Country ranking for field: religions 2001

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This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.|Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.|Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha 'the enlightened one'). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.|Basic Groupings|Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.|Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.|Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews expensive ceremonies and temples and relocates the primary practices into the home.|Christianity - Descending from Judaism, Christianity's central belief maintains Jesus of Nazareth is the promised messiah of the Hebrew Scriptures, and that his life, death, and resurrection are salvific for the world. Christianity is one of the three monotheistic Abrahamic faiths, along with Islam and Judaism, which traces its spiritual lineage to Abraham of the Hebrew Scriptures. Its sacred texts include the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament (or the Christian Gospels).|Basic Groupings|Catholicism (or Roman Catholicism): This is the oldest established western Christian church and the world's largest single religious body. It is supranational, and recognizes a hierarchical structure with the Pope, or Bishop of Rome, as its head, located at the Vatican. Catholics believe the Pope is the divinely ordered head of the Church from a direct spiritual legacy of Jesus' apostle Peter. Catholicism is comprised of 23 particular Churches, or Rites - one Western (Roman or Latin-Rite) and 22 Eastern. The Latin Rite is by far the largest, making up about 98% of Catholic membership. Eastern-Rite Churches, such as the Maronite Church and the Ukrainian Catholic Church, are in communion with Rome although they preserve their own worship traditions and their immediate hierarchy consists of clergy within their own rite. The Catholic Church has a comprehensive theological and moral doctrine specified for believers in its catechism, which makes it unique among most forms of Christianity.|Mormonism (including the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints): Originating in 1830 in the United States under Joseph Smith, Mormonism is not characterized as a form of Protestant Christianity because it claims additional revealed Christian scriptures after the Hebrew Bible and New Testament. The Book of Mormon maintains there was an appearance of Jesus in the New World following the Christian account of his resurrection, and that the Americas are uniquely blessed continents. Mormonism believes earlier Christian traditions, such as the Roman Catholic, Orthodox, and Protestant reform faiths, are apostasies and that Joseph Smith's revelation of the Book of Mormon is a restoration of true Christianity. Mormons have a hierarchical religious leadership structure, and actively proselytize their faith; they are located primarily in the Americas and in a number of other Western countries.|Jehovah's Witnesses structure their faith on the Christian Bible, but their rejection of the Trinity is distinct from mainstream Christianity. They believe that a Kingdom of God, the Theocracy, will emerge following Armageddon and usher in a new earthly society. Adherents are required to evangelize and to follow a strict moral code.|Orthodox Christianity: The oldest established eastern form of Christianity, the Holy Orthodox Church, has a ceremonial head in the Bishop of Constantinople (Istanbul), also known as a Patriarch, but its various regional forms (e.g., Greek Orthodox, Russian Orthodox, Serbian Orthodox, Ukrainian Orthodox) are autocephalous (independent of Constantinople's authority, and have their own Patriarchs). Orthodox churches are highly nationalist and ethnic. The Orthodox Christian faith shares many theological tenets with the Roman Catholic Church, but diverges on some key premises and does not recognize the governing authority of the Pope.|Protestant Christianity: Protestant Christianity originated in the 16th century as an attempt to reform Roman Catholicism's practices, dogma, and theology. It encompasses several forms or denominations which are extremely varied in structure, beliefs, relationship to state, clergy, and governance. Many protestant theologies emphasize the primary role of scripture in their faith, advocating individual interpretation of Christian texts without the mediation of a final religious authority such as the Roman Pope. The oldest Protestant Christianities include Lutheranism, Calvinism (Presbyterians), and Anglican Christianity (Episcopalians), which have established liturgies, governing structure, and formal clergy. Other variants on Protestant Christianity, including Pentecostal movements and independent churches, may lack one or more of these elements, and their leadership and beliefs are individualized and dynamic.|Hinduism - Originating in the Vedic civilization of India (second and first millennium B.C.), Hinduism is an extremely diverse set of beliefs and practices with no single founder or religious authority. Hinduism has many scriptures; the Vedas, the Upanishads, and the Bhagavad-Gita are among some of the most important. Hindus may worship one or many deities, usually with prayer rituals within their own home. The most common figures of devotion are the gods Vishnu, Shiva, and a mother goddess, Devi. Most Hindus believe the soul, or atman, is eternal, and goes through a cycle of birth, death, and rebirth (samsara) determined by one's positive or negative karma, or the consequences of one's actions. The goal of religious life is to learn to act so as to finally achieve liberation (moksha) of one's soul, escaping the rebirth cycle.