Country ranking for field: religions 1994

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This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.|Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.|Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha 'the enlightened one'). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.|Basic Groupings|Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.|Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.|Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews expensive ceremonies and temples and relocates the primary practices into the home.|Christianity - Descending from Judaism, Christianity's central belief maintains Jesus of Nazareth is the promised messiah of the Hebrew Scriptures, and that his life, death, and resurrection are salvific for the world. Christianity is one of the three monotheistic Abrahamic faiths, along with Islam and Judaism, which traces its spiritual lineage to Abraham of the Hebrew Scriptures. Its sacred texts include the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament (or the Christian Gospels).|Basic Groupings|Catholicism (or Roman Catholicism): This is the oldest established western Christian church and the world's largest single religious body. It is supranational, and recognizes a hierarchical structure with the Pope, or Bishop of Rome, as its head, located at the Vatican. Catholics believe the Pope is the divinely ordered head of the Church from a direct spiritual legacy of Jesus' apostle Peter. Catholicism is comprised of 23 particular Churches, or Rites - one Western (Roman or Latin-Rite) and 22 Eastern. The Latin Rite is by far the largest, making up about 98% of Catholic membership. Eastern-Rite Churches, such as the Maronite Church and the Ukrainian Catholic Church, are in communion with Rome although they preserve their own worship traditions and their immediate hierarchy consists of clergy within their own rite. The Catholic Church has a comprehensive theological and moral doctrine specified for believers in its catechism, which makes it unique among most forms of Christianity.|Mormonism (including the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints): Originating in 1830 in the United States under Joseph Smith, Mormonism is not characterized as a form of Protestant Christianity because it claims additional revealed Christian scriptures after the Hebrew Bible and New Testament. The Book of Mormon maintains there was an appearance of Jesus in the New World following the Christian account of his resurrection, and that the Americas are uniquely blessed continents. Mormonism believes earlier Christian traditions, such as the Roman Catholic, Orthodox, and Protestant reform faiths, are apostasies and that Joseph Smith's revelation of the Book of Mormon is a restoration of true Christianity. Mormons have a hierarchical religious leadership structure, and actively proselytize their faith; they are located primarily in the Americas and in a number of other Western countries.|Jehovah's Witnesses structure their faith on the Christian Bible, but their rejection of the Trinity is distinct from mainstream Christianity. They believe that a Kingdom of God, the Theocracy, will emerge following Armageddon and usher in a new earthly society. Adherents are required to evangelize and to follow a strict moral code.|Orthodox Christianity: The oldest established eastern form of Christianity, the Holy Orthodox Church, has a ceremonial head in the Bishop of Constantinople (Istanbul), also known as a Patriarch, but its various regional forms (e.g., Greek Orthodox, Russian Orthodox, Serbian Orthodox, Ukrainian Orthodox) are autocephalous (independent of Constantinople's authority, and have their own Patriarchs). Orthodox churches are highly nationalist and ethnic. The Orthodox Christian faith shares many theological tenets with the Roman Catholic Church, but diverges on some key premises and does not recognize the governing authority of the Pope.|Protestant Christianity: Protestant Christianity originated in the 16th century as an attempt to reform Roman Catholicism's practices, dogma, and theology. It encompasses several forms or denominations which are extremely varied in structure, beliefs, relationship to state, clergy, and governance. Many protestant theologies emphasize the primary role of scripture in their faith, advocating individual interpretation of Christian texts without the mediation of a final religious authority such as the Roman Pope. The oldest Protestant Christianities include Lutheranism, Calvinism (Presbyterians), and Anglican Christianity (Episcopalians), which have established liturgies, governing structure, and formal clergy. Other variants on Protestant Christianity, including Pentecostal movements and independent churches, may lack one or more of these elements, and their leadership and beliefs are individualized and dynamic.|Hinduism - Originating in the Vedic civilization of India (second and first millennium B.C.), Hinduism is an extremely diverse set of beliefs and practices with no single founder or religious authority. Hinduism has many scriptures; the Vedas, the Upanishads, and the Bhagavad-Gita are among some of the most important. Hindus may worship one or many deities, usually with prayer rituals within their own home. The most common figures of devotion are the gods Vishnu, Shiva, and a mother goddess, Devi. Most Hindus believe the soul, or atman, is eternal, and goes through a cycle of birth, death, and rebirth (samsara) determined by one's positive or negative karma, or the consequences of one's actions. The goal of religious life is to learn to act so as to finally achieve liberation (moksha) of one's soul, escaping the rebirth cycle.