Country ranking for field: environment current issues 1994

Other rankings:  

This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry:

The WorldWorldlarge areas subject to overpopulation industrial disasters pollution
1flag of AfghanistanAfghanistan0 
2flag of PakistanPakistanwater pollution from untreated sewage industrial wastes and agricultural runoff; water scarcity; a majority of the population does not have access to safe drinking water; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification 
3flag of Netherlands AntillesNetherlands AntillesNA 
4flag of New CaledoniaNew CaledoniaNA 
5flag of New ZealandNew Zealanddeforestation; soil erosion; native flora and fauna hard-hit by species introduced from outside 
6flag of NicaraguaNicaraguadeforestation; soil erosion; water pollution 
7flag of NigerNigerovergrazing; soil erosion; deforestation; desertification; wildlife populations 
8flag of NigeriaNigeriasoil degradation; rapid deforestation; desertification; recent droughts in north severely affecting marginal agricultural activities 
9flag of NiueNiueNA 
10flag of Norfolk IslandNorfolk IslandNA 
11flag of North KoreaNorth Korealocalized air pollution attributable to inadequate industrial controls 
12flag of Northern Mariana IslandsNorthern Mariana Islandscontamination of groundwater on Saipan by raw sewage contributes to disease 
13flag of NorwayNorwaywater pollution; acid rain damaging forests and adversely affecting lakes threatening fish stocks; air pollution from vehicle emissions 
14flag of OmanOmanrising soil salinity; beach pollution from oil spills; sparse natural freshwater resources 
15flag of Pacific OceanPacific Oceanendangered marine species include the dugong sea lion sea otter seals turtles and whales; oil pollution in Philippine Sea and South China Sea 
16flag of Palmyra AtollPalmyra AtollNA 
17flag of Navassa IslandNavassa IslandNA 
18flag of PanamaPanamawater pollution from agricultural runoff threatens fishery resources; deforestation of tropical rain forest; land degradation 
19flag of Papua New GuineaPapua New Guineadeforestation; pollution from mining projects 
20flag of Paracel IslandsParacel IslandsNA 
21flag of ParaguayParaguaydeforestation; water pollution; inadequate means for waste disposal present health hazards for many urban residents 
22flag of PeruPerudeforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; air pollution in Lima 
23flag of PhilippinesPhilippinesdeforestation; soil erosion; water pollution; air pollution in Manila 
24flag of Pitcairn IslandsPitcairn IslandsNA 
25flag of PolandPolandforest damage due to air pollution; improper means for disposal of large amounts of hazardous and industrial waste; severe water pollution from industrial and municipal sources; severe air pollution results from emissions of sulfur dioxide from coal-fired power plants 
26flag of PortugalPortugalsoil erosion; air pollution caused by industrial and vehicle emissions; water pollution especially in coastal areas 
27flag of Puerto RicoPuerto RicoNA 
28flag of QatarQatarlimited freshwater resources are increasing dependence on large-scale desalination facilities 
29flag of RomaniaRomaniasoil erosion and degradation; water pollution; air pollution in south from industrial effluents; contamination of Danube delta wetlands 
30flag of RussiaRussiaair pollution from heavy industry emissions of coal-fired electric plants and transportation in major cities; industrial and agricultural pollution of inland waterways and sea coasts; deforestation; soil erosion; soil contamination from improper application of agricultural chemicals; scattered areas of sometimes intense radioactive contamination 
31flag of RwandaRwandadeforestation; overgrazing; soil exhaustion; soil erosion 
32flag of NepalNepalthe almost total dependence on wood for fuel and cutting down trees to expand agricultural land without replanting has resulted in widespread deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution 
33flag of NauruNaurulimited water resources roof storage tanks collect rainwater; phosphate mining threatens limited remaining land resources 
34flag of Saint HelenaSaint HelenaNA 
35flag of MaliMalideforestation; soil erosion; desertification; inadequate supplies of safe drinking water; poaching 
36flag of LebanonLebanondeforestation; soil erosion; desertification; air and water pollution 