|Islam - The third of the monotheistic Abrahamic faiths, Islam originated with the teachings of Muhammad in the 7th century. Muslims believe Muhammad is the final of all religious prophets (beginning with Abraham) and that the Qu'ran, which is the Islamic scripture, was revealed to him by God. Islam derives from the word submission, and obedience to God is a primary theme in this religion. In order to live an Islamic life, believers must follow the five pillars, or tenets, of Islam, which are the testimony of faith (shahada), daily prayer (salah), giving alms (zakah), fasting during Ramadan (sawm), and the pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj).|Basic Groupings|The two primary branches of Islam are Sunni and Shia, which split from each other over a religio-political leadership dispute about the rightful successor to Muhammad. The Shia believe Muhammad's cousin and son-in-law, Ali, was the only divinely ordained Imam (religious leader), while the Sunni maintain the first three caliphs after Muhammad were also legitimate authorities. In modern Islam, Sunnis and Shia continue to have different views of acceptable schools of Islamic jurisprudence, and who is a proper Islamic religious authority. Islam also has an active mystical branch, Sufism, with various Sunni and Shia subsets.|Sunni Islam accounts for over 75% of the world's Muslim population. It recognizes the Abu Bakr as the first caliph after Muhammad. Sunni has four schools of Islamic doctrine and law - Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi'i, and Hanbali - which uniquely interpret the Hadith, or recorded oral traditions of Muhammad. A Sunni Muslim may elect to follow any one of these schools, as all are considered equally valid.|Shia Islam represents 10-20% of Muslims worldwide, and its distinguishing feature is its reverence for Ali as an infallible, divinely inspired leader, and as the first Imam of the Muslim community after Muhammad. A majority of Shia are known as 'Twelvers,' because they believe that the 11 familial successor imams after Muhammad culminate in a 12th Imam (al-Mahdi) who is hidden in the world and will reappear at its end to redeem the righteous.|Variants|Ismaili faith: A sect of Shia Islam, its adherents are also known as 'Seveners,' because they believe that the rightful seventh Imam in Islamic leadership was Isma'il, the elder son of Imam Jafar al-Sadiq. Ismaili tradition awaits the return of the seventh Imam as the Mahdi, or Islamic messianic figure. Ismailis are located in various parts of the world, particularly South Asia and the Levant.|Alawi faith: Another Shia sect of Islam, the name reflects followers' devotion to the religious authority of Ali. Alawites are a closed, secretive religious group who assert they are Shia Muslims, although outside scholars speculate their beliefs may have a syncretic mix with other faiths originating in the Middle East. Alawis live mostly in Syria, Lebanon, and Turkey.|Druze faith: A highly secretive tradition and a closed community that derives from the Ismaili sect of Islam; its core beliefs are thought to emphasize a combination of Gnostic principles believing that the Fatimid caliph, al-Hakin, is the one who embodies the key aspects of goodness of the universe, which are, the intellect, the word, the soul, the preceder, and the follower. The Druze have a key presence in Syria, Lebanon, and Israel.|Jainism - Originating in India, Jain spiritual philosophy believes in an eternal human soul, the eternal universe, and a principle of 'the own nature of things.' It emphasizes compassion for all living things, seeks liberation of the human soul from reincarnation through enlightenment, and values personal responsibility due to the belief in the immediate consequences of one's behavior. Jain philosophy teaches non-violence and prescribes vegetarianism for monks and laity alike; its adherents are a highly influential religious minority in Indian society.|Judaism - One of the first known monotheistic religions, likely dating to between 2000-1500 B.C., Judaism is the native faith of the Jewish people, based upon the belief in a covenant of responsibility between a sole omnipotent creator God and Abraham, the patriarch of Judaism's Hebrew Bible, or Tanakh. Divine revelation of principles and prohibitions in the Hebrew Scriptures form the basis of Jewish law, or halakhah, which is a key component of the faith. While there are extensive traditions of Jewish halakhic and theological discourse, there is no final dogmatic authority in the tradition. Local communities have their own religious leadership. Modern Judaism has three basic categories of faith: Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform/Liberal. These differ in their views and observance of Jewish law, with the Orthodox representing the most traditional practice, and Reform/Liberal communities the most accommodating of individualized interpretations of Jewish identity and faith.|Shintoism - A native animist tradition of Japan, Shinto practice is based upon the premise that every being and object has its own spirit or kami. Shinto practitioners worship several particular kamis, including the kamis of nature, and families often have shrines to their ancestors' kamis. Shintoism has no fixed tradition of prayers or prescribed dogma, but is characterized by individual ritual. Respect for the kamis in nature is a key Shinto value. Prior to the end of World War II, Shinto was the state religion of Japan, and bolstered the cult of the Japanese emperor.