or KPN-OP 
21flag of PortugalPortugalThe Greens or PEV [leader NA]; Popular Party or PP [Paulo PORTAS]; Portuguese Communist Party/United Democratic Coalition or PCP/CDU [Carlos CARVALHAS]; Portuguese Socialist Party or PS [Antonio GUTERRES]; Social Democratic Party or PSD [leader vacant]; The Left Bloc [no leader] 
22flag of Puerto RicoPuerto RicoNational Democratic Party [Celeste BENITEZ]; National Republican Party of Puerto Rico [Luis FERRE]; New Progressive Party or PNP [Pedro ROSSELLO]; Popular Democratic Party or PPD [Hector Luis ACEVEDO]; Puerto Rican Independence Party or PIP [Ruben BERRIOS Martinez] 
23flag of QatarQatarnone 
24flag of New CaledoniaNew CaledoniaAlliance pour la Caledonie [Didier LEROUX]; Developper Ensemble pour Construire l'Avenir or DEPCA [Robert FROUIN]; Federation des Comites de Coordination des Independantistes or FCCI [Leopald SOREDIE]; Front Uni de Liberation Kanak or FULK [Ernest UNE]; Groupe de l'Alliance Multiraciale or GAM [Dany DALMAYRAE]; Independance et Progres [Alphonse PUJAPUJANE]; Kanak Socialist Front for National Liberation or FLNKS [Rock WAMYTAN] 
25flag of NauruNauruloose multiparty system; Democratic Party [Kennan ADEANG]; Nauru Party 
26flag of RwandaRwandaCentrist Democratic Party or PDC [Jean-Nipomuscene NAYINZIRA]; Democratic Socialist Party or PSD [Charles NTAKIRUTINKA Vincent BIRUTA Augusin IYAMUREMYE]; Democratic Popular Union of Rwanda or UDPR [Adrien RANGIRA]; Democratic Republican Movement or MDR [Celestin KABANDA Emile NTWARABAKIGA Christian MARARA]; Islamic Democratic Party or PDI [Andre BUMAYA]; Liberal Party or PL [Pie MUGABO Enock KABERA Prosper MUGIRANEZA]; Rwanda Patriotic Army or RPA [Maj. Gen 
27flag of MaliMaliAlliance for Democracy or ADEMA [Ibrahim Boubacar KEITA party chairman]; Block of Alternative for the Renewal of Africa or BARA [Yoro DIAKITE]; Democratic and Social Convention or CDS [Mamadou Bakary SANGARE chairman]; Movement for the Independence Renaissance and Integration of Africa or MIRIA [Mohamed Lamine TRAORE Mouhamedou DICKO]; National Congress for Democratic Initiative or CNID [Mountaga TALL chairman]; Party for Democracy and Progress or PDP [Me Idrissa TRAORE]; Party for National Renewal or PARENA [Yoro DIAKITE chairman; Tiebile DRAME secretary general]; Rally for Democracy and Labor or RDT [Ali GNANGADO]; Rally for Democracy and Progress or RDP [Almamy SYLLA chairman]; Sudanese Union/African Democratic Rally or US/RDA [Mamadou Bamou TOURE secretary general]; Union of Democratic Forces for Progress or UFDP [Youssouf TOURE secretary general]; Union for Democracy and Development or UDD [Moussa Balla COULIBALY] 
28flag of LibyaLibyanone 
29flag of LiechtensteinLiechtensteinFatherland Union or VU [Dr. Oswald KRANZ]; Progressive Citizens' Party or FBP [Dr 
30flag of LithuaniaLithuaniaChristian Democratic Party or LKDP [Zigmas ZINKEVICIUS chairman]; Electoral Action of Lithuanian Poles [Valdemar TOMASZEVSKI chairman]; Homeland Union/Conservative Party or TS [Vytautas LANDSBERGIS chairman]; Lithuanian Center Union or LCS [Kestutis GLAVECKAS chairman]; Lithuanian Farmer's Party or LUP [Ramunas KARBAUSKIS chairman]; Lithuanian Liberal Union [Rolandas PAKSAS chairman]; Lithuanian Social Democratic Coalition [Algirdas BRAZAUSKAS chairman] consists of the Lithuanian Democratic Labor Party or LDDP the Lithuanian Social Democratic Party or LSPD and New Democracy; Modern Christian Democratic Union [Vytautas BOGUSIS chairman]; New Union-Social Liberals [Arturas PAULAUSKAS chairman] 
31flag of LuxembourgLuxembourgAction Committee for Democracy and Justice or ADR [Robert MEHLEN]; Christian Social People's Party or CSV 
32flag of MacedoniaMacedoniaDemocratic Alternative or DA [Vasil TUPURKOVSKI president]; Democratic Party for Albanians or DPA [Arben XHAFERI president]; Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization - Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity or VMRO-DPMNE [Ljubcho GEORGIEVSKI president]; Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization-True Macedonian Reform Option or VMRO-VMRO [Boris STOJMANOV]; Liberal Democratic Party or LDP [Risto GUSTERVO]; Party for Democratic Prosperity or PDP [Imeri IMERI president]; Social-Democratic Alliance of Macedonia or SDSM 
33flag of MadagascarMadagascarAction Truth Development and Harmony or AFFA [Professor Albert ZAFY]; Association for the Rebirth of Madagascar or AREMA [leader vacant]; Congress Party for Malagasy Independence or AKFM/Fanavaozana; Economic Liberalism and Democratic Action for National Recovery or LEADER/Fanilo [Herizo RAZAFIMAHALEO]; Fihaonana Rally or Fihaonana [Guy RAZANAMASY]; Group of Reflection and Action for the Development of Madagascar or GRAD/Iloafo; Judged by Your Work or AVI [Norbert RATSIRAHONANA]; Movement for the Progress of Madagascar or MFM [Manandafy RAKOTONIRINA]; Renewal of the Social Democratic Party or RPSD [Evariste MARSON]; Tranobe 
34flag of MalawiMalawiAlliance for Democracy or AFORD [Chakufwa CHIHANA president]; Malawi Congress Party or MCP [Gwanda CHAKUAMBA president John TEMBO vice president]; Malawi Democratic Party or MDP [Kampelo KALUA president]; National Independence Party; Social Democratic Party or SDP [Eston KAKHOME president]; United Democratic Front or UDF [Bakili MULUZI] - governing party 
35flag of MalaysiaMalaysiaAlternative Coalition or Barisan Alternatif-BA 
36flag of MaldivesMaldivesalthough political parties are not banned none exist 
37flag of MaltaMaltaAlternativa Demokratika/Alliance for Social Justice or AD [Harry VASSALLO]; Malta Labor Party or MLP [Alfred SANT]; Nationalist Party or PN [Edward FENECH ADAMI] 
38flag of NamibiaNamibiaCongress of Democrats or COD [Ben ULENGA]; Democratic Turnhalle Alliance of Namibia or DTA [Katuutire KAURA president]; Monitor Action Group or MAG [Kosie PRETORIUS]; South West Africa People's Organization or SWAPO [Sam NUJOMA]; United Democratic Front or UDF [Justus GAROEB] 