|Islam - The third of the monotheistic Abrahamic faiths, Islam originated with the teachings of Muhammad in the 7th century. Muslims believe Muhammad is the final of all religious prophets (beginning with Abraham) and that the Qu'ran, which is the Islamic scripture, was revealed to him by God. Islam derives from the word submission, and obedience to God is a primary theme in this religion. In order to live an Islamic life, believers must follow the five pillars, or tenets, of Islam, which are the testimony of faith (shahada), daily prayer (salah), giving alms (zakah), fasting during Ramadan (sawm), and the pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj).|Basic Groupings|The two primary branches of Islam are Sunni and Shia, which split from each other over a religio-political leadership dispute about the rightful successor to Muhammad. The Shia believe Muhammad's cousin and son-in-law, Ali, was the only divinely ordained Imam (religious leader), while the Sunni maintain the first three caliphs after Muhammad were also legitimate authorities. In modern Islam, Sunnis and Shia continue to have different views of acceptable schools of Islamic jurisprudence, and who is a proper Islamic religious authority. Islam also has an active mystical branch, Sufism, with various Sunni and Shia subsets.|Sunni Islam accounts for over 75% of the world's Muslim population. It recognizes the Abu Bakr as the first caliph after Muhammad. Sunni has four schools of Islamic doctrine and law - Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi'i, and Hanbali - which uniquely interpret the Hadith, or recorded oral traditions of Muhammad. A Sunni Muslim may elect to follow any one of these schools, as all are considered equally valid.|Shia Islam represents 10-20% of Muslims worldwide, and its distinguishing feature is its reverence for Ali as an infallible, divinely inspired leader, and as the first Imam of the Muslim community after Muhammad. A majority of Shia are known as 'Twelvers,' because they believe that the 11 familial successor imams after Muhammad culminate in a 12th Imam (al-Mahdi) who is hidden in the world and will reappear at its end to redeem the righteous.|Variants|Ismaili faith: A sect of Shia Islam, its adherents are also known as 'Seveners,' because they believe that the rightful seventh Imam in Islamic leadership was Isma'il, the elder son of Imam Jafar al-Sadiq. Ismaili tradition awaits the return of the seventh Imam as the Mahdi, or Islamic messianic figure. Ismailis are located in various parts of the world, particularly South Asia and the Levant.|Alawi faith: Another Shia sect of Islam, the name reflects followers' devotion to the religious authority of Ali. Alawites are a closed, secretive religious group who assert they are Shia Muslims, although outside scholars speculate their beliefs may have a syncretic mix with other faiths originating in the Middle East. Alawis live mostly in Syria, Lebanon, and Turkey.|Druze faith: A highly secretive tradition and a closed community that derives from the Ismaili sect of Islam; its core beliefs are thought to emphasize a combination of Gnostic principles believing that the Fatimid caliph, al-Hakin, is the one who embodies the key aspects of goodness of the universe, which are, the intellect, the word, the soul, the preceder, and the follower. The Druze have a key presence in Syria, Lebanon, and Israel.|Jainism - Originating in India, Jain spiritual philosophy believes in an eternal human soul, the eternal universe, and a principle of 'the own nature of things.' It emphasizes compassion for all living things, seeks liberation of the human soul from reincarnation through enlightenment, and values personal responsibility due to the belief in the immediate consequences of one's behavior. Jain philosophy teaches non-violence and prescribes vegetarianism for monks and laity alike; its adherents are a highly influential religious minority in Indian society.|Judaism - One of the first known monotheistic religions, likely dating to between 2000-1500 B.C., Judaism is the native faith of the Jewish people, based upon the belief in a covenant of responsibility between a sole omnipotent creator God and Abraham, the patriarch of Judaism's Hebrew Bible, or Tanakh. Divine revelation of principles and prohibitions in the Hebrew Scriptures form the basis of Jewish law, or halakhah, which is a key component of the faith. While there are extensive traditions of Jewish halakhic and theological discourse, there is no final dogmatic authority in the tradition. Local communities have their own religious leadership. Modern Judaism has three basic categories of faith: Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform/Liberal. These differ in their views and observance of Jewish law, with the Orthodox representing the most traditional practice, and Reform/Liberal communities the most accommodating of individualized interpretations of Jewish identity and faith.|Shintoism - A native animist tradition of Japan, Shinto practice is based upon the premise that every being and object has its own spirit or kami. Shinto practitioners worship several particular kamis, including the kamis of nature, and families often have shrines to their ancestors' kamis. Shintoism has no fixed tradition of prayers or prescribed dogma, but is characterized by individual ritual. Respect for the kamis in nature is a key Shinto value. Prior to the end of World War II, Shinto was the state religion of Japan, and bolstered the cult of the Japanese emperor.