|Sikhism - Founded by the Guru Nanak (born 1469), Sikhism believes in a non-anthropomorphic, supreme, eternal, creator God; centering one's devotion to God is seen as a means of escaping the cycle of rebirth. Sikhs follow the teachings of Nanak and nine subsequent gurus. Their scripture, the Guru Granth Sahib - also known as the Adi Granth - is considered the living Guru, or final authority of Sikh faith and theology. Sikhism emphasizes equality of humankind and disavows caste, class, or gender discrimination.|Taoism - Chinese philosophy or religion based upon Lao Tzu's Tao Te Ching, which centers on belief in the Tao, or the way, as the flow of the universe and the nature of things. Taoism encourages a principle of non-force, or wu-wei, as the means to live harmoniously with the Tao. Taoists believe the esoteric world is made up of a perfect harmonious balance and nature, while in the manifest world - particularly in the body - balance is distorted. The Three Jewels of the Tao - compassion, simplicity, and humility - serve as the basis for Taoist ethics.|Zoroastrianism - Originating from the teachings of Zoroaster in about the 9th or 10th century B.C., Zoroastrianism may be the oldest continuing creedal religion. Its key beliefs center on a transcendent creator God, Ahura Mazda, and the concept of free will. The key ethical tenets of Zoroastrianism expressed in its scripture, the Avesta, are based on a dualistic worldview where one may prevent chaos if one chooses to serve God and exercises good thoughts, good words, and good deeds. Zoroastrianism is generally a closed religion and members are almost always born to Zoroastrian parents. Prior to the spread of Islam, Zoroastrianism dominated greater Iran. Today, though a minority, Zoroastrians remain primarily in Iran, India (where they are known as Parsi), and Pakistan.|Traditional beliefs|Animism: the belief that non-human entities contain souls or spirits.|Badimo: a form of ancestor worship of the Tswana people of Botswana.|Confucianism: an ideology that humans are perfectible through self-cultivation and self-creation; developed from teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius. Confucianism has strongly influenced the culture and beliefs of East Asian countries, including China, Japan, Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, and Vietnam.|Inuit beliefs are a form of shamanism (see below) based on animistic principles of the Inuit or Eskimo peoples.|Kirant: the belief system of the Kirat, a people who live mainly in the Himalayas of Nepal. It is primarily a form of polytheistic shamanism, but includes elements of animism and ancestor worship.|Pagan is a blanket term used to describe many unconnected belief practices throughout history, usually in reference to religions outside of the Abrahamic category (monotheistic faiths like Judaism, Christianity, and Islam).|Shamanism: beliefs and practices promoting communication with the spiritual world. Shamanistic beliefs are organized around a shaman or medicine man who - as an intermediary between the human and spirit world - is believed to be able to heal the sick (by healing their souls), communicate with the spirit world, and help souls into the afterlife through the practice of entering a trance. In shaman-based religions, the shaman is also responsible for leading sacred rites.|Spiritualism: the belief that souls and spirits communicate with the living usually through intermediaries called mediums.|Syncretic (fusion of diverse religious beliefs and practices)|Cao Dai: a nationalistic Vietnamese sect, officially established in 1926, that draws practices and precepts from Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, and Catholicism.|Chondogyo: or the religion of the Heavenly Way, is based on Korean shamanism, Buddhism, and Korean folk traditions, with some elements drawn from Christianity. Formulated in the 1860s, it holds that God lives in all of us and strives to convert society into a paradise on earth, populated by believers transformed into intelligent moral beings with a high social conscience.|Kimbanguist: a puritan form of the Baptist denomination founded by Simon Kimbangu in the 1920s in what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo. Adherents believe that salvation comes through Jesus' death and resurrection, like Christianity, but additionally that living a spiritually pure life following strict codes of conduct is required for salvation.|Modekngei: a hybrid of Christianity and ancient Palauan culture and oral traditions founded around 1915 on the island of Babeldaob. Adherents simultaneously worship Jesus Christ and Palauan goddesses.|Rastafarian: an afro-centrist ideology and movement based on Christianity that arose in Jamaica in the 1930s; it believes that Haile Selassie I, Emperor of Ethiopia from 1930-74, was the incarnation of the second coming of Jesus.|Santeria: practiced in Cuba, the merging of the Yoruba religion of Nigeria with Roman Catholicism and native Indian traditions. Its practitioners believe that each person has a destiny and eventually transcends to merge with the divine creator and source of all energy, Olorun.|Voodoo/Vodun: a form of spirit and ancestor worship combined with some Christian faiths, especially Catholicism. Haitian and Louisiana Voodoo, which have included more Catholic practices, are separate from West African Vodun, which has retained a focus on spirit worship.|Non-religious|Agnosticism: the belief that most things are unknowable. In regard to religion it is usually characterized as neither a belief nor non belief in a deity.|Atheism: the belief that there are no deities of any kind.