37flag of LesothoLesothopopulation pressure forcing settlement in marginal areas results in overgrazing severe soil erosion soil exhaustion; desertification 
38flag of LiberiaLiberiaWest Africa's largest tropical rain forest subject to deforestation; soil erosion; loss of biodiversity 
39flag of LibyaLibyadesertification; sparse natural surface-water resources; the Great Manmade River Project the largest water development scheme in the world is being built to bring water from large aquifers under the Sahara to coastal cities 
40flag of LiechtensteinLiechtensteinNA 
41flag of LithuaniaLithuaniacontamination of soil and groundwater with petroleum products and chemicals at military bases 
42flag of LuxembourgLuxembourgdeforestation 
43flag of MacauMacauNA 
44flag of MacedoniaMacedoniaair pollution from metallurgical plants 
45flag of MadagascarMadagascarsoil erosion results from deforestation and overgrazing; desertification; surface water contaminated with untreated sewage and other organic wastes; several species of flora and fauna unique to the island are endangered 
46flag of MalawiMalawideforestation; land degradation; water pollution from agricultural runoff sewage industrial wastes; siltation of spawning grounds endangers fish population 
47flag of MalaysiaMalaysiaair and water pollution; deforestation 
48flag of MaldivesMaldivesdepletion of freshwater aquifers threatens water supplies 
49flag of MaltaMaltafresh water very scarce; increasing reliance on desalination 
50flag of NamibiaNamibiavery limited natural water resources; desertification 
51flag of Marshall IslandsMarshall Islandsinadequate supplies of safe drinking water 
52flag of MartiniqueMartiniqueNA 
53flag of MauritaniaMauritaniaovergrazing deforestation and soil erosion aggravated by drought are contributing to desertification; water scarcity away from the Senegal which is the only perennial river 
54flag of MauritiusMauritiuswater pollution 
55flag of MayotteMayotteNA 
56flag of MexicoMexiconatural water resources scarce and polluted in north inaccessible and poor quality in center and extreme southeast; untreated sewage and industrial effluents polluting rivers in urban areas; deforestation; widespread erosion; desertification; serious air pollution in the national capital and urban centers along US-Mexico border 
57flag of Midway IslandsMidway IslandsNA 
58flag of MoldovaMoldovaheavy use of agricultural chemicals including banned pesticides such as DDT has contaminated soil and groundwater; extensive soil erosion from poor farming methods 
59flag of MonacoMonacoNA 
60flag of MongoliaMongolialimited water resources; policies of the former communist regime promoting rapid urbanization and industrial growth have raised concerns about their negative effects on the environment; the burning of soft coal and the concentration of factories in Ulaanbaatar have severely polluted the air; deforestation overgrazing the converting of virgin land to agricultural production have increased soil erosion from wind and rain; desertification 
61flag of MontserratMontserratNA 
62flag of MoroccoMoroccoland degradation/desertification 
63flag of MozambiqueMozambiquecivil strife in the hinterlands has resulted in increased migration to urban and coastal areas with adverse environmental consequences; desertification; pollution of surface and coastal waters 
64flag of MyanmarMyanmardeforestation 
65flag of RéunionRéunionNA 
66flag of Saint Kitts and NevisSaint Kitts and NevisNA 
67flag of LaosLaosdeforestation; soil erosion 
68flag of United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emirateslack of natural freshwater resources being overcome by desalination plants; desertification; beach pollution from oil spills 
69flag of TogoTogodeforestation attributable to slash-and-burn agriculture and the use of wood for fuel; recent droughts affecting agriculture 
70flag of TokelauTokelauvery limited natural resources and overcrowding are contributing to emigration to New Zealand 
71flag of TongaTongadeforestation 
72flag of Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad and Tobagowater pollution from agricultural chemicals industrial wastes and untreated sewage; oil pollution of beaches; land degradation 
73flag of Tromelin IslandTromelin IslandNA 
74flag of TunisiaTunisiatoxic and hazardous waste disposal is ineffective and presents human health risks; water pollution from untreated sewage; water scarcity; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification 