|Sikhism - Founded by the Guru Nanak (born 1469), Sikhism believes in a non-anthropomorphic, supreme, eternal, creator God; centering one's devotion to God is seen as a means of escaping the cycle of rebirth. Sikhs follow the teachings of Nanak and nine subsequent gurus. Their scripture, the Guru Granth Sahib - also known as the Adi Granth - is considered the living Guru, or final authority of Sikh faith and theology. Sikhism emphasizes equality of humankind and disavows caste, class, or gender discrimination.|Taoism - Chinese philosophy or religion based upon Lao Tzu's Tao Te Ching, which centers on belief in the Tao, or the way, as the flow of the universe and the nature of things. Taoism encourages a principle of non-force, or wu-wei, as the means to live harmoniously with the Tao. Taoists believe the esoteric world is made up of a perfect harmonious balance and nature, while in the manifest world - particularly in the body - balance is distorted. The Three Jewels of the Tao - compassion, simplicity, and humility - serve as the basis for Taoist ethics.|Zoroastrianism - Originating from the teachings of Zoroaster in about the 9th or 10th century B.C., Zoroastrianism may be the oldest continuing creedal religion. Its key beliefs center on a transcendent creator God, Ahura Mazda, and the concept of free will. The key ethical tenets of Zoroastrianism expressed in its scripture, the Avesta, are based on a dualistic worldview where one may prevent chaos if one chooses to serve God and exercises good thoughts, good words, and good deeds. Zoroastrianism is generally a closed religion and members are almost always born to Zoroastrian parents. Prior to the spread of Islam, Zoroastrianism dominated greater Iran. Today, though a minority, Zoroastrians remain primarily in Iran, India (where they are known as Parsi), and Pakistan.|Traditional beliefs|Animism: the belief that non-human entities contain souls or spirits.|Badimo: a form of ancestor worship of the Tswana people of Botswana.|Confucianism: an ideology that humans are perfectible through self-cultivation and self-creation; developed from teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius. Confucianism has strongly influenced the culture and beliefs of East Asian countries, including China, Japan, Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, and Vietnam.|Inuit beliefs are a form of shamanism (see below) based on animistic principles of the Inuit or Eskimo peoples.|Kirant: the belief system of the Kirat, a people who live mainly in the Himalayas of Nepal. It is primarily a form of polytheistic shamanism, but includes elements of animism and ancestor worship.|Pagan is a blanket term used to describe many unconnected belief practices throughout history, usually in reference to religions outside of the Abrahamic category (monotheistic faiths like Judaism, Christianity, and Islam).|Shamanism: beliefs and practices promoting communication with the spiritual world. Shamanistic beliefs are organized around a shaman or medicine man who - as an intermediary between the human and spirit world - is believed to be able to heal the sick (by healing their souls), communicate with the spirit world, and help souls into the afterlife through the practice of entering a trance. In shaman-based religions, the shaman is also responsible for leading sacred rites.|Spiritualism: the belief that souls and spirits communicate with the living usually through intermediaries called mediums.|Syncretic (fusion of diverse religious beliefs and practices)|Cao Dai: a nationalistic Vietnamese sect, officially established in 1926, that draws practices and precepts from Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, and Catholicism.|Chondogyo: or the religion of the Heavenly Way, is based on Korean shamanism, Buddhism, and Korean folk traditions, with some elements drawn from Christianity. Formulated in the 1860s, it holds that God lives in all of us and strives to convert society into a paradise on earth, populated by believers transformed into intelligent moral beings with a high social conscience.|Kimbanguist: a puritan form of the Baptist denomination founded by Simon Kimbangu in the 1920s in what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo. Adherents believe that salvation comes through Jesus' death and resurrection, like Christianity, but additionally that living a spiritually pure life following strict codes of conduct is required for salvation.|Modekngei: a hybrid of Christianity and ancient Palauan culture and oral traditions founded around 1915 on the island of Babeldaob. Adherents simultaneously worship Jesus Christ and Palauan goddesses.|Rastafarian: an afro-centrist ideology and movement based on Christianity that arose in Jamaica in the 1930s; it believes that Haile Selassie I, Emperor of Ethiopia from 1930-74, was the incarnation of the second coming of Jesus.|Santeria: practiced in Cuba, the merging of the Yoruba religion of Nigeria with Roman Catholicism and native Indian traditions. Its practitioners believe that each person has a destiny and eventually transcends to merge with the divine creator and source of all energy, Olorun.|Voodoo/Vodun: a form of spirit and ancestor worship combined with some Christian faiths, especially Catholicism. Haitian and Louisiana Voodoo, which have included more Catholic practices, are separate from West African Vodun, which has retained a focus on spirit worship.|Non-religious|Agnosticism: the belief that most things are unknowable. In regard to religion it is usually characterized as neither a belief nor non belief in a deity.|Atheism: the belief that there are no deities of any kind.

