Country ranking for field: natural hazards 2000

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This entry lists potential natural disasters. For countries where volcanic activity is common, a volcanism subfield highlights historically active volcanoes.

The WorldWorldlarge areas subject to severe weather
1flag of AfghanistanAfghanistan0 
2flag of Palmyra AtollPalmyra AtollNA 
3flag of New ZealandNew Zealandearthquakes are common though usually not severe; volcanic activity 
4flag of NicaraguaNicaraguadestructive earthquakes volcanoes landslides and occasionally severe hurricanes 
5flag of NigerNigerrecurring droughts 
6flag of NigeriaNigeriaperiodic droughts 
7flag of NiueNiuetyphoons 
8flag of Norfolk IslandNorfolk Islandtyphoons 
9flag of North KoreaNorth Korealate spring droughts often followed by severe flooding; occasional typhoons during the early fall 
10flag of Northern Mariana IslandsNorthern Mariana Islandsactive volcanoes on Pagan and Agrihan; typhoons 
11flag of NorwayNorwayNA 
12flag of OmanOmansummer winds often raise large sandstorms and dust storms in interior; periodic droughts 
13flag of Pacific OceanPacific Oceansurrounded by a zone of violent volcanic and earthquake activity sometimes referred to as the 'Pacific Ring of Fire'; subject to tropical cyclones 
14flag of PakistanPakistanfrequent earthquakes occasionally severe especially in north and west; flooding along the Indus after heavy rains 
15flag of PalauPalautyphoons 
16flag of PanamaPanamaNA 
17flag of Netherlands AntillesNetherlands AntillesCuracao and Bonaire are south of Caribbean hurricane belt and are rarely threatened; Sint Maarten Saba and Sint Eustatius are subject to hurricanes from July to October 
18flag of Papua New GuineaPapua New Guineaactive volcanism; situated along the Pacific 'Rim of Fire'; the country is subject to frequent and sometimes severe earthquakes; mud slides; tsunamis 
19flag of Paracel IslandsParacel Islandstyphoons 
20flag of ParaguayParaguaylocal flooding in southeast 
21flag of PeruPeruearthquakes tsunamis flooding landslides mild volcanic activity 
22flag of PhilippinesPhilippinesastride typhoon belt usually affected by 15 and struck by five to six cyclonic storms per year; landslides; active volcanoes; destructive earthquakes; tsunamis 
23flag of Pitcairn IslandsPitcairn Islandstyphoons 
24flag of PolandPolandNA 
25flag of PortugalPortugalAzores subject to severe earthquakes 
26flag of Puerto RicoPuerto Ricoperiodic droughts; hurricanes 
27flag of QatarQatarhaze dust storms sandstorms common 
28flag of RomaniaRomaniaearthquakes most severe in south and southwest; geologic structure and climate promote landslides 
29flag of RussiaRussiapermafrost over much of Siberia is a major impediment to development; volcanic activity in the Kuril Islands; volcanoes and earthquakes on the Kamchatka Peninsula 
30flag of RwandaRwandaperiodic droughts; the volcanic Birunga mountains are in the northwest along the border with Democratic Republic of the Congo 
31flag of RéunionRéunionperiodic devastating cyclones 
32flag of New CaledoniaNew Caledoniacyclones most frequent from November to March 
33flag of NepalNepalsevere thunderstorms flooding landslides drought and famine depending on the timing intensity and duration of the summer monsoons 
34flag of Saint Kitts and NevisSaint Kitts and Nevishurricanes 
35flag of Marshall IslandsMarshall Islandsoccasional typhoons 
36flag of LiberiaLiberiadust-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara 
37flag of LibyaLibyahot dry dust-laden ghibli is a southern wind lasting one to four days in spring and fall; dust storms sandstorms 
38flag of LiechtensteinLiechtensteinNA 
39flag of LithuaniaLithuaniaNA 
40flag of LuxembourgLuxembourgNA 
41flag of MacauMacautyphoons 
42flag of MacedoniaMacedoniahigh seismic risks 
43flag of MadagascarMadagascarperiodic cyclones 
44flag of MalawiMalawiNA 
45flag of MalaysiaMalaysiaflooding landslides 
46flag of MaldivesMaldiveslow level of islands makes them very sensitive to sea level rise 
47flag of MaliMalihot dust-laden harmattan haze common during dry seasons; recurring droughts 
48flag of MaltaMaltaNA 
49flag of MartiniqueMartiniquehurricanes flooding and volcanic activity 
50flag of Navassa IslandNavassa IslandNA 
51flag of MauritaniaMauritaniahot dry dust/sand-laden sirocco wind blows primarily in March and April; periodic droughts 
52flag of MauritiusMauritiuscyclones 
53flag of MayotteMayottecyclones during rainy season 
54flag of MexicoMexicotsunamis along the Pacific coast volcanoes and destructive earthquakes in the center and south and hurricanes on the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean coasts 