75flag of TurkeyTurkeywater pollution from dumping of chemicals and detergents; air pollution; deforestation 
76flag of TurkmenistanTurkmenistancontamination of soil and groundwater with agricultural chemicals pesticides; salinization water-logging of soil due to poor irrigation methods; Caspian Sea pollution; diversion of a large share of the flow of the Amu Darya river into irrigation contributes to that river's inability to replenish the Aral Sea; desertification 
77flag of Turks and Caicos IslandsTurks and Caicos Islandsfreshwater scarcity private cisterns collect rainwater 
78flag of TuvaluTuvalusince there are no streams or rivers and groundwater is not potable all water needs must be met by catchment systems with storage facilities 
79flag of U.S. Virgin IslandsU.S. Virgin Islandslack of natural freshwater resources 
80flag of UgandaUgandadraining of wetlands for agricultural use; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion 
81flag of UkraineUkraineunsafe drinking water; air and water pollution; deforestation; radiation contamination in the northeast from 1986 accident at Chornobyl' Nuclear Power Plant 
82flag of United KingdomUnited Kingdomsulfur dioxide emissions from power plants contribute to air pollution; some rivers polluted by agricultural wastes and coastal waters polluted because of large-scale disposal of sewage at sea 
83flag of The GambiaThe Gambiadeforestation; desertification; water-borne diseases prevalent 
84flag of United StatesUnited Statesair pollution resulting in acid rain in both the US and Canada; the US is the largest single emitter of carbon dioxide from the burning of fossil fuels; water pollution from runoff of pesticides and fertilizers; sparse water resources in much of the western part of the country requires careful management; desertification 
85flag of UruguayUruguayNA 
86flag of UzbekistanUzbekistandrying up of the Aral Sea is resulting in growing concentrations of chemical pesticides and natural salts; these substances are then blown from the increasingly exposed lake bed and contribute to desertification; water pollution from industrial wastes is the cause of many human health disorders; increasing soil salinization; soil contamination from agricultural chemicals including DDT 
87flag of VanuatuVanuatuNA 
88flag of VenezuelaVenezuelasewage pollution of Lago de Valencia; oil and urban pollution of Lago de Maracaibo; deforestation; soil degradation; urban and industrial pollution especially along the Caribbean coast 
89flag of VietnamVietnamdeforestation; soil degradation; water pollution and overfishing threatening marine life populations 
90flag of Wake IslandWake IslandNA 
91flag of Wallis and FutunaWallis and FutunaNA 
92flag of West BankWest BankNA 
93flag of Western SaharaWestern Saharasparse water and arable land 
94flag of Western SamoaWestern Samoasoil erosion 
95flag of YemenYemenscarcity of natural freshwater resources 
96flag of ZaireZairepoaching threatens wildlife populations; water pollution; deforestation 
97flag of ZambiaZambiapoaching seriously threatens rhinoceros and elephant populations; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification 
98flag of The NetherlandsThe Netherlandswater pollution in the form of heavy metals organic compounds and nutrients such as nitrates and phosphates; air pollution from vehicles and refining activities; acid rain 
99flag of The BahamasThe BahamasNA 
100flag of Saint LuciaSaint Luciadeforestation; soil erosion 
101flag of South Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsNA 
102flag of Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSaint Vincent and the Grenadinespollution of coastal waters and shorelines from discharges by pleasure yachts and other effluents 
103flag of Saint-Pierre and MiquelonSaint-Pierre and MiquelonNA 
104flag of Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabiadesertification; depletion of underground water resources; the lack of perennial rivers or permanent water bodies has prompted the development of extensive seawater desalination facilities; coastal pollution from oil spills 
105flag of SenegalSenegalwildlife populations threatened by poaching; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification 