39flag of Marshall IslandsMarshall Islandstraditionally there have been no formally organized political parties; what has existed more closely resembles factions or interest groups because they do not have party headquarters formal platforms or party structures; the following two 'groupings' have competed in legislative balloting in recent years - Kabua Party [Imata KABUA] and United Democratic Party or UDP [Litokwa TOMEING] 
40flag of MartiniqueMartiniqueMartinique Independence Movement or MIM [Alfred MARIE-JEANNE]; Martinique Progressive Party or PPM [Camille DARSIERES]; Martinique Socialist Party or PMS [Ernest WAN-AJOUHU]; Rally for the Republic or RPR [Michel CHARLONE]; Union for French Democracy or UDF 
41flag of MauritiusMauritiusHizbullah [Cehl Mohamed FAKEEMEEAH]; Mauritian Labor Party or MLP [Navinchandra RAMGOOLAM]; Mauritian Militant Movement or MMM [Paul BERENGER] - in coalition with MSM; Mauritian Militant Renaissance or MMR [Dr. Paramhansa NABABSING]; Mauritian Social Democrat Party or PMSD [Charles Xavier-Luc DUVAL]; Militant Socialist Movement or MSM [Sir Anerood JUGNAUTH] - governing party; Rodrigues Movement or OPR [Joseph 
42flag of MayotteMayotteDemocratic Front or FD [Youssouf MOUSSA]; Mahoran Popular Movement or MPM [Younoussa BAMANA]; Mahoran Rally for the Republic or RPR [Mansour KAMARDINE]; Movement for Department Status Mayotte or MDM [Henri JEAN-BAPTISTE]; Socialist Party or PS 
43flag of MexicoMexicoConvergence for Democracy or CD [Dante DELGADO Ranauro]; Institutional Revolutionary Party or PRI [Dulce Maria SAURI Riancho]; Mexican Green Ecological Party or PVEM [Jorge GONZALEZ Torres]; National Action Party or PAN [Luis Felipe BRAVO Mena]; Party of the Democratic Center or PCD [Manuel CAMACHO Solis]; Party of the Democratic Revolution or PRD [Amalia GARCIA Medina]; Party of the Nationalist Society or PSN [Gustavo RIOJAIS Santana]; Social Alliance Party or PAS [Jose Antonio CALDERON Cardoso]; Workers Party or PT [Alberto ANAYA Gutierrez] 
44flag of MoldovaMoldovaBraghis Alliance [Dumitru BRAGHIS]; Popular Christian Democratic Party or PPCD [Iurie ROSCA]; Communist Party or PCM [Vladimir VORONIN first chairman] 
45flag of MonacoMonacoNational and Democratic Union or UND [leader NA]; National Union for the Future of Monaco or UNAM [leader NA]; Rally for the Monegasque Family [leader NA] 
46flag of MoroccoMoroccoAction Party or PA [Muhammad IDRISS]; Constitutional Union or UC [leader NA]; Democratic Forces Front or FFD [Thami KHIARI]; Democratic Socialist Party or PSD [Issa OUARDIGHI]; Democratic Party for Independence or PDI [Thami EL-OUAZZANI Said BOUACHRINE]; Istiqlal Party or IP [Abbas El-FASSI]; Labor Party or UT [leader NA]; National Democratic Party or PND [Mohamed Arsalane EL-JADIDI]; National Popular Movement or MNP [Mahjoubi AHERDANE]; National Rally of Independents or RNI [Ahmed OSMAN]; Organization of Democratic and Popular Action or OADP [Mohamed BEN SAID ait Idder]; Party of Progress and Socialism or PPS [Moulay Ismail ALAOUI]; Popular Constitutional and Democratic Movement or MPCD 
47flag of MozambiqueMozambiqueFront for the Liberation of Mozambique 
48flag of MyanmarMyanmarNational League for Democracy or NLD [AUNG SHWE chairman AUNG SAN SUU KYI general secretary]; National Unity Party or NUP 
49flag of RomaniaRomaniaDemocratic Party or PD [Petre ROMAN]; Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania or UDMR [Bela MARKO]; National Liberal Party or PNL [Mircea IONESCU-QUINTUS]; Party of Social Democracy in Romania or PDSR [Adrian NASTASE]; Romania Mare Party 
50flag of RéunionRéunionCommunist Party of Reunion or PCR [Paul VERGES]; Rally for the Republic or RPR [Andre Maurice PIHOUEE]; Socialist Party or PS [Jean-Claude FRUTEAU]; Union for French Democracy or UDF [Gilbert GERARD] 
51flag of LesothoLesothoBasotho Congress Party or BCP [Tseliso MAKHAKHE]; Basotho National Party or BNP [Maj. Gen 
52flag of TuvaluTuvaluthere are no political parties but members of Parliament usually align themselves in informal groupings 
53flag of TanzaniaTanzaniaChama Cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo or CHADEMA [Bob MAKANI chairman]; Chama Cha Mapinduzi or CCM 
54flag of ThailandThailandDemocratic Party or DP 
55flag of The BahamasThe BahamasFree National Movement or FNM [Hubert Alexander INGRAHAM]; Progressive Liberal Party or PLP [Perry CHRISTIE] 
56flag of The NetherlandsThe NetherlandsChristian Democratic Appeal or CDA [Jaap de Hoop SCHEFFER]; Democrats '66 or D'66 [Tom DE GRAAF]; Labor Party or PvdA [Wim KOK]; People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 
57flag of TokelauTokelaunone 
58flag of TongaTongaHuman Rights and Democracy Movement [Huliki WATAB chairman Viliami FUKOFUKA president 'Akilisi POHIVA vice president] 
59flag of Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad and TobagoNational Alliance for Reconstruction or NAR [Hochay CHARLES]; People's Empowerment Party or PEP [leader NA]; People's National Movement or PNM [Patrick MANNING]; United National Congress or UNC [Basdeo PANDAY] 
60flag of TunisiaTunisiaAl-Tajdid Movement [Adel CHAOUCH]; Constitutional Democratic Rally Party 
61flag of Turks and Caicos IslandsTurks and Caicos IslandsPeople's Democratic Movement or PDM [Derek H. TAYLOR]; Progressive National Party or PNP [Washington MISICK]; United Democratic Party or UDP [Wendal SWANN] 
62flag of U.S. Virgin IslandsU.S. Virgin IslandsDemocratic Party [Arturo WATLINGTON]; Independent Citizens' Movement or ICM [Usie RICHON]; Republican Party [Gary SCROUVE] 
63flag of TaiwanTaiwanChinese New Party or CNP [HAU Lang-bin]; Democratic Progressive Party or DPP [Frank HSIEH chairman]; Kuomintang or KMT 
