Country ranking for field: judicial branch 1996

Other rankings:  

This entry includes three subfields. The highest court(s) subfield includes the name(s) of a country's highest level court(s), the number and titles of the judges, and the types of cases heard by the court, which commonly are based on civil, criminal, administrative, and constitutional law. A number of countries have separate constitutional courts. The judge selection and term of office subfield includes the organizations and associated officials responsible for nominating and appointing judges, and a brief description of the process. The selection process can be indicative of the independence of a country's court system from other branches of its government. Also included in this subfield are judges' tenures, which can range from a few years, to a specified retirement age, to lifelong appointments. The subordinate courts subfield lists the courts lower in the hierarchy of a country's court system. A few countries with federal-style governments, such as Brazil, Canada, and the US, in addition to their federal court, have separate state- or province-level court systems, though generally the two systems interact.

1flag of AfghanistanAfghanistan0 
2flag of PalauPalauSupreme Court National Court Court of Common Pleas Political parties and leaders:Palau Nationalist Party Polycarp BASILIUS 
3flag of New ZealandNew ZealandHigh Court Court of Appeal 
4flag of NicaraguaNicaraguaSupreme Court 
5flag of NigerNigerState Court 
6flag of NigeriaNigeriaSupreme Court judges appointed by the Armed Forces Ruling Council; Federal Court of Appeal judges are appointed by the federal government on the advice of the Advisory Judicial Committee 
7flag of NiueNiueAppeal Court of New Zealand High Court 
8flag of Norfolk IslandNorfolk IslandSupreme Court 
9flag of North KoreaNorth KoreaCentral Court 
10flag of Northern Mariana IslandsNorthern Mariana IslandsCommonwealth Supreme Court Superior Court Federal District Court 
11flag of NorwayNorwaySupreme Court 
12flag of OmanOmanNone; traditional Islamic judges and a nascent civil court system 
13flag of PakistanPakistanSupreme Court Federal Islamic 
14flag of PanamaPanamaSupreme Court of Justice 
15flag of NepalNepalSupreme Court 
16flag of Papua New GuineaPapua New GuineaSupreme Court the chief justice is appointed by the governor general on the proposal of the National Executive Council after consultation with the minister responsible for justice other judges are appointed by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission 
17flag of ParaguayParaguaySupreme Court of Justice 
18flag of PeruPeruSupreme Court of Justice 
19flag of PhilippinesPhilippinesSupreme Court justices are appointed for four-year terms by the president on recommendation of the Judicial and Bar Council 
20flag of Pitcairn IslandsPitcairn IslandsIsland Court 
21flag of PolandPolandSupreme Court judges are appointed by the president on the recommendation of the National Council of Judiciary 
22flag of PortugalPortugalSupreme Tribunal of Justice 
23flag of Puerto RicoPuerto RicoSupreme Court justices appointed by the governor with the consent of the Senate; Superior Courts justices appointed by the governor with the consent of the Senate; Municipal Courts justices appointed by the governor with the consent of the Senate 
24flag of QatarQatarCourt of Appeal 
25flag of RomaniaRomaniaSupreme Court of Justice Constitutional Court 
26flag of RussiaRussiaConstitutional Court judges are appointed by the Federation Council on recommendation of the president; Supreme Court 
27flag of New CaledoniaNew CaledoniaCourt of Appeal 
28flag of NauruNauruSupreme Court 
29flag of Saint HelenaSaint HelenaSupreme Court 
30flag of Marshall IslandsMarshall IslandsSupreme Court 
31flag of LiechtensteinLiechtensteinSupreme Court 
32flag of LithuaniaLithuaniaSupreme Court Court of Appeals 
33flag of LuxembourgLuxembourgSuperior Court of Justice 
34flag of MacauMacauSupreme Court consisting of five magistrates including the president; lower court judges appointed for three-year terms by the governor 
35flag of MacedoniaMacedoniaConstitutional Court judges are elected by the Judicial Council; Judicial Court of the Republic judges are elected by the Judicial Council 
36flag of MadagascarMadagascarSupreme Court 
37flag of MalawiMalawiHigh Court Supreme Court of Appeal 
38flag of MalaysiaMalaysiaSupreme Court 
39flag of MaldivesMaldivesHigh Court 
40flag of MaliMaliSupreme Court 
41flag of MaltaMaltaConstitutional Court Court of Appeal 
42flag of MartiniqueMartiniqueSupreme Court 