106flag of Serbia and MontenegroSerbia and Montenegrocoastal water pollution from sewage outlets especially in tourist-related areas such as Kotor; air pollution around Belgrade and other industrial cities; water pollution from industrial wastes dumped into the Sava which flows into the Danube 
107flag of SeychellesSeychellesno fresh water catchments collect rain water 
108flag of Sierra LeoneSierra Leonerapid population growth pressuring the environment; overharvesting of timber expansion of cattle grazing and slash-and-burn agriculture have resulted in deforestation and soil exhaustion; civil war depleting natural resources 
109flag of SingaporeSingaporeindustrial pollution; limited water supply; limited land availability presents waste disposal problems 
110flag of SlovakiaSlovakiaacid rain damaging forests 
111flag of SloveniaSloveniaSava River polluted with domestic and industrial waste; heavy metals and toxic chemicals along coastal waters; forest damage near Koper from air pollution originating at metallurgical and chemical plants 
112flag of Solomon IslandsSolomon Islandsdeforestation; soil erosion; limited arable land 
113flag of SomaliaSomaliause of contaminated water contributes to health problems; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification 
114flag of South AfricaSouth Africalack of important arterial rivers or lakes requires extensive water conservation and control measures; growth in water usage threatens to outpace supply; pollution of rivers from agricultural runoff and urban discharge; air pollution resulting in acid rain; soil erosion; desertification 
115flag of South KoreaSouth Koreaair pollution in large cities; water pollution from the discharge of sewage and industrial effluents 
116flag of ThailandThailandair pollution increasing from vehicle emissions; water pollution from organic and factory wastes; deforestation; wildlife populations threatened by illegal hunting 
117flag of SpainSpainpollution of the Mediterranean Sea from untreated sewage and effluents from the offshore production of oil and gas; air pollution; deforestation; desertification 
118flag of Spratly IslandsSpratly IslandsNA 
119flag of Sri LankaSri Lankadeforestation; soil erosion; wildlife populations threatened by poaching; coastal degradation from mining activities and increased pollution; freshwater resources being polluted by industrial wastes and sewage runoff 
120flag of SudanSudancontaminated water supplies present human health risks; wildlife populations threatened by excessive hunting; soil erosion; desertification 
121flag of SurinameSurinameNA 
122flag of SvalbardSvalbardNA 
123flag of SwazilandSwazilandlimited access to safe drinking water presents human health risks; wildlife populations being depleted because of excessive hunting; overgrazing; soil degradation; soil erosion 
124flag of SwedenSwedenacid rain damaging soils and lakes; pollution of the North Sea and the Baltic Sea 
125flag of SwitzerlandSwitzerlandair pollution from vehicle emissions and open air burning; acid rain; water pollution from increased use of agricultural fertilizers; loss of biodiversity 
126flag of SyriaSyriadeforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; water pollution from dumping of untreated sewage and wastes from petroleum refining; lack of safe drinking water 
127flag of São Tomé and PríncipeSão Tomé and Príncipedeforestation; soil erosion and exhaustion 
128flag of TaiwanTaiwanwater pollution from industrial emissions untreated sewage; air pollution; contamination of drinking water supplies 
129flag of TajikistanTajikistaninadequate sanitation facilities; increasing levels of soil salinity; industrial pollution; excessive pesticides; Tajikistan is part of the basin of the shrinking Aral Sea which suffers from severe overutilization of available water for irrigation and associated pollution 
130flag of TanzaniaTanzaniasoil degradation; deforestation; desertification; destruction of coral reefs threatens marine habitats; recent droughts affected marginal agriculture 
131flag of LatviaLatviaair and water pollution because of a lack of waste conversion equipment; Gulf of Riga and Daugava River heavily polluted; contamination of soil and groundwater with chemicals and petroleum products at military bases 
132flag of KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstanwater pollution; many people get their water directly from contaminated streams and wells and as a result water-borne diseases are prevalent; increasing soil salinity from faulty irrigation practices 