64flag of United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emiratesnone 
65flag of United KingdomUnited KingdomConservative and Unionist Party [William HAGUE]; Democratic Unionist Party 
66flag of United StatesUnited StatesDemocratic Party [Terence McAULIFFE national committee chairman]; Republican Party [James S. GILMORE III national committee chairman]; several other groups or parties of minor political significance 
67flag of UruguayUruguayColorado Party [Jorge BATLLE]; National Party or Blanco [Alberto VOLONTE]; New Sector/Space Coalition or Nuevo Espacio [Rafael MICHELINI]; Progressive Encounter in the Broad Front or Encuentro Progresista [Tabare VAZQUEZ] 
68flag of UzbekistanUzbekistanAdolat 
69flag of VanuatuVanuatuMelanesian Progressive Party or MPP [Barak SOPE]; National United Party or NUP [Willie TITONGOA]; Union of Moderate Parties or UMP [Serge VOHOR]; Vanuaaku Party 
70flag of VenezuelaVenezuelaBrave Peoples Alliance or ABP [leader NA]; Democratic Action or AD [Henry RAMOS Allup]; Fifth Republic Movement or MVR [leader Luis MIQUILENA]; Homeland for All or PPT [Pablo MEDINA]; Justice First [leader NA]; Movement Toward Socialism or MAS [Felipe MUJICA]; National Convergence or Convergencia [Dr. Rafael CALDERA Rodriguez]; Radical Cause or La Causa R [Andres VELASQUEZ]; Social Christian Party or COPEI [Jose CURIEL]; Venezuela Project or PV [Henrique SALAS Ronier] 
71flag of VietnamVietnamonly party - Communist Party of Vietnam or CPV [Le Kha PHIEU general secretary] 
72flag of Wallis and FutunaWallis and FutunaLua Kae Tahi 
73flag of ZambiaZambiaAgenda for Zambia or AZ [Akashambatwa LEWANIKA]; Labor Party or LP [Chibiza MFUNI]; Liberal Progressive Front or LPF [Roger CHONGWE president]; Movement for Democratic Process or MDP [Chama CHAKOM BOKA]; Movement for Multiparty Democracy or MMD [Frederick CHILUBA]; National Party or NP [Daniel LISULO]; Republican Party or RP [Ben MWILA]; Social Democratic Party or SDP [Gwendoline Konie]; United National Independence Party or UNIP [Tilyenji KAUNDA]; United Party for National Development or UPND [Anderson MAZOKA]; Zambia Democratic Congress or Zadeco [Eden JERRY acting head] 
74flag of TajikistanTajikistanCongress of People's Unity of Tajikistan [Saiffidin TURAYEV]; Democratic Party or TDP [Mahmadruzi ISKANDAROV chairman]; Islamic Rebirth Party [Muhammadsharif HIMMAT-ZODA chairman]; Lali Badakhshan Movement [Atobek AMIRBEKOV]; National Movement Party [Hakim MUHHABATOV]; Party of Justice and Development [Rahmatullo ZOIROV]; People's Democratic Party of Tajikistan or PDPT [Emomali RAHMONOV]; Rastokhez 
75flag of São Tomé and PríncipeSão Tomé and PríncipeIndependent Democratic Action or ADI [Carlos NEVES]; Movement for the Liberation of Sao Tome and Principe-Social Democratic Party or MLSTP-PSD [Manuel Pinto Da COSTA]; Party for Democratic Convergence or PCD [Aldo BANDEIRA]; Democratic Renovation Party [Armindo GRACA]; other small parties 
76flag of Saint HelenaSaint Helenanone 
77flag of SingaporeSingaporePeople's Action Party or PAP [GOH Chok Tong secretary general] - the governing party; Singapore Democratic Party or SDP [CHEE Soon Juan]; Singapore People's Party or SPP [CHIAM See Tong]; Workers' Party or WP [J. B 
78flag of Saint Kitts and NevisSaint Kitts and NevisConcerned Citizens Movement or CCM [Vance AMORY]; Nevis Reformation Party or NRP [Joseph PARRY]; People's Action Movement or PAM [Lindsey GRANT]; Saint Kitts and Nevis Labor Party or SKNLP [Dr. Denzil DOUGLAS] 
79flag of Saint LuciaSaint LuciaNational Freedom Party or NFP [Martinus FRANCOIS]; Saint Lucia Labor Party or SLP [Kenneth ANTHONY]; United Workers Party or UWP [Dr. Morella JOSEPH] 
80flag of Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesNational Reform Party or NRP [Joel MIGUEL]; New Democratic Party or NDP [Arnhim EUSTACE]; People's Progressive Movement or PPM [Ken BOYEA]; Progressive Labor Party or PLP [leader NA]; United People's Movement or UPM [Adrian SAUNDERS]; Unity Labor Party or ULP [Ralph GONSALVES] 
81flag of Saint-Pierre and MiquelonSaint-Pierre and MiquelonRassemblement pour la Republique or RPR [leader NA]; Socialist Party or PS [leader NA]; Union pour la Democratie Francaise or UDF [leader NA] 
82flag of SamoaSamoaHuman Rights Protection Party or HRPP [TUILA'EPA Sailele Malielegaoi chairman]; Samoa All People's Party or SAPP [Matatumua NAIMOAGA]; Samoan National Development Party or SNDP [TAPUA Tamasese Efi chairman] 
83flag of San MarinoSan MarinoCommunist Refoundation or RC [Ivan FOSHI]; Ideas in Movement or IM [Alessandro ROSSI]; San Marino Christian Democratic Party or PDCS [Pier Marino MENICUCCI]; San Marino Popular Alliance of Democrats or APDS [Mario VENTURINI]; San Marino Progressive Democratic Party or PPDS [Claudio FELICI]; San Marino Socialist Party or PSS [Augusto CASALI]; Socialists for Reform or SR [Renzo GIARDI] 
84flag of Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabianone allowed 
85flag of SenegalSenegalAfrican Party for Democracy and Socialism or And Jef 
86flag of SeychellesSeychellesDemocratic Party or DP [James MANCHAM]; Seychelles National Party or SNP 
87flag of Sierra LeoneSierra LeoneAll People's Congress or APC [Edward Mohammed TURAY chairman]; Democratic Centre Party or DCP [Adu Aiah KOROMA]; National Democratic Alliance or NDA [Amadu M. B 
88flag of SlovakiaSlovakiaChristian Democratic Movement or KDH [Pavol HRUSOVSKY]; Liberal Democratic Union or LDU [Jan BUDAJ]; Movement for a Democratic Slovakia or HZDS [Vladimir MECIAR]; Party of Civic Understanding or SOP [Pavol HAMZIK]; Party of the Democratic Left or SDL [Jozef MIGAS]; Party of the Hungarian Coalition or SMK [Bela BUGAR]; Slovak Democratic and Christian Union or SDKU [Mikulas DZURINDA]; note - this is DZURINDA's new party for 2002 elections; he remains chairman of a rump and splintering SDK; Slovak Democratic Coalition or SDK 