1flag of AfghanistanAfghanistan0 
2flag of PhilippinesPhilippinesRoman Catholic 83% Protestant 9% Muslim 5% Buddhist and other 3% 
3flag of Norfolk IslandNorfolk IslandAnglican 39% Roman Catholic 11.7% Uniting Church in Australia 16 
4flag of Northern Mariana IslandsNorthern Mariana IslandsChristian 
5flag of NorwayNorwayEvangelical Lutheran 86% 
6flag of OmanOmanIbadhi Muslim 75% Sunni Muslim Shi'a Muslim Hindu 
7flag of PakistanPakistanMuslim 97% 
8flag of PalauPalauChristian 
9flag of PanamaPanamaRoman Catholic 85% Protestant 15% 
10flag of Papua New GuineaPapua New GuineaRoman Catholic 22% Lutheran 16% Presbyterian/Methodist/London Missionary Society 8% Anglican 5% Evangelical Alliance 4% Seventh-Day Adventist 1% other Protestant 10% indigenous beliefs 34% 
11flag of ParaguayParaguayRoman Catholic 90% Mennonite and other Protestant 
12flag of PeruPeruRoman Catholic 90% 
13flag of Pitcairn IslandsPitcairn IslandsSeventh-Day Adventist 100% 
14flag of NigeriaNigeriaMuslim 50% Christian 40% indigenous beliefs 10% 
15flag of PolandPolandRoman Catholic 95% 
16flag of PortugalPortugalRoman Catholic 94% Protestant 
17flag of Puerto RicoPuerto RicoRoman Catholic 85% Protestant and other 15% 
18flag of QatarQatarMuslim 95% 
19flag of RomaniaRomaniaRomanian Orthodox 70% Roman Catholic 3% Uniate Catholic 3% Protestant 6% unaffiliated 18% 
20flag of RussiaRussiaRussian Orthodox Muslim other 
21flag of RwandaRwandaRoman Catholic 52.7% Protestant 24% Adventist 10 
22flag of RéunionRéunionRoman Catholic 86% Hindu Muslim Buddhist 
23flag of Saint HelenaSaint HelenaAnglican 
24flag of Saint Kitts and NevisSaint Kitts and NevisAnglican other Protestant Roman Catholic 
25flag of Saint LuciaSaint LuciaRoman Catholic 90% Protestant 7% Anglican 3% 
26flag of NiueNiueEkalesia Niue 
27flag of NigerNigerMuslim 80% remainder indigenous beliefs and Christians 
28flag of Saint-Pierre and MiquelonSaint-Pierre and MiquelonRoman Catholic 99% 
29flag of MexicoMexiconominally Roman Catholic 89% Protestant 6% other 5% 
30flag of MadagascarMadagascarindigenous beliefs 52% Christian 41% Muslim 7% 
31flag of MalawiMalawiProtestant 55% Roman Catholic 20% Muslim 20% indigenous beliefs 
32flag of MalaysiaMalaysiaIslam Buddhism Daoism Hinduism Christianity Sikhism; note - in addition Shamanism is practiced in East Malaysia 
33flag of MaldivesMaldivesSunni Muslim 
34flag of MaliMaliMuslim 90% indigenous beliefs 9% Christian 1% 
35flag of MaltaMaltaRoman Catholic 91% 
36flag of Marshall IslandsMarshall IslandsChristian 
37flag of MartiniqueMartiniqueRoman Catholic 95% Hindu and pagan African 5% 
38flag of MauritaniaMauritaniaMuslim 100% 
39flag of MauritiusMauritiusHindu 52% Christian 28.3% 
40flag of MayotteMayotteMuslim 97% Christian 
41flag of MoldovaMoldovaEastern Orthodox 98.5% Jewish 1 
42flag of NicaraguaNicaraguaRoman Catholic 85% Protestant 
43flag of MonacoMonacoRoman Catholic 90% 
44flag of MongoliaMongoliaTibetan Buddhist Lamaism 96% Muslim 
45flag of MontserratMontserratAnglican Methodist Roman Catholic Pentecostal Seventh-Day Adventist other Christian denominations 
46flag of MoroccoMoroccoMuslim 98.7% Christian 1 
47flag of MozambiqueMozambiqueindigenous beliefs 50% Christian 30% Muslim 20% 