133flag of AlbaniaAlbaniadeforestation 
134flag of ChinaChinaair pollution from the overwhelming use of coal as a fuel produces acid rain which is damaging forests; water pollution from industrial effluents; many people do not have access to safe drinking water; less than 10% of sewage receives treatment; deforestation; estimated loss of one-third of agricultural land since 1957 to soil erosion and economic development; desertification 
135flag of British Virgin IslandsBritish Virgin IslandsNA 
136flag of BruneiBruneiNA 
137flag of BulgariaBulgariaair pollution from industrial emissions; rivers polluted from raw sewage heavy metals detergents; deforestation; forest damage from air pollution; soil contamination from heavy metals from metallurgical plants and industrial wastes 
138flag of Burkina FasoBurkina Fasorecent droughts and desertification severely affecting agricultural activities population distribution and the economy; overgrazing; soil degradation; deforestation 
139flag of BurundiBurundisoil exhaustion and erosion; deforestation; habitat loss threatening wildlife populations 
140flag of Cabo VerdeCabo Verdedeforestation; overgrazing; desertification 
141flag of CambodiaCambodiadeforestation resulting in habitat loss and declining biodiversity 
142flag of CameroonCameroonwater-borne diseases are prevalent; deforestation; overgrazing; desertification; poaching 
143flag of CanadaCanadaacid rain severely affecting lakes and damaging forests; metal smelting coal-burning utilities and vehicle emissions impacting on agricultural and forest productivity; ocean waters becoming contaminated due to agricultural industrial mining and forestry activities 
144flag of Cayman IslandsCayman IslandsNA 
145flag of Central African RepublicCentral African Republicpoaching has diminished reputation as one of last great wildlife refuges; desertification 
146flag of ChadChaddesertification 
147flag of ChileChileair pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; water pollution from untreated sewage; deforestation contributing to loss of biodiversity; soil erosion; desertification 
148flag of Christmas IslandChristmas IslandNA 
149flag of BrazilBrazildeforestation in Amazon Basin; air and water pollution in Rio de Janeiro Sao Paulo and several other large cities; land degradation and water pollution caused by improper mining activities 
150flag of Clipperton IslandClipperton IslandNA 
151flag of Cocos IslandsCocos IslandsNA 
152flag of ColombiaColombiadeforestation; soil damage from overuse of pesticides 
153flag of ComorosComorossoil degradation and erosion; deforestation 
154flag of CongoCongoair pollution from vehicle emissions; water pollution from the dumping of raw sewage; deforestation 
155flag of Cook IslandsCook IslandsNA 
156flag of Coral Sea IslandsCoral Sea Islandsno permanent fresh water resources 
157flag of Costa RicaCosta Ricadeforestation largely a result of land clearing for cattle ranching; soil erosion 
158flag of CroatiaCroatiaair pollution from metallurgical plants is damaging the forests; coastal pollution from industrial and domestic waste; widespread casualties and destruction of infrastructure in border areas affected by civil strife 
159flag of CubaCubaoverhunting threatens wildlife populations; deforestation 
160flag of CyprusCypruswater resource problems 
161flag of Czech RepublicCzech Republicair and water pollution in areas of northwest Bohemia centered around Zeplica and in northern Moravia around Ostrava presents health hazards; acid rain damaging forests 
162flag of Côte d'IvoireCôte d'Ivoiredeforestation; water pollution from sewage and industrial and agricultural effluents 
163flag of DenmarkDenmarkair pollution; nitrogen and phosphorus pollution of the North Sea; drinking and surface water becoming polluted from animal wastes 
164flag of British Indian Ocean TerritoryBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryNA 
165flag of Bouvet IslandBouvet IslandNA 
166flag of DominicaDominicaNA 
167flag of AustraliaAustraliasoil erosion from overgrazing industrial development urbanization and poor farming practices; soil salinity rising due to the use of poor quality water; desertification; clearing for agricultural purposes threatens the natural habitat of many unique animal and plant species; the Great Barrier Reef off the northeast coast the largest coral reef in the world is threatened by increased shipping and its popularity as a tourist site; limited freshwater availability 