89flag of SyriaSyriaNational Progressive Front or NPF 
90flag of SloveniaSloveniaDemocratic Party of Retired 
91flag of Solomon IslandsSolomon Islandsthere are two main coalitions - Coalition for National Unity Reconciliation and Peace or CNURP and Alliance for Change; the CNURP took power on 30 June 2000 it comprises members of the Liberal Party People's Alliance Party and the United Party as well as a number of independents; the Alliance for Change represents the former government and now is the opposition; in general Solomon Islands politics is characterized by fluid coalitions; Group for National Unity and Reconciliation or GNUR [leader NA]; Liberal Party [Bartholomew ULUFA'ALU]; National Action Party of Solomon Islands or NAPSI [Francis SAEMALA]; People's Alliance Party or PAP [George LEPPING]; People's Progressive Party [Mannaseh Damukana SOGAVARE]; Solomon Islands Labor Party or SILP [Joses TUHANUKU]; United Party or UP [leader NA] 
92flag of SomaliaSomalianone 
93flag of South AfricaSouth AfricaAfrican Christian Democratic Party or ACDP [Kenneth MESHOE president]; African National Congress or ANC [Thabo MBEKI president]; Democratic Alliance 
94flag of SpainSpainBasque Nationalist Party or PNV [Xabier ARZALLUS Antia]; Canarian Coalition or CC 
95flag of Sri LankaSri LankaAll Ceylon Tamil Congress or ACTC [Nalliah GURUPAUAN]; Ceylon Workers Congress or CLDC [Arumugam THONDAMAN]; Communist Party [Raja COLLURE]; Democratic United National 
96flag of SudanSudanthe government allows political 'associations' under a 1998 law revised in 2000; to obtain government approval parties must accept the constitution and refrain from advocating or using violence against the regime; approved parties include the National Congress Party or NCP [Ibrahim Ahmed UMAR] Popular National Congress [Hassan al-TURABI] and a handful of minor pro-government parties 
97flag of SurinameSurinameDemocratic Alternative '91 or DA '91 
98flag of SwedenSwedenCenter Party [Lennart DALEUS]; Christian Democratic Party [Alf SVENSSON]; Communist Workers' Party [Rolf HAGEL]; Green Party [no formal leader but party spokesperson is Briger SCHLAUG]; Left Party or VP 
99flag of SwitzerlandSwitzerlandChristian Democratic People's Party 
100flag of LiberiaLiberiaAll Liberia Coalition Party or ALCOP [Lusinee KAMARA]; Liberian Action Party or LAP [Cletus WOTORSON]; Liberian National Union or LINU [Henry MONIBA chairman]; Liberian People's Party or LPP [Togba-Nah TIPOTEH chairman]; National Democratic Party of Liberia or NDPL [Isaac DAKINAH]; National Patriotic Party or NPP [Charles Ghankay TAYLOR] - governing party; People's Progressive Party or PPP [Chea CHEAPOO chairman]; Reformation Alliance Party or RAP [Henry Boimah FAHNBULLEH chairman]; True Whig Party or TWP [Rudolph SHERMAN chairman]; United People's Party or UPP [Gabriel Baccus MATTHEWS chairman]; Unity Party or UP [Charles Clarke] 
101flag of LebanonLebanonpolitical party activity is organized along largely sectarian lines; numerous political groupings exist consisting of individual political figures and followers motivated by religious clan and economic considerations 
102flag of AlbaniaAlbaniaAlbanian National Front 
103flag of ComorosComorosFront National pour la Justice or FNJ 
104flag of CanadaCanadaBloc Quebecois [Gilles DUCEPPE]; Canadian Alliance [Stockwell DAY]; Liberal Party [Jean CHRETIEN]; New Democratic Party [Alexa MCDONOUGH]; Progressive Conservative Party [Joe CLARK] 
105flag of Cayman IslandsCayman Islandsthere are no formal political parties but the following loose groupings act as political organizations; National Team; Democratic Alliance; Team Cayman 
106flag of Central African RepublicCentral African RepublicAlliance for Democracy and Progress or ADP [Francois PEHOUA]; Central African Democratic Assembly or RDC [Andre KOLINGBA]; Civic Forum or FC [Gen. Timothee MALENDOMA]; Democratic Forum or FODEM [Charles MASSI]; Liberal Democratic Party or PLD [Nestor KOMBO-NAGUEMON]; Movement for Democracy and Development or MDD [David DACKO]; Movement for the Liberation of the Central African People or MLPC [the party of the president Ange-Felix PATASSE]; Patriotic Front for Progress or FPP [Abel GOUMBA]; People's Union for the Republic or UPR [leader NA]; National Unity Party or PUN [Jean-Paul NGOUPANDE]; Social Democratic Party or PSD [Enoch LAKOUE] 
107flag of ChadChadNational Union for Development and Renewal or UNDR [Saleh KEBZABO]; Patriotic Salvation Movement or MPS [Mahamat Saleh AHMAT chairman] 
108flag of ChileChileCenter-Center Union Party or UCCP [Francisco Javier ERRAZURIZ]; Christian Democratic Party or PDC [Ricardo HORMAZABAL]; Coalition of Parties for Democracy 
109flag of ChinaChinaChinese Communist Party or CCP [JIANG Zemin General Secretary of the Central Committee]; eight registered small parties controlled by CCP 
110flag of Christmas IslandChristmas Islandnone 
111flag of Cocos IslandsCocos Islandsnone 
112flag of ColombiaColombiaConservative Party or PSC [Ciro RAMIREZ Anzon]; Liberal Party or PL [Luis Guillermo VELEZ]; Patriotic Union or UP is a legal political party formed by Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia or FARC and Colombian Communist Party or PCC [Jaime CAICEDO]; 19 of April Movement or M-19 [Antonio NAVARRO Wolff] 
113flag of CongoCongothe most important of the many parties are the Democratic and Patriotic Forces or FDP 
114flag of CambodiaCambodiaBuddhist Liberal Party or BLP [IENG MOULY]; Cambodian Pracheachon Party or Cambodian People's Party or CPP [CHEA SIM]; Khmer Citizen Party or KCP [NGUON SOEUR]; National United Front for an Independent Neutral Peaceful and Cooperative Cambodia or FUNCINPEC [Prince NORODOM RANARIDDH]; Sam Rangsi Party or SRP 