55flag of Midway IslandsMidway IslandsNA 
56flag of MoldovaMoldovalandslides 
57flag of MonacoMonacoNA 
58flag of MongoliaMongoliadust storms can occur in the spring; grassland fires 
59flag of MontserratMontserratsevere hurricanes 
60flag of MoroccoMorocconorthern mountains geologically unstable and subject to earthquakes; periodic droughts 
61flag of MozambiqueMozambiquesevere droughts and floods occur in central and southern provinces; devastating cyclones 
62flag of MyanmarMyanmardestructive earthquakes and cyclones; flooding and landslides common during rainy season 
63flag of NamibiaNamibiaprolonged periods of drought 
64flag of NauruNauruperiodic droughts 
65flag of Saint HelenaSaint Helenaactive volcanism on Tristan da Cunha 
66flag of Saint LuciaSaint Luciahurricanes and volcanic activity 
67flag of LebanonLebanondust storms sandstorms 
68flag of UgandaUgandaNA 
69flag of The GambiaThe Gambiarainfall has dropped by 30% in the last 30 years 
70flag of The NetherlandsThe Netherlandsthe extensive system of dikes and dams protects nearly one-half of the total area from being flooded 
71flag of TogoTogohot dry harmattan wind can reduce visibility in north during winter; periodic droughts 
72flag of TokelauTokelaulies in Pacific typhoon belt 
73flag of TongaTongacyclones 
74flag of Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad and Tobagooutside usual path of hurricanes and other tropical storms 
75flag of Tromelin IslandTromelin IslandNA 
76flag of TunisiaTunisiaNA 
77flag of TurkeyTurkeyvery severe earthquakes especially in northern Turkey along an arc extending from the Sea of Marmara to Lake Van 
78flag of TurkmenistanTurkmenistanNA 
79flag of Turks and Caicos IslandsTurks and Caicos Islandsfrequent hurricanes 
80flag of TuvaluTuvalusevere tropical storms are usually rare but in 1997 there were three cyclones; low-level of islands make them very sensitive to sea-level rise 
81flag of U.S. Virgin IslandsU.S. Virgin Islandsseveral hurricanes in recent years; frequent and severe droughts and floods; occasional earthquakes 
82flag of UkraineUkraineNA 
83flag of ThailandThailandland subsidence in Bangkok area resulting from the depletion of the water table; droughts 
84flag of United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emiratesfrequent sand and dust storms 
85flag of United KingdomUnited KingdomNA 
86flag of United StatesUnited Statestsunamis volcanoes and earthquake activity around Pacific Basin; hurricanes along the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts; tornadoes in the midwest and southeast; mud slides in California; forest fires in the west; flooding; permafrost in northern Alaska a major impediment to development 
87flag of UruguayUruguayseasonally high winds 
88flag of UzbekistanUzbekistanNA 
89flag of VanuatuVanuatutropical cyclones or typhoons 
90flag of VenezuelaVenezuelasubject to floods rockslides mud slides; periodic droughts 
91flag of VietnamVietnamoccasional typhoons 
92flag of Wake IslandWake Islandoccasional typhoons 
93flag of Wallis and FutunaWallis and FutunaNA 
94flag of West BankWest BankNA 
95flag of Western SaharaWestern Saharahot dry dust/sand-laden sirocco wind can occur during winter and spring; widespread harmattan haze exists 60% of time often severely restricting visibility 
96flag of YemenYemensandstorms and dust storms in summer 
97flag of ZambiaZambiatropical storms 
98flag of The BahamasThe Bahamashurricanes and other tropical storms that cause extensive flood and wind damage 
99flag of TanzaniaTanzaniathe tsetse fly; flooding on the central plateau during the rainy season; drought 
100flag of Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSaint Vincent and the Grenadineshurricanes; Soufriere volcano on the island of Saint Vincent is a constant threat 
101flag of South AfricaSouth Africaprolonged droughts 
102flag of Saint-Pierre and MiquelonSaint-Pierre and Miquelonpersistent fog throughout the year can be a maritime hazard 
103flag of SamoaSamoaoccasional typhoons; active volcanism 
104flag of San MarinoSan MarinoNA 
105flag of Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabiafrequent sand and dust storms 
106flag of SenegalSenegallowlands seasonally flooded; periodic droughts 
107flag of Serbia and MontenegroSerbia and Montenegrodestructive earthquakes 
108flag of SeychellesSeychelleslies outside the cyclone belt so severe storms are rare; short droughts possible 
109flag of Sierra LeoneSierra Leonedry sand-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara 