1flag of AfghanistanAfghanistan0 
2flag of ParaguayParaguayRoman Catholic 90% Mennonite and other Protestant denominations 
3flag of NigerNigerMuslim 80% remainder indigenous beliefs and Christians 
4flag of NigeriaNigeriaMuslim 50% Christian 40% indigenous beliefs 10% 
5flag of NiueNiueEkalesia Nieue 
6flag of Norfolk IslandNorfolk IslandAnglican 39% Roman Catholic 11.7% Uniting Church in Australia 16 
7flag of North KoreaNorth KoreaBuddhism and Confucianism some Christianity and syncretic Chondogyo 
8flag of Northern Mariana IslandsNorthern Mariana IslandsChristian 
9flag of NorwayNorwayEvangelical Lutheran 87.8% 
10flag of OmanOmanIbadhi Muslim 75% Sunni Muslim Shi'a Muslim Hindu 
11flag of PakistanPakistanMuslim 97% 
12flag of PanamaPanamaRoman Catholic 85% Protestant 15% 
13flag of Papua New GuineaPapua New GuineaRoman Catholic 22% Lutheran 16% Presbyterian/Methodist/London Missionary Society 8% Anglican 5% Evangelical Alliance 4% Seventh-Day Adventist 1% other Protestant sects 10% indigenous beliefs 34% 
14flag of PeruPeruRoman Catholic 
15flag of New ZealandNew ZealandAnglican 24% Presbyterian 18% Roman Catholic 15% Methodist 5% Baptist 2% other Protestant 3% unspecified or none 9% 
16flag of PhilippinesPhilippinesRoman Catholic 83% Protestant 9% Muslim 5% Buddhist and other 3% 
17flag of Pitcairn IslandsPitcairn IslandsSeventh-Day Adventist 100% 
18flag of PolandPolandRoman Catholic 95% 
19flag of PortugalPortugalRoman Catholic 97% Protestant denominations 1% other 2% 
20flag of Puerto RicoPuerto RicoRoman Catholic 85% Protestant denominations and other 15% 
21flag of QatarQatarMuslim 95% 
22flag of RomaniaRomaniaRomanian Orthodox 70% Roman Catholic 6% 
23flag of RussiaRussiaRussian Orthodox Muslim other 
24flag of RwandaRwandaRoman Catholic 65% Protestant 9% Muslim 1% indigenous beliefs and other 25% 
25flag of RéunionRéunionRoman Catholic 94% 
26flag of Saint HelenaSaint HelenaAnglican 
27flag of Saint Kitts and NevisSaint Kitts and NevisAnglican other Protestant sects Roman Catholic 
28flag of NicaraguaNicaraguaRoman Catholic 95% Protestant 5% 
29flag of New CaledoniaNew CaledoniaRoman Catholic 60% Protestant 30% other 10% 
30flag of Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesAnglican Methodist Roman Catholic Seventh-Day Adventist 
31flag of MauritaniaMauritaniaMuslim 100% 
32flag of LithuaniaLithuaniaRoman Catholic Lutheran other 
33flag of LuxembourgLuxembourgRoman Catholic 97% Protestant and Jewish 3% 
34flag of MacauMacauBuddhist 45% Roman Catholic 7% Protestant 1% none 45.8% other 1 
35flag of MacedoniaMacedoniaEastern Orthodox 67% Muslim 30% other 3% 
36flag of MadagascarMadagascarindigenous beliefs 52% Christian 41% Muslim 7% 
37flag of MalawiMalawiProtestant 55% Roman Catholic 20% Muslim 20% traditional indigenous beliefs 
38flag of MaldivesMaldivesSunni Muslim 
39flag of MaliMaliMuslim 90% indigenous beliefs 9% Christian 1% 
40flag of MaltaMaltaRoman Catholic 98% 
41flag of Marshall IslandsMarshall IslandsChristian 
42flag of MartiniqueMartiniqueRoman Catholic 95% Hindu and pagan African 5% 
43flag of MauritiusMauritiusHindu 52% Christian 28.3% 
44flag of Netherlands AntillesNetherlands AntillesRoman Catholic Protestant Jewish Seventh-Day Adventist 
45flag of MayotteMayotteMuslim 99% Christian 