43flag of NamibiaNamibiaSupreme Court 
44flag of MauritaniaMauritaniaSupreme Court 
45flag of MauritiusMauritiusSupreme Court 
46flag of MayotteMayotteSupreme Court 
47flag of MexicoMexicoSupreme Court of Justice 
48flag of MoldovaMoldovaSupreme Court 
49flag of MonacoMonacoSupreme Tribunal 
50flag of MongoliaMongoliaSupreme Court serves as appeals court for people's and provincial courts but to date rarely overturns verdicts of lower courts judges are nominated by the General Council of Courts for approval of the Great Hural 
51flag of MontserratMontserratEastern Caribbean Supreme Court 
52flag of MoroccoMoroccoSupreme Court judges are appointed on the recommendation of the Supreme Council of the Judiciary presided over by the king 
53flag of MozambiqueMozambiqueSupreme Court judges appointed by the president and judges elected by the Assembly 
54flag of MyanmarMyanmarLimited; remnants of the British-era legal system in place but there is no guarantee of a fair public trial; the judiciary is not independent of the executive 
55flag of RwandaRwandaConstitutional Court consists of the Court of Cassation and the Council of State in joint session 
56flag of Saint LuciaSaint LuciaEastern Caribbean Supreme Court jurisdiction extends to Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda the British Virgin Islands Dominica Grenada Montserrat Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 
57flag of LiberiaLiberiaSupreme Court 
58flag of United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab EmiratesUnion Supreme Court 
59flag of TokelauTokelauHigh Court in Niue Supreme Court in New Zealand 
60flag of TongaTongaSupreme Court judges are appointed by the king 
61flag of Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad and TobagoCourt of Appeal Supreme Court 
62flag of TunisiaTunisiaCourt of Cassation 
63flag of TurkeyTurkeyConstitutional Court judges appointed by the president; Court of Appeals judges are elected by the Supreme Council of Judges and Prosecutors 
64flag of TurkmenistanTurkmenistanSupreme Court 
65flag of Turks and Caicos IslandsTurks and Caicos IslandsSupreme Court 
66flag of TuvaluTuvaluHigh Court 
67flag of U.S. Virgin IslandsU.S. Virgin IslandsU.S 
68flag of UgandaUgandaCourt of Appeal High Court 
69flag of UkraineUkraineJoint commission formed in April 1995 to define a program of judicial reform by year-end 
70flag of United KingdomUnited KingdomHouse of Lords 
71flag of The NetherlandsThe NetherlandsSupreme Court 
72flag of United StatesUnited StatesSupreme Court justices are appointed for life by the president with confirmation by the Senate 
73flag of UruguayUruguaySupreme Court 
74flag of UzbekistanUzbekistanSupreme Court judges are nominated by the president and confirmed by the Supreme Assembly 
75flag of VanuatuVanuatuSupreme Court chief justice is appointed by the president after consultation with the prime minister and the leader of the opposition three other justices are appointed by the president on the advice of the Judicial Service Commission 
76flag of VenezuelaVenezuelaSupreme Court of Justice 
77flag of VietnamVietnamSupreme People's Court chief justice is elected for a five-year term by the National Assembly on the recommendation of the president 
78flag of Wallis and FutunaWallis and FutunaNone; justice generally administered under French law by the chief administrator but the three traditional kings administer customary law and there is a magistrate in Mata-Utu 
79flag of Western SamoaWestern SamoaSupreme Court Court of Appeal 
80flag of YemenYemenSupreme Court 
81flag of ZaireZaireSupreme Court 
82flag of ZambiaZambiaSupreme Court 
83flag of TogoTogoCourt of Appeal 
84flag of The GambiaThe GambiaSupreme Court 
85flag of Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesEastern Caribbean Supreme Court 
86flag of South AfricaSouth AfricaSupreme Court 
87flag of San MarinoSan MarinoCouncil of Twelve 
88flag of Saudi ArabiaSaudi ArabiaSupreme Council of Justice 
89flag of SenegalSenegalSupreme Court 
90flag of Serbia and MontenegroSerbia and MontenegroSavezni Sud 
91flag of SeychellesSeychellesCourt of Appeal Supreme Court 
92flag of Sierra LeoneSierra LeoneSupreme Court 
93flag of SingaporeSingaporeSupreme Court chief justice is appointed by the president with the advice of the prime minister other judges are appointed by the president with the advice of the chief justice 
94flag of SlovakiaSlovakiaSupreme Court judges are elected by the National Parliament 
95flag of SloveniaSloveniaSupreme Court judges are elected by the National Assembly on recommendation of the Judicial Council; Constitutional Court judges elected for nine-year terms by the National Assembly and nominated by the president 