115flag of Cook IslandsCook IslandsCook Islands People's Party or CIP [Tai CARPENTER]; Democratic Alliance Party or DAP [Terepai MAOATE]; New Alliance Party or NAP [Norman GEORGE] 
116flag of CubaCubaonly party - Cuban Communist Party or PCC [Fidel CASTRO Ruz first secretary] 
117flag of CyprusCyprusGreek Cypriot area: Democratic Party or DIKO [Tassos PAPADOPOULOS]; Democratic Rally or DISY [Nikos ANASTASIADHIS]; Restorative Party of the Working People or AKEL 
118flag of Czech RepublicCzech RepublicChristian and Democratic Union-Czechoslovak People's Party or KDU-CSL [Jan KASAL chairman]; Civic Democratic Alliance or ODA [Daniel KROUPA chairman]; Civic Democratic Party or ODS [Vaclav KLAUS chairman]; Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia or KSCM [Miroslav GREBENICEK chairman]; Communist Party of Czechoslovakia or KSC [Miroslav STEPAN chairman]; Czech National Social Party of CSNS [Jan SULA chairman]; Czech Social Democratic Party or CSSD [Milos ZEMAN chairman]; Democratic Union or DEU [Ratibor MAJZLIK chairman]; Freedom Union or US [Karel KUEHNL chairman]; Quad Coalition [Cyril SVOBODA chairman] 
119flag of Côte d'IvoireCôte d'IvoireDemocratic Party of Cote d'Ivoire-African Democratic Rally or PDCI-RDA [Aime Henri Konan BEDIE]; Ivorian Popular Front or FPI [Laurent GBAGBO]; Ivorian Worker's Party or PIT [Francis WODIE]; Rally of the Republicans or RDR [Henriette DAGRI-DIABATE]; Union for Democracy and Peace [Gen. Robert GUEI]; over 20 smaller parties 
120flag of Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Social Christian Party or PDSC [Andre BO-BOLIKO]; Popular Movement of the Revolution or MPR [leader NA]; Unified Lumumbast Party or PALU [Antoine GIZENGA]; Union for Democracy and Social Progress or UDPS [Etienne TSHISEKEDI wa Mulumba]; Union of Federalists and Independent Republicans or UFERI [Kouyoumba MUCHULI Mulembe] 
121flag of DenmarkDenmarkCenter Democratic Party [Mimi JAKOBSEN]; Christian People's Party [Jann SJURSEN]; Conservative Party 
122flag of DjiboutiDjiboutiDemocratic National Party or PND [ADEN Robleh Awaleh]; Democratic Renewal Party or PRD [Abdillahi HAMARITEH]; People's Progress Assembly or RPP 
123flag of DominicaDominicaDominica Freedom Party or DFP [Charles SAVARIN]; Dominica Labor Party or DLP [Pierre CHARLES]; United Workers Party or UWP [Edison JAMES] 
124flag of Dominican RepublicDominican RepublicDominican Liberation Party or PLD [Leonel FERNANDEZ Reyna]; Dominican Revolutionary Party or PRD [Hatuey DE CAMPS]; Social Christian Reformist Party or PRSC [Joaquin BALAGUER Ricardo] 
125flag of CameroonCameroonCameroonian Democratic Union or UDC [Adamou NDAM NJOYA]; Democratic Rally of the Cameroon People or RDCP [Paul BIYA]; Movement for the Defense of the Republic or MDR [Dakole DAISSALA]; Movement for the Liberation and Development of Cameroon or MLDC [leader NA]; Movement for the Youth of Cameroon or MLJC [Marcel YONDO]; National Union for Democracy and Progress or UNDP [Maigari BELLO BOUBA chairman]; Social Democratic Front or SDF [John FRU NDI]; Union of Cameroonian Populations has two sections UPC-N [Ndeh NTUMAZAH] and UPC-K [Augustin Frederic KODOCK] 
126flag of Cabo VerdeCabo VerdeAfrican Party for Independence of Cape Verde or PAICV [Jose Maria NEVES chairman]; Democratic Alliance for Change or ADM [Dr. Eurico MONTEIRO] 
127flag of El SalvadorEl SalvadorChristian Democratic Party or PDC [Rene AGUILUZ]; Democratic Convergence or CD 
128flag of BangladeshBangladeshAwami League or AL [Sheikh HASINA]; Bangladesh Communist Party or BCP [Saifuddin Ahmed MANIK]; Bangladesh Nationalist Party or BNP [Khaleda ZIAur Rahman]; Islami Oikya Jote or IOJ [Azizol HAQ]; Jamaat-E-Islami or JI [Motiur Rahman NIZAMI]; Jatiya Party or JP [Hussain Mohammad ERSHAD] 
129flag of American SamoaAmerican SamoaDemocratic Party [leader NA]; Republican Party [leader NA] 
130flag of AnguillaAnguillaAnguilla United Movement or AUM [Hubert HUGHES]; The United Front or UF [Osbourne FLEMMING Victor BANKS] a coalition of the Anguilla Democratic Party or ADP and the Anguilla National Alliance or ANA 
131flag of Antigua and BarbudaAntigua and BarbudaAntigua Labor Party or ALP [Lester Bryant BIRD]; Barbuda People's Movement or BPM [Thomas H. FRANK]; United Progressive Party or UPP [Baldwin SPENCER] 
132flag of ArgentinaArgentinaAction for the Republic or AR [Domingo CAVALLO]; Front for a Country in Solidarity or Frepaso 
133flag of ArmeniaArmeniaArmenia Party [Myasnik ALKHASYAN]; Armenian Communist Party or ACP [Vladimir DARBINYAN]; Armenian Revolutionary Federation 
134flag of ArubaArubaAruba Solidarity Movement or MAS [leader NA]; Aruban Democratic Party or PDA [Leo BERLINSKI]; Aruban Liberal Party or OLA [Glenbert CROES]; Aruban Patriotic Party or PPA [Benny NISBET]; Aruban People's Party or AVP [Tico CROES]; Electoral Movement Party or MEP [Nelson ODUBER]; For a Restructured Aruba Now or PARA [leader NA]; National Democratic Action or ADN [Pedro Charro KELLY] 
135flag of AustraliaAustraliaAustralian Democratic Party [Meg LEES]; Australian Labor Party [Kim BEAZLEY]; Green Party [Bob BROWN]; Liberal Party [John Winston HOWARD]; National Party [John ANDERSON]; One Nation Party [Pauline HANSON] 
136flag of AustriaAustriaAustrian People's Party or OeVP [Wolfgang SCHUESSEL]; Freedom Party of Austria or FPOe [Susanne RIESS-PASSER]; Social Democratic Party of Austria or SPOe [Alfred GUSENBAUER]; The Greens Alternative or GA [Alexander VAN DER BELLEN] 
137flag of BahrainBahrainpolitical parties prohibited 
138flag of BarbadosBarbadosBarbados Labor Party or BLP [Owen ARTHUR]; Democratic Labor Party or DLP [David THOMPSON]; National Democratic Party or NDP [Richard HAYNES] 