46flag of MexicoMexiconominally Roman Catholic 89% Protestant 6% 
47flag of MoldovaMoldovaEastern Orthodox 98.5% Jewish 1 
48flag of MonacoMonacoRoman Catholic 95% 
49flag of MongoliaMongoliapredominantly Tibetan Buddhist Muslim 4% 
50flag of MontserratMontserratAnglican Methodist Roman Catholic Pentecostal Seventh-Day Adventist other Christian denominations 
51flag of MoroccoMoroccoMuslim 98.7% Christian 1 
52flag of MozambiqueMozambiqueindigenous beliefs 60% Christian 30% Muslim 10% 
53flag of MyanmarMyanmarBuddhist 89% Christian 4% 
54flag of NamibiaNamibiaChristian 
55flag of NauruNauruChristian 
56flag of NepalNepalHindu 90% Buddhist 5% Muslim 3% other 2% 
57flag of Saint LuciaSaint LuciaRoman Catholic 90% Protestant 7% Anglican 3% 
58flag of Saint-Pierre and MiquelonSaint-Pierre and MiquelonRoman Catholic 98% 
59flag of LibyaLibyaSunni Muslim 97% 
60flag of United KingdomUnited Kingdom0 
61flag of TongaTongaChristian 
62flag of Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad and TobagoRoman Catholic 32.2% Hindu 24 
63flag of TunisiaTunisiaMuslim 98% Christian 1% Jewish 1% 
64flag of TurkeyTurkeyMuslim 99.8% 
65flag of TurkmenistanTurkmenistanMuslim 87% Eastern Orthodox 11% unknown 2% 
66flag of Turks and Caicos IslandsTurks and Caicos IslandsBaptist 41.2% Methodist 18 
67flag of TuvaluTuvaluChurch of Tuvalu 
68flag of U.S. Virgin IslandsU.S. Virgin IslandsBaptist 42% Roman Catholic 34% Episcopalian 17% other 7% 
69flag of UgandaUgandaRoman Catholic 33% Protestant 33% Muslim 16% indigenous beliefs 18% 
70flag of UkraineUkraineUkrainian Orthodox - Moscow Patriarchate Ukrainian Orthodox - Kiev Patriarchate Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Ukrainian Catholic 
71flag of United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab EmiratesMuslim 96% 
72flag of United StatesUnited StatesProtestant 56% Roman Catholic 28% Jewish 2% other 4% none 10% 
73flag of TogoTogoindigenous beliefs 70% Christian 20% Muslim 10% 
74flag of UruguayUruguayRoman Catholic 66% 
75flag of UzbekistanUzbekistanMuslim 88% 
76flag of VanuatuVanuatuPresbyterian 36.7% Anglican 15% Catholic 15% indigenous beliefs 7 
77flag of VenezuelaVenezuelanominally Roman Catholic 96% Protestant 2% 
78flag of VietnamVietnamBuddhist Taoist Roman Catholic indigenous beliefs Islamic Protestant 
79flag of Wallis and FutunaWallis and FutunaRoman Catholic 
80flag of West BankWest BankMuslim 80% 
81flag of Western SaharaWestern SaharaMuslim 
82flag of Western SamoaWestern SamoaChristian 99.7% 
83flag of YemenYemenMuslim including Sha'fi 
84flag of ZaireZaireRoman Catholic 50% Protestant 20% Kimbanguist 10% Muslim 10% other syncretic sects and traditional beliefs 10% 
85flag of ZambiaZambiaChristian 50-75% Muslim and Hindu 24-49% indigenous beliefs 1% 
86flag of TokelauTokelauCongregational Christian Church 70% Roman Catholic 28% other 2% 
87flag of The NetherlandsThe NetherlandsRoman Catholic 34% Protestant 25% Muslim 3% other 2% unaffiliated 36% 
88flag of San MarinoSan MarinoRoman Catholic 
89flag of South KoreaSouth KoreaChristianity 48.6% Buddhism 47 
90flag of Saudi ArabiaSaudi ArabiaMuslim 100% 
91flag of SenegalSenegalMuslim 92% indigenous beliefs 6% Christian 2% 
92flag of Serbia and MontenegroSerbia and MontenegroOrthodox 65% Muslim 19% Roman Catholic 4% Protestant 1% other 11% 