96flag of Solomon IslandsSolomon IslandsHigh Court 
97flag of SomaliaSomaliaSupreme Court 
98flag of South KoreaSouth KoreaSupreme Court justices are appointed by the president subject to the consent of the National Assembly 
99flag of The BahamasThe BahamasSupreme Court 
100flag of SpainSpainSupreme Court 
101flag of Sri LankaSri LankaSupreme Court judges are appointed by the Judicial Service Commission 
102flag of SudanSudanSupreme Court Special Revolutionary Courts 
103flag of SurinameSurinameSupreme Court 
104flag of SwazilandSwazilandHigh Court Court of Appeal 
105flag of SwedenSwedenSupreme Court 
106flag of SwitzerlandSwitzerlandFederal Supreme Court 
107flag of SyriaSyriaSupreme Constitutional Court justices are appointed for four-year terms by the president; High Judicial Council; Court of Cassation; State Security Courts 
108flag of TaiwanTaiwanJudicial Yuan justices nominated and appointed for nine-year terms by the president 
109flag of TajikistanTajikistanSupreme Court judges are appointed by the president 
110flag of TanzaniaTanzaniaCourt of Appeal High Court 
111flag of ThailandThailandSupreme Court 
112flag of LibyaLibyaSupreme Court 
113flag of LesothoLesothoHigh Court Court of Appeal Magistrate's Court customary or traditional court 
114flag of AlbaniaAlbaniaSupreme Court 
115flag of Cocos IslandsCocos IslandsSupreme Court 
116flag of BurundiBurundiSupreme Court 
117flag of Cabo VerdeCabo VerdeSupreme Tribunal of Justice 
118flag of CambodiaCambodiaSupreme Court provided for by the constitution has not yet been established and the future judicial system is yet to be defined by law 
119flag of CameroonCameroonSupreme Court 
120flag of CanadaCanadaSupreme Court 
121flag of Cayman IslandsCayman IslandsGrand Court Cayman Islands Court of Appeal 
122flag of Central African RepublicCentral African RepublicSupreme Court 
123flag of ChadChadCourt of Appeal 
124flag of ChileChileSupreme Court 
125flag of ChinaChinaSupreme People's Court judges appointed by the National People's Congress 
126flag of Christmas IslandChristmas IslandSupreme Court 
127flag of ColombiaColombiaSupreme Court of Justice 
128flag of BulgariaBulgariaSupreme Court Constitutional Court 
129flag of ComorosComorosSupreme Court 
130flag of CongoCongoSupreme Court 
131flag of Cook IslandsCook IslandsHigh Court 
132flag of Costa RicaCosta RicaSupreme Court 
133flag of CroatiaCroatiaSupreme Court judges appointed for eight-year terms by the Judicial Council of the Republic which is elected by the Chamber of Representatives; Constitutional Court judges appointed for eight-year terms by the Judicial Council of the Republic which is elected by the Chamber of Representatives 
134flag of CubaCubaPeople's Supreme Court 
135flag of CyprusCyprusSupreme Court; note_there is also a Supreme Court in the Turkish area 
136flag of Czech RepublicCzech RepublicSupreme Court Constitutional Court 
137flag of Côte d'IvoireCôte d'IvoireSupreme Court 
138flag of DenmarkDenmarkSupreme Court 
139flag of DjiboutiDjiboutiSupreme Court 
140flag of Burkina FasoBurkina FasoAppeals Court 
141flag of BruneiBruneiSupreme Court chief justice and judges are sworn in by the sultan for a three-year term 
142flag of Dominican RepublicDominican RepublicSupreme Court 
143flag of AzerbaijanAzerbaijanSupreme Court 
144flag of AlgeriaAlgeriaSupreme Court 
145flag of American SamoaAmerican SamoaHigh Court 
146flag of AndorraAndorraSupreme Court of Andorra at Perpignan 
147flag of AngolaAngolaSupreme Court 
148flag of AnguillaAnguillaHigh Court 
149flag of Antigua and BarbudaAntigua and BarbudaEastern Caribbean Supreme Court 
150flag of ArgentinaArgentinaSupreme Court 
151flag of ArmeniaArmeniaSupreme Court 
152flag of ArubaArubaJoint High Court of Justice 
153flag of AustraliaAustraliaHigh Court the Chief Justice and six other justices are appointed by the governor general 
154flag of AustriaAustriaSupreme Judicial Court 
155flag of BahrainBahrainHigh Civil Appeals Court 
156flag of British Virgin IslandsBritish Virgin IslandsEastern Caribbean Supreme Court 
157flag of BangladeshBangladeshSupreme Court the Chief Justices and other judges are appointed by the president 
158flag of BarbadosBarbadosSupreme Court of Judicature judges are appointed by the Service Commissions for the Judicial and Legal Service 
159flag of BelarusBelarusSupreme Court 
160flag of BelgiumBelgiumSupreme Court of Justice 
161flag of BelizeBelizeSupreme Court the chief justice is appointed by the governor general on advice of the prime minister 