110flag of SingaporeSingaporeNA 
111flag of SlovakiaSlovakiaNA 
112flag of SloveniaSloveniaflooding and earthquakes 
113flag of Solomon IslandsSolomon Islandstyphoons but they are rarely destructive; geologically active region with frequent earth tremors; volcanic activity 
114flag of SomaliaSomaliarecurring droughts; frequent dust storms over eastern plains in summer; floods during rainy season 
115flag of South Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich Islandsthe South Sandwich Islands have prevailing weather conditions that generally make them difficult to approach by ship; they are also subject to active volcanism 
116flag of TajikistanTajikistanNA 
117flag of South KoreaSouth Koreaoccasional typhoons bring high winds and floods; low-level seismic activity common in southwest 
118flag of Southern OceanSouthern Oceanhuge icebergs with drafts up to several hundred meters; smaller bergs and iceberg fragments; sea ice 
119flag of SpainSpainperiodic droughts 
120flag of Spratly IslandsSpratly Islandstyphoons; serious maritime hazard because of numerous reefs and shoals 
121flag of Sri LankaSri Lankaoccasional cyclones and tornadoes 
122flag of SudanSudandust storms 
123flag of SurinameSurinameNA 
124flag of SvalbardSvalbardice floes often block up the entrance to Bellsund 
125flag of SwazilandSwazilandNA 
126flag of SwedenSwedenice floes in the surrounding waters especially in the Gulf of Bothnia can interfere with maritime traffic 
127flag of SwitzerlandSwitzerlandavalanches landslides flash floods 
128flag of SyriaSyriadust storms sandstorms 
129flag of São Tomé and PríncipeSão Tomé and PríncipeNA 
130flag of TaiwanTaiwanearthquakes and typhoons 
131flag of LesothoLesothoperiodic droughts 
132flag of LatviaLatviaNA 
133flag of AlbaniaAlbaniadestructive earthquakes; tsunamis occur along southwestern coast 
134flag of ChinaChinafrequent typhoons 
135flag of British Virgin IslandsBritish Virgin Islandshurricanes and tropical storms 
136flag of BruneiBruneityphoons earthquakes and severe flooding are very rare 
137flag of BulgariaBulgariaearthquakes landslides 
138flag of Burkina FasoBurkina Fasorecurring droughts 
139flag of BurundiBurundiflooding landslides 
140flag of Cabo VerdeCabo Verdeprolonged droughts; harmattan wind can obscure visibility; volcanically and seismically active 
141flag of CambodiaCambodiamonsoonal rains 
142flag of CameroonCameroonrecent volcanic activity with release of poisonous gases 
143flag of CanadaCanadacontinuous permafrost in north is a serious obstacle to development; cyclonic storms form east of the Rocky Mountains a result of the mixing of air masses from the Arctic Pacific and North American interior and produce most of the country's rain and snow 
144flag of Cayman IslandsCayman Islandshurricanes 
145flag of Central African RepublicCentral African Republichot dry dusty harmattan winds affect northern areas; floods are common 
146flag of ChadChadhot dry dusty harmattan winds occur in north; periodic droughts; locust plagues 
147flag of ChileChilesevere earthquakes; active volcanism; tsunamis 
148flag of Christmas IslandChristmas Islandthe narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard 
149flag of BrazilBrazilrecurring droughts in northeast; floods and occasional frost in south 
150flag of Clipperton IslandClipperton Islandsubject to tornadoes 
151flag of Cocos IslandsCocos Islandscyclones may occur in the early months of the year 
152flag of ColombiaColombiahighlands subject to volcanic eruptions; occasional earthquakes; periodic droughts 
153flag of ComorosComoroscyclones possible during rainy season 
154flag of CongoCongoseasonal flooding 
155flag of Cook IslandsCook Islandstyphoons 
156flag of Coral Sea Islands TerritoryCoral Sea Islands Territoryoccasional tropical cyclones 
157flag of Costa RicaCosta Ricaoccasional earthquakes hurricanes along Atlantic coast; frequent flooding of lowlands at onset of rainy season; active volcanoes 
158flag of CroatiaCroatiafrequent and destructive earthquakes 
159flag of CubaCubathe east coast is subject to hurricanes from August to October 
160flag of CyprusCyprusmoderate earthquake activity 
161flag of Czech RepublicCzech Republicflooding 
162flag of Côte d'IvoireCôte d'Ivoirecoast has heavy surf and no natural harbors; during the rainy season torrential flooding is possible 
163flag of Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congoperiodic droughts in south; volcanic activity 
164flag of British Indian Ocean TerritoryBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryNA 
165flag of Bouvet IslandBouvet IslandNA 