139flag of Burkina FasoBurkina FasoAfrican Democratic Rally-Alliance for Democracy and Federation or RDA-ADF [Herman YAMEOGO]; Congress for Democracy and Progress or CDP [Roch Marc-Christian KABORE]; Movement for Tolerance and Progress or MTP [Noyabtigungu Congo KABORE]; Party for African Independence or PAI [Philippe OUEDRAOGO]; Party for Democracy and Progress or PDP [Joseph KI-ZERBO]; Union of Greens for the Development of Burkina Faso or UVDB [Ram OVEDRAGO] 
140flag of BelarusBelarusAgrarian Party or AP [Semyon SHARETSKY chairman]; Belarusian Communist Party or KPB [Viktor CHIKIN chairman]; Belarusian Ecological Green Party 
141flag of BelgiumBelgiumAGALEV 
142flag of BelizeBelizePeople's United Party or PUP [Said MUSA]; United Democratic Party or UDP [Manuel ESQUIVEL Dean BARROW Doug SINGH] 
143flag of BermudaBermudaNational Liberal Party or NLP [Dessaline WALDRON]; Progressive Labor Party or PLP [Jennifer SMITH]; United Bermuda Party or UBP [Pamela GORDON] 
144flag of BhutanBhutanno legal parties 
145flag of Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and HerzegovinaBosnian Party or BOSS [Mirnes AJANOVIC]; Bosnian Patriotic Party or BPS [Sefer HALILOVIC]; Civic Democratic Party of BiH or GDS [Ibrahim SPAHIC]; Croat Christian Democratic Union or HKDU BiH [Ante PASALIC]; Croatian Democratic Union of BiH or HDZ-BiH [leader vacant]; Croatian Party of Rights or HSP [Zdravko HRSTIC]; Croatian Peasants Party of BiH or HSS-BiH [Ilija SIMIC]; Democratic Action Party or SDA [Alija IZETBEGOVIC]; Democratic National Alliance or DNS [Dragan KOSTIC]; Democratic Party of Pensioners or DPS [Alojz KNEZOVIC]; Democratic Party of RS or DSRS [Dragomir DUMIC]; Democratic Peoples Union or DNZ [Fikret ABDIC]; Democratic Socialist Party or DSP [Nebojsa RADMANOVIC]; Liberal Democratic Party or LDS [Rasim KADIC]; New Croatian Initiative or NHI [Kresimir ZUBAK]; Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina or SBH [Haris SILAJDZIC]; Party of Democratic Progress or PDP [Mladen IVANIC]; Party of Independent Social Democrats or SNSD [Milorad DODIK]; Pensioners' Party of FBiH [Husein VOJNIKOVIC]; Pensioners' Party of SR [Stojan BOGOSAVAC]; Republican Party of BiH or RP [Stjepan KLJUIC]; Serb Democratic Party or Serb Lands or SDS [Dragan KALINIC]; Serb National Alliance 
146flag of BrazilBrazilBrazilian Democratic Movement Party or PMDB [Jader BARBALHO president]; Brazilian Labor Party or PTB [Roberto JEFFERSON]; Brazilian Social Democracy Party or PSDB [Teotonio VILELA Filno]; Brazilian Socialist Party or PSB [Miguel ARRAES president]; Brazilian Progressive Party or PPB [Paulo Salim MALUF]; Communist Party of Brazil or PCdoB [Sergio Roberto Gomes SOUZA chairman]; Democratic Labor Party or PDT [Leonel BRIZOLA president]; Liberal Front Party or PFL [Jorge BORNHAUSEN president]; Liberal Party or PL [Francisco Teixeira de OLIVEIRA]; Popular Socialist Party or PPS [Ciro GOMEZ president]; Worker's Party or PT [Jose DIRCEU president] 
147flag of British Virgin IslandsBritish Virgin IslandsConcerned Citizens Movement or CCM [Ethlyn SMITH]; National Democratic Party or NDP [Orlando SMITH]; United Party or UP [Gregory MADURO]; Virgin Islands Party or VIP [Ralph T. O'NEAL] 
148flag of BruneiBruneiBrunei Solidarity National Party or PPKB in Malay [Haji Mohd HATTA bin Haji Zainal Abidin president]; the PPKB is the only legal political party in Brunei; it was registered in 1985 but became largely inactive after 1988 it was revived in 1995 and again in 1998; it has less than 200 registered party members; other parties include Brunei People's Party or PRB 
149flag of BulgariaBulgariaAlliance for National Salvation or ANS 
150flag of EcuadorEcuadorConcentration of Popular Forces or CFP [Averroes BUCARAM]; Democratic Left or ID [Rodrigo BORJA Cevallos]; Ecuadorian Conservative Party or PCE [Sixto DURAN Ballen]; Independent National Movement or MIN [leader NA]; Pachakutik-New Country or P-NP [Rafael PANDAM]; Popular Democracy or DP [Ramiro RIVERA]; Popular Democratic Movement or MPD [leader NA]; Radical Alfarista Front or FRA [Fabian ALARCON director]; Roldosist Party or PRE [Abdala BUCARAM Ortiz director]; Social Christian Party or PSC [Jaime NEBOT Saadi president] 
151flag of Equatorial GuineaEquatorial GuineaConvergence Party for Social Democracy or CPDS [Placido Miko ABOGO]; Democratic Party for Equatorial Guinea or PDGE 
152flag of LatviaLatviaAnticommunist Union or PA [P. MUCENIEKS]; Christian Democrat Union or LKDS [Talavs JUNDZIS]; Christian People's Party or KTP [Uldis AUGSTKALNS]; Democratic Party 'Saimnieks' or DPS [Ziedonis CEVERS chairman]; For Fatherland and Freedom or TB [Maris GRINBLATS] merged with LNNK; For Human Rights in a United Latvia [Janis JURKANS] a coalition of the People's Harmony Party or TSP the Latvian Socialist Party or LSP and the Equal Rights Movement; Green Party or LZP [Olegs BATAREVSKI]; Latvian Liberal Party or LLP [J 
153flag of Isle of ManIsle of Manthere is no party system; members sit as independents 
154flag of Holy SeeHoly Seenone 
155flag of HondurasHondurasChristian Democratic Party or PDC [Efrain DIAZ Arrivillaga president]; Democratic Unification Party or PUD [Marias FUNES Valladares president]; Liberal Party or PL [Carlos Roberto FLORES Facusse president]; National Innovation and Unity Party-Social Democratic Party or PINU-SD [Olban VALLADARES president]; National Party of Honduras or PN [Carlos URBIZO president] 
156flag of HungaryHungaryAlliance of Free Democrats or SZDSZ [Gabor DEMSZKY]; Christian Democratic People's Party or KDNP [Gyorgy GICZY president]; Federation of Young Democrats-Hungarian Civic Party or FYD-HCP [Laszlo KOVER]; note - used to be Hungarian Civic Party or FIDESZ; Hungarian Democratic Forum or MDF [Ibolya DAVID]; Hungarian Democratic People's Party or MDNP [Erzsebet PUSZTAI chairman]; Hungarian Justice and Life Party or MIEP [Istvan CSURKA chairman]; Hungarian Socialist Party or MSZP [Laszlo KOVACS chairman]; Hungarian Workers' Party or MMP [Gyula THURMER chairman]; Independent Smallholders or FKGP [Jozsef TORGYAN president] 