48flag of MyanmarMyanmarBuddhist 89% Christian 4% 
49flag of NamibiaNamibiaChristian 80% to 90% 
50flag of NauruNauruChristian 
51flag of Netherlands AntillesNetherlands AntillesRoman Catholic Protestant Jewish Seventh-Day Adventist 
52flag of New CaledoniaNew CaledoniaRoman Catholic 60% Protestant 30% other 10% 
53flag of New ZealandNew ZealandAnglican 24% Presbyterian 18% Roman Catholic 15% Methodist 5% Baptist 2% other Protestant 3% unspecified or none 33% 
54flag of Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesAnglican 47% Methodist 28% Roman Catholic 13% Seventh-Day Adventist Hindu other Protestant 
55flag of SamoaSamoaChristian 99.7% 
56flag of MacauMacauBuddhist 50% Roman Catholic 15% none and other 35% 
57flag of United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab EmiratesMuslim 96% 
58flag of TongaTongaChristian 
59flag of Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad and TobagoRoman Catholic 29.4% Hindu 23 
60flag of TunisiaTunisiaMuslim 98% Christian 1% Jewish and other 1% 
61flag of TurkeyTurkeyMuslim 99.8% 
62flag of TurkmenistanTurkmenistanMuslim 89% Eastern Orthodox 9% unknown 2% 
63flag of Turks and Caicos IslandsTurks and Caicos IslandsBaptist 41.2% Methodist 18 
64flag of TuvaluTuvaluChurch of Tuvalu 
65flag of U.S. Virgin IslandsU.S. Virgin IslandsBaptist 42% Roman Catholic 34% Episcopalian 17% other 7% 
66flag of UgandaUgandaRoman Catholic 33% Protestant 33% Muslim 16% indigenous beliefs 18% 
67flag of UkraineUkraineUkrainian Orthodox - Moscow Patriarchate Ukrainian Orthodox - Kiev Patriarchate Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Ukrainian Catholic 
68flag of United KingdomUnited Kingdom0 
69flag of The NetherlandsThe NetherlandsRoman Catholic 31% Protestant 21% Muslim 4.4% other 3 
70flag of United StatesUnited StatesProtestant 56% Roman Catholic 28% Jewish 2% other 4% none 10% 
71flag of UruguayUruguayRoman Catholic 66% 
72flag of UzbekistanUzbekistanMuslim 88% 
73flag of VanuatuVanuatuPresbyterian 36.7% Anglican 15% Roman Catholic 15% indigenous beliefs 7 
74flag of VenezuelaVenezuelanominally Roman Catholic 96% Protestant 2% other 2% 
75flag of VietnamVietnamBuddhist Hoa Hao Cao Dai Christian 
76flag of Wallis and FutunaWallis and FutunaRoman Catholic 100% 
77flag of West BankWest BankMuslim 75% 
78flag of Western SaharaWestern SaharaMuslim 
79flag of YemenYemenMuslim including Shaf'i 
80flag of ZambiaZambiaChristian 50%-75% Muslim and Hindu 24%-49% indigenous beliefs 1% 
81flag of TogoTogoindigenous beliefs 59% Christian 29% Muslim 12% 
82flag of The GambiaThe GambiaMuslim 90% Christian 9% indigenous beliefs 1% 
83flag of San MarinoSan MarinoRoman Catholic 
84flag of SpainSpainRoman Catholic 99% other 1% 
85flag of Saudi ArabiaSaudi ArabiaMuslim 100% 
86flag of SenegalSenegalMuslim 92% indigenous beliefs 6% Christian 2% 
87flag of SeychellesSeychellesRoman Catholic 90% Anglican 8% other 2% 
88flag of Sierra LeoneSierra LeoneMuslim 60% indigenous beliefs 30% Christian 10% 
89flag of SingaporeSingaporeBuddhist 
90flag of SlovakiaSlovakiaRoman Catholic 60.3% atheist 9 
91flag of SloveniaSloveniaRoman Catholic 68.8% Uniate Catholic 2% Lutheran 1% Muslim 1% atheist 4 
92flag of Solomon IslandsSolomon IslandsAnglican 34% Roman Catholic 19% Baptist 17% United 