93flag of SeychellesSeychellesRoman Catholic 90% Anglican 8% other 2% 
94flag of Sierra LeoneSierra LeoneMuslim 60% indigenous beliefs 30% Christian 10% 
95flag of SingaporeSingaporeBuddhist 
96flag of SlovakiaSlovakiaRoman Catholic 60.3% atheist 9 
97flag of SloveniaSloveniaRoman Catholic 96% 
98flag of Solomon IslandsSolomon IslandsAnglican 34% Roman Catholic 19% Baptist 17% United 
99flag of SomaliaSomaliaSunni Muslim 
100flag of South AfricaSouth AfricaChristian 
101flag of SpainSpainRoman Catholic 99% other sects 1% 
102flag of The GambiaThe GambiaMuslim 90% Christian 9% indigenous beliefs 1% 
103flag of Sri LankaSri LankaBuddhist 69% Hindu 15% Christian 8% Muslim 8% 
104flag of SudanSudanSunni Muslim 70% 
105flag of SurinameSurinameHindu 27.4% Muslim 19 
106flag of SwazilandSwazilandChristian 60% indigenous beliefs 40% 
107flag of SwedenSwedenEvangelical Lutheran 94% Roman Catholic 1.5% Pentecostal 1% other 3 
108flag of SwitzerlandSwitzerlandRoman Catholic 47.6% Protestant 44 
109flag of SyriaSyriaSunni Muslim 74% Alawite Druze and other Muslim sects 16% Christian 
110flag of São Tomé and PríncipeSão Tomé and PríncipeRoman Catholic Evangelical Protestant Seventh-Day Adventist 
111flag of TaiwanTaiwanmixture of Buddhist Confucian and Taoist 93% Christian 4.5% other 2 
112flag of TajikistanTajikistanSunni Muslim 80% Shi'a Muslim 5% 
113flag of ThailandThailandBuddhism 95% Muslim 3.8% Christianity 0 
114flag of The BahamasThe BahamasBaptist 32% Anglican 20% Roman Catholic 19% Methodist 6% Church of God 6% other Protestant 12% none or unknown 3% other 2% 
115flag of LiechtensteinLiechtensteinRoman Catholic 87.3% Protestant 8 
116flag of LiberiaLiberiatraditional 70% Muslim 20% Christian 10% 
117flag of AlbaniaAlbaniaMuslim 70% Greek Orthodox 20% Roman Catholic 10% 
118flag of Cocos IslandsCocos IslandsSunni Muslims 
119flag of BurundiBurundiChristian 67% 
120flag of Cabo VerdeCabo VerdeRoman Catholicism fused with indigenous beliefs 
121flag of CambodiaCambodiaTheravada Buddhism 95% other 5% 
122flag of CameroonCameroonindigenous beliefs 51% Christian 33% Muslim 16% 
123flag of CanadaCanadaRoman Catholic 46% United Church 16% Anglican 10% other 28% 
124flag of Cayman IslandsCayman IslandsUnited Church 
125flag of Central African RepublicCentral African Republicindigenous beliefs 24% Protestant 25% Roman Catholic 25% Muslim 15% other 11% 
126flag of ChadChadMuslim 50% Christian 25% indigenous beliefs animism 25% 
127flag of ChileChileRoman Catholic 89% Protestant 11% Jewish 
128flag of ChinaChinaDaoism 
129flag of Christmas IslandChristmas IslandBuddhist 36.1% Muslim 25 
130flag of ColombiaColombiaRoman Catholic 95% 
131flag of BulgariaBulgariaBulgarian Orthodox 85% Muslim 13% Jewish 0.8% Roman Catholic 0 
132flag of ComorosComorosSunni Muslim 86% Roman Catholic 14% 
133flag of CongoCongoChristian 50% animist 48% Muslim 2% 
134flag of Cook IslandsCook IslandsChristian 
135flag of Costa RicaCosta RicaRoman Catholic 95% 
136flag of CroatiaCroatiaCatholic 76.5% Orthodox 11 
137flag of CubaCubanominally Roman Catholic 85% prior to Castro assuming power 
138flag of CyprusCyprusGreek Orthodox 78% Muslim 18% Maronite Armenian Apostolic and other 4% 
139flag of Czech RepublicCzech Republicatheist 39.8% Roman Catholic 39 