157flag of IcelandIcelandIndependence Party 
158flag of IndiaIndiaAll India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam or AIADMK [C. Jayalalitha JAYARAM]; All India Forward Bloc or AIFB [Prem Dutta PALIWAL 
159flag of IndonesiaIndonesiaCrescent Moon and Star Party or PBB [Yusril Ihza MAHENDRA chairman]; Development Unity Party or PPP 
160flag of IranIranthe following organizations appeared to have achieved considerable success at elections to the sixth Majlis in early 2000: Assembly of the Followers of the Imam's Line Freethinkers' Front Islamic Iran Participation Front Moderation and Development Party Servants of Construction Party Society of Self-sacrificing Devotees 
161flag of IraqIraqBa'th Party [SADDAM Husayn central party leader] 
162flag of IrelandIrelandDemocratic Left [Proinsias DE ROSSA]; Fianna Fail [Bertie AHERN]; Fine Gael [Michael NOONAN]; Green Party [Mary BOWERS]; Labor Party [Ruairi QUINN]; Progressive Democrats [Mary HARNEY]; Sinn Fein [Gerry ADAMS]; Socialist Party [Joe HIGGINS]; The Workers' Party [Tom FRENCH] 
163flag of IsraelIsraelBalad or National Democratic Alliance [Amnon LIPKIN-SHAHAK]; Center Party [Yitzhak MORDECHAI]; Democratic Movement [Roman BRONFMAN]; Gesher [David LEVI]; Hadash [Muhammad BARAKA]; Labor Party [leader vacant]; Likud Party [Ariel SHARON]; MERETZ [Yossi SARID]; National Democratic Alliance 
164flag of GuyanaGuyanaAlliance for Guyana or AFG 
165flag of ItalyItalyCenter-Left Olive Tree Coalition [Francesco RUTELLI] - Democrats of the Left Daisy Alliance 
166flag of JamaicaJamaicaJamaica Labor Party or JLP [Edward SEAGA]; National Democratic Movement or NDM [Bruce GOLDING]; People's National Party or PNP [Percival James PATTERSON] 
167flag of JapanJapanDemocratic Party of Japan or DPJ [Yukio HATOYAMA leader Naoto KAN secretary general]; Japan Communist Party or JCP [Kazuo SHII chairman Tadaaki ICHIDA secretary general]; Komeito [Takenori KANZAKI president Tetsuzo FUYUSHIBA secretary general]; Liberal Democratic Party or LDP [Junichiro KOIZUMI president Taku YAMASAKI secretary general]; Liberal Party [Ichiro OZAWA president Hirohisa FUJII secretary general]; New Conservative Party [Chikage OGI president Takeshi NODA secretary general]; Social Democratic Party or SDP [Takako DOI chairperson Sadao FUCHIGAMI secretary general] 
168flag of JerseyJerseynone; all independents 
169flag of JordanJordanAl-Umma 
170flag of KazakhstanKazakhstanAgrarian Party [Romin MADENOV]; Alash [Soverkazhy AKATAYEV]; AZAMAT Movement [Petr SVOIK Murat AUEZOV and Galym ABILSIITOV cochairmen]; Civic Party [Azat PERUASHEV first secretary]; Communist Party or KPK [Serikbolsyn ABDILDIN first secretary]; Forum of Democratic Forces [Nurbulat MASANOV Deputy Chairman of the Republican People's Party of Kazakhstan 
171flag of KenyaKenyaDemocratic Party of Kenya or DP [Mwai KIBAKI]; Forum for the Restoration of Democracy-Asili or FORD-A [Martin SHIKUKU secretary general]; Forum for the Restoration of Democracy-Kenya or FORD-K [Michael Kijana WAMALWA]; Forum for the Restoration of Democracy-People or FORD-People [Kimaniwa NYOIKE chairman]; Kenya African National Union or KANU [President Daniel Toroitich arap MOI] - the governing party; National Development Party or NDP [Raila ODINGA president]; SAFINA [Farah MAALIM chairman]; Social Democratic Party or SDP [Dr. Apollo NJONJO secretary general and Justus NYANG'AYA chairman] 
172flag of KuwaitKuwaitnone; formation of political parties is illegal 
173flag of KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstanAgrarian Labor Party of Kyrgyzstan [Uson S. SYDYKOV]; Agrarian Party of Kyrgyzstan [Arkin ALIYEV]; Ata-Meken Socialist Party or Fatherland [Onurbek TEKEBAYEV]; Banner National Revival Party or ASABA [Chaprashty BAZARBAY]; Democratic Movement of Kyrgyzstan or DDK [Jypar JEKSHEYEV]; Democratic Women's Party of Kyrgyzstan [T 
174flag of LaosLaosLao People's Revolutionary Party or LPRP [KHAMTAI Siphandon party president]; other parties proscribed 
175flag of HaitiHaitiAlliance for the Liberation and Advancement of Haiti or ALAH [Reynold GEORGES]; Assembly of Progressive National Democrats or RDNP [Leslie MANIGAT]; Convergence 
176flag of GuineaGuineaDemocratic Party of Guinea or PDG-AST [Marcel CROS]; Democratic Party of Guinea-African Democratic Rally or PDG-RDA [El Hadj Ismael Mohamed Gassim GUSHEIN]; National Union for Progress or UNP [Paul Louis FABER]; Party for Unity and Progress or PUP [Lansana CONTE] - the governing party; Party for Renewal and Progress or PRP [Siradiou DIALLO]; Rally for the Guinean People or RPG [Alpha CONDE]; Union for Progress of Guinea or UPG [Jean-Marie DORE secretary-general]; Union for the New Republic or UNR [Mamadou Boye BA]; Union of Republican Forces or UFR [Sidya TOURE] 
177flag of EritreaEritreaPeople's Front for Democracy and Justice or PFDJ the only party recognized by the government [ISAIAS Afworki PETROS Solomon]; note - the National Assembly has appointed a committee to draft a law on political parties 
178flag of GabonGabonAfrican Forum for Reconstruction or FAR [Leon MBOU-YEMBI]; Circle of Liberal Reformers or CLR [General Jean Boniface ASSELE]; Democratic and Republican Alliance or ADERE [Divungui-di-Ndinge DIDJOB]; Gabonese Democratic Party or PDG former sole party [Simplice Nguedet MANZELA secretary general]; Gabonese Party for Progress or PGP [Pierre-Louis AGONDJO-OKAWE president]; Gabonese People's Union or UPG [Pierre MAMBOUNDOU]; Gabonese Socialist Union or USG [Serge MBA BEKALE]; National Rally of Woodcutters 