93flag of SomaliaSomaliaSunni Muslim 
94flag of South AfricaSouth AfricaChristian 68% 
95flag of South KoreaSouth KoreaChristian 49% Buddhist 47% Confucianist 3% Shamanist Chondogyo 
96flag of Sri LankaSri LankaBuddhist 70% Hindu 15% Christian 8% Muslim 7% 
97flag of The BahamasThe BahamasBaptist 32% Anglican 20% Roman Catholic 19% Methodist 6% Church of God 6% other Protestant 12% none or unknown 3% other 2% 
98flag of SudanSudanSunni Muslim 70% 
99flag of SurinameSurinameHindu 27.4% Muslim 19 
100flag of SwazilandSwazilandProtestant 55% Muslim 10% Roman Catholic 5% indigenous beliefs 30% 
101flag of SwedenSwedenLutheran 87% Roman Catholic Orthodox Baptist Muslim Jewish Buddhist 
102flag of SwitzerlandSwitzerlandRoman Catholic 46.1% Protestant 40% other 5% none 8 
103flag of SyriaSyriaSunni Muslim 74% Alawite Druze and other Muslim sects 16% Christian 
104flag of São Tomé and PríncipeSão Tomé and PríncipeChristian 80% 
105flag of TaiwanTaiwanmixture of Buddhist Confucian and Taoist 93% Christian 4.5% other 2 
106flag of TajikistanTajikistanSunni Muslim 80% Shi'a Muslim 5% 
107flag of TanzaniaTanzaniamainland - Christian 45% Muslim 35% indigenous beliefs 20%; Zanzibar - more than 99% Muslim 
108flag of ThailandThailandBuddhism 95% Muslim 3.8% Christianity 0 
109flag of MacedoniaMacedoniaMacedonian Orthodox 67% Muslim 30% other 3% 
110flag of LithuaniaLithuaniaRoman Catholic 
111flag of AlgeriaAlgeriaSunni Muslim 
112flag of ComorosComorosSunni Muslim 98% Roman Catholic 2% 
113flag of Cabo VerdeCabo VerdeRoman Catholic 
114flag of CambodiaCambodiaTheravada Buddhist 95% other 5% 
115flag of CameroonCameroonindigenous beliefs 40% Christian 40% Muslim 20% 
116flag of CanadaCanadaRoman Catholic 42% Protestant 40% other 18% 
117flag of Cayman IslandsCayman IslandsUnited Church 
118flag of ChadChadMuslim 50% Christian 25% indigenous beliefs 
119flag of ChileChileRoman Catholic 89% Protestant 11% Jewish NEGL% 
120flag of Christmas IslandChristmas IslandBuddhist 55% Christian 15% Muslim 10% other 20% 
121flag of Cocos IslandsCocos IslandsSunni Muslim 57% Christian 22% other 21% 
122flag of ColombiaColombiaRoman Catholic 90% 
123flag of CongoCongoChristian 50% animist 48% Muslim 2% 
124flag of Burkina FasoBurkina Fasoindigenous beliefs 40% Muslim 50% Christian 
125flag of Cook IslandsCook IslandsChristian 
126flag of Costa RicaCosta RicaRoman Catholic 76.3% Evangelical 13 
127flag of CroatiaCroatiaRoman Catholic 76.5% Orthodox 11 
128flag of CubaCubanominally 85% Roman Catholic prior to CASTRO assuming power; Protestants Jehovah's Witnesses Jews and Santeria are also represented 
129flag of CyprusCyprusGreek Orthodox 78% Muslim 18% Maronite Armenian Apostolic and other 4% 
130flag of Czech RepublicCzech Republicatheist 39.8% Roman Catholic 39 
131flag of Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the CongoRoman Catholic 50% Protestant 20% Kimbanguist 10% Muslim 10% other syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs 10% 
132flag of DenmarkDenmarkEvangelical Lutheran 95% other Protestant and Roman Catholic 3% Muslims 2% 
133flag of DjiboutiDjiboutiMuslim 94% Christian 6% 
134flag of DominicaDominicaRoman Catholic 77% Protestant 15% 