140flag of Côte d'IvoireCôte d'Ivoireindigenous 25% Muslim 60% Christian 12% 
141flag of DenmarkDenmarkEvangelical Lutheran 91% other Protestant and Roman Catholic 2% other 7% 
142flag of DjiboutiDjiboutiMuslim 94% Christian 6% 
143flag of DominicaDominicaRoman Catholic 77% Protestant 15% 
144flag of Burkina FasoBurkina Fasoindigenous beliefs 40% Muslim 50% Christian 
145flag of BruneiBruneiMuslim 
146flag of EcuadorEcuadorRoman Catholic 95% 
147flag of AzerbaijanAzerbaijanMuslim 87% Russian Orthodox 5.6% Armenian Orthodox 5 
148flag of AlgeriaAlgeriaSunni Muslim 
149flag of American SamoaAmerican SamoaChristian Congregationalist 50% Roman Catholic 20% Protestant denominations and other 30% 
150flag of AndorraAndorraRoman Catholic 
151flag of AngolaAngolaindigenous beliefs 47% Roman Catholic 38% Protestant 15% 
152flag of AnguillaAnguillaAnglican 40% Methodist 33% Seventh-Day Adventist 7% Baptist 5% Roman Catholic 3% other 12% 
153flag of Antigua and BarbudaAntigua and BarbudaAnglican 
154flag of ArgentinaArgentinanominally Roman Catholic 90% 
155flag of ArmeniaArmeniaArmenian Orthodox 94% 
156flag of ArubaArubaRoman Catholic 82% Protestant 8% Hindu Muslim Confucian Jewish 
157flag of AustraliaAustraliaAnglican 26.1% Roman Catholic 26% other Christian 24 
158flag of AustriaAustriaRoman Catholic 85% Protestant 6% other 9% 
159flag of BahrainBahrainShi'a Muslim 70% Sunni Muslim 30% 
160flag of British Virgin IslandsBritish Virgin IslandsProtestant 86% 
161flag of BangladeshBangladeshMuslim 83% Hindu 16% Buddhist Christian other 
162flag of BarbadosBarbadosProtestant 67% 
163flag of BelarusBelarusEastern Orthodox other 
164flag of BelgiumBelgiumRoman Catholic 75% Protestant or other 25% 
165flag of BelizeBelizeRoman Catholic 62% Protestant 30% 
166flag of BeninBeninindigenous beliefs 70% Muslim 15% Christian 15% 
167flag of BermudaBermudaAnglican 37% Roman Catholic 14% African Methodist Episcopal 
168flag of BhutanBhutanLamaistic Buddhism 75% Indian- and Nepalese-influenced Hinduism 25% 
169flag of BoliviaBoliviaRoman Catholic 95% Protestant 
170flag of Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and HerzegovinaMuslim 40% Orthodox 31% Catholic 15% Protestant 4% other 10% 
171flag of BotswanaBotswanaindigenous beliefs 50% Christian 50% 
172flag of BrazilBrazilRoman Catholic 
173flag of Dominican RepublicDominican RepublicRoman Catholic 95% 
174flag of EgyptEgyptMuslim 
175flag of LesothoLesothoChristian 80% rest indigenous beliefs 
176flag of IsraelIsraelJudaism 82% Islam 14% 
177flag of Holy SeeHoly SeeRoman Catholic 
178flag of HondurasHondurasRoman Catholic 97% Protestant minority 
179flag of Hong KongHong Kongeclectic mixture of local religions 90% Christian 10% 
180flag of HungaryHungaryRoman Catholic 67.5% Calvinist 20% Lutheran 5% atheist and other 7 
181flag of IcelandIcelandEvangelical Lutheran 96% other Protestant and Roman Catholic 3% none 1% 
182flag of IndiaIndiaHindu 80% Muslim 14% Christian 2.4% Sikh 2% Buddhist 0 
183flag of IndonesiaIndonesiaMuslim 87% Protestant 6% Roman Catholic 3% Hindu 2% Buddhist 1% other 1% 
184flag of IranIranShi'a Muslim 95% Sunni Muslim 4% Zoroastrian Jewish Christian and Baha'i 1% 
185flag of IraqIraqMuslim 97% 
186flag of IrelandIrelandRoman Catholic 93% Anglican 3% none 1% unknown 2% other 1% 