162flag of BeninBeninSupreme Court 
163flag of BermudaBermudaSupreme Court 
164flag of BhutanBhutanThe Supreme Court of Appeal is the king; High Court judges appointed by the king 
165flag of BoliviaBoliviaSupreme Court 
166flag of Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and HerzegovinaSupreme Court Constitutional Court 
167flag of BotswanaBotswanaHigh Court Court of Appeal 
168flag of BrazilBrazilSupreme Federal Tribunal 
169flag of DominicaDominicaEastern Caribbean Supreme Court 
170flag of EcuadorEcuadorSupreme Court 
171flag of LebanonLebanonFour Courts of Cassation 
172flag of IsraelIsraelSupreme Court 
173flag of Holy SeeHoly SeeNone; normally handled by Italy 
174flag of HondurasHondurasSupreme Court of Justice 
175flag of Hong KongHong KongSupreme Court 
176flag of HungaryHungaryConstitutional Court 
177flag of IcelandIcelandSupreme Court 
178flag of IndiaIndiaSupreme Court judges are appointed by the president 
179flag of IndonesiaIndonesiaSupreme Court 
180flag of IranIranSupreme Court 
181flag of IraqIraqCourt of Cassation 
182flag of IrelandIrelandSupreme Court 
183flag of Isle of ManIsle of ManHigh Court of Justice justices are appointed by the Lord Chancellor of England on the nomination of the lieutenant governor 
184flag of ItalyItalyConstitutional Court 
185flag of GuyanaGuyanaSupreme Court of Judicature 
186flag of JamaicaJamaicaSupreme Court 
187flag of JapanJapanSupreme Court chief justice is appointed by the emperor after designation by the cabinet all other justices are appointed by the cabinet 
188flag of JerseyJerseyRoyal Court judges elected by an electoral college and the bailiff 
189flag of JordanJordanCourt of Cassation 
190flag of KazakhstanKazakhstanSupreme Court 
191flag of KenyaKenyaCourt of Appeal High Court 
192flag of KiribatiKiribatiCourt of Appeal judges at all levels are appointed by the president; High Court judges at all levels are appointed by the president 
193flag of KuwaitKuwaitHigh Court of Appeal 
194flag of KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstanSupreme Court judges are appointed for a 10-year term by the Zhogorku Kenesh on recommendation of the president; Constitutional Court; Higher Court of Arbitration 
195flag of LaosLaosPeople's Supreme Court the president of the People's Supreme Court is elected by the National Assembly on the recommendation of the National Assembly Standing Committee the vice president of the People's Supreme Court and the judges are appointed by the National Assembly Standing Committee 
196flag of LatviaLatviaSupreme Court judges' appointments are confirmed by the Saeima 
197flag of HaitiHaitiCourt of Appeal 
198flag of GuineaGuineaCourt of Appeal 
199flag of EgyptEgyptSupreme Constitutional Court 
200flag of French GuianaFrench GuianaCourt of Appeals 
201flag of El SalvadorEl SalvadorSupreme Court 
202flag of Equatorial GuineaEquatorial GuineaSupreme Tribunal 
203flag of EritreaEritreaJudiciary 
204flag of EstoniaEstoniaSupreme Court 
205flag of EthiopiaEthiopiaSupreme Court judges are elected by the national legislature 
206flag of Falkland IslandsFalkland IslandsSupreme Court 
207flag of Faroe IslandsFaroe IslandsNone 
208flag of Federated States of MicronesiaFederated States of MicronesiaSupreme Court 
209flag of FijiFijiSupreme Court 
210flag of FinlandFinlandSupreme Court 
211flag of FranceFranceConstitutional Court 
212flag of French PolynesiaFrench PolynesiaCourt of Appeal Court of the First Instance Court of Administrative Law 
213flag of Guinea-BissauGuinea-BissauNone; there is a Ministry of Justice in the Council of Ministers 
214flag of GabonGabonSupreme Court 
215flag of GeorgiaGeorgiaSupreme Court 
216flag of GermanyGermanyFederal Constitutional Court 
217flag of GhanaGhanaSupreme Court 
218flag of GibraltarGibraltarSupreme Court Court of Appeal 
219flag of GreeceGreeceSupreme Judicial Court judges appointed for life by the president after consultation with a judicial council; Special Supreme Tribunal judges appointed for life by the president after consultation with a judicial council 
220flag of GreenlandGreenlandHigh Court 
221flag of GrenadaGrenadaSupreme Court 
222flag of GuadeloupeGuadeloupeCourt of Appeal 
223flag of GuamGuamFederal District Court judge is appointed by the president; Territorial Superior Court judges appointed for eight-year terms by the governor 
224flag of GuatemalaGuatemalaSupreme Court of Justice 
225flag of GuernseyGuernseyRoyal Court 
226flag of ZimbabweZimbabweSupreme Court 

Back to statistical information of Malaysia 1996

You found a piece of the puzzle

Please click here to complete it