135flag of Dominican RepublicDominican RepublicRoman Catholic 95% 
136flag of BurundiBurundiChristian 67% 
137flag of BulgariaBulgariaBulgarian Orthodox 83.5% Muslim 13% Roman Catholic 1 
138flag of EgyptEgyptMuslim 
139flag of BangladeshBangladeshMuslim 83% Hindu 16% other 1% 
140flag of American SamoaAmerican SamoaChristian Congregationalist 50% Roman Catholic 20% Protestant and other 30% 
141flag of AndorraAndorraRoman Catholic 
142flag of AngolaAngolaindigenous beliefs 47% Roman Catholic 38% Protestant 15% 
143flag of AnguillaAnguillaAnglican 40% Methodist 33% Seventh-Day Adventist 7% Baptist 5% Roman Catholic 3% other 12% 
144flag of Antigua and BarbudaAntigua and BarbudaAnglican 
145flag of ArgentinaArgentinanominally Roman Catholic 92% 
146flag of ArmeniaArmeniaArmenian Orthodox 94% 
147flag of ArubaArubaRoman Catholic 82% Protestant 8% Hindu Muslim Confucian Jewish 
148flag of AustraliaAustraliaAnglican 26.1% Roman Catholic 26% other Christian 24 
149flag of AustriaAustriaRoman Catholic 78% Protestant 5% Muslim and other 17% 
150flag of BahrainBahrainShi'a Muslim 70% Sunni Muslim 30% 
151flag of BarbadosBarbadosProtestant 67% 
152flag of BruneiBruneiMuslim 
153flag of BelarusBelarusEastern Orthodox 80% other 
154flag of BelgiumBelgiumRoman Catholic 75% Protestant or other 25% 
155flag of BelizeBelizeRoman Catholic 62% Protestant 30% 
156flag of BeninBeninindigenous beliefs 50% Christian 30% Muslim 20% 
157flag of BermudaBermudanon-Anglican Protestant 39% Anglican 27% Roman Catholic 15% other 19% 
158flag of BhutanBhutanLamaistic Buddhist 75% Indian- and Nepalese-influenced Hinduism 25% 
159flag of BoliviaBoliviaRoman Catholic 95% Protestant 
160flag of Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and HerzegovinaMuslim 40% Orthodox 31% Roman Catholic 15% Protestant 4% other 10% 
161flag of BotswanaBotswanaindigenous beliefs 50% Christian 50% 
162flag of BrazilBrazilRoman Catholic 
163flag of British Virgin IslandsBritish Virgin IslandsProtestant 86% 
164flag of EcuadorEcuadorRoman Catholic 95% 
165flag of Equatorial GuineaEquatorial Guineanominally Christian and predominantly Roman Catholic pagan practices 
166flag of LiechtensteinLiechtensteinRoman Catholic 80% Protestant 7.4% unknown 7 
167flag of JapanJapanobserve both Shinto and Buddhist 84% other 16% 
168flag of HungaryHungaryRoman Catholic 67.5% Calvinist 20% Lutheran 5% atheist and other 7 
169flag of IcelandIcelandEvangelical Lutheran 93% other Protestant and Roman Catholic none 
170flag of IndiaIndiaHindu 81.3% Muslim 12% Christian 2 
171flag of IndonesiaIndonesiaMuslim 88% Protestant 5% Roman Catholic 3% Hindu 2% Buddhist 1% other 1% 
172flag of IranIranShi'a Muslim 89% Sunni Muslim 10% Zoroastrian Jewish Christian and Baha'i 1% 
173flag of IraqIraqMuslim 97% 
174flag of IrelandIrelandRoman Catholic 91.6% Church of Ireland 2 
175flag of Isle of ManIsle of ManAnglican Roman Catholic Methodist Baptist Presbyterian Society of Friends 
176flag of IsraelIsraelJewish 80.1% Muslim 14 
177flag of ItalyItalypredominately Roman Catholic with mature Protestant and Jewish communities and a growing Muslim immigrant community 
178flag of JamaicaJamaicaProtestant 61.3% 
179flag of JerseyJerseyAnglican Roman Catholic Baptist Congregational New Church Methodist Presbyterian 