168flag of AlgeriaAlgeriasoil erosion from overgrazing and other poor farming practices; desertification; dumping of untreated sewage petroleum refining wastes and other industrial effluents is leading to the pollution of rivers and coastal waters; Mediterranean Sea in particular becoming polluted from oil wastes soil erosion and fertilizer runoff; limited supply of potable water 
169flag of American SamoaAmerican SamoaNA 
170flag of AndorraAndorradeforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion 
171flag of AngolaAngolapopulation pressures contributing to overuse of pastures and subsequent soil erosion; desertification; deforestation of tropical rain forest attributable to the international demand for tropical timber and domestic use as a fuel; deforestation contributing to loss of biodiversity; soil erosion contributing to water pollution and siltation of rivers and dams; scarcity of potable water 
172flag of AnguillaAnguillaNA 
173flag of AntarcticaAntarcticain October 1991 it was reported that the ozone shield which protects the Earth's surface from harmful ultraviolet radiation had dwindled to the lowest level recorded over Antarctica since 1975 when measurements were first taken 
174flag of Antigua and BarbudaAntigua and Barbudainsufficient freshwater resources 
175flag of Arctic OceanArctic Oceanendangered marine species include walruses and whales; fragile ecosystem slow to change and slow to recover from disruptions or damage 
176flag of ArgentinaArgentinaerosion results from inadequate flood controls and improper land use practices; irrigated soil degradation; desertification; air pollution in Buenos Aires and other major cites; water pollution in urban areas; rivers becoming polluted due to increased pesticide and fertilizer use 
177flag of ArmeniaArmeniasoil pollution from toxic chemicals such as DDT; energy blockade the result of conflict with Azerbaijan has led to deforestation as citizens scavenge for firewood; pollution of Hrazdan 
178flag of ArubaArubaNA 
179flag of Ashmore and Cartier IslandsAshmore and Cartier IslandsNA 
180flag of Atlantic OceanAtlantic Oceanendangered marine species include the manatee seals sea lions turtles and whales; municipal sludge pollution off eastern US southern Brazil and eastern Argentina; oil pollution in Caribbean Sea Gulf of Mexico Lake Maracaibo Mediterranean Sea and North Sea; industrial waste and municipal sewage pollution in Baltic Sea North Sea and Mediterranean Sea 
181flag of AustriaAustriasome forest degradation caused by air and soil pollution; soil pollution results from the use of agricultural chemicals; air pollution results from emissions by coal- and oil-fired power stations and industrial plants 
182flag of BotswanaBotswanaovergrazing; desertification; water scarcity 
183flag of AzerbaijanAzerbaijanlocal scientists consider the Abseron 
184flag of BahrainBahraindesertification resulting from the degradation of limited arable land periods of drought and dust storms; coastal degradation 
185flag of Baker IslandBaker Islandlacks fresh water 
186flag of BangladeshBangladeshmany people are landless and forced to live on and cultivate flood-prone land; limited access to potable water; water-borne diseases prevalent; water pollution especially of fishing areas results from the use of commercial pesticides; intermittent water shortages because of falling water tables in the northern and central parts of the country; soil degradation; deforestation; severe overpopulation 
187flag of BarbadosBarbadospollution of coastal waters from waste disposal by ships; soil erosion; illegal solid waste disposal threatens contamination of aquifers 
188flag of Bassas da IndiaBassas da IndiaNA 
189flag of BelarusBelarussoil pollution from pesticide use; southern part of Belarus contaminated with fallout from 1986 nuclear reactor accident at Chornobyl' 
190flag of BelgiumBelgiumMeuse River a major source of drinking water polluted from steel production wastes; other rivers polluted by animal wastes and fertilizers; industrial air pollution contributes to acid rain in neighboring countries 
191flag of BelizeBelizedeforestation; water pollution from sewage industrial effluents agricultural runoff 