166flag of DjiboutiDjiboutiearthquakes; droughts; occasional cyclonic disturbances from the Indian Ocean bring heavy rains and flash floods 
167flag of AustraliaAustraliacyclones along the coast; severe droughts 
168flag of AlgeriaAlgeriamountainous areas subject to severe earthquakes; mud slides 
169flag of American SamoaAmerican Samoatyphoons common from December to March 
170flag of AndorraAndorrasnowslides avalanches 
171flag of AngolaAngolalocally heavy rainfall causes periodic flooding on the plateau 
172flag of AnguillaAnguillafrequent hurricanes and other tropical storms 
173flag of AntarcticaAntarcticakatabatic 
174flag of Antigua and BarbudaAntigua and Barbudahurricanes and tropical storms 
175flag of Arctic OceanArctic Oceanice islands occasionally break away from northern Ellesmere Island; icebergs calved from glaciers in western Greenland and extreme northeastern Canada; permafrost in islands; virtually ice locked from October to June; ships subject to superstructure icing from October to May 
176flag of ArgentinaArgentinaSan Miguel de Tucuman and Mendoza areas in the Andes subject to earthquakes; pamperos are violent windstorms that can strike the Pampas and northeast; heavy flooding 
177flag of ArmeniaArmeniaoccasionally severe earthquakes; droughts 
178flag of ArubaArubalies outside the Caribbean hurricane belt 
179flag of Ashmore and Cartier IslandsAshmore and Cartier Islandssurrounded by shoals and reefs that can pose maritime hazards 
180flag of Atlantic OceanAtlantic Oceanicebergs common in Davis Strait Denmark Strait and the northwestern Atlantic Ocean from February to August and have been spotted as far south as Bermuda and the Madeira Islands; ships subject to superstructure icing in extreme northern Atlantic from October to May; persistent fog can be a maritime hazard from May to September; hurricanes 
181flag of AustriaAustriaNA 
182flag of BotswanaBotswanaperiodic droughts; seasonal August winds blow from the west carrying sand and dust across the country which can obscure visibility 
183flag of AzerbaijanAzerbaijandroughts; some lowland areas threatened by rising levels of the Caspian Sea 
184flag of BahrainBahrainperiodic droughts; dust storms 
185flag of Baker IslandBaker Islandthe narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard 
186flag of BangladeshBangladeshdroughts cyclones; much of the country routinely flooded during the summer monsoon season 
187flag of BarbadosBarbadosinfrequent hurricanes; periodic landslides 
188flag of Bassas da IndiaBassas da Indiamaritime hazard since it is usually under water during high tide and surrounded by reefs; subject to periodic cyclones 
189flag of BelarusBelarusNA 
190flag of BelgiumBelgiumflooding is a threat in areas of reclaimed coastal land protected from the sea by concrete dikes 
191flag of BelizeBelizefrequent devastating hurricanes 
192flag of BeninBeninhot dry dusty harmattan wind may affect north in winter 
193flag of BermudaBermudahurricanes 
194flag of BhutanBhutanviolent storms coming down from the Himalayas are the source of the country's name which translates as Land of the Thunder Dragon; frequent landslides during the rainy season 
195flag of BoliviaBoliviacold thin air of high plateau is obstacle to efficient fuel combustion as well as to physical activity by those unaccustomed to it from birth; flooding in the northeast 
196flag of Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovinadestructive earthquakes 
197flag of DenmarkDenmarkflooding is a threat in some areas of the country 
198flag of DominicaDominicaflash floods are a constant threat; destructive hurricanes can be expected during the late summer months 
199flag of LaosLaosfloods droughts and blight 
200flag of IsraelIsraelsandstorms may occur during spring and summer; droughts 
201flag of GuyanaGuyanaflash floods are a constant threat during rainy seasons 
202flag of HaitiHaitilies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding and earthquakes; periodic droughts 
203flag of Heard Island and McDonald IslandsHeard Island and McDonald IslandsHeard Island is dominated by a dormant volcano called Big Ben 
204flag of Holy SeeHoly SeeNA 
205flag of HondurasHondurasfrequent but generally mild earthquakes; damaging hurricanes and floods along Caribbean coast 
206flag of Hong KongHong Kongoccasional typhoons 
207flag of Howland IslandHowland Islandthe narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard 
208flag of IcelandIcelandearthquakes and volcanic activity 
209flag of IndiaIndiadroughts flash floods severe thunderstorms common; earthquakes 