179flag of EstoniaEstoniaCenter Party or K [Edgar SAVISAAR chairman]; Christian People's Party [Aldo VINKEL]; Coalition Party and Rural Union or KMU [Andrus OOBEL chairman]; Estonian Democratic Party 
180flag of EthiopiaEthiopiaAfar National Democratic Party or ANDP [leader NA]; All-Amhara People's Organization or AAPO [KEGNAZ MATCH Neguea Tibeb]; Amhara National Democratic Movement or ANDM [TEFERA Walwa]; Bench Madji People's Democratic Organization or BMPDO [leader NA]; Benishangul Gumuz People's Democratic Unity Front or BGPDUF [leader NA]; Coalition of Alternative Forces for Peace and Democracy or CAFPD [Kifle TIGNEH Abate and BEYENE Petros]; Ethiopian Democratic Unity Party or EDUP [Lt. Gen 
181flag of Falkland IslandsFalkland Islandsnone; all independents 
182flag of Faroe IslandsFaroe IslandsCenter Party [Jenis A. RANA]; Home Rule Party [Helena Dam a NEYSTABO]; People's Party [Oli BRECKMANN]; Republican Party [Hogni HOYDAL]; Social Democratic Party [Joannes EIDESGAARD]; Union Party [Edmund JOENSEN] 
183flag of Federated States of MicronesiaFederated States of Micronesiano formal parties 
184flag of FijiFijiFiji Labor Party or FLP [Mahendra CHAUDHRY]; Fijian Nationalist Federation Party or NFP [Singh RAKKA]; Fijian Political Party or SVT 
185flag of FinlandFinlandCenter Party or Kesk [Esko AHO]; Finnish Christian Union or SKL [C. P 
186flag of FranceFranceCitizens Movement or MdC [Jean Pierre CHEVENEMENT]; French Communist Party or PCF [Robert HUE]; Independent Ecological Movement or MEI [Antoine WAECHTER]; Left Radical Party or PRG 
187flag of French GuianaFrench GuianaGuianese Socialist Party or PSG [Antoine KARAM]; Guyana Democratic Forces or FDG [Georges OTHILY]; Rally for the Republic or RPR [Roland HO-WEN-SZE]; Socialist Party or PS [Pierre RIBARDIERE] 
188flag of French PolynesiaFrench PolynesiaCentrist Union or UC [leader NA]; Independent Front for the Liberation of Polynesia 
189flag of GeorgiaGeorgiaCitizen's Union of Georgia or CUG [Eduard SHEVARDNADZE]; Georgian United Communist Party or UCPG [Panteleimon GIORGADZE chairman]; Industry Will Save Georgia or IWSG [Georgi TOPADZE]; National Democratic Party or NDP [Irina SARISHVILI-CHANTURIA]; Socialist Party or SPG [Temur GAMTSEMLIDZE]; Union for 'Revival' Party or AGUR [Alsan ABASHIDZE]; United Republican Party or URP [Nodar NATADZE chairman] 
190flag of Guinea-BissauGuinea-BissauAfrican Party for the Independence of Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde or PAIGC [Francisco BENANTE]; Front for the Liberation and Independence of Guinea or FLING [Francois MENDY]; Guinea-Bissau Resistance-Ba Fata Movement or RGB-MB [Helder Vaz LOPES]; Guinean Civic Forum or FCG [Antonieta Rosa GOMES]; International League for Ecological Protection or LIPE [Alhaje Bubacar DJALO president]; National Union for Democracy and Progress or UNDP [Abubacer BALDE secretary general]; Party for Democratic Convergence or PCD [Victor MANDINGA]; Social Renovation Party or PRS [Koumba YALLA]; Union for Change or UM [Jorge MANDINGA president Dr. Anne SAAD secretary general]; United Social Democratic Party or PUSD [Victor Sau'de MARIA] 
191flag of GermanyGermanyAlliance '90/Greens [Renate KUENAST and Fritz KUHN]; Christian Democratic Union or CDU [Angela MERKEL]; Christian Social Union or CSU [Edmund STOIBER chairman]; Free Democratic Party or FDP [Wolfgang GERHARDT chairman]; note - Wolfgang GERHARDT will probably be replaced by Guido WESTERWELLE in May 2001; Party of Democratic Socialism or PDS [Gabi ZIMMER]; Social Democratic Party or SPD [Gerhard SCHROEDER chairman] 
192flag of GhanaGhanaEvery Ghanaian Living Everywhere or EGLE [Owuraku AMOFA chairman]; National Convention Party or NCP [Sarpong KUMA-KUMA]; National Democratic Congress or NDC [Dr. Huudu YAHAYA general secretary]; New Patriotic Party or NPP [Samuel Arthur ODOI-SYKES]; People's Convention Party or PCP [P 
193flag of GibraltarGibraltarGibraltar Social Democrats or GSD [Peter CARUANA]; Gibraltar Socialist Labor Party or GSLP [Joseph John BOSSANO] 
194flag of GreeceGreeceCoalition of the Left and Progress 
195flag of GreenlandGreenlandAkulliit Party [Bjarne KREUTZMANN]; Atassut Party 
196flag of GrenadaGrenadaGrenada United Labor Party or GULP [Herbert PREUDHOMME]; National Democratic Congress or NDC [leader vacant]; New National Party or NNP [George McGUIRE] 
197flag of GuadeloupeGuadeloupeCommunist Party of Guadeloupe or PCG [Christian CELESTE]; Progressive Democratic Party or PPDG [Henri BANGOU]; Rally for the Republic or RPR [Aldo BLAISE]; Socialist Party or PS [Georges LOUISOR]; Union for French Democracy or UDF [Marcel ESDRAS] 
198flag of GuamGuamDemocratic Party 
199flag of GuatemalaGuatemalaAuthentic Integral Development or DIA [Jorge Luis ORTEGA]; Democratic Union or UD [Jose Luis CHEA Urruela]; Green Party or LOV [Jose ASTURIAS Rudecke]; Guatemalan Christian Democracy or DCG [Vinicio CEREZO Arevalo]; Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity or URNG [Pablo MONSANTO also known as Jorge SOTO]; Guatemalan Republican Front or FRG [Efrain RIOS Montt]; New Nation Alliance or ANN [leader NA] which includes the URNG; National Advancement Party or PAN [Leonel LOPEZ Rodas]; Progressive Liberator Party or PLP [Acisclo VALLADARES Molina] 
200flag of GuernseyGuernseynone; all independents 
201flag of ZimbabweZimbabweMovement for Democratic Change or MDC [Morgan TSVANGIRAI]; Popular Democratic Front or PDF [Austin CHAKAODZA]; United Parties [Abel MUZOREWA]; Zimbabwe African National Union-Ndonga or ZANU-Ndonga [Ndabaningi SITHOLE]; Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front or ZANU-PF [Robert MUGABE]; Zimbabwe Unity Movement or ZUM [Edgar TEKERE] 

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