192flag of BeninBeninlimited supply of safe drinking water; illegal hunting threatens wildlife populations; deforestation; desertification 
193flag of BermudaBermudaNA 
194flag of BhutanBhutansoil erosion; limited access to safe drinking water 
195flag of BoliviaBoliviadeforestation contributing to loss of biodiversity; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; industrial pollution of water supplies used for drinking and irrigation 
196flag of Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovinaair pollution from metallurgical plants; water scarce; sites for disposing of urban waste are limited; widespread casualties and destruction of infrastructure because of civil strife 
197flag of DjiboutiDjiboutidesertification 
198flag of Dominican RepublicDominican Republicwater shortages; soil eroding into the sea damages coral reefs; deforestation 
199flag of KuwaitKuwaitsome of world's largest and most sophisticated desalination facilities provide much of the water; air and water pollution; desertification 
200flag of IrelandIrelandwater pollution especially of lakes from agricultural runoff 
201flag of HaitiHaitideforestation; soil erosion 
202flag of Heard Island and McDonald IslandsHeard Island and McDonald IslandsNA 
203flag of Holy SeeHoly SeeNA 
204flag of HondurasHondurasurban population expanding; deforestation results from logging and the clearing of land for agricultural purposes; further land degradation and soil erosion hastened by uncontrolled development and improper land use practices such as farming of marginal lands; mining activities polluting Lago de Yojoa 
205flag of Hong KongHong Kongair and water pollution from rapid urbanization 
206flag of Howland IslandHowland Islandlacks freshwater 
207flag of HungaryHungaryair pollution; industrial and municipal pollution of Lake Balaton 
208flag of IcelandIcelandwater pollution from fertilizer runoff; inadequate wastewater treatment 
209flag of IndiaIndiadeforestation; soil erosion; overgrazing; desertification; air pollution from industrial effluents and vehicle emissions; water pollution from raw sewage and runoff of agricultural pesticides; huge and rapidly growing population is overstraining natural resources 
210flag of Indian OceanIndian Oceanendangered marine species include the dugong seals turtles and whales; oil pollution in the Arabian Sea Persian Gulf and Red Sea 
211flag of IndonesiaIndonesiadeforestation; water pollution from industrial wastes sewage; air pollution in urban areas 
212flag of IranIranair pollution especially in urban areas from vehicle emissions refinery operations and industry; deforestation; overgrazing; desertification; oil pollution in the Persian Gulf; shortages of drinking water 
213flag of IraqIraqgovernment water control projects drain inhabited marsh areas drying up or diverting the streams and rivers that support a sizable population of Shi'a Muslims who have inhabited these areas for thousands of years; the destruction of the natural habitat also poses serious threats to the wildlife populations; damage to water treatment and sewage facilities during Gulf war; inadequate supplies of potable water; development of Tigris-Euphrates Rivers system contingent upon agreements with upstream riparians 
214flag of Isle of ManIsle of ManNA 
215flag of GuineaGuineadeforestation; inadequate supplies of safe drinking water; desertification; soil contamination and erosion 
216flag of IsraelIsraellimited arable land: and freshwater resources pose serious constraints; deforestation; air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; groundwater pollution from industrial and domestic waste chemical fertilizers and pesticides 
217flag of ItalyItalyair pollution from industrial emissions such as sulfur dioxide; coastal and inland rivers polluted from industrial and agricultural effluents; acid rain damaging lakes 
218flag of JamaicaJamaicadeforestation; water pollution 
219flag of Jan MayenJan MayenNA 
220flag of JapanJapanair pollution from power plant emissions results in acid rain; acidification of lakes and reservoirs degrading water quality and threatening aquatic life 
221flag of Jarvis IslandJarvis Islandlacks fresh water 
222flag of JerseyJerseyNA 
223flag of Johnston AtollJohnston AtollNA 
224flag of JordanJordanlack of adequate natural water resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification 
225flag of Juan de Nova IslandJuan de Nova IslandNA 