180flag of HondurasHondurasRoman Catholic 97% Protestant minority 
181flag of JordanJordanSunni Muslim 92% Christian 6% 
182flag of KazakhstanKazakhstanMuslim 47% Russian Orthodox 44% Protestant 2% other 7% 
183flag of KiribatiKiribatiRoman Catholic 54% Protestant 
184flag of KuwaitKuwaitMuslim 85% 
185flag of KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstanMuslim 75% Russian Orthodox 20% other 5% 
186flag of LaosLaosBuddhist 60% animist and other 40% 
187flag of LatviaLatviaLutheran Roman Catholic Russian Orthodox 
188flag of LebanonLebanonMuslim 70% 
189flag of LesothoLesothoChristian 80% indigenous beliefs 20% 
190flag of LiberiaLiberiaindigenous beliefs 40% Christian 40% Muslim 20% 
191flag of LibyaLibyaSunni Muslim 97% 
192flag of Hong KongHong Kongeclectic mixture of local religions 90% Christian 10% 
193flag of Holy SeeHoly SeeRoman Catholic 
194flag of EritreaEritreaMuslim Coptic Christian Roman Catholic Protestant 
195flag of GeorgiaGeorgiaGeorgian Orthodox 65% Muslim 11% Russian Orthodox 10% Armenian Apostolic 8% unknown 6% 
196flag of EstoniaEstoniaEvangelical Lutheran Russian Orthodox Estonian Orthodox Baptist Methodist Seventh-Day Adventist Roman Catholic Pentecostal Word of Life Jewish 
197flag of EthiopiaEthiopiaMuslim 45%-50% Ethiopian Orthodox 35%-40% animist 12% other 3%-8% 
198flag of Falkland IslandsFalkland Islandsprimarily Anglican Roman Catholic United Free Church Evangelist Church Jehovah's Witnesses Lutheran Seventh-Day Adventist 
199flag of Faroe IslandsFaroe IslandsEvangelical Lutheran 
200flag of Federated States of MicronesiaFederated States of MicronesiaRoman Catholic 50% Protestant 47% other and none 3% 
201flag of FinlandFinlandEvangelical Lutheran 89% Greek Orthodox 1% none 9% other 1% 
202flag of FranceFranceRoman Catholic 90% Protestant 2% Jewish 1% Muslim 
203flag of French GuianaFrench GuianaRoman Catholic 
204flag of French PolynesiaFrench PolynesiaProtestant 54% Roman Catholic 30% other 16% 
205flag of GabonGabonChristian 55%-75% animist Muslim less than 1% 
206flag of Gaza StripGaza StripMuslim 
207flag of GermanyGermanyProtestant 38% Roman Catholic 34% Muslim 1.7% unaffiliated or other 26 
208flag of GuyanaGuyanaChristian 50% Hindu 33% Muslim 9% other 8% 
209flag of GhanaGhanaindigenous beliefs 38% Muslim 30% Christian 24% other 8% 
210flag of GibraltarGibraltarRoman Catholic 76.9% Church of England 6 
211flag of GreeceGreeceGreek Orthodox 98% Muslim 1.3% other 0 
212flag of GreenlandGreenlandEvangelical Lutheran 
213flag of GrenadaGrenadaRoman Catholic 53% Anglican 13.8% other Protestant 33 
214flag of GuadeloupeGuadeloupeRoman Catholic 95% Hindu and pagan African 4% Protestant 1% 
215flag of GuamGuamRoman Catholic 85% other 15% 
216flag of GuatemalaGuatemalaRoman Catholic Protestant indigenous Mayan beliefs 
217flag of GuernseyGuernseyAnglican Roman Catholic Presbyterian Baptist Congregational Methodist 
218flag of Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissauindigenous beliefs 50% Muslim 45% Christian 5% 
219flag of GuineaGuineaMuslim 85% Christian 8% indigenous beliefs 7% 
220flag of ZimbabweZimbabwesyncretic 

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