210flag of IndonesiaIndonesiaoccasional floods severe droughts tsunamis earthquakes volcanoes 
211flag of IranIranperiodic droughts floods; dust storms sandstorms; earthquakes along western border and in the northeast 
212flag of IrelandIrelandNA 
213flag of Isle of ManIsle of ManNA 
214flag of ItalyItalyregional risks include landslides mudflows avalanches earthquakes volcanic eruptions flooding; land subsidence in Venice 
215flag of Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissauhot dry dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season; brush fires 
216flag of JamaicaJamaicahurricanes 
217flag of Jan MayenJan Mayendominated by the volcano Haakon VII Toppen/Beerenberg; volcanic activity resumed in 1970 
218flag of JapanJapanmany dormant and some active volcanoes; about 1500 seismic occurrences 
219flag of Jarvis IslandJarvis Islandthe narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard 
220flag of JerseyJerseyNA 
221flag of Johnston AtollJohnston AtollNA 
222flag of JordanJordanNA 
223flag of Juan de Nova IslandJuan de Nova Islandperiodic cyclones 
224flag of KazakhstanKazakhstanearthquakes in the south mud slides around Almaty 
225flag of KenyaKenyarecurring drought in northern and eastern regions; flooding during rainy seasons 
226flag of Kingman ReefKingman Reefwet or awash most of the time maximum elevation of about 1 meter makes Kingman Reef a maritime hazard 
227flag of KiribatiKiribatityphoons can occur any time but usually November to March; occasional tornadoes; low-level of some of the islands make them very sensitive to sea-level rise 
228flag of KuwaitKuwaitsudden cloudbursts are common from October to April; they bring inordinate amounts of rain which can damage roads and houses; sandstorms and dust storms occur throughout the year but are most common between March and August 
229flag of KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstanNA 
230flag of GuineaGuineahot dry dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season 
231flag of GuernseyGuernseyNA 
232flag of Dominican RepublicDominican Republiclies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding; periodic droughts 
233flag of FranceFranceflooding; avalanches 
234flag of EcuadorEcuadorfrequent earthquakes landslides volcanic activity; periodic droughts 
235flag of EgyptEgyptperiodic droughts; frequent earthquakes flash floods landslides volcanic activity; hot driving windstorm called khamsin occurs in spring; dust storms sandstorms 
236flag of El SalvadorEl Salvadorknown as the Land of Volcanoes; frequent and sometimes very destructive earthquakes and volcanic activity 
237flag of Equatorial GuineaEquatorial Guineaviolent windstorms flash floods 
238flag of EritreaEritreafrequent droughts and locust storms 
239flag of EstoniaEstoniaflooding occurs frequently in the spring 
240flag of EthiopiaEthiopiageologically active Great Rift Valley susceptible to earthquakes volcanic eruptions; frequent droughts 
241flag of Europa IslandEuropa IslandNA 
242flag of Falkland IslandsFalkland Islandsstrong winds persist throughout the year 
243flag of Faroe IslandsFaroe IslandsNA 
244flag of Federated States of MicronesiaFederated States of Micronesiatyphoons 
245flag of FijiFijicyclonic storms can occur from November to January 
246flag of FinlandFinlandNA 
247flag of French GuianaFrench Guianahigh frequency of heavy showers and severe thunderstorms; flooding 
248flag of GuatemalaGuatemalanumerous volcanoes in mountains with occasional violent earthquakes; Caribbean coast subject to hurricanes and other tropical storms 
249flag of French PolynesiaFrench Polynesiaoccasional cyclonic storms in January 
250flag of French Southern and Antarctic LandsFrench Southern and Antarctic LandsIle Amsterdam and Ile Saint-Paul are extinct volcanoes 
251flag of GabonGabonNA 
252flag of Gaza StripGaza StripNA 
253flag of GeorgiaGeorgiaearthquakes 
254flag of GermanyGermanyflooding 
255flag of GhanaGhanadry dusty harmattan winds occur from January to March; droughts 
256flag of GibraltarGibraltarNA 
257flag of Glorioso IslandsGlorioso Islandsperiodic cyclones 
258flag of GreeceGreecesevere earthquakes 
259flag of GreenlandGreenlandcontinuous permafrost over northern two-thirds of the island 
260flag of GrenadaGrenadalies on edge of hurricane belt; hurricane season lasts from June to November 
261flag of GuadeloupeGuadeloupehurricanes 
262flag of GuamGuamfrequent squalls during rainy season; relatively rare but potentially very destructive typhoons 
263flag of ZimbabweZimbabwerecurring droughts; floods and severe storms are rare 

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