226flag of KazakhstanKazakhstanradioactive or toxic chemical sites associated with its former defense industries and test ranges are found throughout the country and pose health risks for humans and animals; industrial pollution is severe in some cities; because the two main rivers which flowed into the Aral Sea have been diverted for irrigation it is drying up and leaving behind a harmful layer of chemical pesticides and natural salts; these substances are then picked up by the wind and blown into noxious dust storms; pollution in the Caspian Sea; soil pollution from overuse of agricultural chemicals and salinization from faulty irrigation practices 
227flag of KenyaKenyawater pollution from urban and industrial wastes; degradation of water quality from increased use of pesticides and fertilizers; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; poaching 
228flag of Kingman ReefKingman ReefNA 
229flag of KiribatiKiribatiNA 
230flag of GuyanaGuyanawater pollution from sewage and agricultural and industrial chemicals; deforestation 
231flag of Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissaudeforestation; soil erosion; overgrazing 
232flag of EcuadorEcuadordeforestation; soil erosion; desertification; water pollution 
233flag of French GuianaFrench GuianaNA 
234flag of EgyptEgyptagricultural land being lost to urbanization and windblown sands; increasing soil salinization below Aswan High Dam; desertification; oil pollution threatening coral reefs beaches and marine habitats; other water pollution from agricultural pesticides untreated sewage and industrial effluents; water scarcity away from the Nile which is the only perennial water source; rapid growth in population overstraining natural resources 
235flag of El SalvadorEl Salvadordeforestation; soil erosion; water pollution; contamination of soils from disposal of toxic wastes 
236flag of Equatorial GuineaEquatorial Guineadesertification 
237flag of EritreaEritreafamine; deforestation; soil erosion; overgrazing; loss of infrastructure from civil warfare 
238flag of EstoniaEstoniaair heavily polluted with sulfur dioxide from oil-shale burning power plants in northeast; contamination of soil and ground water with petroleum products chemicals at military bases 
239flag of EthiopiaEthiopiadeforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; famine 
240flag of Europa IslandEuropa IslandNA 
241flag of Falkland IslandsFalkland IslandsNA 
242flag of Faroe IslandsFaroe IslandsNA 
243flag of Federated States of MicronesiaFederated States of MicronesiaNA 
244flag of FijiFijideforestation; soil erosion 
245flag of FinlandFinlandair pollution from manufacturing and power plants contributing to acid rain; water pollution from industrial wastes agricultural chemicals; habitat loss threatens wildlife populations 
246flag of FranceFrancesome forest damage from acid rain; air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; water pollution from urban wastes agricultural runoff 
247flag of French PolynesiaFrench PolynesiaNA 
248flag of GuernseyGuernseyNA 
249flag of French Southern and Antarctic LandsFrench Southern and Antarctic LandsNA 
250flag of GabonGabondeforestation; poaching 
251flag of Gaza StripGaza Stripdesertification 
252flag of GeorgiaGeorgiaair pollution particularly in Rust'avi; heavy pollution of Mtkvari River and the Black Sea; inadequate supplies of safe drinking water; soil pollution from toxic chemicals 
253flag of GermanyGermanyemissions from coal-burning utilities and industries in the southeast and lead emissions from vehicle exhausts 
254flag of GhanaGhanarecent drought in north severely affecting agricultural activities; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; poaching and habitat destruction threatens wildlife populations; water pollution; limited supply of safe drinking water 
255flag of GibraltarGibraltarnatural freshwater sources are meager so large concrete or natural rock water catchments collect rain water 
256flag of Glorioso IslandsGlorioso IslandsNA 
257flag of GreeceGreeceair pollution; water pollution 
258flag of GreenlandGreenlandNA 
259flag of GrenadaGrenadaNA 
260flag of GuadeloupeGuadeloupeNA 
261flag of GuamGuamNA 
262flag of GuatemalaGuatemaladeforestation; soil erosion; water pollution 
263flag of ZimbabweZimbabwedeforestation; soil erosion; land degradation; air and water pollution 

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