187flag of Isle of ManIsle of ManAnglican Roman Catholic Methodist Baptist Presbyterian Society of Friends 
188flag of ItalyItalyRoman Catholic 98% other 2% 
189flag of GuyanaGuyanaChristian 57% Hindu 33% Muslim 9% other 1% 
190flag of JamaicaJamaicaProtestant 55.9% 
191flag of JapanJapanobserve both Shinto and Buddhist 84% other 16% 
192flag of JerseyJerseyAnglican Roman Catholic Baptist Congregational New Church Methodist Presbyterian 
193flag of JordanJordanSunni Muslim 92% Christian 8% 
194flag of KazakhstanKazakhstanMuslim 47% Russian Orthodox 44% Protestant 2% other 7% 
195flag of KenyaKenyaRoman Catholic 28% Protestant 
196flag of KiribatiKiribatiRoman Catholic 52.6% Protestant 
197flag of KuwaitKuwaitMuslim 85% 
198flag of KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstanMuslim 70% Russian Orthodox NA% 
199flag of LaosLaosBuddhist 85% animist and other 15% 
200flag of LatviaLatviaLutheran Roman Catholic Russian Orthodox 
201flag of LebanonLebanonIslam 70% 
202flag of HaitiHaitiRoman Catholic 80% 
203flag of GuineaGuineaMuslim 85% Christian 8% indigenous beliefs 7% 
204flag of El SalvadorEl SalvadorRoman Catholic 75% 
205flag of French PolynesiaFrench PolynesiaProtestant 54% Roman Catholic 30% other 16% 
206flag of Equatorial GuineaEquatorial Guineanominally Christian and predominantly Roman Catholic pagan practices 
207flag of EritreaEritreaMuslim Coptic Christian Roman Catholic Protestant 
208flag of EstoniaEstoniaLutheran 
209flag of EthiopiaEthiopiaMuslim 45%-50% Ethiopian Orthodox 35%-40% animist 12% other 5% 
210flag of Falkland IslandsFalkland Islandsprimarily Anglican Roman Catholic United Free Church Evangelist Church Jehovah's Witnesses Lutheran Seventh-Day Adventist 
211flag of Faroe IslandsFaroe IslandsEvangelical Lutheran 
212flag of Federated States of MicronesiaFederated States of MicronesiaChristian 
213flag of FijiFijiChristian 52% 
214flag of FinlandFinlandEvangelical Lutheran 89% Greek Orthodox 1% none 9% other 1% 
215flag of FranceFranceRoman Catholic 90% Protestant 2% Jewish 1% Muslim 
216flag of French GuianaFrench GuianaRoman Catholic 
217flag of GabonGabonChristian 55-75% Muslim less than 1% animist 
218flag of Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissauindigenous beliefs 65% Muslim 30% Christian 5% 
219flag of Gaza StripGaza StripMuslim 
220flag of GeorgiaGeorgiaGeorgian Orthodox 65% Russian Orthodox 10% Muslim 11% Armenian Orthodox 8% unknown 6% 
221flag of GermanyGermanyProtestant 45% Roman Catholic 37% unaffiliated or other 18% 
222flag of GhanaGhanaindigenous beliefs 38% Muslim 30% Christian 24% other 8% 
223flag of GibraltarGibraltarRoman Catholic 74% Protestant 11% 
224flag of GreeceGreeceGreek Orthodox 98% Muslim 1.3% other 0 
225flag of GreenlandGreenlandEvangelical Lutheran 
226flag of GrenadaGrenadaRoman Catholic Anglican other Protestant sects 
227flag of GuadeloupeGuadeloupeRoman Catholic 95% Hindu and pagan African 5% 
228flag of GuamGuamRoman Catholic 98% other 2% 
229flag of GuatemalaGuatemalaRoman Catholic Protestant traditional Mayan 
230flag of GuernseyGuernseyAnglican Roman Catholic Presbyterian Baptist Congregational Methodist 
231flag of ZimbabweZimbabwesyncretic 

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